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nature, hearts, and lives ; 80 as, examining themselves thereby, they may come to further conviction of, humiliation for, and hatred against sino; together with a clearer sight of the need they have of Christ, and the perfection of his obedience P. It is likewise of use to the regenerate, to restrain their corruptions, in that it forbids sin?; and the threatenings of it serve to show what even their sins deserve, and what afflictions in this life they may expect for them, although freed from the curse thereof threatened in the law". The promises of it, in like manner, show them God's approbation of obedience, and what blessings they may expect upon the performance thereof", although not as due to them by the law as a covenant of workst: 80 as a man's doing good, and refraining from evil, because the law en

vii. 19. Circumcision is nothing, and un- cerning all things to be right; and I hate circumcision is nothing, but the keeping every false way. of the commandments of God. Gal. v. 14, r Ezra ix. 13. And after all that is come 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23. See in the upon us for our evil deeds, and for our Bible.

great trespass, seeing that thou our God n Rom. vii. 7. What shall we say then! hast punished us less than our iniquities Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had deserve, and hast given us such delivernot known sin but by the law: for I had ance as this; Ver. 14. Should we again not known lust, except the law had said, break thy commandments, and join in afThou shalt not covet. Rom. iii. 20. There- finity with the people of these abominafore by the deeds of the law there shall no tions? wouldest not thou be angry with us flesh be justified in his sight: for by the till thou hadist consumed us, so that there law is the knowledge of sin.

should be no remnant nor escaping ? Psal. o James i. 23. For if any be a hearer of lxxxix. 30. If his children forsake my law, the word, and not a doer, he is like unto and walk not in my judgments; Ver. 31. a man beholding his natural face in a If they break my statutes, and keep not glass : Ver. 24. For he beholdeth himself, my commandments; Ver. 32. Then will I and goeth his way, and straightway for- visit their transgression with the rod, and getteth what manner of man he was. Ver. their iniquity with stripes. Ver. 33. Never25. But whoso looketh into the perfect law theless my loving-kindness will I not ut. of liberty, and continueth therein, he be- terly take from him, nor suffer my faithing not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of fulness to fail. Ver. 34. My covenant will the work, this man shall be blessed in his I not break, nor alter the thing that is deed. Rom. vii, 9. For I was alive with- gone out of my lips. out the law once; but when the command- s (Lev. xxvi. to the 14th Verse.) With 2 ment came, sin revived, and I died. Ver. Cor. vi. 16. And what agreement hath the 14. For we know that the law is spirit- temple of God with idols ? for ye are the ual; but I am carnal, sold under sin. temple of the living God; as God hath Ver. 24. 0 wretched man that I am! who said, I will dwell in them, and walk in shall deliver me from the body of this them; and I will be their God, and they death?

shall be my people. Eph. vi. 2. Honour p Gal. iii. 24. Wherefore the law was our thy father and mother, ( which is the first schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that commandment with promise,) Ver. 3. That we might be justified by faith. Rom. vii. it may be well with thee, and thou mayest 24. [See before in letter 0. Verse 25. in letter live long on the earth. Psal. xxxvii. 11. m.] Rom. viii. 3. For what the law could But the meek shall inherit the earth; and not do, in that it was weak through the shall delight themselves in the abundance flesh, God sending his own Son in the of peace. With Mat. v. 5. Blessed are the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin con- meek: for they shall inherit the earth. demned sin in the flesh ; Ver. 4. That the Psal. xix. 11. Moreover, by them is thy serrighteousness of the law might be fulfilled vant warned: and in keeping of 'them in us, who walk not after the flesh but there is great reward. after the Spirit.

t Gal. ii. 16. Knowing that a man is not q James ii. 11. For he that said, Do not justified by the works of the law, but by commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have Now, if thou commit no adultery, yet if believed in Jesus Christ, that we might thou kill, thou art become a transgressor be justified by the faith of Christ, and not of the law. Psal. cxix. 101. I have re- by the works of the law: for by the works frained my feet from every evil way, that of the law shall no flesh be justified. Luke I might keep thy word. Ver. 104. Through xvii. 10. So likewise ye, when ye shall have thy precepts I get understanding: there- done all those things which are commandfore I hate every false way. Ver. 128. ed you, say, We are unprofitable servants: Therefore I esteem all thy precepts con- we have done that which was our duty to do.

