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The foregoing seventy-three titles embrace the statutes of the United States, general and permanent in their nature, in force on the first day of December, one thousand eight hundred and seventy-three, as revised and consolidated by commissioners appointed under an act of Congress, and the same shall be designated and cited as The Revised Statutes of the United States.-R. S., sec. 5595.

All acts of Congress passed prior to said first day of December, one thousand eight hundred and seventy-three, any portion of which is embraced in any section of said revision, are hereby repealed, and the section applicable thereto shall be in force in lieu thereof; all parts of such acts not contained in such revision, having been repealed or superseded by subsequent acts, or not being general or permanent in their nature: Provided, That the incorporation into said revision of any general and permanent provision, taken from an act making appropriations, or from an act containing other provisions of a private, local, or temporary character, shall not repeal or in any way affect any appropriation, or any provision of a private, local, or temporary character, contained in any of said acts, but the same shall remain in force; and all acts of Congress passed prior to said last-named day, no part of which are embraced in said revision, shall not be affected or changed by its enactment.-R. S., sec. 5596.

The repeal of the several acts embraced in said revision, shall not affect any act done, or any right accruing or accrued, or any suit or proceeding had or commenced in any civil cause before the said repeal, but all rights and liabilities under said acts shall continue, and may be enforced in the same manner, as if said repeal had not been made; nor shall said repeal in any manner affect the right to any office, or change the term or tenure thereof.-R. S., sec. 5597.

All offenses committed, and all penalties or forfeitures incurred under any statute embraced in said revision prior to said repeal, may be prosecuted and punished in the same manner and with the same effect as if said repeal had not been made.-R. S., sec. 5598.

All acts of limitation, whether applicable to civil causes and

proceedings, or to the prosecution of offenses, or for the recov. ery of penalties or forfeitures, embraced in said revision and covered by said repeal, shall not be affected thereby, but all suits, proceedings, or prosecutions, whether civil or criminal, for causes arising or acts done or committed prior to said repeal, may be commenced and prosecuted within the same time as if said repeal had not been made.-R. S., sec. 5599.

The enactment of the said revision is not to affect or repeal any act of Congress passed since the 1st day of December, one thousand eight hundred and seventy-three, and all acts passed since that date are to have full effect as if passed after the enactment of this revision, and so far as such acts vary from, or conflict with any provision contained in said revision, they are to have effect as subsequent statutes, and as repealing any portion of the revision inconsistent therewith.-R. S., sec. 5601.



The appointment and removal, for cause, of the official reporters of the House, including stenographers of committees, and the manner of the execution of their duties, shall be vested in the Speaker:- Rule XXXVI, clause 1.

No person shall be employed as a reporter of the House without the approval of the Speaker.-R. S., sec. 54.

By resolution of the House of March 3, 1873, it is provided that the reports of the House proceedings and debates shall be furnished to the Congressional (Public Printer by the present corps of Globe reporters, who shall hereafter, until otherwise ordered, be officers of the House, under direction of the Speaker, and shall receive the same compensation now allowed to the official reporters of committees.Journal, 3, 42, pp. 582, 583.

There are five official reporters of the House who report the debates and proceedings of each day's sitting, which are published the succeeding day in the Congressional Record.

An assistant, to be appointed by the chief of the official reporters, is authorized by the Legislative appropriation act of July 11, 1888.-25 Stat. L., p. 261.

It was held that a Member is not entitled, as a matter of right, to inspect the original copy from the reporters' notes, of remarks delivered by another Member, which have been withheld for revision. Journal, 2, 53, p. 435. STENOGRAPHIC REPORTERS TO COMMITTEES.

A stenographic reporter to committees of the House to be appointed by the Speaker was authorized by resolution of the House January 5, 1865—Journal 2, 38, pp. 79, 80.

By a resolution of the House of January 18, 1866, the Speaker is directed to appoint "a competent stenographic reporter, to continue in office until otherwise ordered by the House, whose duty it shall be to report in shorthand, on the order of any of the standing or special committees of the House, such proceedings as they may deem necessary, and, when ordered to be printed, properly index and supervise the publication of the same; and who shall receive therefor an annual compensation at the rate now allowed by regulation for reporting court-martial proceedings: Provided, That all such reporting ordered by committees of the House, and all such as he shall be required to do for joint committees, shall be done by said reporter or person employed by him without extra compensation or additional expense; and the reports so taken shall be under the entire control of the committees, respectively, by which such testimony shall be taken, or of the House.”—Journal, 1, 39, p. 162.

