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III. The civil magistrate may not assume to himself the administration of the word and sacraments, or the power of the keys of the kingdom of heavene : yet he hath authority, and it is his duty, to take order, that unity and peace be preserved in the church, that the truth of God be kept pure and entire, that all blasphemies and heresies be suppressed, all corruptions and abuses in worship and discipline prevented or reformed, and all the ordinances of God duly settled, administered, and observed. For the better effecting whereof, he hath power to call synods, to be present at them, and to we do? And he said unto them, Do violence a man so account of us as of the ministers to no man, neither accuse any falsely, and of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of be content with your wages. Rom. xiii. 4. God. Ver. 2. Moreover, it is required in [See letter a.) Mat. viii. 9. For I am a man stewards, that a man be found faithful. under authority, having soldiers under Rom. x. 15. And how shall they preach exme: and I say to this man, Go, and he cept they be sent ? as it is written, How goeth ; and to another, Coine, and he beautiful are the feet of them that preach cometh ; and to my servant, Do this, and the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings he doeth it. Ver. 10. When Jesus heard it, of good things! Heb. v. 4. And no man he marvelled, and said to them that taketh this honour unto himself, but he followed, Verily I say unto you, I have not that is called of God, as was Aaron. found so great faith, no, not in Israel. f Isa. xlix. 23. And kings shall be thy Acts x. 1. There was a certain man in nursing-fathers, and their queens thy Cesarea called Cornelius, a centurion of nursing-mothers: they shall bow down to the band called the Italian band, Ver. 2. thee with their face toward the earth, and A devout man, and one that feared God lick up the dust of thy feet; and thou with all his house, which gave much alms shalt know that I am the Lord: for they to the people, and prayed to God alway. shall not be ashamed that wait for me. Rev. xvii. 14. These shall make war with Psal. cxxii. 9. Because of the house of the the Lainb, and the Lamb shall overcome Lord our God I will seek thy good. Ezra them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of vii. 23. Whatsoever is commanded by the kings; and they that are with him are God of heaven, let it be diligently done for called, and chosen, and faithful. Ver. 16. the house of the God of heaven: for why And the ten horns which thou sawest upon should there be wrath against the realm the beast, these shall hate the whore, and of the king and his sons ? Ver. 25. And shall make her desolate and naked, and thou, Ezra, after the wisdom of thy God shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire. that is in thine hand, set magistrates and

III. e 2 Chron. xxvi. 18. And they with judges, which may judge all the people stood Uzziah the king, and said unto him, that are beyond the river, all such as know It appertaineth not unto thee, Uzziah, tó the laws of thy God; and teach ye them burn incense unto the Lord, but to the that know them not. Ver. 26. And whosopriests the sons of Aaron, that are conse- ever will not do the law of thy God, and crated to burn incense: go out of the sanc- the law of the king, let judgment be tuary; for thou hast trespassed : neither executed speedily upon him, whether it be sliall it be for thine honour from the Lord unto death, or to banishment, or to confis. God. With Matth. xviii. 17. And if he shall cation of goods, or to imprisonment. Ver. neglect to hear them, tell it unto the 27. Blessed be the Lord God of our fathers, church: but if he neglect to hear the which hath put such a thing as this in the church, let him be unto thee as an heathen king's heart, to beautity the house of the man and a publican. And Mat. xvi. 19. Lord which is in: Jerusalem; Ver. 28. And And I will give unto thee the keys of the hath extended mercy unto me before the kingdon, of heaven: and whatsoever thou king and his counsellors, and before all shalt bind on earth shall be bound in the king's mighty princes: and I was heaven; and whatsoever thou shalt loose strengthened as the hand of the Lord my on earth shall be loosed in heaven. 1 Cor. God was upon me; and I gathered toxii. 28. And God hath set some in the gether out of Israel clief men to go up cliurch, first, apostles; secondarily, pro- with me. Lev. xxiv. 16. And he that blas. phets; thirdly, teachers; after that mira- phemeth the name of the Lord, he shall cles; then gifts of healings, helps, govern- surely be put to death, and all the congre. ments, diversities of tongues. Ver. 29. Are gation shall certainly stone him: as well all apostles ? are all prophets? are all the stranger, as he that is born in the land, teachers are all workers of miracles? when he blasphemeth the name of the Eph. iv. 11. And he gave some, apostles; Lord, shall be put to death. Deut. xiii. 5. and some, prophets; and some, evangel. And that prophet, or that dreamer of ists; and some pastors and teachers; dreams, shall be put to death; because he Ver. 12. For the perfecting of the saints, hath spoken to turn you away from the for the work of the ministry, for the edify- Lord your God, which brought you out of ing of the body of Christ. 1 Cor. iv. I. Let the land of Egypt, and redeemed you out

provide that whatsoever is transacted in them be according to the mind of God &.

