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(7) to obtain full cooperation and coordinated action of farm operators in conserving, restoring, and developing our soil, water, and forest resources;

(8) to provide more adequately for the coordination and expansion of Federal and State soil surveys and other investigations, experimentation, and research pertaining to the conservation, restoration, and development of our natural agricultural resources, and for the publication of the results of such studies;

(9) to assure that incentive payments to farmers in each State for soilconservation practices shall be made only for practices approved jointly by the State agricultural council (hereinafter provided for) and the Secretary of the United States Department of Agriculture;

(10) to provide for the fullest development and the most efficient employment of rural human resources;

(11) to provide more fully for adult education through cooperative agricultural extension work as the recognized educational and demonstrational medium for reaching farm people and others in regard to agricultural information, policies, and programs;

(12) to provide for the full development of personal initiative and local responsibility in the development and administration of programs for the maintenance of a progressive agriculture;

(13) to provide for the adaption of agricultural programs to the different and changing needs of regional and local communities;

(14) to make more effective the various research activities sponsored by the United States Department of Agriculture by providing for the separate administration of action programs and research work;

(15) to facilitate farm home ownership by farm operators through improving and safeguarding the federally sponsored credit services available to farm operators;

(16) to encourage producers, processors, distributors, and consumers to enter into marketing agreements for the supplying of adequate quantities of selected farm products at a reasonable and assured price; and

(17) to accumulate certain revenues for judicious use in the support of prices of highly perishable products, including fresh fruits, vegetables, milk, and eggs, in facilitating distribution for diet improvement of low-income families and school children, and in stimulating improved nutrition.

TITLE I-REORGANIZATION

DECENTRALIZATION OF FUNCTIONS

SEC. 101. The Secretary of Agriculture (hereinafter called the “Secretary”) shall establish an agency, to be known as the “Bureau of Agricultural Conservation and Improvement”, to exercise all functions of the Secretary and of the various bureaus and agencies within the Department of Agriculture which (1), prior to the enactment of this Act, were assigned to the Soil Conservation Service or to the Agricultural Conservation Programs Branch of the Production and Marketing Administration, or (2) the Secretary deems to be principally related to soil conservation and improvement or to those aspects of programs of the Department of Agriculture which require direct dealings by the Department with farmers; except that, subject to the supervision and direction of the Secretary

(a) the educational, informational, and demonstrational features of such functions shall be exercised, in the several States, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico, through the Extension Service of the United States Department of Agriculture in cooperation with the agencies performing cooperative agricultural extension work;

(b) the research and investigational features of such functions shall be exercised through the agricultural experiment stations in the several States, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico in cooperation with the Division of Soil Conservation and Improvement, hereinafter provided for, in the Office of Experiment Stations; and

(c) such functions, except as provided by clauses (a) and (b) of this section, shall within the continental United States be performed at State and county levels, insofar as the Secretary may deem practicable, by the State agricultural councils and by the county agricultural associations and

executive committees hereinafter provided for. The functions assigned pursuant to this section to the State agricultural councils and the agencies performing cooperative agricultural extension work shall be closely coordinated by the Secretary and by such councils and agencies. The Secretary shall abolish the regional offices of the Soil Conservation Service, and no regional offices shall be established to perform functions formerly exercised by them; except that, upon the request of the State agricultural councils for any two or more States, the Secretary may establish a regional office to perform for such States the functions for which such office is requested. In the event a regional office is established pursuant to such a request the expenses of such office shall be paid in such amounts and proportion as such State agricultural councils may agree from funds which would otherwise be available for soilconservation purposes in such States.

