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III. Prayer, with thanksgiving, being one special part of religious worship?, is by God required of all men 8; and, that it may be accepted, it is to be made in the name of the Son 5, by the help of his Spirit', according to his will “, with understanding, reverence, humility, fervency, faith, love, and perseverancer; and, if vocal, in a known tonguem

IV. Prayer is to be made for things lawful, and for all sorts of men living, or that shall live hereaftero; but not for the dead P, nor and one mediator between God and men, when ye pray, believe that ye receive them, the man Christ Jesus. Eph. ii. 18. For and ye shall have them. Mat. vi. 12. And through him we both have access by forgive us our debts, as we forgive our one Spirit unto the Father. Col. ii. 17. debtors. Ver. 14. For if ye forgive men And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, their trespasses, your heavenly Father do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, will also forgive you: Ver. 15. "But if ye giving thanks to God and the Father by forgive not men their trespasses, neither him.

will your Father forgive your trespasses. III. f Phil. iv. 6. Be careful for nothing: Col. iv. 2. Continue in prayer, and watch but in every thing by prayer and suppli- in the same with thanksgiving. Eph. vi. 18. cation, with thanksgiving, let your re- Praying always with all prayer and supquests be made known unto God.

plication in the Spirit, and watching there. & l'sal. Ixv. 2. O thou that hearest prayer, unto with all perseverance and supplicaunto thee shall all flesh come.

tion for all saints. h John xiv. 13. And whatsoever ye shall m 1 Cor. xiv. 14. For if I pray in an unask in my name, that will I do, that the known tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my Father may be glorified in the Son. Ver. 14. understanding is unfruitful. If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I IV. n [1 John v. 14. See letter k.) will do it. 1 Pet. ii. 5. Ye also, as lively 01 Tim. ii. 1. I exhort therefore, that, stones, are built up spiritual house, an first of all, supplications, prayers, interholy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacri. cessions, and giving of thanks, be made fices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ. for all men; Ver. 2. For kings, and for all

i Rom. viii. 26. Likewise the Spirit also that are in authority; that we may lead a helpeth our infirmities: for we know not quiet and peaceable life in ail godliness what we should pray for as we ought; and honesty, John xvii. 20. Neither pray but the Spirit itself maketh intercession I for these alone, but for them also which for us with groanings which cannot be shall believe on me through their word. uttered.

2 Sam. vii. 29. Therefore now let it please k 1 John v.14. And this is the confidence thee to bless the house of thy servant, that that we have in him, that, if we ask any it may continue for ever before thee: for thing according to his will, he heareth us. thou, O Lord God, hast spoken it: and

Psal. xlvii. 7. For God is the King of with thy blessing let the house of thy ser, all the earth; șing ye praises with under- vant be blessed for ever. Ruth iv. 12. And standing. Eccl. v. I. keep thy foot when let thy house be like the house of Pharez, thou goest to the house of God, and be whom Tamar bare unto Judah, of the more ready to hear than to give the sac- seed which the Lord shall give thee of rifice of fools: for they consider not that this young woman. they do evil. Ver. 2. Be not rash with thy P 2 Sam. xii. 21. Then said his servants mouth, and let not thine heart be hasty to unto him, What thing is this that thou utter any thing before God: for God is in hast done! Thou didst fast and weep for heaven, and thou upon earth ; therefore the child, while it was alive; but when the let thy words be few. Heb. xii. 28. Where- child was dead, thou didst rise and eat fore, we receiving a kingdom which can bread. Ver. 22. And he said, While the not be moved, let us have grace, whereby child was yet alive, I fasted and wept: for we may serve God acceptably with rever. I said, Who can tell whether God will be ence and godly fear. Gen. xviii. 27. And gracious to me, that the child may live? Abraham answered and said, Behold Ver. 23. But now he is dead, wherefore now, I have taken upon me to speak unto should I fast? can I bring him back again? the Lord, which am but dust and ashes. I shall go to him, but he shall not return James v. 16. Confess your faults one to

With Luke xvi. 25. But Abraham another, and pray one for another, that said, Son, remember that thou in thy lifeye may be healed. The effectual fervent time receivedst thy good things, and like. prayer of a righteous man availeth much, wise Lazarus evil things: but now he is James i. 6. But let him ask in faith, no- comforted, and thou art tormented. Ver. thing wavering: for he that wavereth is 26. And besides all this, between us and like a wave of the sea driven with the wind you there is a great guif fixed : so that and tossed. Ver. 7. For let not that man they which would pass from hence to you think that he shall receive any thing of cannot ; neither can they pass to us, that the Lord.

