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free access to God!, and their yielding obedience unto him, net out of slavish fear, but a child-like love, and willing mind. All which were common also to believers under the lawf; but under the new testament, the liberty of Christians is further enlarged in their freedom from the yoke of the ceremonial law, to which the Jewish Church was subjected, and in greater boldness of access to the throne of grace h, and in fuller communications of the free Spirit of God, than Delierers under the law did ordinarily partake ofi.

II. God alone is Lord of the conscience k, and hath left it free from the doctrines and commandments of men which are in any thing contrary to his word, or beside it, in matters of faith or worship?

Ver. 55. O death, where is thy sting? O great high priest, that is passed into the grave, where is thy victory ? Ver. 56. The heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold sting of death is sin; and the strength of fast our profession. Ver. 16. Let us theresin is the law. Ver. 57. But thanks be to fore come boldly unto the throne of grace, God, which giveth is the victory, through that we may obtain mercy, and find grace our Lord Jesus Christ. Roin. viii. 1. There to help in time of need. IIeb. x. 19. IIaris therefore now no condemnation to them ing therefore, brethren, boldness to enter which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, Ver. after the flesh, but after the Spirit.

20. By a new and living way, which he d Rom. v. 1. Therefore, being justified hath consecrated for us through the vail, by faith, we have peace with God, through that is to say, his flesh ; Ver. 21. And hav. our Lord Jesus Christ: Ver. 2. By whom ing an high priest over the house of God; also we have access by faith into this Ver. 22. Let us draw near with a true grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in heart, in full assurance of faith, having hope of the glory of God.

our hearts sprinkled from an evil cone Rom. viii. 14. For as many as are led science, and our bodies washed with pure by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of water. God. Ver. 15. For ye have not received i Jolin vii. 38. Ile that believeth on me, the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye as the scripture hath said, out of his belly have received the Spirit of adoption, shall flow rivers of living water. Ver. 33. whereby we cry, Abba, Father. 1 John (But this spake he of the Spirit, which iv. 18. There is no fear in love; but perfect they that believe on him should receive: love casteth out fear: because fear hath for the Holy Ghost was not yet given : betorment. He that feareth is not made cause that Jesus was not yet glorified.) perfect in love.

2 Cor. iii. 13. And not as Moses, which put f Gal. iii. 9. So then they which be of a vail over his face, that the children of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham. Israel could not stedfastly look to the end! Ver. 14. That the blessing of Abraham of that which is abolished. Ver. 17. Now might come on the Gentiles through Jesus the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Christ; that we might receive the promise Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. Ver. of the Spirit through faith.

18. But we all, with open face beholding & Gal. iv, 1. Noiv I say, That the heir, as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are as long as he is a differeth nothing changed into the same image, from glory from a servant, though he be lord of all; to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord. Ver. 2. But is under tutors and governors, II. kJames iv. 12. There is one lawgiver, until the time appointed of the father. who is able to save and to destroy: who Ver. 3. Even so we, when we were child- art thou that judgest another ? Rom. xiv. ren, were in bondage under the elements 4. Who art thou that judgest another of the world. Ver. 6. And because ye are man's servant ? to his own master ho sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his standetlı or falleth ; yea, he shall be holden Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, up: for God is able to make him stand. Father. Ver. 7. Wherefore thou art no 1 Acts iv. 19. But Peter and John an. more a servant, but a son; and if a son, swered and said unto them, Whether it be then an heir of God through Christ. Gal. right in the sight of God to hearken unto v. 1. Stand fast therefore in the liberty you more than unto God, judge ye. Acts wherewith Christ hath made us free, and v. 29. Then Peter and the other apostles be not entangled again with the yoke of answered and said, We ought to obey God bondage. Aets xv. 10. Now therefore why rather than men. 1 Cor. vii. 23. Ye are tempt ye God, to put a yoke upon the bought with a price: be not ye the serneck of the disciples, which neither our vants of men. Mat. xxiii. 8. But be not ye fathers nor we were able to bear? Ver. 11. called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even But we believe that, through the grace of Christ; and all ye are brethren. Ver. 9. the Lord Jesus Christ, we shall be saved, And call no man your father upon the even as they

earth: for one is your Father, which is in Heb. iv. 14. Seeing then that we have a heaven. Ver. 10. Neither be ye called


So that to believe such doctrines, or to obey such commandments out of conscience, is to betray true liberty of conscience m; and the requiring of an implicit faith, and an absolute and blind obedience, is to destroy liberty of conscience, and reason also n.

