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the mean whereby the Body of Christ is received and eaten in the Supper, is Faith.

The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was not by Christ's Ordinance, reserved, carried about, lifted up, or wor shipped.

XXIX. Of the Wicked, which eat not the Body of Christ, in the Use of the Lord's Supper.

THE wicked, and such as be void of a lively Faith, although they do carnally and visibly press with their Teeth (as Saint Augustine saith) the Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ, yet in no wise are they Partakers of Christ, but rather, to their Condemnation, do eat and drink the Sign or Sacrament of so great a Thing.

XXX. Of both Kinds. THE Cup of the Lord is not to be denied to the Lay-People: for both the Parts of the Lord's Sacrament, by Christ's Ordinance and Commandment, ought to be ministered

to all Christian Men alike. XXXI. Of the one Oblation of Christ finished upon the


THE Offering of Christ once made, is that perfect Redemption, Propitiation, and Satisfaction for all the Sins of the

whole World, both Original and Actual; and there is none other Satisfaction for Sin, but that alone. Wherefore the Sacrifices of Masses, in the which it was commonly said, that the Priest did offer Christ for the Quick and the Dead to have Remission of Pain or

Guilt, were blasphemous Fables, and dangerous Deceits.

XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests.

BISHOPS, Priests, and Deacons, are not commanded by God's Law, either to vow the Estate of single Life, or to abstain from Marriage: Therefore it is lawful for them, as for all other Christian Men, to marry at their own Discretion, as they shall judge the same to serve better to Godliness.

XXXIII. Of excommunicate Persons, how they are to be avoided.

THAT Person which by open Denunciation of the Church, is rightly cut off from the Unity of the Church, and excommunicated, ought to be

taken of the whole Multitude of the Faithful, as an Heathen and Publican, until he be openly reconciled by Penance, and received into the Church by a Judge that, hath Autho rity thereunto.

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Ir is not necessary that Traditions and Ceremonies be in all Places one, or utterly like; for at all Times they have been diverse, and may be changed according to the Diversities of Countries, Times, and Men's Manners, so that nothing be ordained against God's Word. Whosoever through his private Judgment, willingly and purposely doth openly break the Traditions and Ceremonies of the Church, which be not repugnant to the Word of God, and be ordained and approved by Common Authority, ought to be rebuked openly (that other may fear to do the like) as he that offendeth against the common Order of the Church, and hurteth the Authority of the Magistrate, and woundeth the Consciences of the weak Brethren.

Every particular or national Church hath Authority to ordain, change, and abolish Ceremonies or Rites of the Church, ordained only by Man's Authority, so that all things be done to edifying.

XXXV. Of the Homilies. THE second Book of Homilies, the several Titles whereof we have joined under this Article, doth contain a godly and wholesome Doctrine, and

necessary for these Times, as doth the former Book of Homilies, which were set forth in the Time of Edward the Sixth; and therefore we judge them to be read in Churches by the Ministers, diligently and distinctly, that they may be understanded of the People:

¶ Of the Names of the Homilies.

1. OF the right Use of the Church.

2. Against Peril of Idolatry. 3. Of repairing and keeping clean of Churches. 4. Of good Works; First of Fasting.


Against Gluttony and

6. Against excess of Apparel. 7. Of Prayer.


Of the Place and Time of

9. That common Prayers and Sacraments ought to be ministered in a known tongue.


Of the reverend Estimation of God's Word.


Of Alms-doing.



Of the Nativity of Christ. 13. Of the Passion of Christ. Of the Resurrection of Christ.

15. Of the worthy receiving of the Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ. Of the Gifts of the Holy



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18. Of the state of Matri- not, nor ought to be subject


19. Of Repentance.
20. Against Idleness.
21. Against Rebellion.

XXXVI. Of Consecration of

Bishops and Ministers. THE Book of Consecration of Archbishops and Bishops, and Ordering of Priests and Deacons, lately set forth in the Time of Edward the Sixth, and confirmed at the same Time by Authority of Parliament, doth contain all things necessary to such Consecration and Ordering: neither hath it any thing, that of itself is superstitious and ungodly. And therefore whosoever are consecrated or ordered according to the Rights of that Book, since the second Year of the forenamed King Edward, unto this Time, or hereafter shall be consecrated or ordered according to the same Rites; we decree all such to be rightly, orderly, and lawfully consecrated and ordered.