Mark xi. 24. Therefore I say would come from thence. Rev. xiv. 13, unto you, What things soever ye desire, And I heard a voice from heaven saying

to me.

for those of whom it may be known that they have sinned the sin unto death

V. The reading of the scriptures with godly fear"; the sound preachings, and conscionable hearing of the word, in obedience unto God, with understanding, faith, and reverencet: singing of psalms with grace in the heart'; as also the due administration and worthy receiving of the sacraments instituted by Christ; are all parts of the ordinary religious worship of God w: besides religious oaths* and vows y, solemn fastings?, and thanksgivings upon special occasions “,

pray for it.

unto me, Write, Blessed are the dead teach all nations, baptizing them in the which die in the Lord from henceforth: name of the Father, and of the Son, and Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest of the Holy Ghost. [1 Cor. xi. 23. to Verse from their labours; and their works do 29.) Acts ii. 42. And they continued sted. follow them.

fastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellow91 John v. 16. If any man see his bro- ship, and in breaking of bread, and in ther sin a sin which is not unto death, he prayers. shall ask, and he shall give him life for x Deut. vi. 13. Thou shalt fear the Lord them that sin not unto death. There is a thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear sin unto death: I do not say that he shall by his name. With Neh. x. 29. They clave

to their brethren, their nobles, and entered V. : Acts xv. 21. For Moses of old time into a curse, and into an oath, to walk in hath in every city them that preach him, God's law, which was given by Moses the being read in the synagogues every sab- servant of God, and to obserye and do all bath-day. Rev.•i. 3. Blessed is he that the commandments of the Lord our Lord, readeth, and they that hear the words of and his judgments and his statutes. this prophecy, and keep those things y Isa. xix. 21. And the Lord shall be which are written therein : for the time is known to Egypt, and the Egyptians shall at hand.

know the Lord in that day, and shall do s 2 Tim. iv. 2. Preach the word; be sacrifice and oblation; yea, they shall vow instant in season, out of season; reprove, a vow unto the Lord, and perform it. With rebuke, exhort, with

all tong-suffering and Eccl. v. 4. When thou vowest a vow unto doctrine.

God, defer not to pay it; for he hath no 1 James. i. 22. But be ye doers of the pleasure in fools: pay that which thou word, and not hearers only, deceiving your hast vowed. Ver. 5. Better is it that thou own selves. Acts x. 33. Immediately there. shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldfore I sent to thee; and thou hast well est vow and not pay. done that thou art come. Now therefore 2 Joel ii. 12. Therefore also now, saith are we all here present before God, to hear the Lord, Turn ye even to me with all your all things that are commanded thee of God. heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, Mat. xiii. 19. When any one heareth the and with mourning." Esth. iv. 16." Go, word of the kingdom, and understandeth gather together all the Jews that are preit not, then cometh the wicked one, and sent in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and catcheth away that which was sown in neither eat nor drink three days, night or his heai This is he wbich received seed day: I also and my dens will fast likeby the way-side. Heb. iv. 2. For unto us wise; and so will I go in unto the king, was the gospel preached, as well as unto which is not according to the law; and it them: but the word preached did not I perish, I perish. Mặt. ix. 15. And Jesus profit them, not being mixed with faith said unto them, Can the children of the in them that heard it. Isa. lxvi. 2. For bride-chamber mourn, as long as the all those things hath mine hand made, bridegroom is with them? but the days and all those things have been, saith the will come, when the bridegroom shall be Lord: but to this man will I look, even to taken from them, and then shall they fast. him that is poor, and of a contrite spirit, 1 Cor. vii. 5. Defraud ye not one the other, and trembleth at my word.

except it be with consent for a time, that v Col.iii. 16. Let the word of Christ dwell ye may give yourselves to fasting and in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and prayer; and come together again, that admonishing one another in psalms, and Satan tempt you not for your incontihymns, and spiritual songs, singing with nency. grace in your hearts to the Lord. Eph. v. a [Psal. cvii. throughout.) Esth. ix. 22. 19. Speaking to yourselves in psalms, and As the days wherein the Jews rested from hymns, and spiritual songs, singing and their enemies, and the month which was making melody in your heart to the Lord. turned unto them from sorrow to joy, and James v. 13. Is any among you afflicted?” from mourning into a good day; that they let him pray. Is any merry? let him sing should make them days of feasting and psalms.

joy, and of sending portions one to an. w Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and other, and gifts to the poor.

which are, in their several times and seasons, to be used in an holy and religious manner b.

