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Wall., 579; Downham et al. v. Alexandria Council, 10 Wall., 173; The Clinton Bridge, io Wall., 454; The Daniel Ball, io Wall., 557; Liverpool Insurance Company v. Massachusetts, 10 Wall., 566; The Montello, 1 Wall., 411; Ex parte McNiel, 13 Wall., 236; State freight-tax, 15 Wall., 232; State tax on railway gross receipts, 15 Wall., 284; Osborn v. Mobile, 16 Wall., 479; Railroad Company 7. Fuller, 17 Wall., 560; Bartemeyer v. Iowa, 18 Wall., 129; The Delaware railroad tax, 18 Wall., 206; Peete v. Morgan, 19 Wall., 581; Railroad Company v. Richmond, 19 Wall., 584; Railroad Company v. Maryland, 21 Wall., 456; 'He Lottawanna, 21 Wall., 558; Henderson et al. v. The Mayor of the City of New York, 92 U. S., 259; Chy Lung v. Freeman et al., 92 U. S., 275; South Carolina v. Georgia et al., 93 U. S., 4; Sherlock et al. v. Alling, adm., 93 U. S., 99; United States v. Forty-three Gallons of Whisky, etc., 93 U. S., 188; Foster v. Master and Wardens of the Port of New Orleans, 94 U. S., 246: Railroad Co. v. Husen, 95 U. S., 465; Pensacola Tel. Co. v. W. U. Tel. Co., 96 U. S., 1; Beer Co.z. Massachu. setts, 97 U. S., 25; Cook v. Pennsylvania, 97 U.S., 566; Packet Co. v. St.

Louis, 100 U.S., 423; Wilson v. McNamee, 102 U.S., 572. 4 To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States ;?

2 Sturges v. Crowningshield, 4 Wh., 122; McMillan v. McNeil, 4 Wh., 209; ? Farmers and Mechanics' Bank, Pennsylvania, v. Smith, 6 Wh., 131; 2 Ogden v. Saunders, 12 Wh., 213; 2 Boyle v. Zacharie and Turner, 6 Pet., 348; 1Gassies v. Ballon, 6 Pet., 761; ? Beers et al. v. Haughton, 9 Pet., 329; "Suydam et al. v. Broadnax, 14 Pet., 67; 2 Cook v. Moffat

et al., 5 How., 295; 1 Dred Scott v. Sanford, 19 How., 393. 5 To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures ;

Briscoe v. The Bank of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, 11 Pet., 257; Fox v. The State of Ohio, 5 How., 410; United States v. Marigold, 9

How., 560. 6 To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States ;

Fox v. The State of Ohio, 5 How., 410; United States v. Marigold, 9

How., 560. ? To establish Post Offices and post Roads;

State of Pennsylvania v. The Wheeling and Belmont Bridge Company,

18 How., 421. 8 To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries ;

Grant et al. v. Raymond, 6 Pet., 218; Wheaton et als. v. Peters et als., 8 Pet., 591.

9 To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court;

10 To define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas, and Offences against the Law of Nations ;

United States v. Palmer, 3 Wh., 610; United States v. Wiltberger, 5 Wh., 76; United States v. Smith, 5 Wh., 153; United States v. Pirates,

5 Wh., 184. 11 To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water;

Brown v. United States, 8 Cr., 110; American Insurance Company et al. v. Canter (356 bales cotton), 1 Pet., 511; Mrs. Alexander's cotton, 2 Wall., 404; Miller v. United States, 11 Wall., 268; Tyler v. Defrees, 11 Wall., 331 ; Stewart v. Kahn, 11 Wall., 493; Hamilton v. Dillin, 21

Wall., 73; Lamar, ex., v. Browne et al., 92 U. S., 187. 12 To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years;

Crandall v. State of Nevada, 6 Wall., 35. 13 To provide and maintain a Navy;

United States v. Bevans, 3 Wh., 336; Dynes v. Hoover, 20 How., 65. 14 To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces;

15 To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions;

Houston v. Moore, 5 Wh., 1; Martin v. Mott, 12 Wh., 19; Luther 2. Borden, 7 How., 1; Crandall v. State of Nevada, 6 Wall., 35; Texas v.