couragoth to the one, and deterreth from the other, is no evidence of his being under the law, and not under grace ;

VII. Neither are the forementioned uses of the law contrary to the grace of the gospel, but do sweetly comply with it w; the Spirit of Christ subduing and enabling the will of man to do that freely and cheerfully which the will of God revealed in the law requireth to be done

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CIIAP. XX. Of Christian Liberty, and Liberty of Conscience. THE liberty which Christ hath purchased for believers under the

gospel, consists in their freedom from the guilt of sin, the condemning wrath of God, the curse of the moral law a; and in their being delivered from this present evil world, bondage to Satan, and dominion of sin ”, from the evil of afflictions, the sting of death, the victory of the grave, and everlasting damnation"; as also in their

Rom. vi. 12. Let not sin therefore reign saith the Lord ; I will put my laws into in your mortal body, that ye should obey their mind, and write them in their hearts; it in the lusts thereof. Ver. 14. For sin and I will he to them a God, and they shali shall not have dominion over you: for ye be to me a people. With Jer. xxxi. 33. are not under the law, but under grace. But this shall be the covenant that I will 1 Pet. iii. 8. Finally, be ye all of one mind, make with the house of Israel ; After those having compassion one of another; love days, saith the Lord, I will put my law in as brethren, be pitiful, be courteous : Ver. their inward parts, and write it in their 9. Not rendering evil for evil, or railing hearts; and will be their God, and they for railing: but contrariwise blessing; shall be my people. knowing that ye are thereunto called, that I. a Tit. ii. 14. Who gave himself for us, ye should inherit a blessing. Ver. 10. For that he might redeem us from all iniquity, he that will love life, and see good days, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and zealous of good works. 1 Thess. i. 10. And his lips that they speak no guile: Ver. 11. to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he Let him eschew evil, and do good ; let him raised from the dead, even Jesus, which seek peace, and ensue it. Ver. 12. For the delivered us from the wrath to come. eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, Gal. iii. 13. Christ hath redeemed us from and his ears are open unto their prayers: the curse of the law, being made a curse but the face of the Lord is against them for us : for it is written, Cursed is every that do evil. With Psal. xxxiv. 12. What one that hangeth on a tree. man is he that desireth life, and loveth b Gal. i. 4. Who gave himself for our many days, that he may see good ? Ver. 13. sins, that he might deliver us from this Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips present evil world, according to the will from speaking guile. Ver. 14. Depart from of God and our Father. Col. i. 13. Who evil, and do good; seek peace, and pursue hath delivered us from the power of dark. it. Ver. 15. The eyes of the Lord are upon ness, and hath translated us into the kingthe righteous, and his ears are open unto dom of his dear Son. Acts xxvi. 18. TO their cry. Ver. 16. The face of the Lord open their eyes, and to turn them from is against them that do evil, to cut off the darkness to light, and from the power of remembrance of them from the earth. Satan unto God, that they may receive Heb. xii. 28. Wherefore, we receiving a forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among kingdom which cannot be moved, let us them which are sanctified by faith that is have grace, whereby we may serve God in me. Rom. vi. 14. For sin shall not have acceptably with reverence and godly fear: dominion over you: for ye are not under Ver. 29. For our God is a consuming fire. the law, but under grace.

VII. w Gal. iii. 21. Is the law then against cRom. viii. 28. And we know that all things the promises of God? God forbid: for if work together for good to them that love there had been a law given which could God, to them who are the called according have given life, verily righteousness should to his purpose. Psal. cxix. 71. It is good have been by the law.

for me that I have been afflicted; that I * Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will put my might learn thy statutes. 1 Cor. xv. 54. Spirit within you, and cause you to walk So when this corruptible shall have put in my statutes, and ye shall keep, my on incorruption, and this mortal shall judgments, and do them. Heb. viii. 10. have put on immortality, then shall be For this is the covenant that I will make brought to pass the saying that is writ. with the house of Israel, after those days, ten, Death is swallowed up in victory

free access to God 4, and their yielding obedience unto him, not ont of slavish fear, but a child-like love, and willing mind. All which were common also to believers under the lawf; but under the new testament, the liberty of Christians is further enlarged in their freedom from the yoke of the ceremonial law, to which the Jewish Church was subjected, and in greater boldness of access to the throne of graceh, and in fuller communications of the free Spirit of God, than believers under the law did ordinarily partake ofi.