VI. Neither prayer, nor any other part of religious worship, is, now under the gospel, either tied unto, or made more acceptable by, any place in which it is performed, or towards which it is directed : but God is to be worshipped every where d in spirit and in truth® ; as in private familiesdaily , and in secret each one by himselfh; $o inore solemnly in the publick assemblies, which are not carelessly or wilfully to be neglected or forsaken, when God, by his word or providence, calleth thereunto i.

VII. As it is of the law of nature, that, in general, a due proportion of time be set apart for the worship of God; so, in his word, by a

b Heb. xii. 28. Wherefore, we receiving vessel, and as being heirs together of the a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us grace of life; that your prayers be not have grace, whereby we may serve God hindered. Acts x. 2. A devout mar, and acceptably with reverence and godly fear. one that feared God with all his house,

VI. c John iv, 21. Jesus saith unto her, which gave much alms to the people, and Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, prayel to God alway. when yé shall neither in this mountain, g‘Mat. vi. 11. Give us this day our daily nor yet at Jerusalem, worslıip the Father. bread.

d Mal. i. 11.' For from the rising of the h Mat. vi. 6. But thou, when thou praysun, even unto the going down of the est, enter into thy closet; and when thou same, my name shall be great among the last shut thy door, pray to thy Father Gentiles; and in every place incense shall which is in secret; and tiy Father, which be offered unto my name, and a pure of- seeth in secret, shall reward thee openly. fering: for my name shall be great among Eph. vi. 18. Praying always with all prayer the heathen, saith the Lord of hosts. and supplication in the Spirit, and watch1 Tim. ii. 8. I will therefore that men praying thereunto with all perseverance and every where, lifting up holy hands, with supplication for all saints. out wrath and doubting:

i isa. lvi. 6. Also the sons of the strane John iv. 23. But the hour cometh, and ger, that join themselves to the Lord, to now is, when the true worshippers shall serve him, and to love the name of the worship the Father in spirit and in truth: Lord, to be his servants, every one that for the Father seeketh such to worship keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, him. Ver. 24. God is a Spirit; and they and taketh hold of any covenant; Ver. 7. that worship him must worship him in Even them will I bring to my holy mounspirit and in truth.

tain, and make them joyful in my house Jer. x. 25. Pour out thy fury upon the of prayer: their burnt-oiserings and their heathen that know thee not, and upon the sacrifices shall be accepted upon mine families that call not on thy name: for altar; for mine house shall be called an they have eaten up. Jacob, and devoured house of prayer for all people. Heb. x. 25. liim, and consumed him, and have made Not forsaking the assen.wling of ourselves his habitation desolate. Deut. vi. 6. And together, as the manner of some is ; but these words, which I command thee this exhorting one another: and so much the day, shall be in thine heart; Ver. 7. And more, as ye see the day approaching. thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy Prov. i. 20. Wisdom crieth without; she children, and shalt talk of them when uttereth her voice in the streets : Ver. 21. thou sittest in thine house, and when thou She crieth in the chief place of concourse, Walkest by the way, and when thou liest in the openings of the gates: in the city down, and wlien thou risest up. Job i. 5. she uttereth her words, saying, Ver. 24. and it was so, when the days of their Because I have called, and ye refused; I feasting were gone about, that Job sent have stretched out my hand, and no man and sanctified them, and rose up early in regarded. I'rov. viii. 31. Blessed is the the morning, and offered burnt-offerings man that heareth me, watching daily at according to the number of them all: for my gates, waiting at the posts of my doors. Job said, It may be that my sons have Acts xiii. 42. And when the Jews were gone sinned, and cursed God in their hearts. out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought Thus did Job continually. 2 Sam. vi. 18. that these words might be preached to And as soon as David had made an end them the next sabbath. Luke iv. 16. And of offering burnt-offerings, and peace-of- he came to Nazareth, where he had been ferings, he blessed the people in the name brought up: and, as his custom was, he of the Lord of hosts. Ver. 20. Then David went into the synagogue on the sabbathreturned to bless his household. 1 let. day, and stood up for to read. Acts ii. 42, iii. 7. Likewise, ye husbands, dwell with And they continued stedfastly in the aposthem according to knowledge, giving how tles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaksuur untou the wife, as untu the weaker ing of bread, and in prayers.

