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matter and includes action on a new drug application, new animal drug application, or biological license.
Participant means any person participating in any proceeding, including each party and any other interested person.
Party means the center of the Food and Drug Administration responsible for a matter involved and every person who either has exercised a right to request or has been granted the right by the Commissioner to have a hearing under part 12 or part 16 or who has waived the right to a hearing to obtain the establishment of a Public Board of Inquiry under part 13 and as a result of whose action a hearing or a Public Board of Inquiry has been established.
Person includes an individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity.
Petition means a petition, application, or other document requesting the Commissioner to establish, amend, or revoke a regulation or order, or to take or not to take any other form of administrative action, under the laws administered by the Food and Drug Administration.
Presiding officer means the Commissioner or the Commissioner's designee or an administrative law judge appointed as provided in 5 U.S.C. 3105.
Proceeding and administrative proceeding
any undertaking to issue, amend, or revoke a regulation or order, or to take or refrain from taking any other form of administrative action.
Public advisory Committee or advisory committee means any committee, board, commission, council, conference, panel, task force, or other similar group, or any subcommittee or other subgroup of an advisory Committee, that is not composed wholly of full-time employees of the Federal Government and is established or utilized by the Food and Drug Administration to obtain advice or recommendations.
Public Board of Inquiry or Board means an administrative law tribunal constituted under part 13.
Public hearing before a public advisory committee means a hearing conducted under part 14.
Public hearing before a Public Board of Inquiry means a hearing conducted under part 13.
Public hearing before the Commissioner means a hearing conducted under part 15.
Regulations means an agency rule of general or particular applicability and future effect issued under a law administered by the Commissioner or relating to administrative practices and procedures. In accordance with $10.90(a), each agency regulation will be published in the FEDERAL REGISTER and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations.
Regulatory hearing before the Food and Drug Administration means a hearing conducted under part 16.
Secretary means the Secretary of Health and Human Services.
The laws administered by the Commissioner or the laws administered by the Food and Drug Administration means all the laws that the Commissioner is authorized to administer under $5.10.
(b) A term that is defined in section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act or part 1 has the same definition in this part.
(c) Words in the singular form include the plural, words in the masculine form include the feminine, and vice versa.
(d) Whenever a reference is made in this part to a person in FDA, e.g., the director of a center, the reference includes all persons to whom that person has delegated the specific function involved.
[44 FR 22323, Apr. 13, 1979, as amended at 46 FR 8455, Jan. 27, 1981; 50 FR 8994, Mar. 6, 1985; 54 FR 6886, Feb. 15, 1989; 54 FR 9034, Mar. 3, 1989; 59 FR 14363, Mar. 28, 1994]
§ 10.10 Summaries of administrative
practices and procedures. To encourage public participation in all agency activities, the Commissioner will prepare for public distribution summaries of FDA administrative practices and procedures in readily understandable terms.
§ 10.19 Waiver, suspension, or modi
fication of procedural require
ments. The Commissioner or a presiding officer may, either voluntarily or at the
request of a participant, waive, sus- companied by copies of the original pend, or modify any provision in parts publication. 12 through 16 applicable to the conduct (3) Where relevant information is of a public hearing by announcement contained in a document also conat the hearing or by notice in advance taining irrelevant information, the irof the hearing if no participant will be relevant information is to be deleted prejudiced, the ends of justice will and only the relevant information is to thereby be served, and the action is in be submitted. accordance with law.
(4) Under $20.63 (a) and (b), the names
and other information that would idenSubpart B-General Administrative tify patients or research subjects are to Procedures
be deleted from any record before it is
submitted to the Dockets Management $ 10.20 Submission of documents to
Branch in order to preclude a clearly Dockets Management Branch; com- unwarranted invasion of personal priputation of time; availability for vacy. public disclosure.