APPROPRIATIONS AVAILABLE FOR FUNCTIONS TO BE PERFORMED AS COOPERATIVE

EXTENSION WORK SEC. 102. (a) (A) Any sums heretofore or hereafter approriated, other than as grants-in-aid, and available for functions which the Secretary determines to be functions required by section 101 (a) of this Act to be exercised through the Extension Service and cooperating agencies in the several States and the Territory of Hawaii, to the extent that such funds are available at the time the Secretary makes such determination, and (B) any sums appropriated specifically for functions covered by section 101 (a), shall be paid to the several States and the Territory of Hawaii in the same manner and subject to the same conditions and limitations as the additional sums appropriated under the Act entitled "An Act to provide for cooperative agricultural extension work between the agricultural colleges in the several States receiving the benefits of the Act of Congress approved July 2, 1862, and all Acts supplementary thereto, and the United States Department of Agriculture”, approved May 8, 1914 (U. S. C., title 7, secs. 341-343, 344–348), except that,

(1) not more than 2 per centum of the sums so appropriated and available in each fiscal year shall be available for paying expenses of the Extension Service of the United States Department of Agriculture; and

(2) the remainder of the sums so appropriated and available in each fiscal year shall be paid to the several States and the Territory of Hawaii, without any requirement that equal sums be provided from any other sources, in the same proportions as the sums appropriated for such fiscal year pursuant to section 23 of the Act entitled “An Act to provide for research into basic laws and principles relating to agriculture and to provide for the further development of cooperative agricultural extension work and the more complete endowment and support of land-grant colleges”, approved June 29, 1935, as amended (U. S. C., title 7, sec. 343d-1). (b) The sums paid pursuant to this section shall be in addition to and not in substitution for sums appropriated under such Act of May 8, 1914, as amended and supplemented, or sums otherwise appropriated for agricultural extension work. Allotments to any State or the Territory of Hawaii for any fiscal year as provided by this section shall be available for payment to such State or the Territory of Hawaii only if such State or the Territory of Hawaii complies, for such fiscal year, with the provisions with reference to offset of appropriations (other than appropriated funds allotted pursuant to this section) for agricultural extension work.

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DIVISION OF SOIL CONSERVATION AND IMPROVEMENT

SEC. 103. The Secretary shall establish within the Office of Experiment Stations a division to be known as the “Division of Soil Conservation and Improvement”, to exercise the functions assigned to it pursuant to section 101 (b) of this Act. Not more than three per centum of any Federal funds made available for research projects supervised by the Division of Soil Conservation and Improvement shall be available for the expenses of the division.

APPROPRIATIONS AVAILABLE FOR FUNCTIONS TRANSFERRED TO EXPERIMENT STATIONS

SEC. 104. The Secretary is authorized to make available from any funds heretofore or hereafter appropriated, other than as grants-in-aid, for functions which pursuant to section 101 (b) are to be exercised through the agricultural experiment stations in the several States, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico such sums as he may deem appropriate for allotment to such agricultural experiment stations. The sums so allotted shall be in addition to and not in substitution for sums otherwise appropriated for the work of such agricultural experiment stations.

COORDINATION OF RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONAL WORK

SEC. 105. (a) The Secretary shall establish an agency to be known as the "Economic and Social Science Administration” and shall transfer to it the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, the Office of Foreign Agricultural Relations, the Office of Administrator, Research and Marketing Act, and all research of the United States Department of Agriculture in economics and related social sciences which the Secretary determines to be basic, rather than merely incidental to the administration of programs not principally involving research.

(b) The Agricultural Research Administration shall hereafter be known as the “Natural and Physical Science Administration” and the Secretary shall transfer to it all research of the United States Department of Agriculture in the natural and physical sciences which the Secretary determines to be basic, rather than merely incidental to the administration of programs not principally involving research.

(c) The research and educational functions of the United States Department of Agriculture and its relationship with the several States with respect to research and education, including the functions of the Natural and Physical Science Administration, the Economics and Social Sciences Administration, the Office of Experiment Stations, which shall not be a part of the Natural and Physical Sciences Administration, the Extension Service, and such other agencies of the Department of Agriculture as the Secretary may designate, shall be coordinated by a Coordinator of Research and Education, who shall be appointed by the Secretary for a seven-year term, and shall be removable only by the President. In making such appointment the Secretary shall consider nominations submitted by the Association of Land-Grant Colleges and Universities, which shall be requested to submit not less than five nominations and such additional number as the Secretary may request.