XXXVII. Of the Civil Magistrates. THE King's Majesty hath the

chief Power in this Realm of England, and other his Dominions, unto whom the chief Government of all Estates of this Realm, whether they be ecclesiastical or civil, in all causes doth appertain, and is

to any foreign Jurisdiction.

Where we attribute to the King's Majesty the chief Government, by which titles we understand the Minds of some

slanderous Folks to be offended; we give not to our Princes the ministering either of God's Word, or of the Sacraments, the which thing the Injunc tions also lately set forth by Elizabeth our Queen do most plainly testify; but that only Prerogative, which we see to have been given always to all godly Princes in holy Scriptures by God himself; that is, that they should rule all Estates and degrees committed to their Charge by God, whether they be ecclesiastical or temporal, and restrain with the civil Sword the stubborn and evil doers.

The Bishop of Rome hath no Jurisdiction in this Realm of England. *x*

The laws of the Realm may punish Christian Men with Death, for heinous and grievous Offences.

It is lawful for Christian Men at the Commandment of the Magistrate, to wear Weapons, and serve in the


XXXVIII. Of Christian Men's

Goods which are not common. THE riches and goods of Christians are not common, as touching the right, title,

and possession of the same, as
certain Anabaptists do falsly
boast. Notwithstanding every
Man ought, of such things as
he possesseth, liberally to give
alms to the Poor, according
to his ability.

XXXIX. Of a Christian
Man's Oath.

As we confess that vain and
rash swearing is forbidden

Christian men by our Lord Jesus Christ, and James his Apostle; so we judge that Christian Religion doth not prohibit, but that a Man may swear when the Magistrate requireth, in a Cause of Faith and Charity, so it be done according to the Prophet's teaching, in Justice, Judgment, and Truth.


THIS Book of Articles before rehearsed, is again approved, and allowed to be holden and executed within the Realm, by the Assent and Consent of our Sovereign Lady Elizabeth, by the Grace of God, of England, France, and Ireland, Queen, Defender of the Faith, &c. Which Articles were deliberately read, and confirmed again by the Subscription of the Hands of. the Archbishops and Bishops of the Upper House, and by the Subscription of the whole Clergy of the Nether House, in their Convocation, in the Year of our Lord 1571.

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1. OF Faith in the Holy Trinity.
2. Of Christ the Son of God.
3. Of his going down into Hell.
4. Of his Resurrection.
5. Of the Holy Ghost.

6. Of the Sufficiency of theScripture.
7. Of the Old Testament.

8. Of the Three Creeds. 9. Of Original Sin.

10. Of Free Will.

11. Of Justification."

12. Of good Works.

13. Of Works before Justification. 14. Of Works of Supererogation. 15. Of Christ alone without Sin. 16. Of Sin after Baptism.

17. Of Predestination and Election. 18. Of obtaining Salvation by Christ. 19. Of the Church.

20. Of the Authority of the Church. 21. Of the Authority of General Councils.

22. Of Purgatory.


23. Of ministering in the Congregation.

24. Of speaking in the Congregation. 25. Of the Sacraments.

26. Of Unworthiness of Ministers. 27. Of Baptism.

28. Of the Lord's Supper.

29. Of the Wicked, which eat not the Body of Christ.

30. Of both Kinds.

31. Of Christ's one Oblation.
32. Of the Marriage of Priests.
33. Of Excommunicate Persons.
34. Of the Traditions of the Church.
35. Of the Homilies.

36. Of Consecration of Ministers.
37. Of Civil Magistrates.
38. Of Christian Men's Goods.
39. Of a Christian Man's Oath.

The Ratification.

Wherein whosoever are related, are forbidden in Scripture,

and our Laws, to marry together.

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This Table was set forth by authority A. D. 1563; and it is directed by Canon 99, to be publicly set up and fixed in every Church at the charge of the parish. To make it more known, it is usually subjoined to our Common Prayer Books. The same Canon declares, that all marriages contrary to these prohibitions shall be dissolved, as void from the beginning. Editor.

Printed by W. Bulmer and Co.
Cleveland-Row, St. James's.


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