IV. It is the duty of people to pray for magistrates h, to honour their persons', to pay them tribute and other dues “, to obey their lawful commands, and to be subject to their authority for conscience' sake? Infidelity, or difference in religion, doth not make void the magistrate's just and legal authority, nor free the people from their due obedience to himm: from which ecclesiastical persons are not exempted "; much less hath the Pope any power or jurisdiction over

of the house of bondage, to thrust thee out the good. (2 Chron. Chapters xxix, and of the way which the Lord thy God com- xxx.) Matth. ii. 4. And when he had gathermanded thee to walk in: so shalt thou ed all the chief priests and scribes of the put the evil away from the midst of thee. people together, he demanded of them Ver. 6. If thy brother, the son of thy where Christ should be born. Ver. 5. And mother, or thy son, or thy daughter, or the they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Juwife of thy bosom, or thy friend, which is dea: for thus it is written by the prophet. as thine own soul, entice thee secretly, IV. 11 Tim. ii. 1. I exhort therefore, saying, Let us go and serve other gods, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, inwhich thou hast not known, thou, nor thy tercessions, and giving of thanks, be made fathers. Ver. 12. If thou shalt hear say for all men ; Ver. 2. For kings, and for all in one of thy cities, which the Lord thy that are in authority; that we may lead a God hath given thee to dwell there, saying, quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and &c. 2 Kings xviii. 4. He removed the high honesty. places, and brake the images, and cut i1 Pet. ii. 17. Ilonour all men. Love the down the groves, and brake in pieces the brotherhood. Fear God. Honour the king. brasen serpent that Moses had made: for k Rom. xiii. 6. For, for this cause pay anto those days the children of Israel did ye tribute also: for they are God's minburn incense to it; and he called it Ne- isters, attending continually upon this hushtan. [1 Chron. xiii. 1. to the 9th Verse. very thing. Ver. 7. Render therefore to 2 Kings xxiii. 1. to the 26th Verse.] 2 Chron. all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is xxxiv. 33. And Josiah took away all the due; custom to whom custom ; fear to abominations out of all the countries that whom fear; honour to whom honour. pertained to the children of Israel, and 1 Rom. xiii. 5. Wherefore ye must needs made all that were present in Israel to be subject, not only for wrath, but also for serve, even to serve the Lord their God. conscience sake. Tit. iii. 1. Put them in And all his days they departed not from mind to be subject to principalities and following the Lord, the God of their fathers. powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready 2 Chron. xv. 12. And they entered into a to every good work. covenant to seek the Lord God of their m 1 Pet. ii. 13. Submit yourselves to every fathers with all their heart, and with all ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: their soul; Ver. 13. That whosoever would whether it be to the king, as supreme; not seek the Lord God of Israel should be Ver. 14. Or unto governors, as unto them put to death, whether small or great, that are sent by him for the punishment whether man or woman.

of evil-doers, and for the praise of them 82 Chron. xix. 8. Moreover, in Jerusalem that do well. Ver. 16. As free, and not did Jehoshaphat set of the Levites, and of using your liberty for a cloak of malicious. the priests, and of the chief of the fathers ness, but as the servants of God. of Israel, for the judgment of the Lord, n Rom. xiii. 1. Let every soul be subject and for controversies, when they returned unto the higher powers. For there is no to Jerusalem. Ver. 9. And he charged power but of God: the powers that be are them, saying, Thus shall ye do in the fear ordained of God. 1 Kings ii. 35. And the of the Lord, faithfully, and with a perfect king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in heart. Ver. 10. And what cause soever his room over the host; and Zadok the shall come to you of your brethren that priest did the king put in the room of dwell in their cities, between blood and A biathar. Acts xxv. 9. But Festus, willing blood, between law and commandinent, to do the Jews a pleasure, answered Paul, statutes and judgments, ye shall even warn and said, Wilt thou go up to Jerusalem, them that they trespass not against the and there be judged of these things before Lord, and so wrath come upon you, and me? Ver. 10. Then said Paul, I stand at upon your brethren: this do, and ye shall Cesar's judgment-seat, where I ought to be not trespass. Ver. 11. And, behold, Ama- judged: to the Jews have I done no wrong, riah the chief priest is over you in all as thou very well knowest. Ver. 11. For if I matters of the Lord; and adiah the be an

