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them in their dominions, or over any of their people, and least of all to deprive them of their dominions or lives, if he shall judge them to be hereticks, or upon any other pretence whatsoever o,

CIIAP. XXIV. Of Marriage and Divorce. ARRIAGE is to be between one man and one woman : neither M woman to have more than one husband at the same time a.

II. Marriage was ordained for the mutual help of husband and wife); for the increase of mankind with a legitimate issue, and of the church with an holy seed e; and for preventing of uncleanness d.

III. It is lawful for all sorts of people to marry who are able with judgment to give their consent ° : yet it is the duty of Christians to marry only in the Lord ?. And therefore such as profess the true rethere were false prophets also among the and shall cleave to his wife: and they people, even as there shall be false teachers twain shall be one flesh. Ver. 6. Where. among you, who privily shall bring in dam- fore they are no more twain, but one fesh. nable heresies, even denying the Lord that What therefore God hath joined together, bought them, and bring upon themselves let not man put asunder. Prov. ii. 17. swift destruction. Ver. 10. But chiefly thein Which forsaketh the guide of her youth, that walk after the fleshrin the lust of un- and forgetteth the covenant of her God. cleanness, and despise government: pre- II. b Gen. ii. 18. And the Lord God said, sumptuous are they, self-willed, they are It is not good that the man should be not afraid to speak evil of dignities : Ver. alone; I will make him an help meet for 11. Whereas angels, which are greater in him. power and might, bring not railing accus- c Mal. ii. 15. And did not he make one ? awon against them before the Lord. Jude, Yet had he the residue of the Spirit. And ver. 8. Likewise also these filthy dreamers wherefore one ? That he might seek a defile the Hesh, despise dominion, and godly seed. Therefore take heed to your speak evil of dignities. Ver. 9. Yet Michael spirit, and let none deal treacherously the archangel, when contending with the against the wife of his youth. devil, (he disputed about the body of Moses,) d 1 Cor. vii. 2. Nevertheless, to avoid fordurst not bring against him a railing ac- nication, let every man have his own wife, cusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee. and let erery woman have her own hus. Ver. 10.' But these speak evil of those band. Ver. 9. But if they cannot contain, things which they know not: but what let them marry: for it is better to marry they know naturally, as brute beasts, in than to burn. those things they corrupt themselves. Ver. III. e lleb. xiii. 4. Marriage is honourable 11. Woe unto them! for they have gone in in all, and the bed undefiled: but whorethe way of Cain, and ran greedil after mongers and adulterers God will judge. the error of Balaam for reward, and per- 1 Tim. iv. 3. Forbidding to marry, and ished in the gainsaving of Core.

commanding to abstain from meats, which 0 2 Thess. ii. 4. Whio opposeth and exalt. God hath created to be received with eth himself above all that is called God, or thanksgiving of them which believe and that is worshipped; so that he, as God, know the truth. 1 Cor. vii. 36. But if any sitteth in the temple of God, showing him- man think that he behaveth himself unself that he is God. Rev. xiii. 15. And he comely toward his virgin, if she pass the had power to give life unto the image of flower of her age, and need so require, let the beast, that the image of the beast him do what he will, he sinneth not; let should both speak, and cause that as them marry. Ver. 37. Nevertheless he many as would not worship the image of that standeth stedfast in his heart, having the beast should be killed. Ver. 16. And no necessity, but hath power over his own he caused all, both small and great, rich will, and hath so decreed in his heart that and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark he will keep his virgin, doeth well. in their right hand, or in their foreheads : 38. So then he that giveth her in mar. Ver. 17. And that no man might buy or riage doeth well ; but he that giveth her sell, save he that had the mark, or the not in marriage doeth better. Gen. xxiv. name of the beast, or the number of his

57. And they said, We will call the damsel, name. I. a Gen. ii. 24. Therefore shall a man

Ver. 58. And and enquire at her mouth.

they called Rebekah, and said unto her, leave his father and his mother, and shall Wilt thou go with this man? And she said, cleave unto his wife; and they shall be I will go. one flesh. Mat. xix. 5. And said, For this f 1 Cor. vii. 39. The wife is bound by the cause shall a man leave father and inother, law as long as her husband liveth ; but it


formed religion should not marry with infidels, Papists, or other idolaters : neither should such as are godly be unequally yoked, by marrying with such as are notoriously wicked in their life, or maintain damnable heresies 8.