II. God alone is Lord of the conscience k, and hath left it free from the doctrines and commandments of men which are in any thing contrary to his word, or beside it, in matters of faith or worship?


Ver. 55. O death, where is thy sting? O great high priest, that is passed into the grave, where is thy victory? Ver. 56. The heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold sting of death is sin; and the strength of fast our profession. Ver. 16. Let us theresin is the law. Ver. 57. But thanks be to fore come boldly unto the throne of grace, God, which giveth us the victory, through that we may obtain mercy, and find grace our Lord Jesus Christ. Rom. viii. 1. There to help in time of need. Feb. x. 19. Havis therefore now no condemnation to them ing therefore, brethren, boldness to enter which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, Ver. after the flesh, but after the Spirit. 20. By a new and living way, which he

d Rom. v. 1. Therefore, being justified hath consecrated for us through the vail, by faith, we have peace with God, through that is to say, his flesh ; Ver. 21. And have our Lord Jesus Christ: Ver. 2. By whom ing an high priest over the house of God; also we have access by faith into this Ver. 22. Let us draw near with a true grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in heart, in full assurance of faith, having hope of the glory of God.

our hearts sprinkled from an evil cone Rom. viii. 14. For as many as are led science, and our bodies washed with pure by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of water. God. Ver. 15. For ye have not received i John vii. 38. Ile that believeth on me, the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye as the scripture hath said, out of his belly have received the Spirit of adoption, shall flow rivers of living water. Ver. 33. whereby we cry, Abba, Father. 1 John (But this spake he of the Spirit, which iv. 18. There is no fear in love; but perfect they that believe on him should receive: love easteth out fear: because fear hath for the Holy Ghost was not yet given ; be

He that feareth is not made cause that Jesus was not yet glorified.) perfect in love.

2 Cor. iii. 13. And not as Moses, which put f Gal. iii. 9. So then they which be of a vail over his face, that the children of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham. Israel could not stedfastly look to the end Ver. 14. That the blessing of Abraham of that which is abolished. Ver. 17. Now might come on the Gentiles through Jesus the Lord is that Spirit; and where the Christ; that we might receive the promise Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. Ver. of the Spirit through faith.

18. But we all, with open face beholding & Gal. iv, 1. Now I say, That the heir, as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are as long as he is a child, differeth nothing changed into the same image, from glory from a servant, though he be lord of all; to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord. Ver. 2. But is under tutors and governors,

II. James iv. 12. There is one lawgiver, until the time appointed of the father. who is able to save and to destroy: who Ver. 3. Even so we, when we were child- art thou that judgest another ? Rom. xiv. ren, were in bondage under the elements 4. Who art thou that judgest another of the world. Ver. 6. And because ye are

man's servant ? to his own master he sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his standetlı or falleth ; yea, he shall be holden Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, up: for God is able to make him stand. Father. Ver. 7. Wherefore thou art no 1 Acts iv. 19. But Peter and John an. more a servant, but a son; and if a son, swered and said unto them, Whether it be then an heir of God through Christ. Gal. right in the sight of God to hearken unto v. 1. Stand fast therefore in the liberty you more than unto God, judge ye. Acts wherewith Christ hath made us free, and v. 29. Then Peter and the other apostles be not entangled again with the yoke of answered and said, We ought to obey God bondage. Acts xv. 10. Now therefore why rather than men. 1 Cor. vii. 23. Ye are tempt ye God, to put a yoke upon the bought with a price: be not ye the serneck of the disciples, which neither our vants of men, Mat. xxiii. 8. But be not ye fathers nor we were able to bear? Ver. 11. called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even But we believe that, through the grace of Christ; and all ye are brethren. the Lord Jesus Christ, we shall be saved, And call no man your father upon the even as they

earth: for one is your Father, which is in h Heb. iv. 14. Seeing then that we have a heaven. Ver. 10. Neither bé ye called

Ver. 9.


So that to believe such doctrines, or to obey such conimandments out of conscience, is to betray true liberty of conscience m; and the requiring of an implicit faith, and an absolute and blind obedience, is to destroy liberty of conscience, and reason also n.

