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living for themselves and their families, the Congress has charged the Administrator of Veterans' Affairs with the responsibility of providing timely and appropriate assistance in obtaining all of the advantages offered by readjustment programs administered by the Veterans Administration and other Government agencies. The Administrator has the affirmative duty of advising each veteran, by letter at the time of his discharge and distributing to veterans complete information of the full range of governmental programs and benefits available to them as well as providing aid and assistance in the preparation and presentation of claims for benefits. In addition, in the case of those veterans who do not have a high school education at the time of dis charge, the Administrator is charged with the duty of contacting such individuals in person or by telephone. To fully implement the outreach program to its best advantage, the establishment and maintenance of veteran assistance offices are authorized throughout the United States and the territories, with due regard to the necessities of the geographi. cal distribution of veterans and the needs in less populated areas. The Administrator is authorized to bring to bear upon the problems of readjustment of veterans and their dependents, by coordination and cooperation with the Department of Labor and other U.S. Governmen: agencies, the utilization of all services which may be available and useful for this purpose.

EDUCATION

SPECIAL ASSISTANCE FOR THE EDUCATIONALLY DISADVANTAGED

Eligibility.- Veterans not on active duty, otherwise eligible for edu cational benefits, (1) who did not have a secondary school diploma at the time of discharge, or (2) are in need of a refresher, deficiency, or other preparatory or special educational assistance courses to qualify for admission to an educational institution.

Educational allowance.-Allowances are paid on the same basis and computation as required for the educational and assistance allowance under 38 U.S.C. 1682. However, in addition to the educational assist. ance, where a deficiency exists in a veteran's satisfactory pursuit o a course indispensable to a presently secondary program pursued or a half-time or more basis, the Administrator may pay an additional $69 per month, for a maximum of 12 months, or until a maximum of: $828 is utilized, of tutorial assistance to the veteran. The assistana allowance or tutorial assistance for the educationally disadvantage does not decrease the period of entitlement to educational assistance: veteran may have otherwise earned under 38 U.S.C. 1661.

SURVIVORS' AND DEPENDENTS' EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE

Eligibility.—Child and/or surviving spouse of a person who died of a disease or injury arising out of active service after the beginning of the Spanish-American War; child and/or spouse or surviving spouse of a person who has a total disability permanent in natur arising from the aforestated service, or who died while such a dis ability was in existence; and the child and/or spouse of a service

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1 person who, for a period of more than 90 days, has been listed by

the military service concerned as a prisoner of war, missing in action, or interned by a foreign government or power. (Entitlement to this latter benefit terminates when the serviceperson ceases to be listed in one of the requisite categories.) The surviving spouse or spouse of a person who died or was determined to be permanently and totally disabled prior to December 1, 1968, generally has 10 years from that date in which to take advantage of the educational benefits granted hereunder. Where the date of determination occurs subsequent

to December 1, 1968, the 10-year eligibility period commences as of the i date of death or the date the determination is made, whichever last

occurs. The child or spouse of a serviceperson who is listed as a prisoner of war, missing in action, or interned has 8 years (10 years for

spouses) from the date the serviceperson was so listed or from DecemI

ber 24, 1970, whichever date last occurs, to take advantage of such educational benefits.

Age Limits. Generally 18 to 25, inclusive, for children.
Period of education.Överall limit of 45 months.

Educational allowances.--Allowances are paid to a person taking a full-time course, with reduced rates payable for three-quarter-time, I

half-time and less-than-half-time training. Education may be taken in colleges and universities as well as below college level schools. In addition, eligible spouses and surviving spouses may pursue high school training without charge to their entitlement as well as (on and after January 1, 1973) correspondence course training and eligible spouses, surviving spouses and children may also pursue farm cooperative, apprentice and on-job-training programs. Provision is made for specialized vocational training and special restorative training of handicapped children who have attained age 14.

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VETERANS' READJUSTMENT BENEFITS ACT OF 1966, AS AMENDED Eligibility. Any person who (1) served on active duty for more than 180 days in the military, naval or air service any part of which occurred after January 31, 1955, and before January 1, 1977, except for those individuals enlisting under the Delayed Entry Program before January 1, 1977, and serving on active duty commencing within 12 months from such date; or (2) was discharged for actual serviceincurred disability; or (3) is still on active duty if he or she has served more than 180 days in such status. No educational assistance may be afforded any eligible veteran under this program after December 31, 1989.