(5) Defamatory, scurrilous, or intem(a) A submission to the Dockets Man
perate matter is to be deleted from a agement Branch of a petition, com
record before it is submitted to the ment, objection, notice, compilation of
Dockets Management Branch. information, or any other document is
(6) The failure to comply with the reto be filed in four copies except as oth
quirements of this part or with $12.80 erwise specifically provided in a rel
or $13.20 will result in rejection of the evant FEDERAL REGISTER notice or in
submission for filing or, if it is filed, in another section of this chapter. The
exclusion from consideration of any Dockets Management Branch is the
portion that fails to comply. If a subagency custodian of these documents.
mission fails to meet any requirement (b) A submission is to be signed by
of this section and the deficiency bethe person making it, or by an attor
comes known to the Dockets Manage
ment Branch, the Dockets Manageney or other authorized representative of that person. Submissions by trade
ment Branch shall not file the submisassociations are also subject to the re
sion but return it with a copy of the quirements of $ 10.105(b).
applicable regulations indicating those
provisions not complied with. A defi(c) Information referred to or relied
cient submission may be corrected or upon in a submission is to be included
supplemented and subsequently filed. in full and may not be incorporated by
The office of the Dockets Management reference, unless previously submitted
Branch does not make decisions rein the same proceeding.
garding the confidentiality of sub(1) A copy of an article or other ref
mitted documents. Persons wishing to erence or source cited must be in
voluntarily submit information considcluded, except where the reference or
ered confidential shall follow the presource is:
submission review requirements of (i) A reported Federal court case;
$ 20.44. (ii) A Federal law or regulation;
(d) The filing of a submission means (iii) An FDA document that is rou- only that the Dockets Management tinely publicly available; or
Branch has identified no technical defi(iv) A recognized medical or sci- ciencies in the submission. The filing entific textbook that is readily avail- of a petition does not mean or imply able to the agency.
that it meets all applicable require(2) If a part of the material submitted ments or that it contains reasonable is in a foreign language, it must be ac- grounds for the action requested or companied by an English translation that the action requested is in accordverified to be complete and accurate, ance with law. together with the name, address, and a (e) All submissions to the Dockets brief statement of the qualifications of Management Branch will be considered the person making the translation. A as submitted on the date they are posttranslation of literature or other mate- marked or, if delivered in person durrial in a foreign language is to be ac- ing regular business hours, on the date
they are delivered, unless a provision in this part, an applicable FEDERAL REGISTER notice, or an order issued by an administrative law judge specifically states that the documents must be received by a specified date, e.g., § 10.33(g) relating to a petition for reconsideration, in which case they will be considered submitted on the date received.
(f) All submissions are to be mailed or delivered in person to the Dockets Management Branch, Food and Drug Administration, rm. 1-23, 12420 Parklawn Dr., Rockville, MD 20857.
(8) FDA ordinarily will not acknowledge or give receipt for documents, except:
(1) Documents delivered in person or by certified or registered mail with a return receipt requested; and
(2) Petitions for which acknowledgment of receipt of filing is provided by regulation or by customary practice, e.g., § 10.30(c) relating to a citizen petition.
(h) Saturdays, Sundays, and Federal legal holidays are included in computing the time allowed for the submission of documents, except that when the time for submission expires on a Saturday, Sunday, or Federal legal holiday, the period will be extended to include the next business day.
(i) All submissions to the Dockets Management Branch are representations that, to the best of the knowledge, information, and belief of the person making the submission, the statements made in the submission are true and accurate. All submissions are subject to the False Reports to the Government Act (18 U.S.C. 1001) under which a willfully false statement is a criminal offense.
(j) The availability for public examination and copying of submissions to the Dockets Management Branch is governed by the following rules:
(1) Except to the extent provided in paragraphs (j)(2) and (3) of this section, the following submissions, including all supporting material, will be on public display and will be available for public examination between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday. Requests for copies of submissions will be filed and handled in accordance with subpart C of part 20:
(ii) Comments on petitions, on documents published in the FEDERAL REGISTER, and on similar public documents.
(iii) Objections and requests for hearings filed under part 12.
(iv) Material submitted at a hearing under $ 12.32(a)(2) and parts 12, 13, and 15.