IV. Marriage ought not to be within the degrees of consanguinity or affinity forbidden in the word h; nor can such incestuous marriages ever be made lawful by any law of man, or consent of parties, so as those persons may live together as man and wife The man may not marry any of his wife's kindred nearer in blood than he may of his own, nor the woman of her husband's kindred nearer in blood than of her ownk.

V. Adultery or fornication committed after a contract, being detected before marriage, giveth just occasion to the innocent party to dissolve that contract? In the case of adultery after marriage, it is

her husband be dead, she is at liberty to lowship hath righteousness with unrighbe married to whom she will; only in the teousness? and what communion hath Lord.

light with darkness? & Gen. xxxiv. 14. And they said unto IV. h (Lev. Chapter xviii.] 1 Cor. v. 1. It them, We cannot do this thing, to give our is reported commonly that there is fornisister to one that is uncircumcised; for cation among you, and such fornication that were a reproach unto us. Exod. as is not so much as named among the xxxiv. 16. And thou take of their daughters Gentiles, that one should have his father's unto thy sons, and their daughters go a wife. Amos. ii. 7. That pant after the whoring after their gods, and make thy dust of the earth on the head of the poor, sons go a whoring after their gods. Deut. and turn aside the way of the meek: and vii. 3. Neither shalt thou make marriages a man and his father will go in unto the with them;thy daughter thou shalt not give same maid, to profane my holy name. unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou Mark vi. 18. For John had said unto take unto thy son. Ver. 4. For they will Herod, It is not lawful for thee to have turn away thy son from following me, that thy brother's wife. Lev. xviii. 24. Defile they may serve other gods; so will the not ye yourselves in any of these things. anrer of the Lord be kindled against you, for in all these the nations are defiled and destroy thee suddenly. 1 Kings xi. 4. which I cast out before you. Ver. 25. And For it caine to pass, when Solomon was the land is defiled: therefore I do visit the old, that his wives turned away his heart iniquity thereof upon it, and the land itafter other gods: and his heart was not self vomiteth out her inhabitants. Ver. 26. perfect with the Lord his God, as was the Ye shall therefore keep my statutes and heart of David his father. Neh. xiii. 25. my judgments, and shall not commit any And I contended with them, and cursed of these abominations; neither any of them, and smote certain of them, and your own nation, nor any stranger that plucked off their hair, and made them sojourneth among you; Ver. 27. (For all swear by God, saying, Ye shall not give these abominations have the men of the your daughters unto their sons, nor take land done which were before you, and the their daughters unto your sons, or for land is detiled ;) Ver. 28. That the land yourselves. Ver. 26. Did not Solomon king spue not you out also, when ye defile it, as of Israel sin by these things? yet among it spued out the nations that were before many nations was there no king like him, you. who was beloved of his God, and God k Lev. xx. 19. And thou shalt not un made him king over all Israeli neverthe- cover the nakedness of thy mother's sis. less even him did outlandish women cause ter, nor of thy father's sister; for he unto sin. Ver. 27. Shall we then hearken covereth his near kin ; they shall bear unto you to do all this great evil, to trans- their iniquity. Ver. 20. And if a man shall gress against our God in marrying strange lie with his uncle's wife, he hath uncover. wives? Mal. ii. 11. Judah hath dealt ed his uncle's nakedness: they shall bear treacherously, and an abomination is their sin; they shall die childless. Ver. 21. committed in Israel and in Jerusalem: And if a man shall take his brother's for Judah hath profaned the holiness of wife, it is an unclean thing; he hath unthe Lord which he loved, and hath mar- covered his brother's nakedness: they ried the daughter of a strange god. Ver. shall be childless. 12. The Lord will cut off the man that do- V. I Mat. i. 18. Now the birth of Jesus eth this, the master and the scholar, out Christ was on this wise: When as his of the tabernacles of Jacob, and him that mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, bez offereth an offering unto the Lord of hosts. fore they came together, she was found

Ver. 19. 2 Cor. vi. 14. Be ye not unequally yoked with child of the Holy Ghost. together with unbelievers : for what fel. Then Joseph her husband, being a just

lawful for the innocent party to sue out a divorce m, and, after the divorce, to marry another, as if the offending party were dead ".