or have com ted anything son of Ishmael, the ruler of the house of worthy of death, I refuse not to die : but if Judah, for all the king's matters: also the there be none of these things whereof these Lerites shall be officers before you. Deal accuse me, no man may deliver me unto courageously, aud the Lord shall be with them. I appeal unto Cesar. 2 Pet. ii. 1. p.

them in their dominions, or over any of their people, and least of all to deprive them of their dominions or lives, if he shall judge them to be hereticks, or upon any other pretence whatsoevero,


CHAP. XXIV. Of Marriage and Divorce. ARRIAGE is to be between one man and one woman : neither

is it lawful for any man to have more than one wife, nor for any woman to have more than one husband at the same time a.

II. Marriage was ordained for the mutual help of husband and wife); for the increase of mankind with a legitimate issue, and of the church with an holy seed o; and for preventing of uncleanness d.

III. It is lawful for all sorts of people to marry who are able with judgment to give their consente : yet it is the duty of Christians to marry only in the Lord?. And therefore such as profess the true rethere were false prophets also among the and shall cleave to his wife: and they people, even as there shall be false teachers twain shall be one flesh. Ver. 6. Whereainong you, who privily shall bring in dam- fore they are no more twain, but one flesh. nable heresies, even denying the Lord that What therefore God hath joined together, bought them, and bring upon themselves let not man put asunder. Prov. ii. 17. swift destruction. Ver. 10. But chiefly thein Which forsaketh the guide of her youth, that walk after the flesh in the lust of un- and forgetteth the covenant of her God. cleanness, and despise government: pre- II. b Gen. ii. 18. And the Lord God said, sumptuous are they, self-willed, they are It is not good that the man should be not afraid to speak evil of dignities : Ver. alone; I will make him an help meet for 11. Whereas angels, which are greater in him. power and might, bring not railing accus

c Mal. ii. 15. And did not he make one ? ation against them before the Lord. Jude, Yet had he the residue of the Spirit. And ver. 8. Likewise also these filthy dreamers wherefore one ? That he might seek a detile the flesh, despise dominion, and godly seed. Therefore take heed to your speak evil of dignities. Ver. 9. Yet Michael spirit, and let none deal treacherously the archangel, when contending with the against the wife of his youth. devil, (he disputed about the body of Moses,) d 1 Cor. vii. 2. Nevertheless, to avoid fordurst not bring against him a railing ac- nication, let every man have his own wife, cusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee. and let every woman have her own hus. Ver. 10. But these speak evil of those band. Ver. 9. But if they cannot contain, things which they know not: but what let them marry: for it is better to marry they know naturally, as brute beasts, in than to burn. those things they corrupt themselves. Ver. III. e Heb. xiii. 4. Marriage is honourable 11. Woe unto them! for they have gone in in all, and the bed undefiled: but whorethe way of Cain, and ran greedily after mongers and adulterers God will judge. the error of Balaam for reward, and per- 1 Tim. iv. 3. Forbidding to marry, and ished in the gainsaying of Core.

commanding to abstain from meats, which 0 2 Thess. ii. 4. Who opposeth and exalt. God hath created to be received with eth himself above all that is called God, or thanksgiving of them which believe and that is worshipped; so that he, as God, know the truth. 1 Cor, vii. 36. But if any sitteth in the temple of God, showing him- man think that he behaveth himself un. self that he is God. Rev. xiii. 15. And he comely toward his virgin, if she pass the had power to give life unto the image of flower of her age, and need so require, let the beast, that the image of the beast him do what he will, he sinneth not; let should both speak, and cause that as them marry. Ver. 37. Nevertheless' he many as would not worship the image of that standeth stedfast in his heart, having the beast should be killed. Ver. 16. And no necessity, but hath power over his own he caused all, both small and great, rich will, and hath so decreed in his heart that and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark he will keep his virgin, doeth well. Ver. in their right hand, or in their foreheads: 38. So then he that giveth her in mar. Ver. 17. And that no man might buy or riage doeth well ; but he that giveth her sell, save he that had the mark, or the not in marriage doeth better. Gen. xxiv. name of the beast, or the number of his 57. And they said, We will call the damsel,

