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ship and other training-on-the-job courses. However, there is another type of course know as a cooperative course, which is usually distinguished from the ordinary combination course in that the cooperative type of course is pursued primarily at a school with the training-on-the-job portion being strictly supplemental to the school course. This arrangement is characteristic of the cooperative course on the collegiate level and junior-college level and in some technical high schools.

Accordingly the committee may deem it inadvisable to subject the cooperative type of course to the reduction formula, although it would be subject to the $70 and $95 monthly rates rather than the higher full-time institutional rates specified in item (1) of the first proviso. In order to indicate the distinction for these purposes between a “combination course” and a “cooperative course” the phrase "or a cooperative course” should be inserted immediately following the word "course” in line 16 of page 11.

In the case of a veteran with income from productive labor, his allowance would be adjusted prospectively so that in no event would the rate of such allowance plus the income from productive labor reasonably expected to be received by the veteran exceed the rate of $2,580 for a 12-months' period for a veteran without a dependent, or $3,300 for a 12-months' period for a veteran with one dependent, or $3,540 for a 12-months' period for a veteran with two or more dependents. Such prospective adjustments would be made on the basis of reports to be obtained by the Administrator at the beginning of the veteran's course or enrollment period and each 12 months thereafter if continuously enrolled.

No allowance for subsistence, supplies, or equipment would be pay. able to a person taking less than one-half-time training.

Subparagraph 6 (b) would define as full-time “a trade or technical course, offered on a clock-hour basis below the college level, for training in those occupations which are customarily learned through apprenticeships or other training on the job shall be considered a fulltime course when a minimum of 36 hours per week of attendance is required.” In passing, it may be mentioned that this provision is consistent with the recommendatons contained in the afore-mentioned joint report submitted to the President by the Director, Bureau of the Budget, and Administrator for Veterans' Affairs and transmitted by the President to the Congress on February 13, 1950—House Document 466, Eighty-first Congress, first session.


PARAGRAPHS 7, 8, 9 AND 10 No detailed comments are indicated with regard to paragraph 7, election of benefits between parts VII and X; paragraph 8, prohibition of Federal control over education; paragraph 9, authority of the Administrator to promulgate rules and regulations; and paragraph 10, educational and vocational guidance, as the material contained therein is essentially comparable to the parallel provisions of part VIII.

Paragraph 10 contains an administrative provision which would authorize the Administrator to defray or reimburse the veteran for his traveling expenses to and from the place of advisement in those cases where the Administrator requires educational vocational advisement. This authority has proved its worth in connection with the vocational rehabilitation training program under part VII, Veterans Regulation No. 1 (a), as amended.


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Paragraph 11 contains certain definitions and certain standards to be met by establishments offering apprentice or other on-the-job training, by institutional on-farm training, and by schools operated for profit. These parallel in the main the definitions and standards appearing in subparagraphs (a), (b), (c), and (e) of paragraph 11 of part VIII.

The provisions of subparagraph 11 (d), dealing with the standards which must be met by schools operated for profit, differ from the comparable provisions of part VIII in two important respects:

(a) The standards will be applicable to all schools operated for profit without respect to the size or existence of a nonveteran enrollment; and

(6) Subparagraph 4 on page 24 would preclude the award of benefits if it is found by either the State agency or the Administrator that the course fails to meet the applicable requirements or if the Administrator finds that the school has submitted willfully false or misleading claims.

Experience with the operation of the part VIII program has indicated the desirability of certain minor modifications of the standards to improve administration, and the following suggestions are furnished for consideration in connection with the present proposal:

1. Paragraph 11 (b) 1f, page 16: This paragraph could be revised to read as follows :

f. Number of hours of supplemental related instructions required. Insertion of the word “related” would make this statement consistent with the reference to related instructions in paragraph 11 (b) 2g.

2. Paragraph 11 (c) 1c (2), page 20: This paragraph could be revised to read as follows:

(2) will permit instruction in all aspects of the management of a farm of the type for which the veteran is being trained, and will provide the veteran with an opportunity to apply to the operation of his farm the major portion of the farm practices taught in the group instruction part of the course. The additional language following the word "trained” is presented for consideration because cases have been noted where a large part of the group instruction part of the course was of little value to the veterans in operating their particular types of farms.