COUNTY, STATE, AND NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATIONS, EXECUTIVE

COMMITTEES, AND COUNCILS

COUNTY AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATIONS SEC. 106. The farmers within each local administrative area of the continental United States as hereinafter provided for, or participating or cooperating in any soil conservation or improvement program administered within such area, shall elect annually from amoung their number a member of a county agricultural association for the county in which such area is situated. In any county in which only one such area is situated, five members of the county agricultural association shall be elected from such area ; in any county in which only two such areas are situated, three members shall be elected from each such area; and in any county in which three or four such areas are situated, two members shall be elected from each such area. Va cies occurring among the elected members of a county agricultural association between annual elections shall be promptly filled by election by the association from among the farmers of the local administrative areas with respect to which such vacancies respectively occur. No member shall be elected for four full consecutive terms. The agricultural extension agent, and the chairman of the committee appointed by the Secretary pursuant to section 42 of the Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant Act, for each county shall be members, ex officia, of the county agricultural association for such county. If one such committee is appointed for a group of two or more counties the chairman shall be a member, ex officio, only of the county agricultural association for the county in which he resides. Members of boards of supervisors of soil conservation, grass conservation, wind erosion, and irrigation districts shall be ex-officio members of the county agricultural associations for the counties in which they reside; except that (1) if in any county their number exceeds the number of elected members of the county agricultural association of such county, only such of them as they may from time to time agree upon, numbering at least one less than the number of elected members, shall serve as ex-officio members of such county agricultural association, and (2) if more than one member of any such board of supervisors resides in the same county, only such member as such board may designate may serve as an ex-officio member of the county agricultural association for such county. The county agricultural association, thus constituted, shall perform within the county the functions assigned to it pursuant to section 101 (c) of this Act and such other functions as the Secretary may assign to it. It shall meet at such times as it may specify, or upon call of the chairman of the county agricultural executive committee for such county. The local administrative areas designated by the Secretary and serving on the date of enactment of this Act as units for administration of programs under section 8 of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act shall serve as local administrative areas for the purposes of this section, but each county agricultural association may from time to time designate different local administrative areas within its county for the purposes of this section.

COUNTY AGRICULTURAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEES

SEC. 107. Each county agricultural association shall elect annually from among its elected members (1) not less than three and not more than five, as determined by the association, members of a county agricultural executive committee, designating one of such members to be chairman, one to be vice chairman, and one to be secretary, of such committee, and (2) first and second alternates. Vacancies occurring among the elected members of such committee between annual elections shall be filled for the unexpired terms by the first and second alternates in that order, or, if there are no alternates available, by election by the county agricultural association, and at such election first and second alternates again shall be elected. Vacancies in the offices of chairman, vice chairman, and secretary occurring between annual elections shall be filled for the unexpired terms by election by such committee from among its members. No member shall be elected for four full consecutive terms. The agricultural extension agent for each county shall be a member, ex officio, but without vote, of the county agricultural executive committee for such county. Subject to the supervision and direction of the county agricultural association, the county agricultural executive committee shall, through personnel employed by it, perform within the county the functions assigned to it pursuant to section 101 (c) of this Act and such other functions as the secretary may assign to it.

STATE AGRICULTURAL COUNCILS

SEC. 108. For each State of the United States there shall be a State agricultural council consisting of the ex-officio members hereinafter specified, four elected members, and as many additional elected members as may be specified in accordance with the provisions of this section; but the number of additional members so specified shali not exceed either (1) six, or (2) one for each full twenty counties in the State, plus one if the number of counties in the State is not evenly divisible by twenty and exceeds by more than ten the multiple of twenty which it least exceeds. The Commissioner (or Secretary or Director, as the case may be) of Agriculture, or his designee, the Director of the Agricultural Experiment stations, or his designee, and the Director of the Agricultural Extension Service, or his designee, for such State shall be the ex-officio members. The number of additional members, if any, to be elected shall be specified by the ex-officio members for the election first after the enactment of this Act and by the State agricultural council for subsequent elections. The members to be elected in any year, and first and second alternates, shall be elected by the chairmen of the county agricultural executive committees of the State, meeting together for that purpose, but not more than half of those to be elected shall be elected from among the number of such chairmen. The members first elected after the enactment of this Act shall be elected for three-, two-, and one-year terms in as nearly equal groups as may be possible as follows: Not less than one-third of the number to be elected shall first be elected, to serve for three-year-terms; not less than one-half of the number remaining to be elected shall then be elected, to serve for two-year terms; and the number then remaining to be elected shall then be elected to serve for one-year terms. Should the number of members to be elected at any election after the first election be increased in accordance with the provisions of this section, the additional members so added shall be elected for terms of one, two, or three years in such manner that the number of terms expiring in succeeding years shall, as nearly as may be possible, be equal. Successors of all elected members shall be elected for three-year terms. Any decrease, after the first election, in the number of members to be elected shall be made by allowing terms to expire without electing successors in such manner that the number of terms expiring annually after the decrease has been completed shall, as nearly as may be possible, be equal. Vacancies occurring among the elected members shall be filled for the unexpired terms by the first and second alternates in that

