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(2) with respect to information obtained by the Secretary under section 2 during the 12-month period following the effective date of section 2, within 15 months after such effective date; and
(3) with respect to each calendar year following the 12-month period referred to in paragraph (2), within 90 days after the end of such calendar year. (7 U.S.C. 3504.)
REPORTS TO THE STATES SEC. 6. Not later than 30 days after the end of each 6-month period beginning after the effective date of section 2, the Secretary shall transmit to each State department of agriculture, or such other appropriate State agency as the Secretary considers advisable, a copy of each report which was submitted to the Secretary under section 2 during such 6-month period and which involved agricultural land located in such State. (7 U.S.C. 3505.)
PUBLIC INSPECTION SEC. 7. Any report submitted to the Secretary under section 2 shall be available for public inspection at the Department of Agriculture located in the District of Columbia not later than 10 days after the date on which such report is received by the Secretary. (7 U.S.C. 3506.)
(1) the term "agricultural land” means any land located in one or more States and used for agricultural, forestry, or timber production purposes as determined by the Secretary under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary;
(2) the term "foreign government" means any government other than the Federal Government or any government of a State or a political subdivision of a State; (3) the term "foreign person” means (A) any individual
(i) who is not a citizen or national of the United States;
(ii) who is not a citizen of the Northern Mariana Islands or the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands; or
(iii) who is not lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence, or paroled into the United States, under the Immigration and Nationality Act; (B) any person, other than an individual or a government, which is created or organized under the laws of a foreign government or which has its principal place of business located outside of all the States; (C) any person, other than an individual or a government
(i) which is created or organized under the laws of any State; and
(ii) in which, as determined by the Secretary under
regulations which the Secretary shall prescribe, a significant interest or substantial control is directly or indirectly held
(I) by any individual referred to in subparagraph (A);
(II) by any person referred to in subparagraph (B); (III) by any foreign government; or
(IV) by any combination of such individuals, per
sons, or governments; and (D) any foreign government; (4) the term "person" includes any individual, corporation, company, association, firm, partnership, society, joint stock company, trust, estate, or any other legal entity;
(5) the term "Secretary” means the Secretary of Agriculture; and
(6) the term "State" means any of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam,
the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, or any other territory or possession of the United States. (7 U.S.C. 3508)
EFFECTIVE DATES SEC. 10. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, this Act shall become effective on the date of the enactment of this Act.
(b) Section 2 shall become effective on the date on which regulations prescribed by the Secretary under section 8 become effective. (7 U.S.C. 3501 note.)
ENERGY CONSERVATION AND PRODUCTION PILOT PROJECTS FOR THE PRODUCTION AND MARKETING OF INDUSTRIAL HYDROCARBONS AND ALCOHOLS FROM AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES AND FOREST PRODUCTS
RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACT OF 1972 SEC. 509.2(a) The Secretary is authorized and directed to formulate and carry out a pilot program for the production and marketing of industrial hydrocarbons derived from agricultural commodities and forest products for the purpose of stabilizing and expanding the market for such commodities and products and expanding the Nation's supply of industrial hydrocarbons.
(b) The Secretary shall provide for four pilot projects for the production of industrial hydrocarbons and alcohols from agricultural commodities and forest products by guaranteeing loans, not to exceed $15,000,000 per each such project, to public, private, or cooperative organizations organized for profit or nonprofit, or to individuals for a term not to exceed twenty years at a rate of interest agreed upon by the borrower and lender.
(c) No loan may be guaranteed under this section unless (1) research indicates the total energy content of the products and byproducts to be
P.L. 92–419, 86 Stat. 657, Aug. 30, 1972 (7 U.S.C. 2661-2668). 2 Sec. 509 was added by Sec. 1420 of the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977, P.L. 95–113, 91 Stat. 998, Sept. 29, 1971,
manufactured by the loan applicant will exceed the total energy input from fossil fuels used in the manufacture of such products and byproducts, and (2) such other conditions as the Secretary deems appropriate to achieve the purposes of this section are met.
