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Riad Lena BEFORE THE
UNITED STATES SENATE
A BILL TO PROVIDE FOR A COORDINATED
APRIL 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, AND 24, 1948
Printed for the use of the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry
WASHINGTON : 1948
ARTHUR CAPPER, Kansas, Chairman GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont
ELMER THOMAS, Oklahoma HARLAN J. BUSHFIELD, South Dakota ALLEN J. ELLENDER, Louisiana GEORGE A. WILSON, Iowa
SCOTT W. LUCAS, Illinois MILTON R. YOUNG, North Dakota
TOM STEWART, Tennessee EDWARD J. THYE, Minnesota
CLYDE R. HOEY, North Carolina
CLAUDE PEPPER, Florida
Berman, Abraham H., assistant secretary, Consolidated Cigar Corp.,
Cooper, John Sherman, Hon., a United States Senator from the State
Duryee, William B., Potato Industry Committee of New Jersey,
Friley, Charles E., Dr., president, Iowa State College of Agriculture
Gilmer, Turner, president, Virginia Burley Tobacco Association,
Rosefield, Í. L., president, Rosefield Packing Co., and chairman, legis-
lative committee, Peanut Butter Manufacturer's Association and
Smith, Favor R., president, Empire State Potato Club, and executive
secretary, Long Island Agricultural Council, Riverhead, N. Y.-. 243
Wagenen, Alfred Van, acting managing director, Northeastern Poultry
UNITED STATES SENATE,
Washington, D. C. The committee met, pursuant to call, at 10 a. m., in room 324, Senate Office Building, Senator Arthur Capper, chairman, presiding.
Present: Senators Capper, Aiken, Bushfield, Wilson, Young, Kem, Thomas, Ellender, and Lucas.
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order. The committee this morning is starting hearings on Senate bill 2318, which is a bill to provide for a coordinated agricultural program.
The bill has been developed by Senator Aiken and half a dozen of our members who have given a great deal of attention to it and I think there is every indication that we have something worth while.
A copy of the bill will be placed in the record at this point. (The bill under consideration, S. 2318, is as follows:)
[S. 2318, 80th Cong., 2d sess.] A BILL To provide for a coordinated agricultural program Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Agricultural Act of 1948”.
DECLARATION OF POLICY
SEC. 2. It is hereby recognized that a sound national economy requires that each segment of the population be maintained as an efficient producer and a constant consumer of goods and services, and it is hereby declared to be the policy of Congress to provide for a coordinated program, to be administered by the Secretary of Agriculture in cooperation with agencies in the several States, and designed
(1) to assume an abundant production of all agricultural products necessary for the improved nutrition and clothing of all our people;
(2) to develop a means of supporting agricultural income on a flexible basis relative to prices and production so as to foster desirable shifts in agricultural production and aid in stabilizing the national economy;
(3) to improve methods of marketing, facilitate distribution, and increase utilization of agricultural commodities in both domestic and foreign markets;
(4) to regulate interstate and foreign commerce in cotton, wheat, corn, tobacco, rice, peanuts, and wool to the extent necessary to provide an orderly, adequate, and balanced flow of such commodities in interstate and foreign trade through price support, marketing quotas, diversion to various economic uses, and other means;
(5) to assist consumers in obtaining adequate and steady supplies of high-quality farm products at fair and equitable prices;
(6) to assist low-income families and school children in maintaining an adequate diet, particularly in periods of underconsumption and unemployment;