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A. The punishments of fin in this world, are cither inward; as blindness of mind, a reprobate fenfe', strong delusions, hardness of heart', horror of conscience, and vile affections: Or outward, as the curse of God upon the creatures for our fakes'; and all other evils that befal us in our bodies, names, estates, relations, and employments"; together with death itself".

Q. 29. What are the punishments of fin in the world to come?

d Rom, 6. 23. The wages the devouring fire? Who 2of fin is death. Rom. 5. 14. mongst us fall dwell with Gen. 2, 17

everlasting hings ? Gen. 4. e Eph. 4. 18. Having the 13, 14. Mat. 27. 4. Heb. 10 understanding darkened, be- 27: ing alienated from the life of k Rom. I. 26. For this cause God, through the ignorance God gave them up unto vile that is in them, because of the affections: blindness of their heart.

I Gen. 3. 17. Because thou f Rom. I, 28. Even as they hast hearkened into the voice did not like to retain God in of thy wife, and hast eaten their knowledge, God gave of the tree, of which I comthen over to a reprobate mind, manded thee, saying, Thou to do those things which are shall not eat of it: cursed is not convenient.

the ground for thy fake ; in for ġ 2 Theff. 2. II. And for row shalt thou eat of it all the this caufe God shall send them days of thy life. strong delusion, that they m Deut. 28. 14. to the end. should believe a lie.

If thou wilt not hearken unto h Rom. 2. 5i But after thy the voice of the Lord thy Gudo hardness and impenitent heart, all these curses shall come upon treafureft up unto thyfelf wrath thee: Cursed Malt thou be in against the day of wrath, and the city, &c. revelation of the righteous n Rom. 6. 21, 23.

What judgment of God.

fruit had ye then in those ilsa. 33. 14. The funnets in things whereof ye are now Zion are afraid, fearfulness ashamed? for the end of those hath surprised the hypocrites, things is death. The wages of Who among us fhall dwell with sin is death.

4. The punishinents of lin in the world to come, are, everlasting separation from the comfortable presence of God, and most grievous torments in foul and body, without intermilion, in hell fire for ever°.

Q. 30. Doth God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of fin and misery?

A. God doth not leave all men to perish in the estate of fin and misery", into which they fell by the breach of the first covenant, commonly called the covenant of works': but of his mere love and mercy delivereth his elect out of it, and bringeth them into an estate of salvation by the second covenant, commonly called the covenant of grace'.

Ó 2 Theff

. 1. 9. Who Mall ♡ 1 Theft. 5.9 For God be punished with everlasting hath not appointed us to wrath; deftru&tion, from the pre- but to obtain salvation by our sence of the Lord, and from Lord Jesus Christ. the glory of his power: Mark q Gal. 3. 10. For as many D. 43, 44. Togo into hell, as are of the works of the law, where their worm diech not, are under the curse ; for it is and the fire is aoc quenché written, Cursed is every one ed. Luke 16. 24, 25, 26.- that continuerh not in all Send Lazarus that he may things which are written in dip the tip of his finger in waa the book of the law to do ter, and cool my tongue; for them, &c I am tormented in this flame. r Tit. 3. 4, 5, 6, 9.

But Between us and you there is a after that the kindnefs and great gulph fixed: fo that they love of God our Saviour towhich would pass from hence wards man appeared, not by to you cannot; neither can works of righteousness which they pass to us, that would we have done, but according

from thence. Mat. to his mercy he saved us, by 25. 41, 46. Rev. 14. 11. John the washing of regeneratiori,

and renewing of the Holy

come

3: 365

Q. 31. With whom was the covenant of grace made

A. The covenant of grace was made with Christ as the second Adam, and in him with all the elect as his feed'.

Q. 32. How is the grace of God manifested in the second covenant?

A. The grace of God is manifested in the second covenant, in that he freely provideth and offereth to finners a mediator', and life and falvation by him"; and requiring faith as the condi

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Ghost? which he shed on us Luke 22. 29. 9 Sam. 23. 5. abundantly, through Jesus Rom. 5. 15, to the end. Christ our Saviour; That be- t Gen. 3. 15. And I will ing justified by his grace, we put enmity between thee and should be made heirs accord- the woman, and between thy ing to the hope of eternal life. feed and her feed: it fall Tit. I. 2.