positive, moral, and perpetual commandment, binding all men in all ages, he hath particularly appointed one day in seven for a sabbath, to be kept holy unto himk : which, from the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, was the last day of the week; and, from the resurrection of Christ, was changed into the first day of the week!, which in scripture is called the Lord's Daym, and is to be continued to the end of the world, as the Christian Sabbath ".

VIII. This sabbath is then kept holy unto the Lord, when men, after a due preparing of their hearts, and ordering of their common affairs before-hand, do not only observe an holy rest all the day from their own works, words, and thoughts about their worldly employments and recreationso; but also are taken up the whole tiine in the publick and private exercises of his worship, and in the duties of necessity and mercy P.

VII. k Exod. xx. 8. Remember the sab. VIII. o Exod. xx. 8. [See letterk.] Exod. bath-day, to keep it holy. Ver. 10. But xvi. 23. And he said unto them, This is the seventh day is tlie sabbath of the Lord that which the Lord hath said, To-morrow thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy Lord: bake that which ye will bake to day, man-serrant, nor thy maiilservant, nor and seethe that ye will seethe; and that thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within which remainetti over lay up for you, to thy gates : Ver. 11. For in six days the be kept until the morning. Ver. 25. Ant Loril made heaven and earth, the sea, and Moses said, Eat that to-say; for to-day is all that in them is, and rested the seventh a sabbath unto the Lord : to-day ye shall day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sab not find it in the field. Ver. 26. Six days bath-day, and hallowed it. Isa. lvi. 2. ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, Blessed is the man that doeth this, and which is the sabbath, in it there shall be the son of man that layeth hold on it; none. Ver. 29. See, for that the Lord hath that keepeth the sabbath from polluting given you the salbath, therefore he giveth it, and keepeth his hand from doing any you on the sixth day the bread of two days: evil. Ver. 4. For thus saith the Lord unto abide ye every man in his place ; let no the eunuchs that keep my sabbaths, and man go out of his place on the seventh choose the things that please me, and day. Ver. 30. So the people rested on the take hold of my covenant. Ver. 6, 7. [See seventh day. Exod. xxxi. 15. Six days may in letter i.?

work be done ; but in the seventh is the I Gen. ii. 2. And on the seventh day God sabbath of rest, holy to the Lord: whoso. ended his work which he had made; and ever doeth any work in the sabbath-day, he rested on the seventh day from all his he shall surely be put to death. Ver. 16. work which he had made. Ver. 3, And Wherefore the children of Israel shall God blessed the seventh day, and sancti, keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath fied it; because that in it he had rested throughout their generations, for a perfrom all his work which God created and petual covenant. Ver. 17. It is a sign bemade. 1 Cor. xvi. 1. Now concerning the tween me and the children of Israel for collection for the saints, as I have viven ever: for in six days the Lord made heaven order to the churches of Galatia, even so and earth, and on the seventh day he restdo ye. Ver. 2. Upon the first day of the ed, and was refreshed. Isa. lviii. 13. If week let every one of you lay by him in thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, store, as God hath prospered liim, that from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; there be no gatherings when I come. Acts and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of xx. 7. And upon the first day of the week, the Lord, honourable; and shalt honour when the disciples came together to break him, not doing thine own ways, nor findbread, Paul preached unto them, ready ing thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine to depart on the morrow; and continued Own words. Neh. xiii. 15. In those days his specch until midnight.

saw I in Judah some treading wine-presses m Rer. i. 10. I was in the Spirit on the on the sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, Lori's day, and heard behind me a great and lading asses; as also wine, grapes, voice, as of a trumpet.

and fig's, and all manner of burdens, which n Exod. xx. 8, 10. [See letter k.) With they brought into Jerusalem on the sabMat. v. 17. Think not that I am come to bath-day: and I testified against them in destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not the day wherein they sold vietnals. Ver. 16. come to destroy, but to fulfil. Ver. 18. I' There dwelt men of Tyre also therein, verily I say unto you, Till heaven and wlich brought fish, and all manner of earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in ware, and sold on the sabbath unto the no wise pass froin the law, till all be ful- children of Judah, and in Jerusalem. Ver. filled,

17. Then I contended with the nobles of

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occasion, the person swearing solemnly calleth God to witness what he asserteth or promiseth ; and to judge him according to the truth or falsehood of what he sweareth b.

