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Mr. Mède is liable to the very same charge of self-contradiction *, and, what is yet more, of ab. solute inconsistency. For, while in one part of his works he explains the phrase to mean the conversion of the Gentiles, le elsewhere supposés it to be parallel to that of our Lord the fulfilling of the tintes of the Gentites, which he rightly couceives to denote the end of the last great monarchy dt the termination of the three times and a half t. Bp.
* Compare his works, p. 197, 891, 892.
+ * Because the Jews are not yet called, it followeth that " the fulness of the Gentile's is yet to come and what then “ should this fulness be, but the fulness of the Gospel's extent
all the nations of the world ?“ Some think, that St. Paul in this place hath reference unto " that speech of Christ (Luke xxi. 24.), where he foretells, " that the Jeus should fall by the edge of the sword, and be led
captive into all nations, and Jerustulem shouild be trodden down “ of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles should be ful
filled or accomplished. But it seeins to mne, that the fulness of “ the Gentiles and the fulfilling or accomplishment of their times * should not be the same, howsoever they may be coincident." Mede's Works. Disc. xxxvi. p. 197.
Here Mr, diede denies the parallelism of the two phrases.
“The Jews shall be carried away captive over all nations, and “ Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times ** of the Gentiles be fulfilled : that is, until the monarchies of
the Gentiles should be finished, For these times of the * Gentiles are that last period of the fourth kingdom pro
phesied of; a time, times, and half a time; at the end “ whereof the angel swears unto Daniel (Chap. xii. 7.), tkát * God should aecomplish to scatter the power of the holy people. * This is that fulness of the Gentiles, which being come, St,
* Paul * “ The times of the Gentiles will be fulfilled, when the times “ of the four great kingdoms of the Gentiles according to “ Daniel's prophecies shall be expired, and the fifth kingdom “ or the kingdom of Christ shall be set up in their place. “ Jerusalem, as it hath hitherto remained, so probably will “ remain, in subjection to the Gentiles, until these times of the “ Gentiles be fulfilled; or, as St. Paul expresseth it, until the “ fulness of the Gentiles bè come in, and so all Israel shall be “ sared, and become again the people of God. The fulness of " the Jews will come in, as well as the fulness of the Gentiles." Dissert. xx. at the end.
Newton is guilty of much the same inconsistency. He teaches us, that the fulfilling of the times of the Gentiles means the expiration of the times of the four great kingdoms of the Gentiles when the last of them shall be overthrown, and that the coming of the fulness of the Gentiles signifies their general conversion ; and yet he represents, like myself, the two phrases as being parallel to each other *.
The common application of St. Paul's expression to the conversion of the Gentiles seems principally to have arisen from translating the word εισελθη,
, shall come in; as if it related to the Gentiles coming into the Church. But it by no means necessarily bears any such sense. It may with equal propriety be translated shall take place or shall happen to In this case therefore the whole phrase would be, “ Paul tells us, the Deliverer shall come out of Zion, and all Isruel út shall be saved. Rom. xi. 2. Works B. iii. Treatise on Daniel's Weeks. p. 709.
Here, if I mistake not, he asserts their parallelism.
+ As in Luke ix. 46.
Until the fulness (namely of the times) of the Gentiles shall take place or arrive. IIampwjece is the parallel substantive to the verb used by our Lord in St. Luke * Accordingly, it is elsewhere employed by the inspired writers to denote fulness of time to
The visible manifestation of Christ to confound
Rev. i. 7. Behold he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him: and they which pierced him : and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.
These words contain an evident allusion to a prophecy of Zechariah relative to the restoration and conversion of the Jews 1. Like that prediction, they certainly give us reason to believe, that there will be a visible manifestation of the
* Luke xxi. 24.
+ See Ephes. i. 10. Gal. iv. 4.
Lord, Lord, at the period when Antichrist is overthrown, and the Jews are resettled in their own land. This awful manifestation St. John afterwards describes at large * Here he briefly tells us, that all the kindreds of the earth, meaning I suppose the great confederacy of the Latin earth or Roman empire, shall wail because of the Messiah ; that every eye shall see him; and that they also which pierced him, the lately unbelieving but now penitent Jews, shall look upon hin.. Amen. Even so come, Lord Jesus f! ;
زد و آن را
1.)? 3 in
1S je riut
betutin:0 1 ::! delivered to 1 Suqu, are the various prophecies which treat of the restorption of Israel, and the pverthrow of An= tichrist, and such are the conclusions which I have thought myself, warranted, in deducing from them. It is abvigus, that in expounding Scripture we must not make some parts of it contradict others. This is the principle, on which I have proceeded in the present work; and it is the only principle by which a consistent interpretation can be produced. Some prophecies teach us, that the children
+ Rev, xxi. 20.
* Rev. xiv. 17-20. xix. 11--21. VOL. II.
of of Israel will be restored in a converted state; others, that they will be restored in an unconverted state: some, that they will be restored contemporaneously with the last expedition of Antichrist; others, that they will be restored after his overthrow and in consequence of the tidings of it which will be carried among all nations by such as escape from that great catastrophè: some, that ithey will be restored by the instrumentality of ( maritime nation of faithful worshippers ; others, that they will be restored by the instrumentality of a tyrannical power which officiously intermeddles in the concerns of its weaker neighbours, and of which Ashur or Babylon was a type: in short, some, that they will be restored in a time of unexampled trouble, and that they will suffer very severely as their forefathers did during their exodus from Egypt; others, that they will be restored in much joy and tranquillity, and will be brought back with great honour by the nations among which they are dispersed. These matters appear at first
different sight' contradictory: yet; since they are all foretold by the same spirit of God, they all rest upon the same divine authority. We'must therefore believe that they will all come to pass. Hence a commentator cannot be uselessly employed, who endeavours to remove their apparent contradictoriness, and to exhibit them as perfectly harmonizing with each other.