Period of education.—Limited to 11,2 months of education or training, not to exceed 36 months (except the aggregate period for which a person may receive assistance under two or more designated laws may not exceed 48 months), for each month or fraction thereof of active duty service. Where a person has served a period of 18 months or more on active service after January 31, 1955, and is released under conditions satisfying his or her active duty obligation, he or she is entitled to educational assistance for a period of 45 months. Additional periods of assistance are also granted to the educationally disadvantaged. Generally, no educational benefits may be afforded beyond 10 years from the date of discharge.

Educational allowances.—A veteran may be paid an educational allowance while (1) pursuing a program of education at an approved educational institution; (2) enrolled in a farm cooperative program in an educational institution; (3) receiving cooperative training in a business or industrial establishment; (4) pursuing a full-time program of apprenticeship or other on-the-job training; (5) receiving flight training; (6) pursuing a program of education exclusively by correspondence; and (7) engaged in certain other specified educa. tional pursuits. Allowances are paid for a veteran without dependents pursuing a full-time program under (1) above, with proportionate increments payable to a veteran with dependents, based on the number of dependents. For those veterans enrolled in farm cooperative programs under (2) above, the allowance is also based upon the same dependency scale. Proportionate rates are fixed for threequarter-time and half-time under (1) and (2) above. In the case of veterans receiving cooperative training under (3) above, the educational assistance allowance likewise is fixed for those without dependents, and for those with dependents an additional monthly rate for each dependent in excess of two. Veterans engaged in apprenticeship or other on-the-job training programs are granted an allowance during the first six months of training based upon the number of dependents. The allowance decreases proportionately during the second, third, fourth, and any succeeding six month periods of training. Veterans engaged in flight training are given an educational allowance of 90% of the established charges for tuition and fees charged nonveterans enrolled in similar courses with entitlement charged at the rate of one month for cach specified amount allocated by statute, which is paid the veteran. In the case of a veteran pursuing a correspondence program under (6) above, the allowance is paid on a pro rata basis for lessons completed by the veteran and serviced by the institution (90% of established charges on contracts entered into on and after January 1, 1973), with one month of entitlement charged for each specified amount paid to the veteran. In general, from the allowance the veteran must meet all the costs of his education—tuition, subsistence, books, supplies, etc.

VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION

Eligibility.--Any veteran who served actively in the Armed Forces in World War II or thereafter, was discharged under conditions other than dishonorable, has a minimum service-connected disability of 10 percent, and requires training.

Period of training.--Generally limited to 4 years of full-time training or the equivalent in part-time training, normally to be obtained within 9 years following discharge or release from service. A veteran had until October 15, 1971 if he or she was eligible for vocational rehabilitation by reason of a disability arising from service before October 15, 1962, but either after World War II and before the Korean conflict, or after the Korean conflict. This period may, however, be extended an additional 4 years for those veterans who were delayed in their training by not having attained, retrained, or regained medical feasibility because of a mental or physical disability, not meeting the

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hal nature of discharge requirements prior to correction of their records, ed or not having timely established the existence of a compensable service

connected disability. Seriously disabled veterans may be granted such additional periods of eligibility as determined by the Administrator to be necessary based upon their disability and need for vocational

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Subsistence. While pursuing a course of institutional vocational rehabilitation training and for two months after his employability is 2ts

determined, a veteran having no dependents will be paid a subsistence allowance. Additional benefits are paid, under prescribed circumstances, in the case of veterans with dependents with increments based

upon the number of his dependents. Proportionate rates are fixed for che

less than full-time training. In the case of a veteran receiving full

time on-farm, apprentice or other on-the-job vocational training, the of

rates per month are based upon the same dependency scale. Trainees

may also be furnished medical care. le

EDUCATION LOANS

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Eligibility. Any veteran or dependent who is in attendance at an educational institution on at least a half-time basis and is enrolled in of

(a) a course leading to a standard college degree, or (b) a course, the completion of which requires 6 months or longer, which leads to an identified and predetermined professional or vocational objective. The loan is not available to a veteran or dependent pursuing a program of correspondence, flight, apprentice or other on-job, or PREP training.