II. The name of God only is that by which men ought to swear and therein it is to be used with all holy fear and reverence : there

: fore to swear vainly or rashly by that glorious and droadful name, or to swear at all by any other thing, is sinful, and to be abhorred 4. Yet as, in matters of weight and moment, an oath is warranted by the word of God under the New Testament, as well as under the Old • ; so a lawful oath being imposed by lawful authority, in such matters, ought to be taken f.

III. Whosoever taketh an oath, ought duly to consider the weightiness of so solemin an act, and therein to avouch nothing but what Judah, and said unto them, What evil his way upon his own head; and by justi. thing is this that ye do, and profane the fying the righteous, by giving him accordsabbath-day? Ver. 18. Did not your fa. ing to his righteousness. thers thus, and did not our God bring all II. c Deut. vi. 13. Thou shalt fear the this evil upon us, and upon this city? yet Lord thy God, and serve him, and shalt ye bring more wrath upon Israel, by pro- swear by his name. faning the sabbath. Ver. 19. And it came d Exod. xx. 7. [See letter b.) Jer. v. 7. to pass, that when the gates of Jerusalem How shall I pardon thee for this thy chil. began to be dark before the sabbath, I dren have forsaken me, and sworn by them commanded that the gates should be skut, that are no gods: when I had fed them to and charged that they should not be open- the full, they then committed adultery, and e'd till after the sabbath: and some of my assembled themselves by troops in the harservants set I at the gates, that there lots' houses. Mat. v. 34. But I say unto should no burden be brought in on the you, Swear not at all: neither by heaven; sabbath-day. Ver. 21. Then I testified for it is God's throne. Ver. 37. But let against them, and said unto them, Why your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, lodge ye about the wall? If ye do so again, nay: for whatsoever is more than these I will say hands on you. From that time cometh of evil. James v. 12. But above forth caine they no more on the sabbath. all things, my brethren, swear not; neither Ver. 22. And I commanded the Levites, by heaven, neither by the earth, neither that they should cleanse themselves, and by any other oath: but let your yea be yea; that they should come and keep the gates, and your nay, nay; lest ye fall into conto sanctify the sabbath-day. Remember demnation. me, O my God, concerning this also, and e Heb. vi, 16. For men verily swear by spare me according to the greatness of thy the greater; and an oath for confirmation mercy.

is to them an end of all strife. 2 Cor. i. 23. p Isa. lviii. 13. (See in letter o.] Mat. xii. 1. (See letter b.] Isa. Ixv. 16. That he who to the 13th Verse.

blesseth himself in the earth, shall bless I. a Deut. x. 20. Thou shalt fear the himself in the God of truth; and he that Lord thy God; him shalt thou serve, and sweareth in the earth, shall swear by the to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his God of truth ; because the former troubles

are forgotten, and because they are hid b Exod. xx. 7. Thou shalt not take the from mine eyes. name of the Lord thy God in vain : for the f 1 Kings viii. 31. If any man trespass Lord will not hold him guiltless that tak. against his neighbour, and an oath belaid eth his name in vain. Lev. xix. 12. And upon him to cause him to swear, and the ye shall not swear by my name falsely, oath come before thine altar in this house. neither shalt thou profane the name of Neh. xiii. 25. And I contended with them, thy God: I am the Lord. 2 Cor. i. 23. and cursed them, and smote certain of Moreover, I call God for a record upon them, and plucked off their hair, and my soul, that to spare you I came not as made them swear by God, saying, Ye shall yet unto Corinth. 2 Chron. vi. 22. If a not give your daughters unto their sons, man sin against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to make him swear,

nor take their daughters unto your sons,

or for yourselves. Ezra x. 5. Then arose and the oath come before thine altar in Ezra, and made the chief priests, the Lethis house: Ver. 23. Then hear thou from vites, and all Israel, to swear that they heaven, and do, and judge thy servants, should do according to this word: and by reguiting the wicked, by recompensing they sware.


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