(d) In order to assure that the recipients of loans made under this section have a dependable supply of agricultural commodities at a stable price for use in the pilot projects provided for in this section, the Secretary is authorized to enter into long-term contracts, not exceeding five years, with the recipients of such loans. Such contracts shall guarantee the recipients of such loans a specified quantity of agricultural commodities annually at mutually agreed upon prices, but the agricultural commodities shall not be sold under any such contracts at less than the price support level prescribed for the commodity concerned unless the commodities are out of condition, unstorable, or samplegrade or lower, as prescribed in Department of Agriculture standards.
(e) The Secretary shall supply from Commodity Credit Corporation stocks or, to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in appropriation Acts, purchase such quantities of agricultural commodities as may be necessary to comply with the terms of agreements entered into under this section.
(f) The provisions of this section shall be carried out through the Commodity Credit Corporation. (7 U.S.C. 2669.)
SOIL CONSERVATION AND DOMESTIC ALLOTMENT ACT' SEC. 8. (b) The Secretary is authorized to carry out the policy and purposes specified in section 7(a)2 of this Act by providing financial assistance to agricultural producers for carrying out enduring conservation (including energy conservation) and environmental enhancement measures. Eligibility for financial assistance shall be based upon the existence of a conservation or environmental problem which reduces the productive capacity of the Nation's land and water resources or causes degradation of environmental quality.
The amount of financial assistance to be provided shall be that portion of the cost of installing conservation and environmental enhancement measures which the Secretary determines is necessary. In determining the level of payment, consideration will be given to (A) the amount of expected conservation or environmental benefit accruing to society, (B) the total cost of carrying out the needed measures, (C) the degree to which appropriate conservation or pollution abatement practices will be applied in the absence of financial assistance, and (D) in order to avoid duplication of assistance, the degree to which the agricultural producer benefits from other public programs for conservation and environmental enhancement.
The Secretary may provide financial assistance to agricultural producers for the purpose of encouraging energy conservation by sharing the costs of and providing technical assistance for (1) the establishment, restoration, and better use of shelter belts to conserve energy on farmsteads and feed lots, (2) the establishment and use of minimum
P.L. 46, 74th Cong., 49 Stat. 163, April 27, 1935.
tillage systems, (3) the efficient storage and application of manure and other suitable wastes to the land for land fertility and soil improvement, (4) the use of integrated pest management, (5) the use of energyefficient irrigation water management, and (6) such other land, water, and related resource management practices as the Secretary may determine to have significant energy-conserving effects. 4
THE FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ACT OF 1977
USE OF SET-ASIDE ACREAGE FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMMODITIES
FOR CONVERSION INTO ALCOHOL OR HYDROCARBONS
TITLE XX6_PRODUCTION OF COMMODITIES ON SET-ASIDE
SEC. 2001. (a) The Secretary of Agriculture shall permit, subject to such terms and conditions as the Secretary shall prescribe, all or any part of the acreage set aside or diverted under the Agricultural Act of 1949 from the production of a commodity for any crop year to be devoted to the production of any commodity for conversion into alcohol or hydrocarbons for use as motor fuel or other fuel, if the Secretary of Agriculture determines that such production is desirable in order to provide an adequate supply of commodities for such conversion, is not likely to increase the cost of price support programs, and will not adversely affect farm income. (b) (1) During any year in which no set-aside or diversion of
acreage is in effect under the Agricultural Act of 1949, the Secretary of Agriculture may formulate and administer a program for the production, subject to such terms and conditions as he may prescribe, of commodities for conversion into alcohol or hydrocarbons for use as motor fuel or other fuel. Under such program, producers of wheat, feed grains, upland cotton, and rice shall be paid incentive payments to devote a portion of their acreage to such production.
(2) The payments under this subsection shall be made at such rate or rates as the Secretary of Agriculture determines to be fair and reasonable, taking into consideration the participation necessary to ensure an adequate supply of commodities for such conversion.
(3) The Secretary may issue any regulations necessary to carry out the provisions of this subsection.
(4) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this subsection.
* This paragraph was added by Sec. 259, of the Biomass Energy and Alcohol Fuels Act of 1980, enacted as Title II of the Energy Security Act, P.L. 96–294, 94 Stat. 709, June 30, 1980. 5 P.L. 95-113, 91 Stat. 913, Sept. 29, 1977. 6 Title XX of the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977, was added by section 260(a) of the Biomass Energy and Alcohol Fuels Act of 1980, enacted as Title II of the Energy Security Act, P.L. 96–294, 94 Stat. 709, June 30, 1980.