order, or, if there be no alternates available, by election by the chairmen of the county agricultural executive committees, conducted by mail or in such manner as may be determined by the State agricultural council, and at such election first and second alternates again shall be elected. No member shall be elected for any term which, with any previous periods of service by him as a member, would exceed five years during any six-year period.

The State agricultural council shall develop plans to effectuate the purposes of section 7 of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act in its State, and shall perform the functions assigned to it pursuant to section 101 (c) of this Act and such other functions within its State as the Secretary may assign to it. It shall elect from among its number a chairman, vice chairman, and secretary, and shall employ a State administrator and such other personnel as it may deem necessary to carry out its functions. In carrying out the functions assigned to it, and subject to the approval of the Secretary, it may enter into arrangements with (1) the Agricultural Extension Service in its State for the conduct of education and demonstrational programs and (2) State agricultural councils of other States for cooperation on matters of mutual interest. Federal grants-in-aid for programs administered by the State council shall be disbursed by the appropriate agency of the State only pursuant to direction by the State agricultural council. Any grants-in-aid or other funds allocated to a State for programs administered by the State agricultural council may be withheld or recalled by the Secretary if he determines that such council is not faithfully administering the programs assigned to it.

ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

SEC. 109. The Secretary is authorized and directed, from any funds made available for the purposes of the Acts in connection with which State agricultural councils, county agricultural associations, or county agricultural executive committees may be utilized, to make payments to such councils, associations, or committees to cover the estimated administrative expenses incurred or to be incurred by them in carrying out the functions assigned to them under such Acts. All or part of such administrative expenses of any such council, association, or committee may be deducted pro rata from the Soil Conservation Act payments, parity payments, or loans, or other payments or grants-in-aid under such Acts, unless payment of such expenses is otherwise provided by law. The Secretary may make such payments in advance of determination of performance. The administrative expenses covered by such payments shall not include compensation for services of council, association, and committee members except as follows:

(a) Each elected member of a State agricultural council shall be entitled to compensation, at such rates as may be fixed by the Secretary, for time actually spent by him in the work of the council not exceeding an average of eight hours per week for his period of service as such member; and

(b) Each elected member of a county agricultural executive committee shall be entitled to compensation, at such rate as may be fixed by the appropriate State agricultural council, for time actually spent by him in the work of the committee, not exceeding an average of four hours per week for his

period of service as such member. Subject to such limitations as the Secretary may prescribe, such council, association, and committee members shall also be entitled to their reasonable expenses incurred in serving as such members. No such member shall, out of any amounts paid by the Secretary, be paid for performing any services in addition to his services as member for any such council, association, or committee, but a member may resign as member in order to accept employment by a council, association, or committee. The Secretary shall make such regulations as are necessary relating to the selection and exercise of the functions of such councils, associations, and committees, respectively. A county agricultural association may, except as may be disapproved by the Secretary, accept, in addition to the amounts paid to it by the Secretary, funds from other sources to be utilized for agricultural purposes.

NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL COUNCIL

SEC. 110. (a) There is hereby established a National Agricultural Council consisting of (1) four members representing the interests of producers, processors, distributors, and consumers of agricultural products, not more than two of whom

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