## Time's Arrow & Archimedes' Point: New Directions for the Physics of TimeWhy is the future so different from the past? Why does the past affect the future and not the other way around? What does quantum mechanics really tell us about the world? In this important and accessible book, Huw Price throws fascinating new light on some of the great mysteries of modern physics, and connects them in a wholly original way. Price begins with the mystery of the arrow of time. Why, for example, does disorder always increase, as required by the second law of thermodynamics? Price shows that, for over a century, most physicists have thought about these problems the wrong way. Misled by the human perspective from within time, which distorts and exaggerates the differences between past and future, they have fallen victim to what Price calls the "double standard fallacy" proposed explanations of the difference between the past and the future turn out to rely on a difference which has been slipped in at the beginning, when the physicists themselves treat the past and future in different ways. To avoid this fallacy, Price argues, we need to overcome our natural tendency to think about the past and the future differently. We need to imagine a point outside time -- an Archimedean "view from nowhen" -- from which to observe time in an unbiased way. Offering a lively criticism of many major modern physicists, including Richard Feynman and Stephen Hawking, Price shows that this fallacy remains common in physics today -- for example, when contemporary cosmologists theorize about the eventual fate of the universe. The "big bang" theory normally assumes that the beginning and end of the universe will be very different. But if we are to avoid the double standard fallacy, we need to consider time symmetrically, and take seriously the possibility that the arrow of time may reverse when the universe recollapses into a "big crunch." Price then turns to the greatest mystery of modern physics, the meaning of quantum theory. He argues that in missing the Archimedean viewpoint, modern physics has missed a radical and attractive solution to many of the apparent paradoxes of quantum physics. Many consequences of quantum theory appear counterintuitive, such as Schrodinger's Cat, whose condition seems undetermined until observed, and Bell's Theorem, which suggests a spooky "nonlocality," where events happening simultaneously in different places seem to affect each other directly. Price shows that these paradoxes can be avoided by allowing that at the quantum level the future does, indeed, affect the past. This demystifies nonlocality, and supports Einstein's unpopular intuition that quantum theory describes an objective world, existing independently of human observers: the Cat is alive or dead, even when nobody looks. So interpreted, Price argues, quantum mechanics is simply the kind of theory we ought to have expected in microphysics -- from the symmetric standpoint. Time's Arrow and Archimedes' Point presents an innovative and controversial view of time and contemporary physics. In this exciting book, Price urges physicists, philosophers, and anyone who has ever pondered the mysteries of time to look at the world from the fresh perspective of Archimedes' Point and gain a deeper understanding of ourselves, the universe around us, and our own place in time. |

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### Contents

I | 3 |

III | 5 |

IV | 11 |

V | 12 |

VI | 16 |

VII | 17 |

VIII | 22 |

IX | 23 |

LVIII | 150 |

LIX | 153 |

LX | 157 |

LXI | 159 |

LXII | 160 |

LXIII | 161 |

LXIV | 164 |

LXV | 166 |

X | 27 |

XI | 29 |

XII | 30 |

XIII | 30 |

XIV | 35 |

XV | 38 |

XVI | 41 |

XVII | 42 |

XVIII | 44 |

XIX | 45 |

XX | 47 |

XXI | 52 |

XXII | 56 |

XXIII | 58 |

XXIV | 59 |

XXV | 63 |

XXVI | 65 |

XXVII | 67 |

XXVIII | 68 |

XXIX | 69 |

XXX | 71 |

XXXI | 74 |

XXXII | 76 |

XXXIII | 77 |

XXXIV | 79 |

XXXV | 80 |

XXXVI | 83 |

XXXVII | 84 |

XXXVIII | 91 |

XXXIX | 97 |

XL | 103 |

XLI | 109 |

XLII | 112 |

XLIII | 114 |

XLIV | 116 |

XLV | 118 |

XLVI | 119 |

XLVII | 121 |

XLVIII | 122 |

XLIX | 125 |

L | 127 |

LI | 130 |

LII | 134 |

LIII | 136 |

LIV | 138 |

LV | 140 |

LVI | 144 |

LVII | 145 |

LXVI | 167 |

LXVII | 168 |

LXVIII | 169 |

LXIX | 172 |

LXX | 175 |

LXXI | 176 |

LXXII | 177 |

LXXIII | 179 |

LXXIV | 181 |

LXXV | 183 |

LXXVI | 185 |

LXXVII | 187 |

LXXVIII | 188 |

LXXIX | 189 |

LXXX | 190 |

LXXXI | 193 |

LXXXII | 195 |

LXXXIII | 196 |

LXXXIV | 199 |

LXXXV | 202 |

LXXXVI | 204 |

LXXXVII | 207 |

LXXXVIII | 210 |

LXXXIX | 215 |

XC | 217 |

XCI | 220 |

XCII | 223 |

XCIII | 226 |

XCIV | 229 |

XCV | 231 |

XCVI | 233 |

XCVII | 234 |

XCVIII | 236 |

XCIX | 239 |

C | 240 |

CI | 244 |

CII | 246 |

CIII | 249 |

CIV | 250 |

CV | 255 |

CVI | 259 |

CVII | 260 |

CVIII | 264 |

CIX | 267 |

CX | 283 |

291 | |

### Other editions - View all

Time's Arrow and Archimedes' Point: New Directions for the Physics of Time Huw Price Limited preview - 1997 |

Time's Arrow and Archimedes' Point: New Directions for the Physics of Time Huw Price Limited preview - 1997 |

Time's Arrow & Archimedes' Point: New Directions for the Physics of Time Huw Price Limited preview - 1996 |

### Common terms and phrases

absorber actually advanced action apparent approach argue argument arrow assume assumption backward Bell's Boltzmann's causation cause chapter claim collapse common complete concerned conclusion condition consequence consider convention correlations counterfactuals course dependence described direction earlier early effect entropy example existence expect experiment explain fact fail future give given gravitational collapse H-theorem hidden variable idea important incoming independence influence interaction interpretation intuitions involves issue kind later least look matter means measurement nature noted notion objective observe ordinary original particle particular past perspective philosophers photon physicists physics possible present principle probability problem processes produce puzzling quantum mechanics question radiation reality reason respect result retarded reverse seems sense simply special relativity standard statistical suggestion temporal asymmetry theory thermodynamics things thought turns universe wave µInnocence