III. They who, upon pretence of Christian liberty, do practise any sin, or cherish any lust, do thereby destroy the end of Christian liberty; which is, that, being delivered out of the hands of our onemies, we might serve the Lord without fear, in holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life o.

IV. And because the powers which God hath ordained, and the liberty which Christ hath purchased, are not intended by God to destroy, but mutually to uphold and preserve one another ; they who, upon pretence of Christian liberty, shall oppose any lawful power, or the lawful exercise of it, whether it be civil or ecclesiastical, resist the ordinance of God P. And for their publishing of such opinions, or maintaining of such practices, as are contrary to the light of

masters: for one is your Master, even pressed and broken in judgment, because Christ. 2 Cor. i. 24. Not for that we have he willingly walked after the command. dominion over your faith, but are helpers ment. Rev. xiii. 12. And he exerciseth all of your joy: for by faith ye stand. Mat. the power of the first beast before him, xv. 9. But in vain they do worship me, and causeth the earth, and them which teaching for doctrines the commandinents dwell therein, to worship the first beast, of men.

whose deadly wound was healed. Ver. 16. m Col. ii. 20. Wherefore, if ye be dead And he caused all, both small and great, with Christ from the rudiments of the rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a world, why, as though living in the world, mark in their right hand, or in their foreare ye subject to ordinances, Ver. 22. heads: Ver. 17. And that no man might (Which all are to perish with the using) buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or after the commandments and doctrines the name of the beast, or the number of of men? Ver. 23. Which things have in. his name. Jer. viii. 9. The wise men are deed a show of wisdom in will-worship, ashamed, they are dismayed and taken: and humility, and neglecting of the body; lo, they have rejected the word of the not in any honour to the satisfying of the Lord; and what wisdom is in them? flesh. Gal. i. 10. For do I now persuade III. o Gal. v. 13. For, brethren, ye have men, or God? or do I seek to please men ? been called unto liberty; only use not li. for if I yet pleased men, I should not be berty for an occasion to the flesh, but by the servant of Christ. Gal. ii. 4. And love serve one another. 1 Pet. ii. 16. As that because of false brethren unawares free, and not using your liberty for a cloak brought in, who came in privily to spy out of maliciousness, but as the servants of our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, God. 2 Pet. ii. 19. While they promise that they might bring us into bondage: them liberty, they themselves are the ser.. Ver. 5. To whom we gave place by sub- vants of corruption : for of whom a man jection, no, not for an hour, that the truth is overcome, of the same is he brought in of the gospel might continue with you. bondage. John viii. 34. Jesus answered Gal. v. 1. Stand fast therefore in the liber- them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whoty wherewith Christ hath made us free, soever committeth sin is the servant of and be not entangled again with the yoké sin. Luke i. 74. That he would grant unof bondage.

to us, that we, being delivered out of the n Rom. x. 17. So then faith cometh by hand of our enemies, might serve bim hearing, and hearing by the word of God. without fear, Ver. 75. In holiness and Rom. xiv. 23. And he that doubteth is righteousness before him, all the days of damned if he eat, because he eateth not our life. of faith: for whatsoever is not of faith is IV. p Mat. xii. 25. And Jesus knew their sin. Isa. viii. 20. To the law and to the thoughts, and said unto them, Every kingtestimony :: if they speak not according to dom divided against itself is brought to this word, it is because there is no light in desolation; and every city or house divided them. Acts xvii. 11. These were more against itself shall not stand. 1 Pet. ii. noble than those in Thessalonica, in that 13. Submit yourselves to every ordinance they received the word with all readiness of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, to the king, as supreme; Ver. 14. Or unto whether those things were so. John iv. governors, as unto them that are sent by 22. Ye worship ye know not what: we him for the punishment of evil-doers, and know what we worship: for salvation is for the praise of them that do well. Ver. of the Jews. Hos. v. 11. Ephraim is op- 16. As free, and not using your liberty for


nature, or to the known principles of Christianity, whether concerning faith, worship, or conversation; or to the power of godliness; or such erroneous opinions or practices, as either in their own nature, or in the manner of publishing or maintaining them, are destructive to the external peace and order which Christ hath established in the church; they may lawfully be called to account, and proceeded against by the censures of the church 9, and by the power of the civil magistrate ".

