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HEARINGS
Cong

Riad Lena BEFORE THE
COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY

UNITED STATES SENATE

EIGHTIETH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

S. 2318

A BILL TO PROVIDE FOR A COORDINATED

AGRICULTURAL PROGRAM

APRIL 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, AND 24, 1948

Printed for the use of the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1948

75470

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ARTHUR CAPPER, Kansas, Chairman GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont

ELMER THOMAS, Oklahoma HARLAN J. BUSHFIELD, South Dakota ALLEN J. ELLENDER, Louisiana GEORGE A. WILSON, Iowa

SCOTT W. LUCAS, Illinois MILTON R. YOUNG, North Dakota

TOM STEWART, Tennessee EDWARD J. THYE, Minnesota

CLYDE R. HOEY, North Carolina
JAMES P. KEM, Missouri

CLAUDE PEPPER, Florida
JAMES M. KENDALL, Clerk

II

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Statement of

Page

Anderson, Clinton P., Hon., Secretary of Agriculture, U. S. Depart-

ment of Agriculture, Washington, D. C-----

15

Benson, R. W., president, Robertson County Farm Bureau, Spring-

field, Tenn..

430

Berman, Abraham H., assistant secretary, Consolidated Cigar Corp.,
New York, N. Y.

312
Berry, John M., vice president, Burley Tobacco Growers Cooperative
Association, New Castle, Ky

394

Black, John, Dr., professor of economics, Harvard University, Cam-

bridge, Mass..

199

Blalock, H. G., vice president, Virginia State Farm Bureau, South

427

Bourne, T. Earle, president, Schindler's Peanut Products, Inc., and

secretary, Peanut and Nut Salters Association, Washington, D. C. 295

Chapman, Virgil

, Hon., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Kentucky

424

Clay, William C., Jr., counsel for Burley Auction Warehouse Associa-

tion, Mount Sterling, Ky-

407

Collins, Charles A., Moorestown, N. J..

322

Cooper, John Sherman, Hon., a United States Senator from the State
of Kentucky--

392, 441

Davis, John H., executive secretary, National Council of Farmer

Cooperatives, Washington, D. C.--

89

Duryee, William B., Potato Industry Committee of New Jersey,
Allentown, N. J.

329
Embree, Lisle B., Red Oak, Iowa --

367

Fawcett, C. J., general manager, National Wool Marketing Corpora-

tion, Boston, Mass.

305

Fette, William, Jr., vice president, Schutter Candy Co., and chairman,

peanut committee, National Confectioners' Association, Chicago,

Ill..

261

Fischer, William H., division manager, Jewett & Sherman Co., and

president, Peanut Butter Manufacturers' Association, Milwaukee,

Wis...

276

Friley, Charles E., Dr., president, Iowa State College of Agriculture
and Mechanic Arts, Ames, Iowa--

359

Gibbons, William J., Rev., S. J., board of directors, National Catholic

Rural Life Conference, New York, N. Y.

298

Gilmer, Turner, president, Virginia Burley Tobacco Association,
Lebanon, Van

437

Graw, LaMonte, manager, Florida Growers Association, Orlando, Fla. 448

Gore, Albert, Hon. a Representative in Congress from the State of

Tennessee

440

Hall, T. B., general manager, Virginia Dark-Fired Tobacco Associa-

tion, Farmville, Va--

429

Goss, Albert S., Master, The National Grange, Washington, D.C.- 135

Halvorson, Lloyd C., Dr., economist, the National Grange, Washing-

ton, D. C...

431

Herold, Leo C., Fort Atkinson, Iowa -

371

Hicks, Carl T., president, Flue-Cured Tobacco Stabilization Corp.,

Inc., Raleigh, N. C.---

401

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Statement of_Continued

Page

Holman, Charles W., secretary, National Cooperative Milk Producers

Federation, Washington, D. C---

167

Hussey, Fr nk W., president, Maine Potato Growers, Inc., Presque

Isle, Maine

192

Jones, J. M., secretary, National Wool Growers Association, Salt Lake

City, Utah..

228

Kline, Allan B., president, American Farm Bureau Federation,

Chicago, Ill...

61

Leavitt, Kent, president, National Association of Soil Conservation

Districts, Millbrook, N. Y

332, 341

Love, Harry W., executive director, Tobacco Division, Farm Federa-

tion Cooperatives, Asheville, N. C.