and enquire at her mouth. Ver. 58. And I. a Gen. ii. 24. Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall Wilt thou go with this man? And she said,

they called Rebekah, and said unto her, cleave unto his wife; and they shall be I will go. one flesh. Mat. xix. 5. And said, For this f 1 Cor. vii. 39. The wife is bound by the cause shall a man leave father and inother, law as long as her husband liveth ; but it


formed religion should not marry with infidels, Papists, or other idolaters : neither should such as are godly be unequally yoked, by marrying with such as are notoriously wicked in their life, or maintaini damnable heresies 8.

IV. Marriage ought not to be within the degrees of consanguinity or affinity forbidden in the word h; nor can such incestuous marriages ever be made lawful by any law of man, or consent of parties, so as those persons may live together as man and wife! The man may not marry any of his wife's kindred nearer in blood than he may of his own, nor the woman of her husband's kindred nearer in blood than of her ownk.

V. Adultery or fornication committed after a contract, being detected before marriage, giveth just occasion to the innocent party to dissolve that contract? In the case of adultery after marriage, it is

her husband be dead, she is at liberty to lowship hath righteousness with unrighbe married to whom she will; only in the teousness? and what communion hath Lord.

light with darkness? & Gen. xxxiv. 14. And they said unto IV. h (Lev. Chapter xviii.] 1 Cor. v. 1. It them, We cannot do this thing, to give our is reported commonly that there is fornisister to one that is uncircumcised; for cation among you, and such fornication that were a reproach unto us. Exod. as is not so much as named among the xxxiv. 16. And thou take of their daughters Gentiles, that one should have his father's unto thy sons, and their daughters go a wife. Amos. ii. 7. That pant after the whoring after their gods, and make thy dust of the earth on the head of the poor, sons go a whoring after their gods. Deut. and turn aside the way of the meek: and vii. 3. Neither shalt thou make marriages a man and his father will go in unto the with them; thy daughter thou shalt not give same maid, to profane my holy name. unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou Mark vi. 18. For John had said unto take unto thy son. Ver. 4. For they will Herod, It is not lawful for thee to have turn away thy son from following me, that thy brother's wife. Lev. xviii. 24. Defile they may serve other gods; so will the not ye yourselves in any of these things: anger of the Lord be kindled against you, for in all these the nations are defiled and destroy thee suddenly, 1 Kings xi. 4. which I cast out before you. Ver. 25. And For it carne to pass, when Solomon was the land is defiled: therefore I do visit the old, that his wives turned away his heart iniquity thereof upon it, and the land itafter other gods: and his heart was not self vomiteth out her inhabitants. Ver. 26. perfect with the Lord his God, as was the Ye shall therefore keep my statutes and heart of David his father. Neh. xiii. 25. my judgments, and shall not commit any And I contended with them, and cursed of these abominations; neither any of them, and smote certain of them, and your own nation, nor any stranger that plucked off their hair, and made them sojourneth among you ; Ver. 27. (For all swear by God, saying, Ye shall not give these abominations have the men of the your daughters unto their sons, nor take land done which were before you, and the their daughters unto your sons, or for land is defiled ;) Ver. 28. That the land yourselves. Ver. 26. Did not Solomon king spue not you out also, when ye defile it, as of Israel sin by these things ? yet among it spued out the nations that were before many nations was there no king like him, you. who was beloved of his God, and God k Lev. xx. 19. And thou shalt not un. made him king over all Israel: neverthe cover the nakedness of thy mother's sis. less even him did outlandish women cause ter, nor of thy father's sister; for he unto sin. Ver. 27. Shall we then hearken covereth his near kin ; they shall bear unto you to do all this great evil, to trans- their iniquity. Ver. 20. And if a man shall gress against our God in marrying strange lie with his uncle's wife, he hath uncover. wives Mal. ii. 11. Judah hath dealt ed his uncle's nakedness: they shall bear treacherously, and an abomination is their sin ; they shall die childless. Ver. 21. committed in Israel and in Jerusalem; And if a man shall take his brother's for Judah hath profaned the holiness of wife, it is an unclean thing; he hath unthe Lord which he loved, and hath mar- covered his brother's nakedness: they ried the daughter of a strange god. Ver. shall be childless. 12. The Lord will cut off the man that do- V. I Mat. i. 18. Now the birth of Jesus eth this, the master and the scholar, out Christ was on this wise: When as his of the tabernacles of Jacob, and him that mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, be. offereth an offering unto the Lord of hosts. fore they came together, she was found 2 Cor. vi. 14. Be ye not unequally yoked with child of the Holy Ghost, Ver. 19. together with unbelievers : for what fel. Then Joseph her husband, being a just

