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where, as in case of a message, report, etc., it is moved to lay on the table and print, the said motion may be voted on as an entirety, or under clause 6, Rule XVI, it may be divided, and a separate vote taken on each branch of the motion.Journal, 1, 32, p. 337.


A committee having leave to report at all times may report in part at different times. Journal 1, 27, p. 104.

The right to report at any time carries with it the right to consider the matter when reported.—Journal 1, 32, p. 195.

Bills or resolutions of a public character, except such as present questions of high privilege, can not, in order, be reported or considered on Friday, under the practice, until private business has been dispensed with or postponed.

A bill having been recommitted to a committee with leave to report at any time, and the same being immediately reported by its chairman, is subject to the point that the committee have not considered it.Journal 2, 50, p. 536.

If a committee fails to report a resolution of inquiry within one week, the report is still privileged whenever reported.Journal, 1, 52, pp. 296, 297.

The consideration of business reported from committees having leave at any time (except the Committee on Rules), is not in order on a day set apart for another class of business (Journal 1, 52, p. 239); at least, until the House has disposed of or refused to consider the business for which the day is assigned.Journal, 1, 52, p. 239.

Reports from committees having leave to report at any time, such as the Committee on Accounts and Committee on Printing, of propositions for the expenditure or appropriation of public money or property, are subject to the point that they be considered in Committee of the Whole.Journal 2, 46, p. 217; 2, 52, p. 126.

When a committee privileged to report at any time reports a measure which must be first considered in Committee of the Whole, it is in order immediately after such report is made to move to resolve into Committee of the Whole to consider it. Otherwise the right to immediately consider the privileged report would not be available.Journal 1, 49, p. 2360.

For an enumeration of committees authorized to report certain measures at any time, see Reports, Privileged.


There must be an adjournment before the legislative day will terminate (Journal 1, 33, p. 804), and an adjournment does not take place by reason of the arrival of the time for the regular daily meeting of the House.I bid., pp. 803, 811. And an adjournment does not necessarily take place at 12 a. m.on Sunday, nor is it against order for a majority to continue in session after the said hour, it being a question which inust be left to be decided by the judgment and discretion of the House itself.—Journal 1, 24, pp. 577, 582; Record 2, 44, p. 2242.

If by reason of an error the Speaker announces that the House decides to adjourn, and the House does in fact accordingly disperse and adjonrn, although the vote as actually recorded shows a refusal to adjourn, the session of the House when it next meets will be considered not a continuation of the preceding session but as of a new legislative day.-Congressional Record, 2, 49, p. 314.

A session of the House extending, by failure to adjourn, into the next calendar day, a special order for the latter day is pretermitted, the session being of the legislative not the calendar day.-Congressional Record, 1, 50, pp. 2749, 2755; Journal, 1, 50, pp. 1479, 1491.

The legislative day of March 3 of the final session of a Congress is held to terminate on March 4, at 12 o'clock m., unless a motion is made and carried for an adjournment previous to that hour.-Congressional Globe 2, 31, p. 784; Ibid., 818-820; Congressional Record, 3, 46, p. 2456. The Speaker, according to the later practice, when the hour of 12 arrives adjourns the House without motion, a roll call having been frequently interrupted for that purpose.—Congressional Globe, 2, 35, p. 1684. And this has been the practice since the Thirtyfifth Congress. (See also Adjournment sine die, ante, p. 244.)

5585- 27

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. The Library of Congress, composed of the books, maps, and other publications which now remain in existence, from the collections heretofore united under the act of January twentysix, eighteen hundred and two, chapter two; the resolution of October twenty-one, eighteen hundred and fourteen; the act of January thirty, eighteen hundred and fifteen, chapter twentyseven; the resolution of July twenty-five, eighteen hundred and sixty-six; the act of March two, eighteen hundred and sixtyseven, chapter one hundred and sixty-seven, section one; and those added from time to time by purchase, exchange, donation, reservation from publications ordered by Congress, deposit to secure copyright, and otherwise, shall be preserved in the Capitol in the rooms which were, on the fourth day of July, eighteen hundred and seventy-two, appropriated to its use, and in such others as may hereafter be assigned thereto.-R. S., sec. 80.

