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3* (Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons.] The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New-York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three..
Veazie Bank v. Fenno, 8 Wall., 533; Scholey v. Rew, 23 Wall., 331. * When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies
5 The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.
SECTION. 3. "The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote.
? Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Ex
* The clause included in brackets is amended by the 14th amendment, 2d section, p. 66.
poralipiration of the fourth Yeat, and of the thirds Class at the Expiration of thof the sixth Yearylso that one; tbird may be chosen every second Year Year; and if Vacancies happen by Resignation berotherwise, during :he ithe Recesshof ithe legislature of anye State, Rhe Executive thereof may may make temporary Appointmentsl untilnthe dext Meeting of the Lei Legislature, which shall thien fall sucha Vacancies.
to No Person shall be a Senator wbdl shall not have attained to the Age Age of ytliirty Years, and been nine Yeatšita Gitizen of the United
atéStates, and whgl shall not, whent elected abd ram Inhabitant of that wateState for 'which he shall}be chosen.
* T * The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Sena Senate, but shall havē’no Vote, unless they helėqually divided.
TheThe Senate shall chuser their rother Officers, and also a President piro i pro tempord, in the Abserce of the Vice President, or when he shall --xer exercise the Office of President of the United States.
" TI." The Senatė shall have tjie šole Powerr toa tryiahl Impeachments. WhenWhen sitting for that Purpose, they shabibe Jonh Qath or Affirmation. WeiWhen Ithe Presidenthof the United Statesiis), triedthe Chief Justice
1. ll shall i presidedAndi'ne Person) shall be condicted without the Concult recurrence of two thirds of the Members present.
J.: Judgment in-Caséstof Impeachment shall not extend further than ile to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any OH Office of honor, Toust' or Profit under thet Linsted States : but the P. :* Party convicted i shall neverthelesslibe! diable and subject to Indict!!*** tmient, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.
S SECTION.14. The Tinies, Places and Manoer of holding Elections :. for Senators and Representatives) shall be prescribed in each State ''} libyithe Legislature ethereoft; but the Congress may at any time by Latit Lask makel or alter such Regulations, except aš tol the Places of chus1 - Sing Senators.
I ko parte 'Siebold, 100, G7D;, B7? Ex panteo Farborough, 110 U. S., 651. 2 The Congress gshall sassemblerabldeast lonte cinceveryeyear, Vand, and such Meeting shall beðnbtherfitste MonddyridaDegehberpunless they they shall by Law appointpw differentieftant. Day.
SECTION. 5. Each EHobusel shall sbellthe Judge of the Electiohis,tions, Returns and Quálications toonitsoo uin Membersnland, a Majorityjofity of each shall constitutetat Quorumovoi dotBusinbssjnbest;alsmallen Num Number may adjourn; from daytdaday, and, mayl bengauthorized rø compepmpel the Attendance of absentl Members litersuch Mahndrivandt under such such Penalties as each Houselmay provideovide.
United States šta BallinBr46U$1, V. S., 1. 2 Each Housel mwy determine mlio Rules oflits Proceedingspunishunish its Members forrdifordésby (Beha fiolus,vand, with thien Concurrencer ofce of two thirds, expelcap Membéember.
Anderson'or Dano, 16.Wh.O 2014;, Kolbourn bo Thompsony roznUIS3, 168, 1618. * Each Houses shall skeep laeJournal ofatso Proceedingscland, from from time to time publishi bhielsahesexcepting such Patts låsrinays in their their Judgment require pecce bycreand the Yeas &nds Nays 8f the Membersnbers of either Houselonsany question shall, satılthet Desire ofironet fifth offth of those Present, benenbered tone dhenJournalurnal.
Field x.Clark, (143\UJ S., 649.., 6.49. * Neither Houses duringithe Sebsidi ofbongtess, shall, withouit theat the Consent of the fotheroddjouadjforimfore ithan three tdays, hors to anyo any other Place than than it which theltwe Houses shall besittingitting.
SECTION. 6. The Serrators and Representativesa tshall stedeiveæive a Compensation for their Services,vtoebetascertainedabye Law, hnd paid paid out of the TreastireasfirhefUnited nStatesitatThey bhaḥl in adlli Cases, ases, except Treason, Kelanlyeandy Bredchrof the Peace, be privileged from from Arrest during their Attendancelaatethet Sessions of their trespectivective Houses, and in gbinggwomand returningrfrony fthen sainse șaand fordnyr any Speech or Debatèeim witheriHousės they, shall shotl be questionedicined in any other PlacePlace.
