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and by faith, have fellowship with him in his graces, sufferings, death, resurrection, and glory a. And being united to one another in love, they have communion in each other's gifts and graces; and are obliged to the performance of such duties, publick and private, as do conduce to their mutual good, both in the inward and outward

II. Saints, by profession, are bound to maintain an holy fellowship and communion in the worship of God, and in performing such other spiritual services as tend to their mutual edification d; as also in l'e

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I. a 1 John i. 3. That which we have are Christ's; and Christ is God's. Col. ij. 19. seen and heard declare we unto you, that And not holding the head, from which ail ye also may have fellowship with us: and the body by joints and bands having nontruly our fellowship is with the Father, rishment ministered, and knit together, and with his Son Jesus Christ. Eph.iii. 16. increaseth with the increase of God. That he would grant you, according to the c1 Thess. v. 11. Wherefore comfort your. riches of his glory, to be strengthened with selves together, and edity one another, might by his Spirit in the inner man; even as also ye do. Ver. 14. Now we exVer. 17. That Christ may dwell in your hort you, brethren, warn them that are hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and unruly,comfort the feeble-minded, support grounded in love, Ver. 18. May be able to the weak, be patient toward all men. Rom. comprehend with all saints what is the i. 11. For I long to see you, that I may breadth, and length, and depth, and impart unto you some spiritual gift, to height; Ver. 19. And to know the love of the end ye may be established; Ver. 12. Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye That is, that I may be comforted together might be filled with all the fulness of God. with you, by the mutual faith both of you John i. 16. And of his fulness have all we and me.Ver. 14. I am debtor both to the received, and grace for grace. Eph. ii. 5. Greeks and to the Barbarians, both to the Even when we were dead in sins, hath wise and to the unwise. 1 Johniii. 16. Hereby quickened us together with Christ; (by perceive we the love of God, because he grace ye are saved ;) Ver. 6. And hath said down his life for us: and we ought to raised us up together, and made us sit lay down our lives for the brethren. Ver. together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus. 17. But whoso hath this world's good, and Phil. iii. 10. That I may know him, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth the power of his resurrection, and the fel- up his bowels of compassion from him, lowship of his sufferings, being made con- how dwelleth the love of God in him? formable unto his death. Rom. vi. 5. For Ver. 18. My little children, let us not love if we have been planted together in the in word, neither in tongue; but in deed, likeness of his death, we shall be also in and in truth. Gal. vi. 10. As we havé the likeness of his resurrection: Ver. 6. therefore opportunity, let us do good unto knowing this, that our old man is cruci- all men, especially unto them who are of fied with him, that the body of sin might the household of faith. be destroyed, that henceforth we should II. d Heb. x. 24. And let us consider one not serve sin. 2 Tim. ii. 12. If we suffer, another, to provoke unto love, and to good we shall also reign with him : if we dený works : Ver. 25. Not forsaking the assemhim, he also will deny us.

bling of ourselves together, as the manner b Eph. iv. 15. But, speaking the truth in of some is; but exhorting one another: love, may grow up into him in all things, and so much the more, as ye see the day which is the head, even Christ: Ver. 16. approaching. Acts ii. 42. And they conFrom whom the whole body fitly joined tinued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine together, and compacted by that which and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, every joint supplieth, according to the ef- and in prayers. Ver. 46. And they, con. fectual working in the measure of every tinuing daily with one accord in the tempart, maketh increase of the body, unto ple, and breaking, bread from house to the edifying of itself in love 1 Cor. xii. 7. house, did eat their meat with gladness But the manifestation of the Spirit is given and singleness of heart. Isa. ii. 3. And to every man to profit withal. 1 Cor. iii. 21. many people shall go and say, Come ye, Therefore let no man glory in men: for all and let us go up to the mountain of the things are yours; Ver. 22. Whether Paul, Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob; or Apollos, or Cephas, or the world, or and he will teach us of his ways, and we life, or death, or things present, or things will walk in his paths : for out of Zion to come: all are yours; Ver. 23. And ye shall go forth the law, and the word of the

lieving each other in outward things, according to their several abilities and necessities. Which communion, as God offereth opportunity, is to be extended unto all those who in every place call upon the name of the Lord Jesus e.

III. This communion which the saints have with Christ, doth not make them in any wise partakers of the substance of his Godhead, or to be equal with Christ in any respect : either of which to affirm is impious and blasphemous f. Nor doth their communion one with another, as saints, take away or infringe the title or property which each man hath in his goods and possessions 8.

CHAP. XXVII. Of the Sacraments. ACRAMENTS are holy signs and seals of the covenant of grace , benefits, and to confirm our interest in him c; as also to put a visible difference between those that belong unto the church and the rest of

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Lord from Jerusalem. 1 Cor. xi. 20. When thee with the oil of gladness above thy ye come together therefore into one place, fellows. this is not to eat the Lord's supper.