(v) Material placed on public display under the regulations in this chapter, e.g., agency guidance documents developed under $ 10.115.
(2)(i) Material prohibited from public disclosure under $20.63 (clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy) and, except as provided in paragraph (j)(3) of this section, material submitted with objections and requests for hearing filed under part 12, or at a hearing under part 12 or part 13, or an alternative form of public hearing before a public advisory committee or a hearing under $ 12.32(a) (2) or (3), of the following types will not be on public display, will not be available for public examination, and will not be available for copying or any other form of verbatim transcription unless it is otherwise available for public disclosure under part 20:
(a) Safety and effectiveness information, which includes all studies and tests of an ingredient or product on animals and humans and all studies and tests on the ingredient or product for identity, stability, purity, potency, bioavailability, performance, and usefulness.
(6) A protocol for a test or study.
(c) Manufacturing methods or processes, including quality control procedures.
(d) Production, sales distribution, and similar information, except any compilation of information aggregated and prepared in a way that does not reveal confidential information.
(e) Quantitative or semiquantitative formulas.
(1) Information on product design or construction.
(ii) Material submitted under paragraph (j)(2) of this section is to be segregated from all other submitted material and clearly so marked. A person who does not agree that a submission is properly subject to paragraph (j)(2) may request a ruling from the Associate Commissioner for Public Affairs whose decision is final, subject to judicial review under $ 20.46.
(3) Material listed in paragraph (j)(2)(i) (a) and (b) of this section may be disclosed under a protective order issued by the administrative law judge or other presiding officer at a hearing referenced in paragraph (j)(2)(i). The administrative law judge or presiding officer shall permit disclosure of the data only in camera and only to the extent necessary for the proper conduct of the hearing. The administrative law judge or presiding officer shall direct to whom the information is to be made available (e.g., to parties or participants, or only to counsel for parties or participants), and persons not specifically permitted access to the data will be excluded from the in camera part of the proceeding. The administrative law judge or other presiding officer may impose other conditions or safeguards. The limited availability of material under this paragraph does not constitute prior disclosure to the public as defined in $20.81, and no information subject to a particular order is to be submitted to or received or considered by FDA in support of a petition or other request from any other person. [44 FR 22323, Apr. 13, 1979, as amended at 46 FR 8455, Jan. 27, 1981; 49 FR 7363, Feb. 29, 1984; 54 FR 9034, Mar. 3, 1989; 59 FR 14363, Mar. 28, 1994; 64 FR 69190, Dec. 10, 1999; 65 FR 56477, Sept. 19, 2000; 66 FR 56035, Nov. 6, 2001; 66 FR 66742, Dec. 27, 2001)
regulation or order or take or refrain from taking any other form of administrative action. FDA has primary jurisdiction to make the initial determination on issues within its statutory mandate, and will request a court to dismiss, or to hold in abeyance its determination of or refer to the agency for administrative determination, any issue which has not previously been determined by the agency or which, if it has previously been determined, the agency concluded should be reconsidered and subject to a new administrative determination. The Commissioner may utilize any of the procedures established in this part in reviewing and making a determination on any matter initiated under this paragraph.
(c) The Commissioner will institute a proceeding to determine whether to issue, amend, or revoke a regulation or order, or take or refrain from taking any other form of administrative action whenever any court, on its own initiative, holds in abeyance or refers any matter to the agency for an administrative determination and the Commissioner concludes that an administrative determination is feasible within agency priorities and resources. [44 FR 22323, Apr. 13, 1979, as amended at 54 FR 9034, Mar. 3, 1989)
§ 10.25 Initiation of administrative
proceedings. An administrative proceeding may be initiated in the following three ways:
(a) An interested person may petition the Commissioner to issue, amend, or revoke a regulation or order, or to take or refrain from taking any other form of administrative action. A petition must be either: (1) In the form specified in other applicable FDA regulations, e.g., the form for a color additive petition in $71.1, for a food additive petition in § 171.1, for a new drug application in $314.50, for a new animal drug application in $ 514.1, or (2) in the form for a citizen petition in $ 10.30.