3. Paragraph 11 (c) lc (3), page 21: This paragraph could be revised to read as follows:

(3) will assure him a satisfactory income for reasonable living under normal conditions at least by the end of his course. As now stated in the bill, this clause (3) would permit a veteran to operate a farm that may not assure him a satisfactory income under normal conditions, if it appears that he does not intend to operate the farm at the close of his course. For the purpose of satisfactory training, it would appear that the farm should be of a type to assure a satisfactory income for reasonable living under normal conditions, regardless of whether the veteran intends to continue the operation of the farm at the close of his course.


4. Paragraph 11 (c) 2, page 21: The following subparagraph might well be added :

d. There shall be reasonable certainty that at the close of his course the veteran will be employed as farm manager of the farm on which he performs part of his course, or will manage a farm of similar size and character which has been selected and for which arrangements have been made. Cases have been observed under part VIII where the veteran had been provided training under an employer trainer without any indication or assurance that he would be employed as manager of that farm or of any farm, and at the close of the course the veteran became employed as a farm hand or in some unrelated occupation. Attention is invited to the fact that paragraph 11 (b) 2b contains a substantially similar provision for training on the job.

5. Paragraph 11 (d), page 22: In view of the second and third provisos of paragraph 4 of the proposed part X regarding enrollment of students paying their own tuition and the 1-year operation requirement for approval of profit schools, it would simplify administration if subparagraph (d) 1 were amended to add the following requirements with respect to the written application of the school:

h. Number of full-time and part-time students enrolled.

i. Number of full-time and part-time students enrolled paying all of their own tuition without rebate or scholarships.

j. Date course was placed in operation by the school.

6. Paragraph 11 (d) 1: It is suggested that “contents” in line 7, page 22, be changed to read "content.

7. Paragraph 11 (d) 2 (c): It is suggested that “instructor” be changed to read “instructors."


Paragraph 12 would make available the appropriation for the Veterans’ Administration “Administration, medical, hospital, and domiciliary services” for necessary expenses under the proposed part X and would authorize such further appropriations as may be necessary to accomplish the purpose of that part. It would also make any such appropriation available for the use by the Administrator in reimbursing State and local agencies for reasonable expenses incurred by them in rendering certain services in connection with the operation of the program.

The attention of the committee is invited to the following technical imperfections of form which appear in the bill:

1. Page 11, lines 21–22, the word "institution” should be "institutional” to be consistent with the usage in other parts of part X.

2. Page 14, line 1, the word "title" should be replaced by the word "part.”

3. Page 20, line 6, the capital letter “A” should be replaced by the small letter "a."

The job-counseling and employment-placement services provided under title IV of the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, as amended, are extended by section 3 of the bill to the group serving in the active military, naval, or air service during the prescribed period beginning June 27, 1950. Since this program is now administered by the Department of Labor, it is assumed that the committee will look to that Department for information and advice concerning this pro

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vision of the bill. The Veterans Administration has no comments to submit on this aspect of S. 1940.

Section 4 would authorize the citation of the bill, if enacted, as the "Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1951.” This title is evidently intended to symbolize the major purpose of the bill.

It is estimated that enactment of the education and training provisions of the proposed legislation will result in the expenditure of the following amounts for direct benefits in the form of payments to veterans and training institutions: Fiscal year 1952, $1,644,000; fiscal year 1953, $246,000,000; fiscal year 1954, $561,000,000; fiscal year 1955, $610,000,000; fiscal year 1956, $603,000,000; fiscal year 1957, $603,000,000. Estimated costs for operating expenses and administrative services to veterans enrolling under the proposed part X, Veterans Regulation 1 (a), as amended, would be: Fiscal year 1953, $3,600,000; fiscal year 1954, $13,000,000; fiscal year 1955, $16,000,000; fiscal year 1956, $16,500,000; fiscal year 1957, $16,500,000.

The foregoing cost estimates are predicated on the assumption that the proposed legislation will be effective in the spring of 1952 and approximately 800,000 persons will be discharged from the military service each year. On the basis of these assumptions it is anticipated that expenditures will begin to level off in fiscal year 1956. A detailed presentation containing the basis for the foregoing estimates of direct benefit payments and estimates of the average number of veterans expected to be in training is attached.

Advice has been received from the Bureau of the Budget that there would be no objection to the presentation of this report to your committee.