VI. Although the corruption of man be such as is apt to study arguments, unduly to put asunder those whom God hath joined together in marriage ; yet nothing but adultery, or such wilful desertion as can no way be remedied by the church or civil magistrate, is cause sufficient of dissolving the bond of marriage o : wherein a publick and orderly course of proceeding is to be observed, and the persons concerned in it not left to their own wills and discretion in their own case P.


CHAP. XXV. Of the Church. TIIE catholick or universal church, which is invisible, consists of

the whole number of the elect that have been, are, or shall be gathered into one, under Christ the head thereof; and is the spouse, the body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all a.

II. The visible church, which is also catholick or universal under the gospel, (not confined to one nation, as before under the law,) con

man, and not willing to make her a pub. What therefore God hath joined together, lick example, was minded to put her away let not man put asunder. privily. Ver. 20. while he thought on p Deut. xxiv. 1. When a man hath taken these things, behold, the angel of the a wife, and married her, and it come to Lord appeared unto him in a dream, say- pass that she find no favour in his eyes, ing, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not because he hath found some uncleanness to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that in her; then let him write her a bill of diwhich is conceived in her is of the Holyvorcement, and give it in her hand, and Ghost.

send her out of his house. Ver. 2. And m Mat. v. 31. It hath been said, Whoso. when she is departed out of his house, ever shall put away his wife, let him give she may go and be another man's wife. her a writing of divorcement: Ver. 32. But Ver. 3. Ånd if the latter husband hate her, I say unto you, That whosoever shall put and write her a bill of divorcement, and away his wife, saving for the cause of for- giveth it in her hand, and sendeth her out nication, causeth her to commit adultery: of his house; or if the latter husband die, and whosoever shall marry her that is di- which took her to be his wife ; Ver. 4. Her vorced committeth adultery.

former husband, which sent her away, n Mat. xix. 9. And I say unto you, Who- may not take her again to be his wite, soever shall put away his wife, except it after that she is defiled; for that is abo. be for fornication, and shall marry an. mination before the Lord : and thou other, committeth adultery; and whoso shalt not cause the land to sin, which the marrieth her which is put away doth com- Lord thy God giveth thee for an inheri. mit adultery. Rom. vii. 2. For the woman tance. which hath an husband is bound by the I. a Eph. i. 10. That, in the dispensation law to her husband so long as he liveth: of the fulness of times, he might gather but if the husband be dead, she is loosed together in one all things in Christ, both from the law of her husband. Ver. 3. So which are in heaven, and which are on then if, while her husband liveth, she be earth, even in him. Ver. 22. And hath put married to another man, she shall be call. all things under his feet, and gave him to ed an adulteress: but if her husband be be the head over all things to the church, dead, she is free from that law; so that Ver. 23. Which is his body, the fulness of she is no adulteress, though she be inar- him that filleth all in all. Eph. v. 23. For ried to another man.

the husband is the head of the wife, even VI. o Mat. xix. 8. He saith unto them, as Christ is the head of the church; and Moses, because of the hardness of your he is the saviour of the body. Ver. 27. That hearts, suffered you to put away your he might present it to himself a glorious wives: but from the beginning it was not church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or

Ver. 9. (See letter n.] 1 Cor. vii. 15. any such thing; but that it should be holy, But if the unbelieving depart, let him de- and without blemishVer. 32. This is a part. A brother or a sister is not under great mystery: but I speak concerning bondage in such cases: but Gool hath call. Christ and the church. Col. i. 18. And he ed us to peace. Mat. xix. 6. Wherefore is the head of the body, the church ; who they are 10 more twain, but one flesh. is the beginning, the first-born from the


sists of all those throughout the world that profess the true religion, together with their children'; and is the kingdom of the Lord Jesus Christ", the house and family of God, out of which there is no ordinary possibility of salvation?