Amount.-Not in excess of $2,500 in any one regular academic year. b Interest is charged at the same rate as that charged students under the

guaranteed student loan program of the Department of Health, Eduication, and Welfare. Repayment of the loan with interest in installhe ments began 9 months after the date on which the borrower terminates I his or her educational program or ceases to be at least a half-time of student and ends 10 years and 9 months after such date.

Requirements.—No education loan may be made unless the eligible b veteran or dependent is unable to obtain a loan, in the full amount

needed for such veteran or dependent, under a student loan program. Certain income and asset tests must be met, and eligible veterans or dependents must sign an agreement and a promissory note to obtain the loan.

POST-VIETNAM VETERANS' EDUCATION PROGRAM 1

Eligibility.Individuals initially entering military service on and after January 1, 1977, (1) who serve on active duty for a period of 1 more than 180 days, or (2) who are discharged or released for serviced connected disabilities based on service commencing after such date, I are eligible for educational assistance.

Type of program. This is a voluntary contributory program under a which participants contribute from $50 to $75 monthly from their I military pay (up to a maximum of $2,700) into a fund administered by de the Veterans Administration. The Department of Defense may make -1 contributions in such sums as desired to an individual's account, and El the Veterans' Administration matches the individual's contribution on ne a $2 for $1 basis at the time the individual pursues his or her program

of education. Participants must, in general, participate for a minimum of 12 consecutive months. They may utilize their entitlement following completion of their first obligated period of active duty or following discharge or release. They may pursue institutional, correspondence, flight and PREP (limited to last 6 months of first enlistment) programs. Participants may suspend participation in, disenroll from, or reenroll in the program under specified conditions. They are entitled to a maximum of 36 months of benefits and eligibility is limited to 10 years following discharge or release from service.

Educational allowances.-Participants are entitled to a monthly educational assistance allowance computed by (1) adding all contributions made by the participant; (2) multiplying the sum by 3 (representing the individual's contribution and the VA matching sum); (3) adding all contributions made to the individual's account by the Department of Defense; and (4) dividing the total by the number of months the individual contributed to the program. Where the individual disenrolls from the program, or dies, before utilizing any or all of his or her benefits, the amount of the individual's unused contributions will be refunded to the individual or to his or her estate.

Duration. The program is set up on a 5-year test basis. It may continue beyond December 31, 1981, only if the President, before June 1, 1981, recommends continuation, and neither the House nor the Senate takes action to disapprove the President's recommendation. In the event the program is continued, the matching contribution to the individual's monthly benefit after December 31, 1981, will be made by the Department of Defense.

HOSPITALIZATION

Hospital and nursing home care are available in VA's 172 hospitals and 16 domiciliaries for (1) any veteran for a service-connected disability or for a non-service-connected disability if he or she is unable to defray the cost of hospital care, (2) a veteran discharged or released for a disability incurred or aggravated in line of duty, (3) a person who is in receipt of, but for the receipt of retirement pay, would be entitled to disability compensation, and (4) any veteran for a non-serviceconnected disability if such veteran is 65 years of age or older or in receipt of pension. Domiciliary care may be furnished a veteran discharged or released for a disability incurred or aggravated in the line of duty, or receiving disability compensation, if the veteran is suffering from certain conditions, has no adequate means of support, and is unable to defray the expenses of necessary domiciliary care. Medical care may also be provided for survivors and dependents of certain veterans. Hospitals are located in 48 States, the District of Columbia and in Puerto Rico. During fiscal year 1978, 1,228,755 patients in VA hospitals, and 17,275 VA domiciliary members received care. Care is also provided in 88 VA nursing care units (11.671 patients in fiscal year 1978). Additionally, eligible veterans receive care at VA expense in non-VA hospitals (31,418 in fiscal year 1978), State home hospitals (6, 478 in fiscal year 1978), and community nursing homes (26,996 in fiscal year 1978). VA also financially assists State home domiciliaries

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