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A. God by his providence permitted some of the angels, wilfully and irrecoverably, to fall into fin and damnation', limiting and ordering that, and all their fins, to his own glory"; and established the rest in holiness and happiness“; employing them all?, at his pleasure, in the administrations of his power, mercy, and justice.

Q. 20. What was the providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created ?

A. The providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created, was, the placing him in paradise, appointing him to dress it, giving him liberty to eat of the fruit of the earth", putting the creatures under his 'dominion', and ordaining marriage for his help"; affording him communion with himself', institut


and through him, and to him, before God, and the Lord.Jeare all things; to whom be glo- sus Christ, and the clect anry for ever. Amen. Isa. 63. 14. gels. Mark 8. 38. Heb. 12. So didit thou lead thy people to make thyself a glorious name.

f Pfal. 104. 4. Who mac Jude 6. And the angels keth his angels spirits; his miwho kept not their first estate, nisters a flaming fire. but left their own habitation, g Heb. 1. 14. Are they not he hath reserved in everlasting all ministering fpirits, fent chains under darkness, unto forth to minister for them who the judgment of the great day. hall be heirs of salvation ? 2 2 Per. 2.


Heb. 2. 16. Kings 19. 35. John 8. 44.

h Gen. 2. 8. 15. 16. d Job i. 12. And the Lord i Gen. I. 28. said unto Satan, Bchold, all k Gen.

And the that he hath is in thy power, Lord God said, It is not good only upon himself put not that the man fhould be alone : forth thine hand. Luke 10. I will make him an help met 17. Mat. 8. 31.

for hina. es Tim. 5. 21, I charge thee 1 Gen. d. 27; 28.


2. 18.

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ing the sabbath", entering into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of personal, perfect, and perpetual obedience", of which the tree of life was a pledge'; and forbidding to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death,

Q. 21. Did man continue in that estate wherein God at first created him ?

A. Our first parents, being left to the freedom of their own will, through the temptation of Satan, tranfgrefled the commandment of God, in eating the forbidden fruit, and thereby fell from the estate of innocency wherein they were created

Q. 22. Did all mankind fall in that first tranf


m Gen. 2. 3. And God food; the tree of life also in blessed the seventh day, and the midst of the garden, and fanctified it : because that in the tree of knowledge of good it he had rested from all his and evil. work, which God created p Gen. 2. 17. But of the tree and made.

of the knowledge of good and en Rom. 5. 14. Adam who vil, thou shalt not eat of it for in is, the figure of him that was the day thát thou çatest thereto come. Compared with 1 of thou shalt furely die, Cor. 15. 22, 47. and Hof. 6. q Gen. 3. 6, 7, 8. And 7. Gal. 3. 12. And the law when the woman saw that the is not of faith: but the man

tree was good for food, and that doeth them shall live in that it was pleasant to the them. Rom. 10, s. Gal. eyes, and a tree to be desired

to make one wise; she took of o Gen. 2. 9. And out of the fruit thereof, and did eat, the ground made the Lord God and gave also unto her husband to grow every tree that is plea- with her, and he did eat tant to the fight, and good for And they knew that they were

3. IO.


A. The covenant being made with Adam, as a public person, not for himself only, but for his posterity; all mankind descending from him by ordinary generation', sinned in him and fell with him in that first transgression'.

Q. 23. Into what eftate did the fall bring mankind?

A. The fall brought mankind into an estate of fin and misery.

Q. 24. What is fin ?

A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or tranfgreflion of any law of God, given as a rule to the reasonable creature'.