& Exod. xx. 15. Thou shalt not steal. e Acts ii. 44. And all that believed were Eph. iv, 28. Let him that stole steal no together, and had all things common; more: but rather let him labour, working Ver. 45. And sold their possessions and with his hands the thing which is good, goods, and parted them to all men, as that he may have to give to him that need. every man had need. 1 John iii. 17. (See eth. Acts v. 4. Whiles it remained, was it in letter c.] 2 Cor. Chapters viii. and ix. not thine own and after it was sold, was Acts xi. 29. Then the disciples, every man it not in thine own power? why hast thou according to his ability, determined to conceived this thing in thine heart? thou send relief unto the brethren which dwelt hast not lied unto men, but unto God. in Judea: Ver. 30. Which also they did, I. a Rom. iv. 11. And he received the and sent it to the elders by the hands of sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteBarnabas and Saul.

ousness of the faith which he had yet being III. f Col. i. 18. And he is the head of uncircumcised: that he might be the father the body, the church; who is the begin- of all them that believe, though they be ning, the first-born from the dead ; that not circumcised ; that righteousness might in all things he might have the pre-emi. be imputed unto them also. Gen. xvii. 7. nence: Ver. 19. For it pleased the Father, And I will establish my covenant between that in him should all fulness dwell. 1 Cor. me and thee, and thy seed after thee, in viii. 6. But to us there is but one God, the their generations, for an everlasting coveFather, of whom are all things, and we in nant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom seed after thee. Ver. 10. [See below in are all things, and we by him. Ísa. xlii. 8. letter f.] I am the Lord ; that is my name: and my b Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and glory will I not give to another, neither teach all nations, baptizing them in the my praise to graven images. 1 Tim. vi. 15. name of the Father, and of the Son, and Which in his times he shall show, who is of the Holy Ghost.' 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I the blessed and only Potentate, the King have received of the Lord that which also of kings, and Lord of lords; Ver. 16. Who I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, only hath immortality, dwelling in the the same night in which he was betrayed, light which no man can approach unto; took bread. whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to c1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of blessing which whom be honour and power everlasting. we bless, is it not the communion of the Amen. Psal. xlv. 7. Thou lovest righte- blood of Christ? the bread which we break, ousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore is it not the communion of the body of God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the Christ? 1 Cor. xi. 25. After the same oil of gladness above thy fellows. With manner also he took the cup, when he Heb. i. 8. But unto the Son he saith, Thy had supped, saying, This cup is the new throne, O God, is for ever and ever; a testament in my blood : this do ye, as oft sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. thy kingdom. Ver. 9. Thou hast loved Ver. 26. For as often as ye eat this bread, righteousness, and hated iniquity; there- and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's fore God, even thy God, hath anointed death till he come. * Gal. iii. 27. For as

the world a; and solemnly to engage them to the service of God in Christ, according to his word e.

II. There is in every sacrament a spiritual relation, or sacramental union, between the sign and the thing signified; whence it comes to pass, that the names and effects of the one are attributed to the other?

III. The grace which is exhibited in or by the sacraments, rightly used, is not conferred by any power in them; neither doth the efficacy of a sacrament depend upon the piety or intention of him that doth administer it, but upon the work of the Spirit 5, and the word of institution; which contains, together with a precept authorising the use thereof, a promise of benefit to worthy receivers !

IV. There be only two sacraments ordained by Christ our Lord in the gospel, that is to say, Baptism, and the Supper of the Lord ; neither of which may be dispensed by any but by a minister of the word, lawfully ordained k.

V. The sacraments of the old Testament, in regard of the spiritual things thereby signified and exhibited, were, for substance, the same with those of the New!

many of you as have been baptized into III. g Rom. ii. 28. For he is not a Jew Christ have put on Christ. Gal. iii. 17. which is one outwardly; neither is that And this I say, that the covenant, that circumcision which is outward in the flesh: was confirmed before of God in Christ, Ver. 29. But he is a Jew which is one in. the law, which was four hundred and wardly: and circumcision is that of the thirty years after, cannot disannul, that heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter ; it should make the promise of none effect. whose praise is not of men, but of God.

