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FIFTEENTH AND SUBSEQUENT

DECENNIAL CENSUSES

HEARINGS

BEFORE

THE COMMITTEE ON THE CENSUS

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

SEVENTIETH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

A BILL TO PROVIDE FOR THE FIFTEENTH AND

SUBSEQUENT DECENNIAL CENSUSES

From Congressm20
E. HART FENN

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICH

WASHINGTON

1928

SUBSEQUENT DECENNIAL CENSUSES

HEARINGS

BEFORE

THE COMMITTEE ON THE CENSUS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

SEVENTIETH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

A BILL TO PROVIDE FOR THE FIFTEENTH AND

SUBSEQUENT DECENNIAL CENSUSES

JANUARY 11, 12, 17, 18, 19, 23, 24, 25, 31; FEBRUARY 1, 8, 9, AND 10,

AND APRIL 17 AND 18, 1928

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COMMITTEE ON THE CENSUS

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

SEVENTIETH CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION

E. HART FENN, Connecticut, Chairman CLARENCE J. MCLEOD, Michigan.

JOHN E. RANKIN, Mississippi. HAYS B. WHITE, Kansas.

ARTHUR H. GREENWOOD, Indiana. LLOYD THURSTON, Iowa.

RALPH F. LOZIER, Missouri. FREDERICK W. MAGRADY, Pennsylvania. MEYER JACOBSTEIN, New York. HENRY L. BOWLES, Massachusetts.

SAMUEL RUTHERFORD, Georgia. FLORENCE P. KAHN, California.

I[ENRY D. MOORMAN, Kentucky. ALBERT JOHNSON, Washington.

JAMES M, FITZPATRICK, New York. DANIEL A. REED, New York.

RENE L. DE ROUEN, Louisiana. HUBERT H. PEAVEY, Wisconsin. ROBERT H. CLANCY, Michigan. J. HOWARD SWICK, Pennsylvania. C. G. SELVIG, Minnesota.

J. ROBERT CONROY, Clerk II

COMPARISON OF CENSUS ACTS

FOURTEENTH CENSUS

FIFTEENTH CENSUS

[Public, No. 325, Sixty-fifth Congress, H. R. 11984) AN ACT To provide for the fourteenth

and subsequent decennial censuses

(H. R. 393, Seventieth Congress, first session) A BILL To provide for the fifteenth

and subsequent decennial censuses

Be it enacted by the Senate and House Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of Representatives of the United States of of America in Congress assembled, That America in Congress assembled, That a a census of the population, agriculture, census of population, agriculture, and manufactures, forestry and forest prod- distribution shall be taken by the Diucts, and mines and quarries of the rector of the Census in the year 1930 United States shall be taken by the and every ten years thereafter. The Director of the Census in the year census herein provided for shall include nineteen hundred and twenty and each State, the District of Columbia, every ten years thereafter. The cen- Alaska, Hawaii, and Porto Rico. A sus herein provided for shall include census of Guam, Samoa, and the Virgin each State, the District of Columbia, Islands shall be taken in the same year Alaska, Hawaii, and Porto Rico. A by the respective governors of said census of Guam and Samoa shall be islands and a census of the Panama taken in the same year by the respec- Canal Zone by the governor of the tive governors of said islands and a Canal Zone in accordance with plans census of the Panama Canal Zone by prescribed or approved by the Director the governor of the Canal Zone in ac- of the Census. cordance with plans prescribed or approved by the Director of the Census.

SEC. 2. That the period of three SEC. 2. That the period of three years beginning the first day of July years beginning the first day of July next preceding the census provided for next preceding the census provided for in section one of this Act shall be known in section 1 of this Act shall be known as the decennial census period, and the as the decennial census period, and the reports upon the inquires provided for reports upon the inquiries provided for in said section shall be completed and in said section shall be completed published within such period.

within such period. SEC. 3. That during the decennial SEC. 3. That there may be employed census period, and no longer, there may in the Bureau of the Census, in addition be employed in the Census Office, in to the force provided for by the approaddition to the force provided for by priation Act for the fiscal year immethe legislative, executive, and judicial diately preceding the decennial census appropriation Act for the fiscal year period, two assistant directors, one of immediately preceding the decennial whom shall act as executive assistant census period, an assistant director, to the director, performing, in addition, who shall be an experienced practical the duties usually assigned to the chief statistician; a chief statistician, who clerk, and the other, who must be a shall be a person of known and tried person of known and tried experience experience in statistical work; a dis- in statistical work, as technical and bursing clerk; an appointment clerk; statistical advisor; these officials to be a private secretary to the director; four appointed by the Secretary of Comstenographers; eight expert chiefs of merce, upon the recommendation of division; and ten statistical experts. the Director of the Census, in conformThe assistant director shall be ap- ity with the civil service laws and rules. pointed by the President, by and with In addition to the force hereinbefore the advice and consent of the Senate. provided for, there may be appointed The chief statistician, the disbursing by the Director of the Census, without clerk, the appointment clerk, the chiefs regard to the provisions of the classiof divisions, and the private secretary fication Act, for any period not extendto the director shall be appointed with- ing beyond the decennial census period, out examination by the Secretary of at annual or piece-price rates of comCommerce upon the recommendation pensation to be fixed by him, as many of the Director of the Census. The temporary employees in the District of statistical experts and the stenogra- Columbia as may be necessary to meet

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