III. They who, upon pretence of Christian liberty, do practise any sin, or cherish any lust, do thereby destroy the end of Christian liberty; which is, that, being delivered out of the hands of our onemies, we might serve the Lord without fear, in holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life o.

IV. And because the powers which God hath ordained, and the liberty which Christ hath purchased, are not intended by God to destroy, but mutually to uphold and preserve one another ; they who, upon pretence of Christian liberty, shall oppose any lawful power, or the lawful exercise of it, whether it be civil or ecclesiastical, resist the ordinance of God P. And for their publishing of such opinions, or maintaining of such practices, as are contrary to the light of

masters: for one is your Master, even pressed and broken in judgment, because Christ. 2 Cor. i. 24. Not for that we have he willingly walked after the commanddominion over your faith, but are helpers ment. Rev. xiii. 12. And he exerciseth all of your joy: for by faith ye stand. Mat. the power of the first beast before him, xv. 9. But in vain they do worship me, and causeth the earth, and them which teaching for doctrines the commandinents dwell therein, to worship the first beast, of men.

whose deadly wound was healed. Ver. 16. m Col. ii. 20. Wherefore, if ye be dead And he caused all, both small and great, with Christ from the rudiments of the rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a world, why, as though living in the world, mark in their right hand, or in their foreare ye subject to ordinances, Ver. 22. heads: Ver. 17. And that no man might (Which all are to perish with the using,) buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or after the commandments and doctrines the name of the beast, or the number of of men ? Ver. 23. Which things have in- his name. Jer. viii. 9. The wise men are deed a show of wisdom in will-worship, ashamed, they are dismayed and taken: and humility, and neglecting of the body; lo, they have rejected the word of the not in any honour to the satisfying of the Lord; and what wisdom is in them? Hesh. Gal. i. 10. For do I now persuade III. o Gal. v. 13. For, brethren, ye have men, or God? or do I seek to please men ? þeen called unto liberty; only use not lifor if I yet pleased men, I should not be berty for an occasion to the flesh, but by the servant of Christ. Gal. ii. 4. And love serve one another. 1 Pet. ii. 16. AS that because of false brethren unawares free, and not using your liberty for a cloak brought in, who came in privily to spy out of maliciousness, but as the servants of our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, God. 2 Pet. ii. 19. While they promise that they might bring us into bondage : them liberty, they themselves are the ser.Ver. 5. To whom we gave place by sub- vants of corruption : for of whom a man jection, no, not for an hour, that the truth is overcome, of the same is he brought in of the gospel might continue with you. bondage. John viii. 34. Jesus answered Gal. v. 1. Stand fast therefore in the liber- them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whoty wherewith Christ hath made us free, soever committeth sin is the servant of and be not entangled again with the yoke sin. Luke i. 74. That he would grant unof bondage.

to us, that we, being delivered out of the n Rom. x. 17. So then faith cometh by hand of our enemies, might serve him hearing, and hearing by the word of God. without fear, Ver. 75. In holiness and Rom. xiv. 23. And he that doubteth is righteousness before him, all the days of damned if he eat, because he eateth not our life. of faith: for whatsoever is not of faith is IV. p Mat. xii. 25. And Jesus knew their sin. Isa. viii. 20. To the law and to the thoughts, and said unto them, Every kingtestimony: if they speak not according to dom divided against itself is brought to this word, it is because there is no light in desolation ; and every city or house divided them. Acts xvii. 11. These were more against itself shall not stand. 1 Pet. ii. poble than those in Thessalonica, in that 13. Submit yourselves to every ordinance they received the word with all readiness of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, to the king, as supreme; Ver. 14. Or unto whether those things were so. John iv. governors, as unto them that are sent by 22. Ye worship ye know not what: we him for the punishment of evil-doers, and know what we worship: for salvation is for the praise of them that do well. Ver. of the Jews. Hos. v. 11. Ephraim is op- 16. As free, and not using your liberty for

nature, or to the known principles of Christianity, whether concerning faith, worship, or conversation; or to the power of godliness ; or such erroneous opinions or practices, as either in their own nature, or in the manner of publishing or maintaining them, are destructive to the external peace and order which Christ hath established in the church; they may lawfully be called to account, and proceeded against by the censures of the church ?, and by the power of the civil magistrate ".