III. Únto this catholick visible church Christ hath given the ministry, oracles, and ordinances of God, for the gathering and perfecting of the saints in this life, to the end of the world ; and doth by his own presence and Spirit, according to his promise, make them effectual thereunto.

IV. This catholick church hath been sometimes more, sometimes

dead; that in all things he might have the and between thy seed and her seed: it pre-eminence.

shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt II. b 1 Cor. i. 2. Unto the church of God bruise his heel. Gen. xvii. 7. And I will which is at Corinth, to then that are establish my covenant between me and sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be thee, and thy seed after thee, in their gesaints, with all that in every place call nerations, for an everlasting covenant, to upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after both theirs and ours. 1 Cor. xii. 12. For thee. as the body is one, and hath many mem- d Mat. xiii. 47. Again, the kingdom of bers, and all the members of that one heaven is like unto a net, that was cast inbody, being many, are one body; so also to the sea, and gathered of every kind. is Christ. "Ver. 13. For by one Spirit are Isa. ix. 7. Of the increase of his govern. we all baptized into one body, whether we ment and peace there shall be no end, be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or upon the throne of David, and upon his free; and have been all made to drink in. kingdom, to order it, and to establish it to one Spirit. Psal. ji. 8. Ask of me, and with judgment and with justice from I shall give thee the heathen for thine in- henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the heritance, and the uttermost parts of the Lord of hosts will perform this. earth for thy possession. Rev. vii. 9. After e Eph. ii. 19. Now therefore ye are no this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, more strangers and foreigners, but fellowwhich no man could number, of all na- citizens with the saints, and of the housetions, and kindreds, and people, and hold of God. Eph. iii. 15. Of whom the tongues, stood before the throne, and be whole family in heaven and earth is named. fore the Lamb, clothed with white robes, f Acts ii. 47. Praising God, and having and palms in their hands. Rom. xv. 9. favour with all the people. And the Lord And that the Gentiles might glorify God added to the church daily such as should for his mercy; as it is written, For this be saved. cause I will confess to thee among the III. & 1 Cor. xii. 28. And God hath set Gentiles, and sing unto thy name. Ver. 10. some in the church, first, apostles; seAnd again he saith, Rejoice, ye Gentiles, condarily, prophets; thirdly, teachers; with his people. Ver. 11. And again, after that miracles ; then gifts of healings, Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; and laud helps, governments, diversities of tongues. him, all ye people. Ver. 12. And again Eph. iv. 11. And he gave some, apostles ; Esaias saith, There shall be a root of and some, prophets, and some, evangeJesse, and he that shall rise to reign over lists; and some, pastors and teachers; the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles Ver. 12. For the perfecting of the saints, trust.

for the work of the ministry, for the edi. c1 Cor. vii. 14. For the unbelieving hus. fying of the body of Christ: Ver. 13. Till band is sanctified by the wife, and the un- we all come in the unity of the faith, and believing wife is sanctified by the hus- of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto band : else were your children unclean; a perfect man, unto the measure of the Lut now are they holy. Acts ii. 39. For stature of the fulness of Christ. Mat. the promise is unto you, and to your xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and teach all children, and to all that are afar off, even nations, baptizing them in the name of as many as the Lord our God shall call. the Father, and of the Son, and of the Ezek. xvi. 29. Moreover, thou hast taken Holy Ghost; Ver. 20. Teaching them to thy sons and thy daughters, whom thou observe all things whatsoever I have com. hast born unto me, and these hast thou manded you: and, lo, I am with you alsacrificed unto them to be devoured. Is way, even unto the end of the world. this of thy whoredoms a small matter, Amen. Isa. lix. 21. As for me, this is my Ver. 21. That thou hast slain my children, covenant with them, saith the Lord ; My and delivered them to cause them to pass Spirit that is upon thee, and my words through the fire for them! Rom. xi. 16. which I have put in thy mouth, shall not For if the first-fruit be holy, the lump is depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the also holy; and if the root be holy, so are mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth the branches. Gen. iii. 15. And I will put of thy seed's seed, saith the Lord, from eumity between thee and the woman, henceforth and for ever.

less visible h. And particular churches, which are members thereof, are more or less pure, according as the doctrine of the gospel is taught and embraced, ordinances administered, and publick worship performed more or less purely in themi,

V. The purest churches under heaven are subject both to mixture and error k; and some have so degenerated as to become no churches of Christ, but synagogues of Satan! Nevertheless, there shall be always a church on earth to worship God according to his will m.

