Now It Can Be Told: The Story Of The Manhattan Project
General Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer were the two men chiefly responsible for the building of the first atomic bomb at Los Alamos, code name "The Manhattan Project." As the ranking military officer in charge of marshalling men and material for what was to be the most ambitious, expensive engineering feat in history, it was General Groves who hired Oppenheimer (with knowledge of his left-wing past), planned facilities that would extract the necessary enriched uranium, and saw to it that nothing interfered with the accelerated research and swift assembly of the weapon.This is his story of the political, logistical, and personal problems of this enormous undertaking which involved foreign governments, sensitive issues of press censorship, the construction of huge plants at Hanford and Oak Ridge, and a race to build the bomb before the Nazis got wind of it. The role of groves in the Manhattan Project has always been controversial. In his new introduction the noted physicist Edward Teller, who was there at Los Alamos, candidly assesses the general's contributions-and Oppenheimer's-while reflecting on the awesome legacy of their work.
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TRAINING THE AIR UNIT
CHOOSING THE TARGET
THE GERMANS HEAR THE NEWS
NEGOTIATIONS WITH THE BRITISH
SECURITY ARRANGEMENTS AND PRESS CENSORSHIP
LOS ALAMOS II
THE COMBINED DEVELOPMENT TRUST
MILITARY INTELLIGENCE ALSOS IITALY
A SERIOUS MILITARY PROBLEM
MILITARY INTELLIGENCE ALSOS IIFRANCE
THE PROBLEM OF THE FRENCH SCIENTISTS
MILITARY INTELLIGENCE ALSOS IIIGERMANY
THE MED AND CONGRESS
THE DESTRUCTION OF THE JAPANESE CYCLOTRONS
A FINAL WORD
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Page vi - Since it was obvious that they were completely upset by the failure of the long-range predictions, I soon excused them," he explains. "After that it was necessary for me to make my own weather predictions — a field in which I had no special competence." Luckily for Amarillo and Albuquerque, Oppenheimer continued to rely on the chief meteorologist, Jack Hubbard. He, Oppenheimer and Farrell had long planned to constitute themselves a triumvirate to decide whether to keep to schedule. None of them...
Page ix - Yet the gulf between the military establishment and the scientific community is as great as ever. General Groves was one of the pioneers who, with difficulty but ultimate success, managed to throw a bridge across the abyss. I do not see much hope for the survival of our democratic form of government if we cannot rebuild that bridge made by General Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer.
Page xv - Wallace and as a result what was known as the "top policy group" was formed to direct the project. It consisted of the President, the Vice President, the Secretary of War, Dr. Bush, and Dr. James B. Conant, chairman of the National Defense Research Committee.
Page v - Throughout the war years, Oppie knew in detail what was going on in every part of the Laboratory. He was incredibly quick and perceptive in analyzing human as well as technical problems. Of the more than ten thousand people who eventually came to work at Los Alamos, Oppie knew several hundred intimately, by which I mean that he knew what their relationships with one another were and what made them tick. He knew how to organize, cajole, humor, soothe feelings — how to lead powerfully without seeming...
Page iv - I have known many directors intimately. For a short time, I was even a director myself. I know of no one whose work begins to compare in excellence with that of Oppenheimer's.
Page xvi - At first, the responsibilities were only for the engineering, construction and operation of the plants to produce bomb materials.
Page xvii - This assignment included selecting the target cities, subject to the approval of the Chief of Staff and the Secretary of War...
Page xv - We made certain that each member of the project thoroughly understood his part in our total effort — that, and nothing more.
Page xvii - The bulk of the project moved ahead by dint of the hard work and the feeling of urgency of everyone concerned and without requiring any personal supervision on my part.