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[v] very tedious, even though they were less voluminous. But as he has been very minute and particular, so far as he goes, many authentic Circumstances have been borrowed from him, not taken Notice of by others.

IN Mr.Whitlocke's Memorials, the Transactions from the 15th of February, 1641, to the Battle of Edgehill, in Otober 1642, are comprised in seven Pages only: And tho' that Work carries the Face of a Diary, and is, in the main, very exact in ascertaining the Dates of Facts, yet, in the first Part of it, are many Chronological Errors; there being fome Transactions, of the Year 1643, enter'd in the Month of May, which did not happen till the December following.

1

IN Lord Clarendon we find Recitals of some principal Debates in Parliament, in which he had a very considerable Share, before the War broke out: But he has also made Abundance of Mistakes in point of Chronology; from whence it is probable that his Lordship, as well as Mr. Whitlocke, wrote chiefly from Memory.

În Husbands's Colle&tions a great Number of the most Interesting public Inftruments are wholly omitted, and there are many

Mistakes in those he has given us; which is the more extraordinary, as he was the Authoriz'd Printer to the House of Commons. And even several of King Charles's Speeches and Messages, printed in Royston's Edition of that Monarch's Works, are not without Er

rors.

We have, therefore, trusted to none of these, where we could be supplied from the Journals of either House, or the Original and Authentic Editions of the Times. And where those Authorities are filent, we have always referred to the Collections from whence the respective Instruments are taken.

As to the long Declarations and Remonstrances, by way of Altercation between the King and the Parliament, we have endeavoured an Abridgement of them whereever it could be done without Injury to the Matter; (and in these Cases the Reader will always find a Reference to the Original at large) though, in many Instances, we have

been

been obliged to give the whole; some subfequent Disputes frequently taking their Rise from particular Phrases and Expressions,

LORD Holles's Memoirs may more properly be calld a Declamation against some particular Persons, than an historical Relation of Matters, yet they give great Light

many considerable Debates as far as 1648. At this Period also Mr. Rupworth leaves us.

into many

Sir Philip Warwick’s Memoirs of the Reign of King Charles I. are chiefly calculated as a general Defence of the Measures pursued by that unhappy Monarch, and are carried on to the Restoration. General Ludlow's Memoirs, which end with the same Period, are written upon a quite contrary Principle; and he shews as little Regard for Cromwell as for the King.--But if the last Memorialist, thro' his inflexible Attachment to Republican Principles, has given the Protector no Quarter, this is amply made up by Mr. Carrington who wrote his Life, and dedicated it to his Son Richard; wherein he compares the former to Julius Cafar as a

Warrior

Warrior and Orator, and to Moses as a Law. giver.

From all these, and many other Wrie ters, tho' they are generally more engaged in relating Military than Civil Transactions, we have collected

many

Circumstances that contribute much to illustrate the Debates and Proceedings of Parliament in these distracted Times; but without any Observations or Remarks of our own. The Perusal of the Work will suggest enough of this to every Reader, and is therefore unnecessary in the Authors.

ALL, the Lists of this Long Parliament, we have met with, being very incorrect and imperfect, a new one has been attempted to be formed from the Journals of both Houses and the Pamphlets of the Times; with the several progressive Alterations from the first Meeting of the Parliament to their Diffolution, and some Historical Distinctions tending to point out what Side the respective Members adhered to in these Disputes: So that, as the Work itself is a History of the Proceedings of Parliament, this part of it

may

may, in some Measure, be calld a History of
the Men that composed it. And, upon this
Occafion, we cannot help repeating our
Obligations to the Fidelity and great Ac-
curacy of the Editor of the printed Jour-
nals of the House of Commons: A Work
which does Honour to the present Age, and
will be a lasting Benefit to Posterity.

The Editors of this work are much concern'd that it has swelld so far beyond their first Calculation: But that it has done fo, is owing to the great Number of Original Letters and scarce Speeches in Parliament, which are the truest and most authentic History of the Times; and would not, therefore, bear any Abridgement. To these may be added the many Trials upon Impeachments, here inserted in their proper Order of Time, but omitted in the State Trials: For in those Collections there are no Proceedings of this Kind from the Year 1640 to the Restoration, except against the Earl of Strafford, Archbishop Laud, and the King; for tho' there is some Account therein of the Prosecution of the Judges in the Business of Ship-Money, yet it is carried no farther than the Speeches at opening the Impeachments.

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