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authorized by such committee. The question of such authority is a question of fact not for the Speaker but for the committee itself to decide.-Congressional Record, 2, 49, p. 43.

A bill having been recommitted to a committee with leave to report at any time, and the same being immediately reported by its chairman, is subject to the point that the committee have not considered it.,-Journal, 2, 50, p. 536.

A negative vote on a motion in Committee of the Whole that a bill be reported favorably to the House does not amount to a decision that the bill be adversely reported.Journcl, 1, 46, pp. 121, 422.

(See Committees; Morning Hour; Conference Reports.)

OF COMMISSIONS.

The joint commission established by the act of March 3, 1893, 27 Stat. L. p. 681, for the purpose of investigating the Executive Departments with a view to economy and to securing greater efficiency of employés, is authorized to report to the Fifty-third Congress by bill or otherwise.

The joint commission to investigate the Ford Theater disaster is also authorized to report by bill or otherwise.- Stat. at L., vol. 28, p. 392.

PRIVILEGED.

Reports from Committee on Rules may be called up at any time and dilatory motions are not to be entertained pending consideration.Rule XI, clause 57.

The right to report at any time carries with it the right to consider the proposition when reported.—Journal, 1, 32, p. 195.

The right to report at any time bills raising revenue is confined to the Committee on Ways and Means.-Congressional Record, 1, 19, p. 7332.

By clause 57, Rule XI, the following committees have leave to report at any time on the following subjects:

The Committee on Rules—On rules, joint rules, and order of business;

The Committee on Elections—On the right of a Member to his seat;

The Committee on Ways and Means-Bills raising revenue; The Comunittee on Appropriations—The legislative, executive, and judicial appropriation bill; the sundry civil appropriation bill; the fortification appropriation bill; the District of Columbia appropriation bill; the pension appropriation bill, and the deficiency appropriation bill;

The Committee on Agriculture—The bill making appropriations for the Department of Agriculture;

The Committee on Foreign Affairs—The consular and diplomatic appropriation bill;

The Committee on Military Affairs—The Army appropriation bill and the Military Academy appropriation bill;

The Committee on Naval Affairs—The naval appropriation bill;

The Committee on the Post-Office and Post-Roads—The PostOffice appropriation bill;

The Committee on Indian Affairs—The Indian appropriation bill;

The Committee on Rivers and Harbors-The river and harbor appropriation bill;

The Committee on Banking and Currency–Bills relating to banking and currency;

The Committee on Coinage, Weights, and Measures-Bills relating to coinage;

The Committee on the Public Lands-Bills for the forfeiture of land grants to railroads and other corporations; bills preventing speculation in the public lands, and bills for the reservation of the public lands for the benefit of actual and bona fide settlers;

The Coinmittee on Enrolled Bills—Enrolled bills;

The Committee on Printing-On all matters referred to them of printing for the use of the House or two Houses;

The Committee on Accounts—On the expenditure of the contingent fund of the House.

A privileged report is in possession of the House for consideration as soon as presented, and while under consideration can not be withdrawn except by unanimous consent.-Journal, 1, 49, p. 442.

A privileged report retains its privileged character until disposed of, notwithstanding an intervening adjournment. It is subject, however, when again called up, to the question of consideration and to questions of higher privilege.-Congressional Record, 1, 49, p. 7602.

When a bill has been made a special order for a certain day its consideration takes precedence on such day over privileged reports.—Congressional Record, 1, 49, p. 7276.

As a general rule the insertion of matter not privileged in a proposition otherwise privileged destroys the privileged character of the report. The rule is, however, liberally construed, and if the proposed addition is substantially in aid of the privileged object the report is held to be privileged. (See Congressional Record, 1, 50, p. 2195; ibid., 2, 50, pp. 47, 48.)

A resolution to print documents to be distributed pro rata among the Members of the House" is a proposition to print (for the use of the House," and a report thereon is consequently privileged.—Journal, 1, 52, p. 292.

