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(2) The amount of the increase in such net tangible book value per share attributable to the cash payments made by purchasers of the shares being offered; and

(3) The amount of the immediate dilution from the public offering price which will be absorbed by such purchasers.

8 228.507 (Item 507) Selling Security

Holders. If security holders of a small business issuer is offering securities, name each selling security holder, state any position, office, or other material relationship which the selling security holder has had within the past three years with the small business issuer or any of its predecessors or affiliates, and state the amount of securities of the class owned by such security holder before the offering, the amount to be offered for the security holder's account, the amount and (if one percent or more) the percentage of the class to be owned by such security holder after the offering is complete.


(c) Other distributions. Outline briefly the plan of distribution of any securities to be registered that are to be offered otherwise than through underwriters.

(d) Underwriter's representative on the board of directors. Describe any arrangement whereby the underwriter has the right to designate or nominate a member or members of the board of directors of the small business issuer. Identify any director so designated or nominated and indicate any relationship with the small business issuer.

(e) Indemnification of underwriters. If the underwriting agreement provides for indemnification by the small business issuer of the underwriters or their controlling persons against any liability arising under the Securities Act, furnish a brief description of such indemnification provisions.

(f) Dealers' compensation. State briefly the discounts and commissions to be allowed or paid to dealers, including all cash, securities, contracts or other considerations to be received by any dealer in connection with the sale of the securities.

(g) Finders. Identify any finder and describe the nature of any material relationship between such finder and the small business issuer or associates or affiliates of the small business issuer.

(h) Discretionary accounts. If the small business issuer is not a reporting company, identify any principal underwriter that intends to sell to any discretionary accounts and include an estimate of the amount of securities so intended to be sold. The response to this paragraph shall be contained in a pre-effective amendment which shall be circulated if the information is not available when the registration statement is filed.

(i) Passive market making. If the underwriters or any selling group members intend to engage in passive market making transactions as permitted by Rule 103 of Regulation M (8242.103 of this chapter), indicate such intention and briefly describe passive market making.

(j) Stabilizing and other transactions. If the underwriter or any selling group member intends to engage in stabilizing, syndicate short covering transactions, penalty bids, or any other

Responses to this item may be combined with disclosure in response to Item 403.

$ 228.508. (Item 508) Plan of Distribu

tion. (a) Underwriters and underwriting obligation. If the securities are to be offered through underwriters, name the principal underwriters, and state the respective amounts underwritten. Identify each such underwriter having a material relationship with the small business issuer and state the nature of the relationship. State the nature of the obligation of the underwriter(s) to take the securities, i.e., firm commitment, best efforts.

(b) New underwriters. Describe the business experience of managing or principal underwriters that have been in business less than three years, state their principal business function and identify any material relationships between the promoters of the issuer and the underwriter(s). This information need not be given if:

(1) the issuer is a reporting company; and

(2) an offering has no material risks.

8228.511 (Item 511) Other Expenses of

Issuance and Distribution. (a) Give an itemized statement of all expenses of the offering, other than underwriting discounts and commissions. If any of the securities are registered for sale by security holders, state how much of the expenses the security holders will pay.

(1) The itemized list should generally include registration fees, federal taxes, state taxes and fees, trustees' and transfer agents' fees, costs of printing and engraving, legal, accounting, and engineering fees and any listing fees.

(2) Include as a separate item any premium paid by the small business issuer or any selling security holder on any policy to insure or indemnify directors or officers against any liabilities they may incur in the registration, offering, or sale of these securities.

(b) (Reserved]

Instruction to Item 511

1. If the amounts of any items are not known, give estimates but identify them as such.

§ 228.612 (Item 512) Undertakings.

Include each of the following undertakings that apply to the offering.