a cloak of maliciousness, but as the ser. xviii. 15. Moreover, if thy brother shall vants of God... [Rom. xiii. 1. to the 8th trespass against thee, go and tell him his Verse. Heb. xiii. 17. Obey them that have fault between theo and him alone: if he the rule over you, and submit yourselves: shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brofor they watch for your souls, as they that ther. Ver. 16. But if he will not hear must give account; that they may do it thee, then take with thee one or two more, with joy, and not with grief: for that is that in the mouth of two or three witunprofitable for you.

nesses every word may be established. q Rom. i. 32. Who, knowing the judg. Ver. 17. And if he shall neglect to hear ment of God, that they which commit such them, tell it unto the church: but if he things are worthy of death, not only do neglect to hear the church, let him be unthe same, but have pleasure in them that to thee as an heathen man and a publican. do them. With 1 Cor. v. 1. It is reported 1 Tim. i. 19. Holding faith, and a good commonly that there is fornication among conscience; which some having put away, you, and such fornication as is not so concerning faith have made shipwreck: much as named among the Gentiles, that Ver. 20. Of whom is Hymeneus and Alexone should have his father's wife. Ver. 5. ander; whom I have delivered unto Satan, To deliver such an one unto Satan for the that they may learn not to blaspheme. destruction of the flesh, that the spirit Rev. ii. 2. I know thy works, and thy lamay be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus. bour, and thy patience, and how thou Ver. 11. But now I have written unto you canst not bear them which are evil: and not to keep company, if any man that is thou hast tried them which say they are called a brother be a fornicator, or cove- apostles, and are not, and hast found them tous, or an idolater, or a railer, or a liars. Ver. 14. But I have a few things drunkard, or an extortioner; with such against thee, because thou hast there an one no not to eat. Ver. 13. But them them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, that are without God judgeth. Therefore who taught Balac to cast a stumblingput away from among yourselves that block before the children of Israel, to eat wicked person. 2 John, ver. 10. If there things sacrificed unto idols, and to comcome any unto you, and bring not this mit fornication. Ver. 15. So hast thou doctrine, receive him not into your house, also them that hold the doctrine of the peither bid him God speed. Ver. 11. For Nicolaitanes, which thing I hate. Ver. 20. he that biddeth him God speed is partaker Notwithstanding I have a few things of his evil deeds. And 2 Thess. iii. 14. against thee, because thou sufferest that And if any man obey not our word by this woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a epistle, note that man, and have no com- prophetess, to teach and to seduce my pany with him, that he may be ashamed. servants to commit fornication, and to eat And 1 Tim. vi. 3. If any man teach other. things sacrificed unto idols. Rev. iii. 9. wise, and consent not to wholesome words, Behold, I will make them of the synaeven the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, gogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and to the doctrine which is according to and are not, but do lie; behold, I will godliness; Ver. 4. He is proud, knowing make them to come and worship before nothing, but doting about questions and thy feet, and to know that I have loved strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, thee. strife, railings, evil surmisings, Ver. 5. r (Deut. xiii. 6. to the 12th.] Rom. xiii. 3. Perverse disputings of men of corrupt For rulers are not a terror to good works, minds, and destitute of the truth, suppos- but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be ingihat gain is godliness: from such with- afraid of the power? Do that which is draw thyself. And Tit. i. 10. For there are good, and thou shalt have praise of the many unruly and vain talkers and de- same: Ver. 4. For he is the minister of ceivers, specially they of the circumcision: God to thee for good. But if thou do that Ver. 11. Whose mouths must be stopped; which is evil, be afraid ; for he beareth who subvert whole houses, teaching things not the sword in vain: for he is the miniwhich they ought not, for filthy lucre's ster of God, a revenger to execute wrath sake. Ver. 13. This witness is true: where- upon him that doeth evil. With 2 John, fore rebuke them sharply, that they may verses 10, 11. (See in letter 9.] Ezra vii. be sound in the faith. And Tit. iii. 10. Å 23. Whatsoever is commanded by the God man that is an heretick, after the first and of heaven, let it be diligently done for the second admonition, reject. With Mat. house of the God of heaven: for!