A bili regulating the printing for the use of Departments, as well as for the two Houses, is not privileged under the rule.Journal, 1, 53, p. 80.

A privileged proposition, if reported during the morning hour for reports, loses its privilege and takes its place on the Calendar.-Congressional Record, 1, 50, p.7641. But where the privilege is not dependent merely upon the right of the committee to report at any time, reference to the Calendar does not destroy its privileged character.Journal, 2, 53, pp.53, 54.

According to the practice, reports from the Committee on Rules, relative to proposed change in the rules are in order for consideration on Friday as on other days.-Congressional Record, 2, 50, p. 538.

The consideration of business reported from committees hav. ing leave at any time (except the Committee on Rules), is not, in order on a day set apart for another class of businessJournal, 1, 52, p. 239; at least until the House has disposed of or refused to consider the business for which the day is assigned.—Journal, 1, 52, p. 239.

If a committee fails to report a resolution of inquiry within one week, the report is still privileged whenever reported.Journal, 1, 52, pp. 296, 297.

A joint resolution providing temporarily for continuing in force appropriations for the support of the Government, introduced by a member and submitted for immediate consideration, is not privileged. It is only privileged when reported from the Committee on Appropriations (which may report at any time).Journal 1, 52, p. 348.

(See Privileged Questions.)

REPORTS REQUIRED TO BE MADE TO CONGRESS.

(See List of, Appendix, post, p. 617.)

The heads of Executive Departments and other officers of the Government are required by law to make reports to Congress from time to time upon certain specified subjects. When received they are laid before the House by the Speaker and referred to appropriate committees.

RESCIND.

When it is desired to set aside or to annul the operation of a rule or order of the House it is usual to make an order “rescinding."

If the annulment is to be only temporary or for a special occasion it is 6 vacated” for the period indicated.

Rescind as applied to an order or rule is equivalent to repeal as applied to statutes.

RESIGNATION OF A MEMBER.

(See Members.)

RESOLUTIONS. “When the House commands, it is by an 'order.' But fact, principles, and their own opinions and purposes are expressed in the form of resolutions.”—Manual, p. 136.

This distinction is not strictly kept up in the practice of the House.

Resolutions of a private character, like private bills, are introduced by delivery to the Clerk, pursuant to clause 1, Rule XXII. All other bills, memorials and resolutions may in like

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manner be delivered, indorsed with the names of Members introducing them, to the Speaker, to be by him referred, and the titles and references thereof shall be entered on the Journal and printed in the Record of the next day.--Rule XXII, clause 3.

Resolutions of a public character, and resolutions or memorials of State or Territorial legislatures are delivered to the Speaker, and referred by him under this rule.

All resolutions of inquiry addressed to the heads of Executive Departments shall be reported to the House within one week after presentation.—Same rule, clause 4.

Such resolutions may therefore be reported at any time within the week and consequently are privileged when reported. A motion to discharge a committee from consideration of such resolution is also a privileged motion after one week from its introduction and reference. (See Privileged Questions.)

Resolutions are either joint, concurrent, or simple.

Propositions to give authority or directions to public officers in certain respects; to give the consent of Congress on occasions when such consent is required; to continue in force appropriations; and, generally, measures whose operation is limited to certain specific occasions or periods and not designed to be permanent law, are expressed by joint resolutions.

Under the practice in Congress this distinction between bills and joint resolutions is not closely observed.

A joint resolution, like a bill, must have three readings before it is passed, and must be approved by the President before it becomes operative.

All rules of the House applicable to bills apply with equal force to joint resolutions.

The resolving clause of all joint resolutions shall be in the following form: “Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled.”R. S., sec. 8.

No enacting or resolving words shall be used in any section of an act or resolution of Congress except in the first.-R. S., sec, 9.

Concurrent resolutions are employed where the assent of the two Houses only is considered necessary. Thus when appro

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