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CH A P. XXIII.
Of the Civil Magistrate. Go
OD, the supreme Lord and King of all the
world, hath ordained civil magiftrates to be under him over the people, for his own glory and the public good, and to this end, hath armed them with the power of the sword, for the defence and encouragement of them that are good, and for the punishment of evil-doersa.
II. It is lawful for Christians to accept and execute the office of a magistrate, when called thereunto"; in the managing whereof, as they ought especially to maintain piety, justice and peace, according to the wholesome laws of each
1. a Rom. 13. 1. 3, 4. Let wrath upon him that doeth every soul be subjec unto the evil. 1 Pet. 2. 13, 14. Submit higher powers. For there is yourselves to every ordinance no power but of God: the of man for the Lord's fake: powers that be, are ordained of Whether it be to kings as fu. God. For rulers are not a ter- preme;-Or unto governors, for to good works, but to the as unto them that are sent by evil. Wilt thou then not be him, for the punishment of afraid of the power ? Do that evil-doers, and for the praise of which is good, and thou shalt them that do well. have praile of the fame :-- For ll, b Prov. 8. 15. By me he is the minister of God to kings reign, and princes decree thee for good. But if thou do jultice. Verse 16. By me that which is evil, be afraid; princes rule, and nobles, even for he beareth not the sword all the judges of the carth. See in vain : for he is the minister in letter a. of God, a revenger, to execute
commonwealth', fo, for that end, they may law.fully, now under the New Testament, wage war upon just and neceffary occasions".
III. Civil magistrates may not assume to themselves the administration of the word and facra. ments“; or the power of the keys of the kingdom of heaven'; or, in the least, interfere in matters of faith. Yet as nursing fathers, it is
c Psalm 82. 3, 4. Defend the the Lord, but to the priests, poor and fatherless: do justice the fons of Aaron, that are to the afflicted and needy.- consecrared to burn incense ; Deliver the poor and needy: go out of the fanctuary, for rid them out of the hand of the thou haft trespassed : neither wicked. 2 Sam. 23. 3. The shall it be for thinchonour froņn God of Israel said, the Rock of the Lord God. - Israel spake to me, He that f Mat. 16. 18, 19. at large. suleth over men muß be just And I will give unto thee che ruling in the fear of God. See keys of the kingdom of hea- 1 Pet 2. 13. let. 2.
ven : and whatsoever thou shalt d Luke 3. 14. And the fol- bind on earth, fhill be bound diers likewise demanded of in heaven : and whatsoever · him, saying, And what shall thou thalt loose on earth, shall we do? And he said unto them, be loosed in heaven, i Cor. 4. Do violence to no man, neither 1, 2. d.et a man fu account of accuse any falsely, and be con. us, a of the ministers of Chrift, · tent with your wages.
Mat. and stewards of the mysteries 8. 9 and 10. at large. For I of God.-Moreover it is re
man under authority, quired in stewards, that a man having soldiers under me: and be found faithful. I say in this man, Go, and he g John 18. 36. Jesus angoeth; and to ano'her, Come, swered My kingdom is not of and he cometh: and to my this world. Mal. 2. 7. - For servant, Do this, and he doeth the priest's lips mould keep it. Acts 10. I, 2. Rom. 13. knowledge, and they should 4.
seck the law at his mouth; for III. e 2 Chron. 26. 18. And he is the messenger of the Lord they withstood Uzziah the of hofts. Ads 5. 29. Then king, and said unto him, It Peter and the other apostles appertainerh not unto thee, answered and said, we ought Uzziah, to burn incense unto to obey God rather than men.
the duty of civil magistrates to protect the church of our common Lord, without giving the preference to any denomination of Christians above the rest in such a manner, that all ecclefiaftical persons whatever shall enjoy the full, free, and unquestioned liberty of discharging, every part of their sacred functions, without violence or -danger". And, as Jesus Christ hath appointed a regular government and discipline in his church, no law of any commonwealth, should interfere with, let, or hinder, the due exercise thereof, among the voluntary members of any denomination of Christians, according to their own profeflion and beliefi. It is the duty of civil magistrates to protect the person and good name of all their people, in such an effectual manner as that no person be suffered, either upon pretence of religion or infidelity, to offer any indignity, violence, abuse or injury to any other person whatsoever : and to take order, that all religious and ecclefiaftical assemblies be held without moleftation or disturbanceh.
