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Q. 118. Why is the charge of keeping the fabbath more specially directed to governors of families and cther superiors ?

A. The charge of keeping the fabbath is more specially directed to governors of families and other superiors, because they are bound not only to keep it themselves, but to see that it be obferved by all those that are under their charge ; and because they are prone oft-times to hinder them by employments of their own'.

Q. 119. What are the fins forbidden in the fourth commandment ?

A. The fins forbidden in the fourth com. mandment are, all omissions of the duties required”, all careless, negligent, and unprofitable performing of them, and being weary of them"; all prophaning the day by idleness, and doing that which is in itself sinful; and by all needless

f See above in h. Exod. 20. thee as my people, and hear 10. In it (the fabbath) thou thy words, but they will not shalt not do any work, thou, do them : for with their mouth nor thy son, &c. Exod. 23. 12. they few much love, but their That thine ox and thine ass may heart goeth after their covete rest, and the son of thine hand- ousness. Mal. 1. 13. Ye said maid, and the stranger may be also, Behold what a weariness refreshed. Exod. 16. 22, 25, is it? and ye have snuffed at it, 29.

faith the Lord of Hotts; and ye g Ezek. 22. 86 Her priests brought that which was torn, have violated niylaw, and have and ine lane, and the fick; profaned mine holy things ;- Amos 8. 5. Acis 20. 7, 9. and have hid their eyes from i Ezek. 23. 39. Moreover, my fabbaths, and I am pro- this they have done unto me ; faned among them.

they have defiled my fanctuary h Ezek. 33. 30, 31, 32. And in the same day, and have prothey come unto thee as the

my sabbaths ple cometh, and they fit before


works, words, and thoughts, about our worldly employments and recreations.

Q. 129. What are the reasons annexed to the fourth commandment, the more to enforce it?

A. The reasons annexed to the fourth commandment, the more to enforce it, are taken from the equity of it, God allowing us fix days of seven for our own affairs, and reserving but one for himself, in these words, six days falt thou labour and do all thy work': from God's challenging a special propriety in that day, the Jeventh is the sabbath of the Lord thy God'": from the example of God, who in six days made beaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, arid rested the seventh day: and from that blefling which God put upon that day, not only in fanctifying it to be a day for his service, but in or. daining it to be a means of blessing to us in our sanctifying it ; wherefore the Lord blessed the fabbath day, and hallowed it".

Q. 121. Why is the word remember fet in the beginning of the fourth commandment?

A. The word remember is set in the beginning of the fourth commandment", partly because of

k Jer. 17. 24. 27. But if palaces of Jerusalem, and fh al ye will not hearken unto me, not be quenched. Ifa. 58. 13. io hallow the fabbath-day, and

| Exod. 20. 91: not to bear a burden :--then m Exod. 20. will I kindle a fire in the gates n Exod. 20. 11. there of, and it shall devour the o Exod. 20. 8.

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the great benefit of remembering it, we being thereby helped in our preparation to keep it'; and, in keeping it, better to keep all the rest of the commandments, and to continue a thankful remembrance of the two great benefits of creation and redemption, which contain a short abridgment of religion': and partly because we are ready to forget it', for that there is less light of nature for it', and yet it restraineth our natural liberty in things at other times lawful"; that it cometh but once in seven days, and many

Heb. 4. 9.

p Exod. 16. 23. To-marrow made. And God bleffed the is the rest of the holy tabbath feventh day and fanâified it : unto the Lord: bake that which because that in it he had rested ye will bake ro-day, and feethe from all his work, which ihat ye will fccthe. Luke 23.54. God created and made. Psalm 56. And that, day was the pre- 118. 22, 24. The stone which paration, and the fabbath drew the builders refused is become on. Compared with Mark 15. the head fone of the corner. 42. And now when the even This is the day which the Lord was come, because it was the hath made, we will rejoice and preparation, that is, the day be glad in it. Rev. i 10. I was before the fabbach. Neh. 13. in the Spirit on the Lord's day. 19.

q Ezek, 20. 12, 19, 20. ( Ezek 22. 26. Her priests Moreover, gave them my have violated my law:-and fabhaths to be a sign between have hid their cges from my me and them, that they might sabbaths, know that I am the Lord that t Neh. 9. 14. And madeft fanctify then.

