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order to vote on the substitute without reading the remaining paragraphs.-Congressional Record, 2, 49, p. 1059.

The effect of a refusal of the llouse to concur in a recommendation to strike out the enacting clause is to return the bill to the Committee of the Whole. But it is otherwise when the recommendation is to strike out all after the enacting clause, it being in order in the latter case to proceed in the House with the consideration of the original bill.-Congressional Record, 2, 49, p. 1060.

ENGRAVING. There shall be referred by the Clerk to the members of the Committee on Printing on the part of the House all drawings, maps, charts, or other papers which may at any time come before the House for engraving, lithographing, or publishing in any way; which committee shall report to the House whether the same ought, in their opinion, to be published; and if the House order the publication of the same, that said committee shall direct the size and manner of execution of all such maps, charts, drawings, or other papers, and contract, by agreement in writing, for all such engraving, lithographing, printing, drawing, and coloring, as may be ordered by the House; which agreement, in writing, shall be furnished by said committee to the Committee on Accounts, to govern said committee in all allowances for such works; and it shall be in order for said committee to report at all times.

Whenever any charts, maps, diagrams, views, or other engravings are required, to illustrate any document ordered to be printed by either house of Congress, such engravings shall be procured by the Congressional Printer, under the direction and supervision of the Committee on Printing of the House ordering the same.R. S., sec. 3779. (See Printing, Public.)

ENGROSSED BILLS. * The engrossed Senate bill, not a printed copy, must always accompany a report thereon, and must, when under consideration, be actually in the possession of the House.

Bills and joint resolutions on their passage shall be read the first time by title and the second time in full, when, if the previous question is ordered, the Speaker shall state the question to be,“Shall the bill be engrossed and read a third time?" and if decided in the affirmative, it shall be read the third time by title, unless the reading in full is demanded by a member, and the question shall then be put upon its passage.—Rule XXI.

Prior to the Fifty-third Congress, second session, the engrossment of a bill consisted in writing it at length in a fair, round hand, on large sheets of paper (15 by 19 inches), embodying therein any amendments which may have been agreed to.

By concurrent resolution, passed by the House Oct. 26, 1893, and by the Senate Nov. 1, 1893, it is required that hereafter the engrossment be by printing instead of writing.

It is the right of any Member, on the third reading or before passage of a bill (or joiớt resolution), to demand the reading in full of the engrossed bill.—Record, 2, 48, p. 2251; Journal, 2, 49, p. 388; Record, 1, 52, p. 4586.

It is not in order to demand the reading of the engrossed bill pending the consideration of a conference report thereon.Journal, 1, 44, p. 1423.

After the passage of a bill by either House, the engrossed bill is carried by the Clerk of the House or Secretary of the Senate to the other House, where the bill is presented with a message requesting concurrence therein.

Amendments of either House to a bill of the other House are engrossed and returned by the Clerk or Secretary, together with the bill which it is proposed to amend.

It is the right of any Member to demand the reading of the engrossed bill when the question is on its passage, even though the previous question be ordered.—Journal, 2, 49, p. 388.

After a bill is read a third time (pursuant to the rule, by its title) and the yeas and nays have been ordered on the question of its passage, it is too late to demand the reading at length of the engrossed bill.-Journal, 1, 52, p. 225.


After a bill has passed both Houses, it is enrolled on parchment under the supervision of the Clerk or Secretary of the House in which it originated, and after being examined and found truly enrolled by the Committee on Enrolled Bills it is reported to the House, and is thereupon signed by the Speaker, after which it is transmitted to the Senate, where it is signed by the Vice-President. It is then presented to the President (usually by a member of the Committee on Eurolled Bills) for his approval.

Until the second session of the Fifty-third Congress the enrollment was in writing, but by concurrent resolution passed by the House October 26, 1893, by the Senate November 1, 1893, the enrollment is required to be by printing instead of writing.