CIIAP. XXI. Of Religious Worship, and the Sabbath-day. T'IIE light of nature showeth that there is a God, who hath lordship

and sovereignty over all ; is good, and doeth good unto all; and is therefore to be feared, loved, praised, called upon, trusted in, and served, with all the heart, and with all the soul, and with all the

should there be wrath against the realm not give your daughters unto their sous, of the king and his sons ? Ver. 25. And nor take their daughters unto your sons, thou, Ezra, after the wisdom of thy God or for yourselves. Ver. 30. Thus cleansed that is in thine hand, set magistrates and I them from all strangers, and appointed judges, which may judge all the people the wards of the priests and the Levites, that are beyond the river, all such as know every one in his business. 2 Kings xxvi. the laws of thy God; and teach ye them 5. And he put down the idolatrous jriests, that know them not. Ver. 26. And who- whom the kings of Judah had ordained soever will not do the law of thy God, and to burn incense in the high places in the the law of the king, let judgment be exe- cities of Judah, and in the places round cuted speedily upon him, whether it be about Jerusalem : them also that burnt unto death, or to banishment, or to con- incense unto Baal, to the sun, and to the fiscation of goods, or to imprisonment. moon, and to the planets, and to all the Ver. 27. Blessed be the Lord God of our host of heaven. Ver. 6. And he brought fathers, which hath put such a thing as out the grove from the house of the Lord, this in the king's heart, to beautify the without Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidhouse of the Lord which is in Jerusalem; ron, and burnt it at the brook Kidron, Ver. 28. And hath extended mercy untó and stamped it small to powder, and cast me before the king and his counsellors, the powder thereof upon the graves of the and before all the king's mighty princes: children of the people. Ver. 9. Nevertheless and I was strengthened as the hand of the priests of the liigh places came riot up the Lord my God was upon me; and I to tlie altar of the Lord in Jerusalem, but gathered together out of Ísrael chief men they did eat of the unleavened bread to go up with me. Rev. xvii. 12. And the among their brethren. Ver. 20. And ho ten horns which thou sawest are ten slew all the priests of the high places that kings, which have received no kingdom as were there upon the altars, and burnt yet; but receive power as kings one hour men's bones upon them, and returned to with the beast. Ver. 16. And the ten horns Jerusalem. Ver. 21. And the king comwhich thou sawest upon the beast, these manded all the people, saying, keep the shall hate the whore, and shall make her passover unto the Lord your God, as it is desolate and naked, and shall eat her ilesh, written in the book of this covenant. 2 and burn her with fire. Ver. 17. For God Chron. xxxiv. 33. And Josiah took away hati put in their hearts to fulfil his will, all the abominations out of all the counand to agree, and give their kingdom untó tries that pertained to the children of Isthe beast, until the words of God shall be rael, and made all that were present in fulfilled. Neh. xiii. 15. In those days saw Israel io serre, eren to serve the Lord I in Judah some treading wine-presses on

their God. And all his days they departthe sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and ed not from following the Lord, the God lading asses; as also wine, grapes, and of their fathers. 2 Chron. xv. 12. And they figs, and all manner of burdens, which entered into a covenant to seek the Lord they brought into Jerusalem on the sab- God of their fathers with all their heart, bath-day: and I testified against them in and with all their soul; Ver. 13. That whothe day wherein they sold victuals. Ver. soever would not seek the Lord God of Is17. Then I contended with the nobles of rael should be put to death, whether small Judah, and said unto them, What evil or great, whether man or woman.

Ver. thing is this that ye do, and profane the 16. And also concerning Maachah, the sabbath-day? Ver. 21. Then I testified mother of Asa the king, he removed her against them, and said unto them, Why from being queen, because she had made lodge ye about the wall ? if ye do so again, an idol in a grove: and Asa cut down her I will lay hands on you. From that time idol, and stamped it, and burnt it at the forth came they no more on the sabbath. brook Kidron. Dan. iii. 29. Therefore I Ver. 22. And I commanded the Levites, make a decree, That every people, nation, that they should cleanse themselves, and and language, which speak any thing that they should come and keep the gates, amiss against the God of Shadrach, Meto sanctify the sabbath-day. Remember shach, and Abed-nego, shall be cut in me, O my God, concerning this also, and pieces, and their houses shall be made a spare me according to the greatness of dunghill; because there is no other God thy mercy. Ver. 25. And I contended with that can deliver after this sort. 1 Tim. ii. them, and cursed them, and smote certain 2. For kings, and for ali that are in of them, and plucked off their hair, and authority ; that we may lead a quiet and made them swear by God, saying, Ye'shall peaceable life in all godliness and honesty,

might a But the acceptable way of worshipping the true God is instituted by himself, and so limited by his own revealed will, that he may not be worshipped according to the imaginations and devices of men, or the suggestions of Satan, under any visible representation, or any other way not prescribed in the holy scripture":