And hallow known unto them thy holy my fabbaths: and they shall fabbath, and commandedit be a sign between me and you, them precepts, statutes, and that ye may know that I ani Jaws, by the hand of Moses the Lord your God.

thy fervant. r Gen. 2. 2, 3. And on the v Exod. 34. 21. Six days seventh day Gou ended his work thou shalt work, but on the which he had made ; and he seventh day thou shalt reft reíted on the seventh day froni in earinga ime, and in harvel' all his work which he had thou shale ruft.


worldly businesses come between, and too often take off our minds from thinking of it, either to prepare for it, or to sanctify it"; and that Satan with his instruments much labour to blot out the glory, and even the memory of it, to bring in all irreligion and impietys.

Q. 122. What is the sum of the six commandments which contain our duty to man

? A. The suin of the fix commandments which contain our duty to man, is, to love our neighbour as ourselves', and to do to others what we would have them do to us?.

Q. 123. Which is the fifth commandment ?

A. The fifth commandment is, honour thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee*.

Q. 124. Who are meant by father and mother, in the fifth commandment ?

A. By father and mother, in the fifth com

w Exod. 20 9. Six days shalt Neh. 13. from verfe 15, to thou labour. Amos 8. 5. When 23. In those days faw 1 in Judah will the new moon be gone some treading wine-presses on and the fabbath that we may the fabbath. Jer. 17. 21, 22, set forth wheat ?

23 * Lam. I, 7. Jerusalem re- Mat. 22. 39. And the femembered in the days of her cond is like unto it, Thou shalt affli&ion, and of her miseries, love thy neighbour as thyself. all her pleafant things that she 2 Mat. 7. 19. Thereiore all had in the days of old, when things whatsoever ye would her people fell into the hand of that men should do to you: the enemy, and none did help do ye even fo to them ; for his her, the adverfaries faw her, is the law and the prophete. and did mock at her sabbaths. a Exod. 20. 12.

mandment, are meant not only natural parents , but all superiors in age and gifts ; and especially such as by God's ordinance are over us in place of authority, whether in family', church', or commonwealth.

Q. 125. Why are superiors filed father and mother?

1. Superiors are filed father and mother, both to teach them in all duties towards their inferiors, like natural parents, to express love and tenderness to them, according to their several relations"; and to work inferiors to a greater

o Prov. 23, 22, 25. Hearken some great thing, wouldst thou unto thy father that begat thee, not have done it? and despife not thy mother f Gal, 4. 19. My little chilwhen the is old. Thy father dren, of whom I travail in birth and thy mother shall be glad: again until Chrift be formed in and the that bare thee shall you. 2 Kings 2. 12. And Elisha rejoice. Eph. 6. 1, 2.

saw it, and he cried, My father, c i l'im. 5. I, 2. Rebuke not my father! the chariot of Israel, an elder, but intreat him as a and the horsemen thereof. 2 father, and the younger' men Kings 13. 14. as brethren ; the elder women g Isa. 49. 23. And kings as mothers, the younger as shall be thy nursing fathers, fifters.

and their queens thy nursing d Gen. 4. 20, 21. And Adah mothers. bare Jabal : He was the father h Eph. 6, 4. And ye

fathers of such as dwell in tents, and provoke not your children to of such as have cattle. And wrath : buc bring them up in his brother's name was Jubal: the nurture and admonition of he was the father of all such as the Lord. 1 Theff. 2. 7, 8, 11. handle the harp and organ. But we were gentle among Gen. 45. 8. And he hath made you, even as a nurse cherisheth me a father to Pharaoh, her children. So being affec

e 2 Kings 5. 13. And his tionately desirous of you, we forvant came near, and spake were willing to have imparted unto him, and said, My father, unto you, not the gospel of God if the propliet had bid thee do only, but also our own foule,

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