(a) Rule 415 Offering. If the small business issuer is registering securities under Rule 415 of the Securities Act ($ 230.415 of this chapter), that the small business issuer will:

(1) File, during any period in which it offers or sells securities, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement to:

(i) Include any prospectus required by section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act;

(ii) Reflect in the prospectus any facts or events which, individually or together, represent fundamental change in the information in the registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the Commission pursuant

transaction in connection with the of-
fering that may stabilize, maintain, or
otherwise affect the offered security's
price, indicate such intention and
briefly describe such transaction(s).
[57 FR 36449, Aug. 13, 1992, as amended at 58
FR 19605, Apr. 15, 1993; 62 FR 543, Jan. 3, 1997;
62 FR 11323, Mar. 12, 1997)

8 228.509 (Item 509) Interest of Named

Experts and Counsel. If an “expert” or “counsel" was hired on a contingent basis, will receive a direct or indirect interest in the small business issuer or was a promoter, underwriter, voting trustee, director, officer, or employee, of the small business issuer, describe the contingent basis, interest, or connection.

(a) Expert—is a person who is named as preparing or certifying all or part of the small business issuer's registration statement or a report or valuation for use in connection with the registration statement.

(b) Counsel-is counsel named in the prospectus as having given an opinion on the validity of the securities being registered or upon other legal matters concerning the registration or offering of the securities.

Instruction to Item 509

1. The small business issuer does not need to disclose the interest of an expert (other than an accountant) or counsel if their interest (including the fair market value of all securities of the small business issuer received and to be received, or subject to options, warrants or rights received or to be received) does not exceed $50,000.



8 228.510 (Item 510) Disclosure of Com.

mission Position on Indemnifica

tion for Securities Act Liabilities. Describe the indemnification provisions for directors, officers and controlling persons of the small business issuer against liability under the Securities Act. This includes any provision in the underwriting agreement which indemnifies the underwriter or its controlling persons against such liabilities where a director, officer or controlling person of the small business issuer is such an underwriter or controlling person or a member of any firm which is such an underwriter. In addition, provide the undertaking in the first sentence of Item 512(e).


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NOTE: Small business issuers do not need to give the statements in paragraphs (a)(1)(1) and (a)(1)(ii) of this Item if the registration statement is on Form 83 or S8 (239.13 or 239.16b of this chapter), and the information required in a post-effective amendment is incorporated by reference from periodic reports filed by the small business issuer under the Exchange Act.

(2) For determining liability under the Securities Act, treat each post-effective amendment as a new registration statement of the securities offered, and the offering of the securities at that time to be the initial bona fide offering.

(3) File a post-effective amendment to remove from registration any of the securities that remain unsold at the end of the offering.

(b) Warrants and rights offerings. If the small business issuer will offer the securities to existing security holders under warrants or rights and the small business issuer will reoffer to the public any securities not taken by security holders, with any modifications that suit the particular case—The small business issuer will supplement the prospectus, after the end of the subscription period, to include the results of the subscription offer, the transactions by the underwriters during the subscription period, the amount of unsubscribed securities that the underwriters will purchase and the terms of any later reoffering. If the underwriters make any public offering of the securities on terms different from those on the cover page of the prospectus, the small business issuer will file a post-effective amendment to state the terms of such offering.

(c) Competitive bids. If the small business issuer is offering securities at competitive bidding, with modifications to suit the particular case, the small business issuer will:

(1) use its best efforts to distribute before the opening of bids, to prospective bidders, underwriters, and dealers, a reasonable number of copies of a prospectus that meet the requirements of section 10(a) of the curities Act, and relating to the securities offered at competitive bidding, as contained in the registration statement, together with any supplements; and

(2) file an amendment to the registration statement reflecting the results of bidding, the terms of the reoffering and related matters where required by the applicable form, not later than the first use, authorized by the issuer after the opening of bids, of a prospectus relating to the securities offered at competitive bidding, unless the issuer proposes no further public offering of such securities by the issuer or by the purchasers.

(d) Equity offerings of nonreporting small business issuers. If a small business issuer that before the offering had no duty to file reports with the Commission under section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act is registering equity securities for sale in an underwritten offering—The small business issuer will provide to the underwriter at the closing specified in the underwriting agreement certificates in such denominations and registered in such names as required by the underwriter to permit prompt delivery to each purchaser.