A bill passed by the two Houses before the appointment of a Committee on Enrolled Bills is enrolled by the Clerk or Secretary and presented directly to the Speaker for his signature;-Journal, 1, 52, p. 17; the report of a committee being a guaranty of the correct enrollment, but not an essential prerequisite to the attestation by the Speaker.

The signing by the Speaker of the House of Representatives and by the President of the Senate in open session of an enrolled bill is an official attestation by the two Houses of such bill as one that has passed Congress. When approved by the President, and deposited in the State Department according to law, its authentication is complete and unimpeachable.Field v. Clark, April 15, 1892; 143, U. S. Sup. Ct. Rep., p. 649.

It is not competent to show from Journals of either House that an act so authenticated did not pass in the precise form in which it was so signed and approved.Idem, 143, U. S. Sup. Ct. Rep., p. 649.


(See Joint Committees.) The Committee on Enrolled Bills shall have leave to report enrolled bills at any time.—See Rule XI, clause 57.

These reports are usually made by delivering them to the Speaker or placing them on the Speaker's table, and are laid before the House by the Speaker at some convenient period, in case of urgency other business being interrupted for that purpose.


(See Friday; Recess.) 5585— 25

EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS. Communications from the heads of the Departments, and from other officers whose duty it is to make reports to Congress or to the House, are addressed to the Speaker, who causes a brief statement of their contents to be indorsed thereon.

Immediately after the approval of the Journal, these commu. nications are laid before the House by the Speaker for reference to appropriate.committees.-See Rule XXIV, clause 1.

(See Reports required to be made to Congress, Appendix,) ESTIMATES OF APPROPRIATIONS.

Hereafter all estimates of appropriations and estimates of deficiencies in appropriations intended for the consideration and seeking the action of any of the committees of Congress shall be transmitted to Congress through the Secretary of the Treasury, and in no other manner; and the said Secretary shall first cause the same to be properly classified, compiled, indexed, and printed, under the supervision of the chief of the division of warrants, estimates, and appropriations of his Department.Sess. Law8, 1, 48, p. 254, act of July 7, 1881.

Estimates of appropriations, and all other communications from the Executive Departments, intended for the consideration of any committees of the House, shall be addressed to the Speaker and by him submitted to the House for reference.Rule XLII.


. (See Committees; Papers.)




(See Committees.)

FEES. The rule for paying witnesses subpænaed to appear before the House, or either of its committees, shall be as follows: For

each day a witness shall attend, the sum of two dollars; for each mile he shall travel in coming to or going from the place of examination, the sum of five cents each way; but nothing shall be paid for traveling when the witness has been summoned at the place of trial.-Rule XXXVII.

The Clerk shall certify extracts from the Journals of the House of Representatives, and for such copies shall receive the sum of ten cents for each sheet containing one hundred words.—R. S., sec. 71.

The Sergeant-at-Arms is prohibited from receiving (in addition to his regular salary), directly or indirectly, any fees, other compensation, or emolument whatever for performing the duties of his office, or in connection therewith.—R. S., sec. 53.

FILES OF THE HOUSE. The files of the House comprise petitions, memorials, testimony relative to bills or other propositions before Congress, vetoed bills, and other documents of a public or private character affecting the legislation of the House. At the end of a Congress, these documents are delivered to the file clerk, in whose custody they remain for future reference.

The clerks of the several committees of the House shall, within three days after the final adjournment of a Congress, deliver to the Clerk of the House all bills, joint resolutions, petitions, and other papers referred to the committee, together with all evidence taken by such committee under the order of the House during the said Congress, and not reported to the House; and in the event of the failure or neglect of any clerk of a committee to comply with this rule, the Clerk of the House shall, within three days thereafter, take into his keeping all such papers and testimony.-Rule XXXVIII.


No memorial or other paper presented to the House shall be withdrawn from its files without its leave, and if withdrawn therefrom certified copies thereof shall be left in the office of the Clerk; but when an act may pass for the settlement of a claim the Clerk is authorized to transmit to the officer charged

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