Q. 25. Wherein confifts the finfulness of that estate whereinto man fell ?

A. The sinfulness of that eftate whereinto man fell, consisteth in the guilt of Adam's first fin“, the want of that righteoufness wherein ke was created, and the corruption of his nature, whereby he is utterly indifposed, difabled, and made opposite unto all that is fpiritually good, and wholly inclined to all evil, and that continually*; which is commonly called original fin, and from which do proceed all actual tranfgrefsions'.

naked. And Adam and his wife eatest thereof thou shalt surely bid themselves from the pre- die, Compared with Rom. 5. fence of the Lord God amongst. 12 to 20 verle, and with 1 Cos. the trees of the garden, v. 13. 15. 21, 22. And the Lord God said unto t Rom. 5. 12. Wherefore, the woman, What is this that as by one man sin entered inthou hast done? And the wo- to the world, and death, by man said, The serpent beguil. fin; and so death passed upon ed me, and I did eat. With all men, for that all have fin2 Cor, 11, 3. and Eccl. 7. 29. ned. Gal. 3. 10. For as ma

r Acts 17. 26. And hath ny as are of the works of the made of one blood all nations law, are under the curse : for

it is written, Cursed is every [Gen, 2. 17. But of the one that continueth not in all tree of the knowledge of good things which are written in and evil, thou shalt not eat of the bouk of the law to do them. it; for in the day that thou v Rom. 3. 23. All have line

of men.

Q. 26. How is original fin conveyed from our first parents unto their pofterity ?

A. Original fin is conveyed from our first parents unto their pofterity by natural generation,


ned, and come fhort of the fins, &c. Rom. 8. 7. 8. Be glory of God. 1 John 3. 4. cause the carnal mind is enmiSin is the transgression of the ty against God: for it is not law. Gal. 3. 10-12.

subject to the law of God, w Rom. 5. 12. 19. Where. neither indeed be, So fore, as by one man sin enter. then they that are in the flesh, ed into the world, and death cannot please God. Gen. 6. 5. by fin: and so death passed up- And God saw that the wick. on all men, for that all have edness of man was great in finned. By one nian's disobe- the earth, and that every ini. dienc: many were made fine agination of the thoughts of bers. I Cor. 15. 22.

his heart was only evil conti. x Rom. 5. 6. For when we inually. were yet without strength, in y James T. 14, 15. But edue time Christ died for the very man is tempted, when ungodly. Rom. 3. 10 to 20. he is drawn away of his own As it is written, There is none luft, and enticed. Then when righteous, no not one: There luft hath conceived, it bringis none that understandeth; ech forth fin: and fin, when there is none that feekerh it is finished, bringeth forth after God. They are all gone death. Mat. 15. 19. For ont out of the way, ihey are toge- of the heart proceed evil ther become unprofitable, there thoughts, murders, adulteries, is none that doeth good, no not fornications thefts, falfe wité one. Eph. 2. 1, 2, 3. And Dess, blasphemiesi yoù hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and

so as all that proceed from them in that way, are conceived and born in fin.

Q. 27. What mifery did the fall bring upon mankind ?

A. The fall brought upon mankind the loss of communion with God', his displeasure and curse; fo as we are by nature children of wrath', bond llaves to Satan", and justly liable to all punishments in this world and that which is to come".

Q. 28. What are the punishments of fin in this world?

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z Pfal. 51. 5. Behold I was sword, which turned every shapen in iniquity : and in fin way, to keep the way of the did nty mother conceive me. tree of life. Job 14, 4. Who can bring a b Eph. 2. 2. 3. Wherein clean thing out of an unclean? in time past ye walked, acnot one. Job 15. 14. What cording to the course of this is man, that he should be world, according to the prince clean and he which is born of of the power of the air, the a woman, that he should be spirit that now worketh in the righteous! John 3. 6. That children of difohedience. A. which is born of the flesh, is mong whom also we all had flesh.

our conversation in times past, a Gen. 3. 8, 24. And they in the lufts of our flesh, fulfilheard the voice of the Lord Jing the defires of the Aesh, God walking in the garden in and of the mind, and were by the cool of the day; and Adan nature the children of wrath, and his wife hid themselves even as others. from the presence of the Lord C 2 Tim. 2. 26. And that God, amongst the trees of the they may recover themselves garden. So he drove out the out of the fnare of the devil, man: and he placed at the who are taken captive hy him east of the garden of Eden, at his will. Lukë 11. 21, 22: Cherubims, and a flaming Heb. 2. 14.

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