d Rom. xv. 8. Now I say, that Jesus 1 Pet. iii. 21. The like figure whereunto Christ was a minister of the circumcision even baptism doth also now save us, (not for the truth of God, to confirm the pro- the putting away of the filth of the flesh, mises made unto the fathers. Exod. xii. 48. but the answer of a good conscience toAnd when a stranger sball sojourn with ward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus thee, and will keep the passover to the Christ. Lord, let all his males be circumcised, and h Mat. ii. 11. I indeed baptize you with then let him come near and keep it; and water unto repentance: but he that comhe shall be as one that is born in the land: eth after me is mightier than I, whose for no uncircumcised person shall eat shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall thereof. Gen. xxxiv. 14. And they said baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with unto them, We cannot do this thing, to fire. 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are give our sister to one that is uncircum- we all baptized into one body, whether we cised; for that were a reproach unto us. be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond

e Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that so many or free; and have been all made to drink of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ into one Spirit. were baptized into his death? Ver. 4. i Mat, xxvi. 27, 28. [See in letter f.] Mat, Therefore we are buried with him by bap- xxviii. 19. {See in letter, b.). Ver. 20. Teachtism into death; that like as Christ was ing them to observe all things whatsoever raised up from the dead by the glory of the I have commanded you: and, lo, I am Father, even so we also should walk in with you alway, even unto the end of the newness of life. 1 Cor. x. 16. [See in let. world. Amen. ter c.] Ver. 21. Ye cannot drink the cup IV. * Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye can. and teach all nations, baptizing them in not be partakers of the Lord's table, and the name of the Father, and of the Son, of the table of devils.

and of the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. 20. When II. f Gen. xvii. 10. This is my covenant, ye come together therefore into one place, which ye shall keep, between me and you, this is not to eat the Lord's supper. Ver. 23 and thy seed after thee; Every man-child For I have received of the Lord that which among you shall be circumcised. Mat. also I delivered unto you, That the Lord xxvi. 27. And he took the cup, and gave Jesus, the same night in which he was thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink betrayed, took bread. 1 Cor. iv. 1. Let a ye all of it: Ver. 28. For this is my blood man so account of us as of the ministerg of the new testament, which is shed for of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries many for the remission of sins. Tit. üi. 5. of God. Heb. v. 4. And no man taketh Not by works of righteousness which we this honour unto himself, but he that is have done, but according to his mercy he called of God, as was Aaron. saved us, by the washing of regeneration, V. 11 Cor. x. 1. Moreover, brethren, I and renewing of the Holy Ghost.

would not that

ye should be ignorant, how

CHAP. XXVIII. Of Baptism.

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Christ a, not only for the solemn admission of the party baptized into the visible church ", but also to be unto him a sign and seal of the covenant of grace c, of his ingrafting into Christ", of regeneration ®, of remission of sins f, and of his giving up unto God through Jesus Christ, to walk in newness of life 8: which sacrament is, ly Christ's own appointment, to be continued in his church until the end of the world h.

II. The outward element to be used in this sacrament is water, wherewith the party is to be baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, by a minister of the gospel, lawfully called thereunto i

III. Dipping of the person into the water is not necessary; but baptism is rightly administered by pouring or sprinkling water upon the person k.

IV. Not only those that do actually profess faith in and obedience unto Christ, but also the infants of one or both believing parents are to be baptized m. that all our fathers were under the cloud, derness, and preach the baptism of repen. and all passed through the sea; Ver. 2. tance for the remission of sins. And were all baptized unto Moses in the & Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that so many cloud and in the sea ; Ver. 3. And did all of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ eat the same spiritual meat; Ver. 4. And were baptized into his death ? Ver. 4. did all drink the same spiritual drink; Therefore we are buried with him by bap(for they drank of that spiritual Rock tism into death; that like as Christ was that followed them; and that Rock was raised up from the dead by the glory of Christ.)

the Father, even so we also should walk I. a Mat. xxviii. 19. [See letterk of the in newness of life. foregoing Chapter.]

h Mat. xxviii. 19. [See in letter k foreçoing b 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are Chapter.] Ver. 20. Teaching them to obwe all baptized into one body, whether we serve all things whatsoever I have combe Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond manded you: and, lo. I am with you alway, or free; and have been all made to drink even unto the end of the world. Amen. into one Spirit.

II. i Mat. iii. 11. I indeed baptize you c Rom. iv. 11. And he received the sign with water unto repentance: but he ulat of circumcision, a seal of the righteous- cometh after me is mightier than I, whose ness of the faith which he had yet being shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall uncircumcised: that he might be the fa- baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with ther of all them that believe, though they fire. John i. 33. And I knew him not: but be not circumcised ; that righteousness he that sent me to baptize with water, tlie might be imputed unto them also. With same said unto me, Upon whom thou Col. ii. 11. In whom also ye are circum- shalt see the Spirit descending, and recised with the circumcision made without maining on him, the same is he which hands, in putting off the body of the sins baptizeth with the IIoly Ghost. Mat. xxvii. of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ; 19. [See in letter k foregoing Chapter.] Ver. Ver. 12. Buried with him in baptism, 20. (See in letter h.) wherein also ye are risen with him through III. Heb. ix. 10, 19, 20, 21, 22. Acts ii. 41. the faith of the operation of God, who hath Then they that gladly received his word raised him from the dead.

were baptized: and the same day there d Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as

were added unto them about three thou. have been baptized into Christ have put sand souls. Acts xvi. 33. And he took them on Christ. Rom. vi. 5. For if we have the same 'hour of the night, and washed been planted together in the likeness of their stripes; and was baptized, he and his death, we shall be also in the likeness all his, straightway. Mark vii. 4. And when of his resurrection.

they come from the market, except they e Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righteous wash, they eat not. And many other ness which we have done, but according things there be which they have received to his nerey he saved us, by the washing to hold, as the washing of cups, and pots, of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy brasen vessels, and of tables. Ghost.