Coxo, M'Clenachanagl Dallz 4781., 478. 2 No Senator notoRepreseptativet shall, dating whez Tihve for whichvhic!: he was elected, bterappoimpedito cahyocivil orice Under the Aththotitghority of the United States, which shall have been created, or the Emoluments whereof shall have been encreased during such time; and no Person holding any Office under the United States, shall be a Member of either House during his Continuance in Office.
SECTION. 7. 'All Bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on other Bills.
? Every Bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a Law, be presented to the President of the United States ; If he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his Objections to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the Objections at large on their Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such Reconsideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent, together with the Objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become a Law. But in all such Cases the Votes of both Houses shall be determined by Yeas and Nays, and the Names of the Persons voting for and against the Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each House respectively. If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law.
3 Every Order, Resolution, or Vote to which the Concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of Adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and before the Same shall take Effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Biil.
SECTION. 8. The Congress shall have Power 'To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts, and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;
Hylton v. United States, 3 Dall., 171; McCulloch v. State of Maryland, 4 Wh., 316; Loughborough v. Blake, 5 Wh., 317; Osbornv. Bank of the United States, 9 Wh., 738; Weston et al. v. City Council of Charleston, 2 Pet., 449; Dobbins v. The Commissioners of Erie County, 16 Pet., 435; License Cases, 5 How., 504; Cooley v. Board of Wardens of Port of Philadelphia et al., 12 How., 299; McGuire v. The Commonwealth, 3 Wall., 387; Van Allen v. The Assessors, 3 Wall., 573; Bradley v. The People, 4 Wall., 459.
License Tax Cases, 5 Wall., 462; Pervear v. The Commonwealth, 5 Wall., 475; Woodruff v. Parham, 8 Wall., 123; Hinson v. Lott, 8 Wall., 148; Veazie Bank v. Fenno, 8 Wall., 533; The Collector v. Day, 11 Wall., 113; United States v. Singer, 15 Wall., 11); State tax on foreign-held bonds, 15 Wall., 300; United States v. Railroad Company, 17 Wall., 322; Railroad Company v. Peniston, 18 Wall., 5; Scholey v. Rew, 23 Wall., 331; Springer
71. United States, 102 U. S., 586; Legal Tender case, 110 U. S., 421. ? To borrow Money on the credit of the United States;
McCulloch v. The State of Maryland, 4 Wh., 316; Weston et al. 2". The City Council of Charleston, 2 Pet., 449; Bank of Commerce v. New York City, 2 Black, 620; Bank Tax Cases, 2 Wall., 200; The Bank W. The Mayor, 7 Wall., 16; Bank v. Supervisors, 7 Wall., 26; Hepburn v. Griswold, 8 Wall., 603; National Bank v. Commonwealth, 9 Wall., 353;
Parker v. Davis, 12 Wall., 457; Legal Tender case, 110 U. S., 421. 3 To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes;
Gibbons v. Ogden, 9 Wh., 1; Brown et als. v. State of Maryland, 12 Wh., 419; Wilson et al. v. Black Bird Creek Marsh Company, 2 Pet., 215; Worcester w. The State of Georgia, 6 Pet., 515; City of New York v. Miln, 11 Pet., 102; United States v. Coombs, 12 Pet., 72; Holmes v. Jennison et al., 14 Pet., 540; License Cases, 5 How , 504; Passenger Cases, 7 How., 283; Nathan v. Louisiana, 8 How., 73; Mager v. Grima et al., 8 How., 490; United States 1. Marigold, 9 How., 560; Cowley v. Board of Wardens of Port of Philadelphia, 12 How., 299; The Propeller Genesee Chief et al. v. Fitzhugh et al., 12 How., 443; State of Pennsylvania v. The Wheeling Bridge Company, 13 How., 518; Veazie et al. v. Moor, 14 How., 568; Smith v. State of Maryland, 18 How., 71; State of Pennsylvania v. The Wheeling and Belmont Bridge Company et al., 18 How., 421; Sinnitt v. Davenport, 22 How., 227; Foster et al. v. Davenport et al., 22 How., 244; Conway et al. v. Taylor's ex., i Black, 603; United States v. Holliday, 3 Wall., 407; Gilman v. Philadelphia, 3 Wall., 713; The Passaic Bridges, 3 Wall., 782; Steamship Company v. Port Wardens, 6 Wall., 31; Crandall v. State of Nevada, 6 Wall., 35; White's Bank v. Smith, 7 Wall., 646; Waring v. The Mayor, 8 Wall., 110; Paul v. Virginia, 8 Wall., 168; Thomson v. Pacific Railroad, 9