(e) Request for acceleration of effective date. If the small business issuer will request acceleration of the effective date of the registration statement under Rule 461 under the Securities Act, include the following:

Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act of 1933 (the “Act”) may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the small business issuer pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the small business issuer has been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the small business issuer of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the small business issuer

in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the small business issuer will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.

(f) If the issuer relies on Rule 430A under the Securities Act ($ 230.430A of this chapter], that the small business issuer will:

(1) For determining any liability under the Securities Act, treat the information omitted from the form of prospectus filed as part of this registration statement in reliance upon Rule 430A and contained in a form of prospectus filed by the small business issuer under Rule 424(b)(1), or (4) or 497(h) under the Securities Act (S$ 230.424(b)(1), (4) or 230.497(h)) as part of this registration statement as of the time the Commission declared it effective.

(2) For determining any liability under the Securities Act, treat each post-effective amendment that contains a form of prospectus as a new registration statement for the securities offered in the registration statement, and that offering of the securities at that time as the initial bona fide offering of those securities. (57 FR 36449, Aug. 13, 1992, as amended at 60 FR 26614, May 17, 1995)

exhibits in the same order as the exhibit table. If the exhibits are incorporated by reference, this fact should be noted in the exhibit index. In the manually signed registration statement or report, the exhibit index should give the page number of each exhibit.

(3) If a material contract or plan of acquisition, reorganization, arrangement, liquidation or succession is executed or becomes effective during the reporting period covered by a Form 10 QSB or Form 10-KSB, it must be filed as an exhibit to the Form 10-QSB or Form 10-KSB filed for the same period. Any amendment or modification to a previously filed exhibit to a Form 10 SB, 10-KSB or 10-QSB document must be filed as an exhibit to a Form 10-QSB or 10-KSB. The amendment or modification does not need to be filed if the previously filed exhibit would not be currently required.

Instructions to Item 601(a)

1. If an exhibit (other than an opinion or consent) is filed in preliminary form and is later changed to include only interest, dividend or conversion rates, redemption or conversion prices, purchase or offering prices, underwriters' or dealers' commissions, names, addresses or participation of underwriters or similar matters and the information appears elsewhere in the registration statement or a prospectus, no amendment need be filed.

2. Small business issuers may file copies of each exhibit, rather than originals, except as otherwise specifically noted.

3. Electronic filings. Whenever an exhibit is filed in paper pursuant to a hardship exemp tion (S$ 232.201 and 232.202 of this chapter), the letter “P” (paper) should be placed next to the exhibit in the list of exhibits required by Item 601(a)(2) of this Rule (228.601(a)(2)). Whenever an electronic confirming copy of an exhibit is filed pursuant to a temporary hardship exemption (§ 232.201 of this chapter), the exhibit index should specify where the confirming electronic copy can be located; in addition, the designation "CE" (confirming electronic) should be placed next to the listed exhibit in the exhibit index.

8 228.601 (Item 601) Exhibits.

(a) Exhibits and index of exhibits. (1) The exhibits required by the exhibit table generally must be filed or incorporated by reference. The Financial Data Schedule required by paragraph (b)(27) of this Item must be submitted to the Commission as provided in paragraph (c) of this Item.

(2) Each filing must have an index of exhibits. The exhibit index must list

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Only if incorporated by reference into a prospectus and delivered to holders along with the prospectus as pernitted by the registration statement; or in the case of a form 10-KSB, where the annual report is incorporated by reference into the text of the Form 10-KSB.

Where the opinion of the expert or counsel has been incorporated by reference into a previously filed Securities Act registration statement.

An issuer need not provide an exhibit it: (1) an election was made under Form 5-4 to provide S-2 or 5-3 disclosure; and (2) the form selected (S-2 or 5-3) would not require the company to provide the exhibit.

If required under Item 306 of Regulation S-B. ***** Financial Data Schedules shall be filed by electronic filers only. Such schedule shall be filed only when a filing

includes amual and/or interim financial statements that have not been previously included in a filing with the Commission. See Item 601(c) of Regulation S-8.

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