lawful for the innocent party to sue out a divorce ", and, after the divorce, to marry another, as if the offending party were dead n.

VI. Although the corruption of man be such as is apt to study arguments, unduly to put asunder those whom God hath joined together in marriage ; yet nothing but adultery, or such wilful desertion as can no way be remedied by the church or civil magistrate, is cause sufficient of dissolving the bond of marriage ° : wherein a publick and orderly course of proceeding is to be observed, and the persons concerned in it not left to their own wills and discretion in their own case P.

CHAP. XXV. Of the Church. TIIE catholick or universal church, which is invisible, consists of

gathered into one, under Christ the head thereof; and is the spouse, the body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all a.

II. The visible church, which is also catholick or universal under the gospel, (not confined to one nation, as before under the law,) con

man, and not willing to make her a puh. What therefore God hath joined together, lick example, was minded to put her away let not man put asunder. privily. Ver. 20. But while he thought on P Deut. xxiv. 1. When a man hath taken these things, behold, the angel of the a wife, and married her, and it come to Lord appeared unto him in a dream, say- pass that she find no favour in his eyes, ing, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not because he hath found some uncleanness to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that in her; then let him write her a bill of diwhich is conceived in her is of the Holy vorcement, and give it in her hand, and Ghost.

send her out of his house. Ver. 2. And m Mat. v. 31. It hath been said, Whoso. when she is departed out of his house, ever shall put away his wife, let him give she may go and be another man's wife. her a writing of divorcement: Ver. 32. But Ver. 3. Ånd if the latter husband hate her, I say unto you, That whosoever shall put and write her a bill of divorcement, and away his wife, saving for the cause of for- giveth it in her hand, and sendeth her out nication, causeth her to commit adultery: of his house ; or if the latter husband die, and whosoever shall marry her that is di- which took her to be his wife; Ver. 4. Her vorced committeth adultery.

former husband, which sent her away, n Mat. xix. 9. And I say unto you, Who- may not take her again to be his wite, soever shall put away his wife, except it after that she is defiled; for that is abobe for fornication, and shall marry an- mination before the Lord : and thou other, committeth adultery; and whoso shalt not cause the land to sin, which the marrieth her which is put away doth com- Lord thy God giveth thee for an inherimit adultery. Rom. vii. 2. For the woman tance. which hath an husband is bound by the I. a Eph. i. 10. That, in the dispensation law to her husband so long as he liveth: of the fulness of times, he might gather but if the husband be dead, she is loosed together in one all things in Christ, both from the law of her husband. Ver. 3. So which are in heaven, and which are on then if, while her husband liveth, she be earth, even in him. Ver. 22. And hath put married to another man, she shall be call- all things under his feet, and gave him to ed an adulteress: but if her husband be be the head over all things to the church, dead, she is free from that law; so that Ver. 23. Which is his body, the fulness of she is no adulteress, though she be inar- him that filleth all in all. Eph. v. 23. For ried to another man.

the husband is the head of the wife, even VI, o Mat. xix. 8. He saith unto them, as Christ is the head of the church; and Moses, because of the hardness of your he is the saviour of the body. Ver. 27. That hearts, suffered you to put away your he might present it to himself a glorious wives: but from the beginning it was not church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or

Ver. 9. (See letter n.] 1 Cor. vii. 15. any such thing; but that it should be holy, But if unbelieving depart, let him de- and without blemish. Ver. 32. This is a part. A brother or a sister is not under great mystery: but I speak concerning bondage in such cases: but God hath call. Christ and the church. Col. i. 18. And he ed us to peace. Mat. xix. 6. Wherefore is the head of the body, the church; who they are o more twain, but one flesh. is the beginning, the first-born from the


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