II. Religious worship is to be given to God, the Father, Son, and Iloly Ghost; and to him alonec: not to angels, saints, or any other creatured: and, since the fall, not without a Mediator; nor in the mediation of any other but of Christ alone Isa. xlix. 23. And kings shall be thy nurs- b Deut. xii. 32. What thing soever I coming-fathers, and their queens thy nursing- mand you, observe to do it: thou shalt not mothers: they shall bow down to thee add thereto, nor diminish from it. Mat. with their face toward the earth, and lick sv. 9. But in vain they do worship me, up the dust of thy feet; and thou shalt teaching for doctrines the commandments know that I am the Lord: for they shall of men. Acts xvii. 25. Neither is worshipnot be ashamed that wait for me. Zech. ped with men's hands, as though he needed xiii. 2. And it shall come to pass in that any thing, seeing he giveth to all life, and day, saith the Lord of hosts, that I will breath, and all things. Mat. iv. 9. And cut off the names of the idols out of the saith unto him, All these things will I give land, and they shall no more be remem- thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship bered; and also I will cause the propriets me. Ver. 10. Then saith Jesus unto him, and the unclean spirit to pass out of the Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, land. Ver. 3. And it shall come to pass, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and that when any shall yet prophesy, then him only shalt thou serve. (Deut. xv. to his father and his mother that begat him the 2011 Verse.] Exod. xx. 4. Thou shalt shall say unto him, Thou shalt not live; not make unto thee any graven image, or for thou speakest lies in the name of the any likeness of any thing that is in heaven Lord: and his father and his mother that above, or that is in the earth beneath, or begat him shall thrust him through when that is in thewater under the earth : Ver. 5. he prophesietli.

Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, 1. a Rom. i. 20. For the invisible things nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am of him from the creation of the world are a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the clearly seen, being understood by the fathers upon the children unto the third things that are made, even his eternal and fourth generation of them that hate power and Godhead; so that they are me; Ver. 6. And showing mercy unto without excuse. Aets xvii. 24. God, that thousands of them that love me, and keep made the world, and all things therein, my commandments. Col. ii. 23. Which seeing that he is Lord of heaven and things have indeed a show of wisdom in earth, dwelleth not in temples made with will-worship, and humility, and neglecting hands. Psal. cxix. 68. Thou art good, and of the body; not in any honour to the doest good: teach me thy statutes. Jer. satisfying of the flesh. x. 7. Who would not fear thee, 0 King of II. Mat. iv. 10. [See before in letter b.] nations ? for to thee doth it appertain: With John v. 23. That all men should forasmuch as among all the wise men of honour the Son, even as they honour the the nations, and in all their kingdoms, Father. He that honoureth not the Son, there is none like unto thee. Psal. xxxi. 23. honoureth not the Father which hath sent O love the Lord, all ye his saints: for the him. And 2 Cor. xiii. 14. The grace of the Lord preserveth the faithful, and plenti. Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, fully rewardeth the proud doer. Psal and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be xviii. 3. I will call upon the Lord, who is with you all. Amen. worthy to be praised : so shall I be saved d Col. ii. 18. Let no man beguile you of from mine enemies. Rom. x. 12. For there your reward in a voluntary humility, and is no difference between the Jew and the worshipping of angels, intruding into those Greek; for the same Lord over all is rich things which he hath not seen, vainly unto all that call upon him. Psal. Ixii. 8. pufied up by his Heshly mind. Rev. xix. 10. Trust in him at all times; ye people, pour And I fell at his feet to worship him. And out your heart before him: God is a re- he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am fuge for us. Josh. xxiv. 14. Now therefore thy fellow-servant, and of thy brethren fear the Lord, and serve him in sincerity that have the testimony of Jesus: worship and in truth and put away the gods God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit which your fathers served on the other of prophecy. Rom. i. 25. Who changed the side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve truth of God into a lie, and worshipped ye the Lord. Mark xii. 33. And to love and served the creature more than the him with all the heart, and with all the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen. understanding, and with all the soul, and e John xiv. 6. Jesus saith unto him, I with all the strength, and to love his am the way, and the truth, and the lite: nei hbour as himself, is more than all no man cometh unto the Father, but by whole burnt-offerings and sacrifices,

1 Tirn, ii. 5. For there is one Ga


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