By resolution of July 25, 1866, an assistant official reporter to committees, to be appointed by the Speaker, was authorized to serve during the Thirty-ninth Congress.—Journal, 1, 39, p. 1117; and was continued until otherwise ordered by resolution of March 6, 1867.Journal, 1, 40, p. 13.

These positions were declared vacant by resolution of the House of February 7, 1884, and the Speaker was authorized, upon the request of a committee, to employ such reporters to report the proceedings of the committee as should be deemed necessary, at a compensation to be fixed by the Committee on Accounts.—Journal, 1, 48, p. 520.

The position of official stenographer to committees were revived by Legislative appropriation act of 'March 3, 1885, in which an appropriation is made “ For two stenographers to committees to be appointed by the Speaker on or after December 1, 1885.”—23 Stat, at L., p. 293. Similar provisions have been repeated in the appropriation acts of each subsequent Congress.

The duties of the reporters to committees may be considered as defined by the resolution, above quoted, of January 18, 1886.


Stenographers and reporters other than the official reporters of the House, wishing to take down the debates and proceedings, may be admitted by the Speaker to the reporters' gallery over the Speaker's chair, and to the hall in the rear thereof, under such regulations as he may, from time to time, prescribe; and he may assign seats on the floor to a representative of both the Associated and the United Press Associations, and may admit to the privileges of the floor an assistant to each of such representatives.-Rule XXXVI, clause 2.

By the regulation prescribed by the Speaker, pursuant to this rule, reporters are admitted to the hall in the rear of the Speaker's chair upon the invitation of a Member or Delegate, on condition that they shall thereafter retire from said hall, and not enter the hall of the House.

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The Clerk of the House and Secretary of the Senate are directed to procure and file, for the use of their respective Houses, copies of all reports made by each committee of all succeeding Congresses; and at the close of each session of Congress, to cause said reports to be indexed and bound, one copy to be deposited in the library of each House and one copy in the room of the committee from which the reports emanated. 24, Stat. L., p. 316.

All bills, petitions, memorials, or resolutions reported from a committee shall be accompanied by reports in writing, which shall be printed.Rule XVIII, clause 2.

The question whether or not a particular report is a full or proper compliance with the foregoing rule must be determined by the House and not by the Chair.Journal, 1, 48, p. 516.

On all days other than the first and third Mondays in each month as soon as the business on the Speaker's table has been disposed of, there shall be a morning hour for reports from com

mittees, which shall be appropriately referred and printed, and a copy thereof mailed by the Public Printer to each Member and Delegate.Rule XXIV, clause 2.

There shall be three calendars of business reported from committees, viz:

First. A Calendar of the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union; to which shall be referred bills raising revenue, general appropriation bills, and bills of a public character, directly or indirectly appropriating money or property;

Second. A House Calendar, to which shall be referred all bills of a public character not raising revenue nor directly or indirectly appropriating money or property; and

Third. A Calendar of the Committee of the Whole House, to which shall be referred all bills of a private character.

All reports of committees on private bills, together with the views of the minority, shall be delivered to the Clerk for printing and reference to the proper calendar, under the direction of the Speaker, in accordance with the foregoing clause, and the titles or subjects thereof shall be entered on the Journal and printed in the Record.—Rule XIII, clause 2.

All bills reported adversely shall be laid on the table, unless the committee reporting the same at the time, or any Member within three days thereafter, shall request its reference to the Calendar, when it shall be referred as provided in clause 1 of this rule.Rule XIII, clause 3.

Reading a report is in the nature of debate and is precluded by ordering the previous question.

The report is usually read by common consent immediately on entering upon the consideration of a measure, but if objected to, it could only be read in the time of the member having the floor.

It is for the House, not the Chair, to determine whether a report in writing is sufficient and should be received.-Congressional Record, 1, 48, p. 926.

Unless authorized by the rules, a committee can not report upon a subject which has not been referred to them.-Journal, 1, 45, p. 527.

It is presumed that a report made, or motion submitted by a member, in behalf of a committee, when it is called, has been

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