(b) The Commissioner may initiate a proceeding to issue, amend, or revoke a
§ 10.30 Citizen petition.
(a) This section applies to any petition submitted by a person (including a person who is not a citizen of the United States) except to the extent that other sections of this chapter apply different requirements to a particular matter.
(b) A petition (including any attachments) must be submitted in accordance with $ 10.20 and in the following form: (Date)
Dockets Management Branch, Food and Drug Administration, Department of Health and Human Services, rm. 1-23, 12420 Parklawn Dr., Rockville, MD 20857.
The undersigned submits this petition under
(relevant statutory sections, if known) of the
(Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act or the Public Health Seryice Act or any other statutory provision for which authority has been delegated to the Commissioner of Food and Drugs under 21 CFR 5.10) to request the Commissioner of Food and Drugs to (issue, amend, or revoke a regulation or order or take or refrain from taking any other form of administrative action).
A. Action requested ((1) If the petition requests the Commissioner to issue, amend, or revoke a regulation, the exact wording of the existing regulation (if any) and the proposed regulation or amendment requested.)
((2) If the petition requests the Commissioner to issue, amend, or revoke an order, a copy of the exact wording of the citation to the existing order (if any) and the exact wording requested for the proposed order.)
((3) If the petition requests the Commissioner to take or refrain from taking any other form of administrative action, the specific action or relief requested.)
B. Statement of grounds (A full statement, in a well organized format, of the factual and legal grounds on which the petitioner relies, including all relevant information and views on which the petitioner relies, as well as representative information known to the petitioner which is unfavorable to the petitioner's position.)
C. Environmental impact (A) Claim for categorical exclusion under 88 25.30, 25.31, 25.32, 25.33, or $25.34 of this chapter or an environmental assessment under $25.40 of this chapter.)
D. Economic impact (The following information is to be submitted only when requested by the Commissioner following review of the petition: A statement of the effect of requested action on: (1) Cost (and price) increases to industry, government, and consumers; (2) productivity of wage earners, businesses, or government; (3) competition; (4) supplies of important materials, products, or services; (5) employment; and (6) energy supply or demand.)
E. Certification The undersigned certifies, that, to the best knowledge and belief of the undersigned, this petition includes all information and views on which the petition relies, and that it includes representative data and information known to the petitioner which are unfavorable to the petition. (Signature) (Name of petitioner) (Mailing address) (Telephone number)
(c) A petition which appears to meet the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section and $ 10.20 will be filed by
the Dockets Management Branch, stamped with the date of filing, and assigned a docket number. The docket number identifies the file established by the Dockets Management Branch for all submissions relating to the petition, as provided in this part. Subsequent submissions relating to the matter must refer to the docket number and will be filed in the docket file. Related petitions may be filed together and given the same docket number. The Dockets Management Branch will promptly notify the petitioner in writing of the filing and docket number of a petition.
(d) An interested person may submit written comments to the Dockets Management Branch on a filed petition, which comments become part of the docket file. The comments are to specify the docket number of the petition and may support or oppose the petition in whole or in part. A request for alternative or different administrative action must be submitted as a separate petition.
(e)(1) The Commissioner shall, in accordance with paragraph (e)(2), rule upon each petition filed under paragraph (c) of this section, taking into consideration (i) available agency resources for the category of subject matter, (ii) the priority assigned to the petition considering both the category of subject matter involved and the overall work of the agency, and (iii) time requirements established by statute.
(2) Except as provided in paragraph (e)(4) of this section, the Commissioner shall furnish a response to each petitioner within 180 days of receipt of the petition. The response will either:
(i) Approve the petition, in which case the Commissioner shall concurrently take appropriate action (e.g., publication of a FEDERAL REGISTER notice) implementing the approval;
(ii) Deny the petition; or
(iii) Provide a tentative response, indicating why the agency has been unable to reach a decision on the petition, e.g., because of the existence of other agency priorities, or a need for additional information. The tentative response may also indicate the likely ultimate agency response, and may