an one no not to eat.

a cloak of maliciousness, but as the ser- xviii. 15. Moreover, if thy brother shall vants of God. (Rom. xiii. 1. to the 8th trespass against thee, go and tell him his Verse.. Heb. xiii. 17. Obey them that have fault between thee and him alone: if he the rule over you, and submit yourselves: shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brofor they watch for your souls, as they that ther. Ver. 16." But if he will not hear must give account; that they may do it thee, then take with thee one or two more, with joy, and not with grief: for that is that in the mouth of two or three witunprofitable for you.

nesses every word may be established. a Rom. i. 32. Who, knowing the judg. Ver. 17. And if he shall neglect to hear ment of God, that they which commit such them, tell it unto the church: but if he things are worthy of death, not only do neglect to hear the church, let him be unthe same, but have pleasure in them that to thee as an heathen man and a publican. do them. With 1 Cor. v. 1. It is reported 1 Tim. i. 19. Holding faith, and a good commonly that there is fornication among conscience; which some having put away, you, and such fornication as is not so concerning faith have made shipwreck: much as named among the Gentiles, that Ver. 20. Of whom is Hymeneus and Alexone should have his father's wife. Ver. 5. ander; whom I have delivered unto Satan, To deliver such an one unto Satan for the that they may learn not to blaspheme. destruction of the flesh, that the spirit Rev. ii. 2. I know thy works, and thy lamay be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus. bour, and thy patience, and how thou Ver. 11. But now I have written unto you canst not bear them which are evil: and not to keep company, if any man that is thou hast tried them which say they are called a brother be a fornicator, or cove- apostles, and are not, and hast found them tous, or an idolater, or a railer, or a liars. Ver. 14. But I have a few things drunkard, or an extortioner; with such against thee, because thou hast there

Ver. 13. But them them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, that are without God judgeth. Therefore who taught Balac to cast a stumblingput away from among yourselves that block before the children of Israel, to eat wicked person. 2 John, ver. 10. If there things sacrificed unto idols, and to comcome any unto you, and bring not this mit fornication. Ver. 15. So hast thou doctrine, receive him not into your house, also them that hold the doctrine of the neither bid him God speed. Ver. 11. For Nicolaitanes, which thing I hate. Ver. 20. he that biddeth him God speed is partaker Notwithstanding I have a few things of his evil deeds. And 2 Thess. iii. 14. against thee, because thou sufferest that And if any man obey not our word by this woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a epistle, note that man, and have no com- prophetess, to teach and to seduce my pany with him, that he may be ashamed. servants to commit fornication, and to eat And 1 Tim. vi. 3. If any man teach other things sacrificed unto idols. Rev. iii. 9. wise, and consent not to wholesome words, Behold, I will make them of the synaeven the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, gogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and to the doctrine which is according to and are not, but do lie; behold, I will godliness; Ver. 4. He is proud, knowing make them to come and worship before nothing, but doting about questions and thy feet, and to know that I have loved strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, thee. strife, railings, evil surmisings, Ver. 5. r (Deut. xiii. 6. to the 12th.] Rom. xiii. 3. Perverse disputings of inen of corrupt For rulers are not a terror to good works, minds, and destitute of the truth, suppos- but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be in hat gain is godliness: from such with- afraid of the power? Do that which is draw thyself. And Tit. i. 10. For there are good, and thou shalt have praise of the many unruly and vain talkers and de- same: Ver. 4. For he is the minister of ceivers, specially they of the circumcision: God to thee for good. But if thou do that Ver. 11. Whose mouths must be stopped; which is evil, be afraid ; for he beareth who subvert whole houses, teaching things not the sword in vain: for he is the miniwhich they ought not, for filthy lucre's ster of God, a revenger to execute wrath sake. Ver. 13. This witness is true : where- upon him that doeth evil. With 2 John, fore rebuke them sharply, that they may verses 10, 11. (See in letter 9.] Ezra vii. be sound in the faith. And Tit. iii. 10. Å 23. Whatsoever is commanded by the God man that is an heretick, after the first and of heaven, let it be diligently done for the second admonition, reject. With Mat. house of the God of heaven: for

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