438

Maloney, C. W., State senator, and president, Stemming District

Tobacco Association, Madisonville, Ky-

438

Patton, James G., president, National Farmers' Union, Denver, Colo. 111

Porter, J. Frank, president, Tennessee Burley Tobacco Growers

Association, Columbia, Tenn.--

424

Proctor, R. H., assistant executive secretary, Kentucky Farm Bureau,

Louisville, Ky

427

Regensburg, Edward J., president, E. Regensburg & Sons, and presi-

dent, Cigar Manufacturing Association of America, New York,

N. Y.

312

Roose, Joe, Allison, Iowa.

373

Rosefield, Í. L., president, Rosefield Packing Co., and chairman, legis-

lative committee, Peanut Butter Manufacturer's Association and
Edible Peanut End Uses, Alameda, Calif..

284

Royster, Fred S., president, Bright Belt Warehouse Association, Inc.,

Henderson, N. C.

405

Rudolph, Paul, manager Eastern Dark-Fired Tobacco Growers Asso-

ciation, Springfield, Tenn...

421

Shaw, R. Flake, executive vice president, North Carolina State Farm

Bureau, Greensboro, N. C-

425

Smith, Favor R., president, Empire State Potato Club, and executive

secretary, Long Island Agricultural Council, Riverhead, N. Y.-. 243
Smith, Russell, legislative secretary, National Farmers Union, Wash-
ington, D. C

111
Taylor, Frank W., secretary-manager, Northwest Horticultural
Council, Wenatchee, Wash..

247

Veal, L. L., manager, Western Dark-Fired Tobacco Growers Associa-

tion, Murray, Ky-

437

Wagenen, Alfred Van, acting managing director, Northeastern Poultry
Producers Council, Trenton, N. J.

364
Wells, Leslie T., president, Suffolk County Farm and Home Bureau
and 4-H Club Association, Riverhead, N. Y..

187
Wells, O. V., Chief, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, United States
Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C..

15, 80
Wilken, Carl H., economic analyst, Raw Materials National Council,
Sioux City, Iowa..

375
Wilson, J. B., legislative chairman, National Wool Growers Associa-
tion, Washington, D. C.

228

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UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY,

Washington, D. C. The committee met, pursuant to call, at 10 a. m., in room 324, Senate Office Building, Senator Arthur Capper, chairman, presiding.

Present: Senators Capper, Aiken, Bushfield, Wilson, Young, Kem, Thomas, Ellender, and Lucas.

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order. The committee this morning is starting hearings on Senate bill 2318, which is a bill to provide for a coordinated agricultural program.

The bill has been developed by Senator Aiken and half a dozen of our members who have given a great deal of attention to it and I think there is every indication that we have something worth while.

A copy of the bill will be placed in the record at this point. (The bill under consideration, S. 2318, is as follows:)

[S. 2318, 80th Cong., 2d sess.] A BILL To provide for a coordinated agricultural program Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Agricultural Act of 1948”.

DECLARATION OF POLICY

SEC. 2. It is hereby recognized that a sound national economy requires that each segment of the population be maintained as an efficient producer and a constant consumer of goods and services, and it is hereby declared to be the policy of Congress to provide for a coordinated program, to be administered by the Secretary of Agriculture in cooperation with agencies in the several States, and designed

(1) to assume an abundant production of all agricultural products necessary for the improved nutrition and clothing of all our people;

(2) to develop a means of supporting agricultural income on a flexible basis relative to prices and production so as to foster desirable shifts in agricultural production and aid in stabilizing the national economy;

(3) to improve methods of marketing, facilitate distribution, and increase utilization of agricultural commodities in both domestic and foreign markets;

(4) to regulate interstate and foreign commerce in cotton, wheat, corn, tobacco, rice, peanuts, and wool to the extent necessary to provide an orderly, adequate, and balanced flow of such commodities in interstate and foreign trade through price support, marketing quotas, diversion to various economic uses, and other means;

(5) to assist consumers in obtaining adequate and steady supplies of high-quality farm products at fair and equitable prices;

(6) to assist low-income families and school children in maintaining an adequate diet, particularly in periods of underconsumption and unemployment;

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