VI. There is no other head of the church but the Lord Jesus Christ" : nor can the Pope of Rome in any sense be head thereof; but is that antichrist, that man of sin, and son of perdition, that exalteth himself in the church against Christ, and all that is called Godo.


IV. h Rom. xi. 3. Lord, they have killed but fear: Ver. 21. For if God spared not thy prophets, and digked down thine al- the natural branches, take heed lest he tars; and I am left alone, and they seek also spare not thee. Ver. 22. Behold there. my life. Ver. 4. But what saith the answer fore the goodness and severity of God: on of God unto hirn? I have reserved to my- them which fell, severity; but toward thee, self seven thousand men, who have not goodness, if thou continue in his goodbowed the knee to the image of Baal. ness; otherwise thou also shalt be cut Rev. xii. 6. And the woman tied into the off. wilderness, where she hath a place pre- m Mat. xvi. 18. And I say also unto thee, pared of God, that they should feed her That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I there a thousand two hundred and three- will build my church ; and the gates of score days. Ver. 14. And to the woman hell shall not prevail against it. Psal, were given two wings of a great eagle, lxxii. 17. His name shall endure for ever: that she might fly into the wilderness, in- his name shall be continued as long as to her place, where she is nourished for a the sun; and men shall be blessed in him : time, and times, and half a time, from the all nations shall call him blessed. Psal. face of the serpent.

cii. 28. The children of thy servants shall i (Rev. Chapters ii. and iii. throughout.) continue, and their seed shall be establish1. Cor. v. 6. Your glorying is not good. ed before thee. Mat. xxviii. 19, 20. (See in know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth letter 6.) the whole lump? Ver. 7. Purge out there- VI. n Col. i. 18. And he is the head of fore the old leaven, that ye may be a new the body, the church ; who is the begin. lump, as ye are unleavened. For even ning, the first-born from the dead; that Christ our passover is sacrificed for us. in all things he might have the pre-emi

V. kl Cor. xiii. 12. For now we see nence. Eph. i. 22. And hath put all things through a glass, darkly; but then face to under his feet, and gave him to be the face: now I know in part; but then shall head over all things to the church. I know even as also I am known. (Rev. o Mat. xxiii. 8. But be not ye called Chapters ii. and ini.), Mat. xiii. 24.-30. Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Another parable put he forth unto them, Christ; and all ye are brethren. Ver. 9. saying, The kingdom of heaven is likened And call no man your father upon the unto a man which sowed good seed in his earth: for cne is your Father, which is in field ; But while men slept, his enemy came heaven. Ver. 10. Neither be ye called masand sowed tares among the wheat, and ters: for one is your Master, even Christ, went his way. But when the blade was 2 Thess. ii. 3. Let no man deceive you by sprung up, and brought forth fruit, then any means: for that day shall not come, appeared the tares also, dc. Ver. 47. except there come a falling away first, and Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto that man of sin be revealed, the son of a net, that was cast into the sea, and ga. perdition ; Ver. 4. Who opposeth and exaltthered of every kind.

eth himself above all that is called God, 1 Rev. xviii. 2. And he cried mightily with or that is worshipped; so that he, as God, a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great sitteth in the temple of God, showing limis fallen, is fallen, and is become the babi. self that he is God. Ver. 8. And then shall tation of devils, and the hold of every foul that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord spirit, and a cage of every unclean and shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, lateful bird. Rom. xi. 18. Boast not and shall destroy with the brightness of against the branches : but if thou boast, his coming : Ver. 9. Even him, whose comthou bearest not the root, but the root ing is after the working of Satan, with all thee, Ver. 19. Thou wilt say then, The power, and signs, and lying wonders. Rev. branches were broken off, that I might be xiii. 6. And he opened his mouth in blas. gratled in. Ver. 20. Well; because of un- phemy against God, to blaspheme his i elief they were broken oft, and thou

name, and his tabernacle, and them that stands by faith. Be not high-minded, dwell in heaven.

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