IV. It is the duty of the people to pray for
h Isa. 49. 23. And kings phets no harm. Ads 18. 14, shall be thy nursing fathers 15. át large. and their queens thy nursing k 2 Sam. 23. 3. 1 Tim. 2. mothers.
J and 2. at large. Rom. 13. f. i Pral. 105. 15. Touch not at large. mine anointed, and do my pro
magistrates', to honour their persons”, to pay them tribute and other dues", to obey their lawful commands, and to be subject to their authority, for conscience' sake'. Infidelity or difference in religion, doth not make void the inagiftrate's just and legal authority, nor free the people from their due obedience to hirn": from which eccle. fiaftical persons are not exempted"; much less hath the Pope any power or jurisdiction over them in their dominions, or over any of their people ;, and least of all to deprive them of their
IV. 1 1 Tim. 2. I, 2. I ex- ready to every good work. hort therefore, that first of all p 1 Pet. 2. 13, 14, 16. Sube fupplications, prayers, intercef- mit yourselves to every ordi. fions and giving of thanks be nance of man for the Lord's made for all men: for kings, fake, whether it be to the king and for all that are in authority; as supreme;-Or unto goverthat we may lead a quiet and nors, as unto them that are peaceable life in all godliness sent by him, for the .punishand honesty.
ment of evil.doers, and for mi Pet. 2. 19. Fear God. the praise of them that do well. Honour the king.
As free, and not using their lin Rom. 13. 6, 7. For, forberty for a cloke of maliciousthis cause, pay you tribute also; ness, but as the servants of for they are God's ministers Gou. attending continually upon this Rom. 13. 1. Let every very thing.-Render therefore soul be subject unto the higher to all their dues, tribute to powers. Acts 25. 10, 11. whom tribute is due, custom 'Then said Paul, Istand at to whom custom, fear to whom Cæsar's judgment seat, where scar, honour to whom honour. I ought to be judged; tu the o Rom. 13. 5.
Wherefore Jews have I done no wrong, ye must needs be subject, not as thou very well knoweft. only for wrath, but also for For if I be an offender, or have conscience' fake. Tit. 3. 1. committed any thing worthy
Put them in mind to be fub- of death, I refuse not to die; Lject to principalities and powe but if there be none of these ters, to obey magiftrates, to be things whereof these accuse
dominions or lives, if he shall judge them to be hereticks, or upon any other pretence whatsoever".
Of Marriage and Divorce.
ARRIAGE is to be between one man and MA
one woman: neither is it lawful for any man to have more than one wife, nor for any woman to have more than one husband, at the same time.
II, Marriage was ordained for the mutual help of husband and wife'; for the increase of mankind with a legitimate issue, and of the church with an holy feed'; and for preventing of uncleanness!
me, no man may deliver me J. a 1 Cor. 7. 2. Mark 10. 6, unto them.
I appeal unto 7. at large. Cæfar.
II. b Gen. 2. 18. And the r 2 Theff. 2. 4. Who op- Lord God said, It is not good poseth and exalteth himself that the man should be alone; above all that is called God, I will make him an help meet or that is worshipped; so that for him. he as God, fitteth in the rem- c Mal. 2. 15. And did not ple of God, thewing himself he make one.? yet had he the that he is God. Rev. 13. 15. residue of the Spirit; and 16, 17, 18. And he had pow. wherefore one ? that he might er to give life unto the image, seek a godly seed; therefore &c.
take heed to your spirit, and