White, 7 Wall., 700. 16 To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress ;

Houston 2'. Moore, 5 Wh., 1 ; Martin v. Mott, 12 Wh., 19; Luther a'.

Borden, 7 How., I. 17 To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection' of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings ;And

Hepburn et al. v. Ellzey, 2 Cr., 444; Loughborough v. Blake, 5 Wh., 317; Cohens v. Virginia, 6 Wh., 264; American Insurance Company v. Canter ( 356 bales cotton), i Pet., 511; Kendall, Postmaster-General, v. The United States, 12 Pet., 524; United States v. Dewitt, 9 Wall., 41; Dunphy v. Kleinsmith et al., 11 Wall., 610; Willard v. Presbury, 14 Wall., 676; Phillips v. Payne, 92 U. S., 130; United States v. Fox, 94

U. S, 315; National Bank v. Yankton County, for U. S., 129. 18 To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.

McCulloch v. The State of Maryland, 4 Wh , 316; Wayman v. Southard, 10 Wh., 1; Bank of United States v. Halstead, 10 Wh., 51; Hepburn v. Griswold, 8 Wall., 603; National Bank v. Commonwealth, 9 Wall., 353; Thomson v. Pacific Railroad, 9 Wall., 579; Parker v. Davis, 12 Wall., 457: Railroad Company v. Johnson, 15 Wall., 195 ; Railroad Company v.

Peniston, 18 Wall., 5; Legal Tender case, 110 U. S., 421. SECTION. 9. "The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.

Dred Scott v. Sanford, 19 Howi, 393. 2 The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it.

United States v. Hamilton, 3 Dall., 17; Hepburn et al. v. Ellzey, 2 Cr., 445; Ex parte Bollman and Swartwout, 4 Cr., 75; Ex parte Kearney, 7 Wh., 38; Ex parte Tobias Watkins, 3 Pet., 192; Ex parte Milburn, o Pet: 704; Holmes v. Jennison et al., 14 Pet., 540; Ex parte Dorr, 3 How.. 10zł Luther v. Borden, 7 How., I; Ableman v. Booth and United States Booth, 21 How., 506; Ex parte Vallandigham, i Wall., 243; Ex parte

Mulligan,4 Wall., 2; Ex parte McCardle, 7 Wall., 506; Ex parte Yerger, 8 Wall., 85; Tarble's case, 13 Wall., 397; Ex parte Lange, 18 Wall., 163; Ex parte Parks, 93 U.S., 18; Ex parte Karstendick, 93 U. S., 396; Ex

parte Virginia, Ico U. S., 339. 3 No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.

Fletcher v. Peck, 6 Cr., 87; Ogden v. Saunders, 12 Wh., 213; Watson et al. v. Mercer, 8 Pet., 88; Carpenter et al. v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 17 How., 456; Locke v. New Orleans, 4 Wall., 172; Cummings vi the State of Missouri, 4 Wall., 277; Ex parte Garland, 4 Wall., 333; Drehman v. Stifle, 8 Wall., 595; Klinger v. State of Missouri, 13 Wall.,

257; Pierce v. Carskadon, 16 Wall., 234. * No Capitation, or other direct, tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken.

License Tax Cases, 5 Wall., 462; Springer v. United States, 102 U. S.,


5 No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State.

Cooley v. Board of Wardens of Port of Philadelphia, 12 How., 299;

Page 7. Burgess, collector, 92 U. S., 372. 6 No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another: nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in another.

Cooley u. 'oard of Wardens of Port of Philadelphia et al., 12 How., 299; State of Pennsylvania 7. Wheeling and Belmont Bridge Company et al., 18 How., 421; Munn v. Illinois, 94 U, S., 113; Packet Co. v. St.

Louis, 100 U. S., 413; Packet Co. v. Catlettsburg, 105 U. S., 559. ? No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time.

No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States : And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State.

SECTION. 10. "No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money;

emit Bills of Credit;' make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.

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