The Library of Congress shall be arranged in two departments, a general library and a law library.—R. S., sec. 81.

The unexpended balance of any sums appropriated by Congress for the increase of the general library, together with such sums as may hereafter be appropriated to the same purpose, shall be laid out under the direction of a joint committee of Congress upon the library, to consist of three members of the · Senate and three members of the House of Representatives.R. S., sec. 82.


The Joint Committee upon the Library is authorized to establish regulations, not inconsistent with law, in relation to the Library of Congress or either department thereof, and from time to time alter, amend, or repeal the same; but such regulations as to the Law Library shall be subject to those imposed by the justices of the Supreme Court, under section ninety-five. And until they impose new regulations or restrictions, the care and business of the Library shall continue to be regulated by such rules as may have been heretofore imposed by any lawful authority.-R. S., sec. 85.

The Joint Committee upon the Library may, at any time,

exchange or otherwise dispose of duplicate, injured, or wasted books of the Library, or documents, or any other matter in the Library not deemed proper to it, as they deem best.-R. S., sec. 86.

The Joint Committee upon the Library may, from time, to time, appoint such agents as they deem requisite, to carry into effect the donation and exchange of documents and other pub. lications placed at their disposal for the purpose.-R, S., sec. 87.

The President, solely, shall appoint, from time to time, a Librarian to take charge of the Library of Congress.—R. S., sec. 88.

No map shall be taken out of the Library by any person.R. S., sec. 92.

No books shall be taken from the library except by the President, the Vice-President, Senators, Representatives, and Delegates in Congress, and the persons enumerated in section 94 or otherwise authorized by law.-R. S., sec. 93.


The Joint Committee on the Library is authorized to grant the privilege of using and drawing books from the Library in the same manner and subject to the same regulations as Mem. bers of Congress to any of the following persons:

First. Heads of Departments.

Second. The Chief Justice and Associate Justices, the reporter, and clerk of the Supreme Court.

Third. Members of the Diplomatic corps.
Fourth. The Judges and the clerk of the Court of Claims.

Fifth. The Solicitor-General and Assistant Attorneys-General.

Sixth. The Secretary of the Senate.
Seventh. The Clerk of the House of Representatives.
Eighth. The Chaplains of the two Houses of Congress.
Ninth. The Solicitor of the Treasury.

Tenth. The financial agent of the Joint Committee on the Library.

Eleventh. The Smithsonian Institution, through its Secre


Twelfth. Any person, when in the District of Columbia, who has been President.-R. S., sec. 94.

Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, resident in Washington, have this privilege.--Laws, 2, 43, p. 512.

The members and secretary of the Interstate Commerce Commission, and the Chief of Engineers of the Corps of Engineers, United States Army, resident in Washington.-Stats. at L., vol. 26, p. 678.

The Chief Justice and Associate Justices of the Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia, and the Chief Justice and Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of said District.Stats. at L., vol. 28, p. 577.

The Justices of the Supreme Court shall have free access to the Law Library; and they are authorized to make regulations, not inconsistent with law, for the use of the same during the sittings of the court. But such regulation shall not restrict any person authorized to take books from the Library from having access to the Law Library, or using the books therein in the same manner as he may be entitled to use the books of the general library.—R. S., sec. 95. (See also R. S., sec. 97.)


This committee was created by a joint rule adopted on the 7th of December, 1843 (first session Twenty-eighth Congress), and was composed of three members of each House, their duties being “ to superintend and direct the expenditure of all moneys appropriated for the Library, and to perform such other duties as are or may be directed by law.”

The Senate rule (XXV) provides that its committee 6 shall have power to act jointly with the same committee of the House of Representatives,” but the House rule (X) merely creates the committee, and Rule XI (prescribing the powers and duties of committees), clause 48, provides that “all proposed legislation touching the Library of Congress, statuary, and pictures shall be referred to the Joint Committee on the Library."

The portion of the Joint Committee of Congress upon the Library on the part of the Senate remaining in office as Senators shall during the recess of Congress exercise the powers

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