IV. 1 Mark xvi. 15. And he said unto f Mark i. 4. John did baptize in the wil. them, Go ye into all the world, and preach

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V. Although it be a great sin to contemn or neglect this ordinance », yet grace and salvation are not so inseparably annexed unto it, as that

no person can be regenerated or saved without it, or that all that are baptized are undoubtedly regenerated P.

VI. The efficacy of baptisın is not tied to that moment of time wherein it is administered 9; yet notwithstanding, by the right uso of this ordinance, the grace promised is not only offered, but really exhibited and conferred by the Holy Ghost, to such (whether of age or infants) as that grace belongeth unto, according to the counsel of God's own will, in his appointed time".

VII. The sacrament of baptism is but once to be administered to any persons

the gospel to every creature. Ver. 16. He the husband: else were your children unthat believeth, and is baptized, shall be clean; but now are they holy: Mat. xxviii. saved; but he that believeth not shall be 19. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, damned. Acts viii. 37. And Philip said, baptizing them in the name of the Father, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. mayest. And he answered and said, I be- Mark x. 13. And they brought young chil. lieve that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. dren to him, that he should touch them; and Ver. 38. And he commanded the chariot his disciples rebuked those that brought to stand still : and they went down both them. Ver. 14. But when Jesus saw it, he into the water, both Philip and the eunuch; was much displeased, and said unto them, and he baptized him.

Suffer the little children to come unto me, m Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish my and forbid them not: for of such is the covenant between me and thee, and thy kingdom of God. Ver. 15. Verily. I say seed after thee, in their generations, for unto you, Whosoever shall not receive the an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto kingdom of God as a little child, he shall thee, and to thy seed after thee. Ver. 9. not enter therein. Ver. 16. And he took And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt them up in his arms, put his hands upon keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy them, and blessed them. Luke xviii. 15. seed after thee, in their generations. With And they brought unto him also infants, Gal. iii. 9. So then they which be of faith that he would touch them: but when his are blessed with faithful Abraham. Ver. 14. disciples saw it, they rebuked them. That the blessing of Abraham might come V. 'n Luke vii. 30. But the Pharisees and on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that lawyers rejected the counsel of God against we might receive the promise of the Spirit themselves, being not baptized of him. through faith. And Col. ii. 11. In whom With Exod. iv. 24. And it came to pass by also ye are circumcised with the circum- the way in the inn, that the Lord met him, cision made without hands, in putting off and sought to kill him. Ver. 25. Then the body of the sins of the flesh by the cir- Zipporah took a sharp stone, and cut off cumcision of Christ; Ver. 12. Buried with the foreskin of her son, and cast it at his him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen feet, and said, Surely a bloody husband with him through the faith of the opera- art thou to me. Ver. 26. So he let him go: tion of God, who hath raised him from the then she said, a bloody husband thou art, dead. And Acts ii. 38. Then Peter said because of the circ:unicision. unto them, Repent, and be baptized every o Rom. iv. 11. [See in letter m.] Acts x, one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for 2, 4, 22, 31, 45, 47. the remission of sins, and ye shall receive P Acts viii. 13. Then Simon himself bethe gift of the Holy Ghost. Ver. 39. For lieved also: and when he was baptized, he the promise is unto you, and to your child continued with Philip, and wondered, bedren, and to all that are afar off, even as holding the miracles and signs which were many as the Lord our God shall call. And done. Ver. 23. For I perceive that thou Rom. iv. 11. And he received the sign of art in the gall of bitterness, and in the circumcision, a seal of the righteousness bond of iniquity. of the faith which he had yet being uncir- VI. q John iii. 5. Jesus answered, Verily, cumcised: that he might be the father of verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be all them that believe, though they be not born of water, and of the Spirit, he cannot circumcised; that righteousness might be enter into the kingdom of God. Ver. 8. imputed unto them also: Ver. 12. And the The wind bloweth where it listeth, and father of circumcision to them who are thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not of the circumcision only, but who also not tell whence it cometh, and whither it walk in the steps of that faith of our father goeth: so is every one that is born of the Abraham, which he had being vet uncir. Spirit. cumcised. 1 Cor. vii. 14. For the unbe- Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as have Jioving husband is sanctified by the wife, been baptized into Christ have put on and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by Christ. Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of rig??.

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