In hope of eternal bruise thy head, and thou life, which God that cannot shalt bruise his heel. Isa. 42 lie, promised before the world 6. I the Lord have called thee began. Gal. 3. 21. Roni. 3. 20, in righteousness and will hold 21, 22.

thine hand, and will keep thee, s Gal. 3. 16. Now to A. and will give thee for a covehraham and his feed were the nant of the people, for a promises made. He saith not light of the Gentiles. John 6. And to seeds, as of many; but 27. Labour not for the meat as of one, And to thy seed, which perisheth, but for that which is Christ. Isa. 59. 21. As

which endureth unto for me, this is my covenant with everlasting life, which the Son them, saith the Lord, My Spi. of man fhall give unto you ; for rit that is upon thee, and my him hath God the Father seal. words which I have put in thy cd.

I Tim. 2. 5. mouth, fhall not departout v I Joho 3:11, 12. Ind this of thy mouth, nor out of the is the record, That God hath mouth of thy feed, nor out of given unto us eternal life, and the mouth of thy feed's feed, this life is in his Son. He thac faith the Lord, from henceforth lath the Son, hath life: and for ever. Zac. 6. 13.

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tton to interest them in him", promiseth and giveth his Holy Spirit to all his elect, to work in them that faith', with all other saving graces'; and to enable them unto all holy obedience", as the evi. dence of the truth of their faith', and thankful nefs to God', and as the way which he hath appointed them to falvation'.

Q. 33. Was the covenant of grace always administered after one and the fame manner?

A. The covenant of grace was not always ad. ministered after the same manner, but the admi.

w John 3. 16. For God so nels, goodnefs, faith, meekness, loved the world, that he gave temperance; against such there his only begotten Son, that is no law. whosoever believeth in him, a Ezek. 36. 27. And I will fhould not perish, but have put my Spirit within you, and everlasting life. John 1. 12. caufe you to walk in my staBut as many as received him, totes, and ye Iball keep my to them gave he power to be judgments and do them. come the fons of God, even b Jamos 2. 18. Yea, a man to them that believe on his may say. Thou haft faith, and pame. Chap. 3. verfe 36. I have works; shew me thy

X Prov. 1. 23. Behold, I faith without thy works, and I will pour out my Spirit unto will few thee my faith by my you, I will make known my works. Verse 22. Scelt chou words. unto you. Ifa. 59. 21. how faith wrought with his Zac. 12, IO.

'works, and by works was faith y 2 Cor. 4. 13. We having made perfect? the fame Spirit of faith, ac- c 2 Cor. 5. 14, 15: For the cording as it is written, I be love of Christ constraineth us lieved, and therefore have I d Eph. 2. 10. For we are fpoken: we also believe, and his workmanship, created in therefore speak.

Christ Jesus untu good works, z Gal. 5. 22, 23. But the which God hath before ordainfruit of the Spirit, is love, joy, ed that we should walk in them, peace, long-suffering, gentle Tit. 2. 14. and 3. &.

nistrations of it under the Old Testament were different from those under the New

Q. 34. How was the covenant of grace adminisered under the Old Testament?

A. The covenant of grace was adminiftered under the Old Testament, by promises', prophecies”, sacrifices', circumcision', the paffovers, and other types and ordinances; which did all forefignify Christ then to come, and were for that time sufficient to build up the elect in faith in the promised Meffiah', by whom they then had full remiffion of fin and eternal salvation".

Q. 35. How is the covenant of grace administered under the New Testament?

A. Under the New Testament, when Chrift the substance was exhibited, the same covenant of grace was, and still is to be, administered in the preaching of the word", and the administration

e 2 Cor. 3. 6,9. Who also 1 (Heb. 8. 9. and to cháphath made us able minifters of ters) Heb. 11. 13. These all the New Testament, not of the died in faith, not having re• letter, but of the spirit : and ceived the promises, but having Heb. I. 1, 2. chap. 8. 7, 8, &c. seen them afar off, and were

f Rom. 15. 8. Now I say, persuaded of them, and emthat Jesus Christ was a minister braced them, and confessed that of the circumcision for the truth they were strangers and pilgrims of God, to confirm the promi- on the earth. fes made unto the fathers. Acts m Gal. 3. 7,8,9, 14. 3. 20.

n Mark 16. 15. And he g Acts 3. 20, 24.

said unto them, Go ye into all h Heb. 1o. I.

the world, and preach the gofi Rom. 4. II.

pel to every creature. ki Cor. 5. 7. Exodus 12. 14,

17, 24.

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