Mr. Chairman, I would like to have this table made a part of the record. The Chairman. That will be done. (The table referred to follows:)

Estimate of training load and increased cost for direct benefits if s. 1940, 820

Cong., is enacted, effective Mar. 1, 1952


Fiscal year Fiscal year Fiscal year Fiscal year Ficsal year


Ficsal year




$1, 644, 000 $246, 180,000 $561, 060, 000 $609, 720, 000 $602, 820, 000 $602, 820, 000
1,314, 000 197, 100, 000447, 300, 000 483, 000, 000| 476, 100.000 476, 100, 000

330, 000 49, 080, 000 113, 760, 000 126, 720, 000 126, 720, 000 126, 720,000













225, 000

525, 000

575, 000

575, 000

575, 000

Institutions of higher learning -
Below college.


105, 000
79, 000
20, 500
20, 500

217, 000
206, 000
51, 000
51, 000

240, 000
47, 000

240, 000
230, 000
47, 000

240, 000


The CHAIRMAN. Do you have further remarks to make in connection with the report?

Mr. BIRDSALL. Only one, and that is that in addition to the committee print inserted in the record there might also be included for your assistance a chronological history showing the amendments to the law if you desire.

The CHAIRMAN. That will be done.
(The information referred to follows:)

Chronological digest of basic act and amendments

Public Law 346, 78th Cong..

Public Law 190, 79th Cong
Public Law 268, 79th Cong -

Public Law 679, 79th Cong

Public Law 239, 80th Cong.

Public Law 377, 80th Cong..

Public Law 411, 80th Cong

Public Law 512, 80th Cong

Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944. Provides June 22, 1944

Federal aid for the readjustment in civilian life of

returning World War II veterans.
Armed Forces Voluntary Recruitment Act of 1945... Oct.

6, 1945 Amends titles I, II, III, and IV of Servicemen's Read- Dec. 28, 1945

justment Act of 1944, liberalizing the provisions

Ceilings on subsistence allowances trainees; Vet- Aug. 7, 1946

erans' Administration to reimburse State and local
agencies for expenses incurred in rendering services
in connection with administration of certain training

programs for veterans.
Ending date of war for titles II, III, and V, Public July 25, 1947

Law 346, 78th Cong.; Public Law 16, 78th Cong.;
Public Law 359, 77th Cong.; and title IV, Public

Law 861, 77th Cong., and other statutes.
Amends Public Law 346, 78th Cong., as amended, to Aug. 6, 1947

include institutional on-farm training as full-time

training course.
Amends Public Law 346, 78th Cong., as amended, and Feb. 14, 1948

Public Law 16, 78th Cong., as amended, to provide
increased subsistence allowance to veterans pursuing

full-time institutional training thereunder.
Amends Public Law 346, 78th Cong., as amended, to May 4, 1948

provide additional subsistence allowance for part-
time institutional trainees, including institutional
on-farm, or other combination course trainees under
certain conditions; increases ceilings on earnings
under Public Law 346, 78th Cong., as amended, from
$175 to $210 per month for a veteran without a de-
pendent, from $200 to $270 for a veteran with
dependent, and $290 per month for a veteran with
or more dependents; eliminates all overtime pay in
computing trainees' earnings; and also amends
Public Law 16, 78th Cong., as amended, to provide
additional subsistence allowance for institutional

on-farm trainees under certain conditions.
The Supplemental Independent Offices Appropria- June 30, 1948

tion Act, 1949: Restriction on expenditures to bar
avocational or recreational courses under title II of
Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, as amended;

excepts aviation courses under certain conditions.
Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1950: Vet- Aug. 24, 1949

erans' Administration. This law continues the ban
on avocational and recreational training but modi.
fies the restrictions relative to flight training; pro-
hibits payments to schools (and veterans in those
schools) which have been in operation for less than 1
year, and prohibits payments to schools (and the
veterans in them) with no customary tuition costs,
until fair and reasonable rates of payment have been
determined; and a Veterans' Tuition Appeals Board

is set up.
Provides, with respect to land-grant colleges which June 23, 1950

receive Federal funds under the act of July 2, 1862,
as amended, that the Administrator of Veterans'
Affairs in adjustment of tuition rates under the last
proviso of par. 5, pt. VIII, Veterans Regulation No.
1 (a) (Servicemen's Readjustment Act), shall make
no reduction in computation of "estimated costs of
teaching personnel and supplies for instruction" by
reason of such Federal contributions.

Public Law 862, 80th Cong

Public Law 266, 81st Cong

Public Law 571, 81st Cong.

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