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life of faith, that love of Christ and the brethren, that sincerity of heart and conscience of duty, out of which, by the operation of the Spirit, this assurance may in due time be revived 4, and by the which in the mean time, they are supported from utter despair".
CHAP. XIX. Of the Law of God. OD gave to Adam a law, as a covenant of works, by which he
bound him, and all his posterity, to personal, entire, exact, and perpetual obedience; promised life upon the fulfilling, and threatened death upon the breach of it; and endued him with power and ability to keep ita
member the years of the right hand of the Isa. liv. 7. For a small moment have I for. inost High. Mat. xxvi. 69. "Now Peter sat saken thee; but with great mercies will I without in the palace: and a damsel came gather thee. Ver. 8. In a little wrath I unto him, saying, Thou also wast with hid my face from thee for a moment; but Jesus of Galilee. Ver. 70. But he denied with everlasting kindness will I have before them all, saying, I know not what mercy ou thee, saith the Lord thy Rethou sayest.
Ver. 71. And when he was deemer. Ver. 9. For this is as the waters gone out into the porch, another maid saw of Noah unto me: for as I have sworn that him, and said unto them that were there, the waters of Noah should no more go over This fellow was also with Jesus of Nazar- the earth; so have I sworn that I would eth. Ver. 72. And again he denied with not be wroth with thee, nor rebuke thee. an oath, I do not know the man. Psal. Ver. 10. For the mountains shall depart, xxxi. 22. For I said in my haste, I am cut and the hills be removed; but my kindness off from before thine eyes: nevertheless shall not depart from thee, neither shall thou heardest the voice of my supplications the covenant of my peace be removed, when I cried unto thee. (Psal. lxxxviii. saith the Lord that hath mercy on thee. throughout.] Isa. 1. 10. Who is among you Psal. xxii. 1. My God, my God, why hast that feareth the Lord, that obeyeth the thou forsaken me! why art thou so far voice of his servant, that walketh in dark- from helping me, and from the words of ness, and hath no light ? let him trust in my roaring? (Psal. lxxxviii. throughout.) the name of the Lord, and stay upon his I. a Gen. i. 26. And God said, Let us God.
make man in our image, after our like. 91 John iii. 9. Whosoever is born of God ness; and let them have dominion over doth not commit sin ; for his seed remain- the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the eth in him: and he cannot sin, because he air, and over the cattie, and over all the is born of God. Luke xxii. 32. But I have earth, and over every creeping thing that prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: creepeth upon the earth. Ver. 27. So God and when thou art converted, strengthen created man in his own image: in the thy brethren. Job. xiii. 15. Though he image of God created he him; male and slay me, yet will I trust in him: but I will female created he them. With Gen. ii. 17. maintain mine own ways before him. Psal. But of the tree of the knowledge of good lxxiii. 15. If I say, I will speak thus; be- and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the hold, I should offend against the genera- day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt tion of thy children. Psal. li. 8, 12. (See surely die. Rom. ii. 14. For when the Gen. letter p immediately before.) Isa. 1. 10. (See tiles, which have not the law, do by nature letter p immediately foregoing.
the things contained in the law, these, r Micah vii. 7. Therefore I will look unto having not the law, are a law unto them. the Lord; I will wait for the God of my selves: Ver. 15. Which show the work of salvation : my God will hear me. Ver. 8. the law written in their hearts, their con. Rejoice not against me, O mine enemy: science also bearing witness, and their when I fall, I shall arise ; when I sit in thoughts the mean while_accusing or darkness, the Lord shall be a light unto else excusing one another. Rom. x. 5. For
Ver. 9. I will bear the indignation of Moses describeth the righteousness which the Lord, because I have sinned against is of the law, That the man which doeth him, until he plead my cause, and execute those things shall live by them. Rom. v. 12. judgment for me: he will bring me forth Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into to the light, and I shall behold his righte- the world, and death by sin ; and so death ousness. Jer. xxxii. 40. And I will make passed upon all men, for that all have an everlasting covenant with them, that sinned. Ver. 19. For as by one man's dis. I will not turn away from them, to do obedience many were made sinners; so by them good ; but I will put my fear in their the obedience of one shall many be made hearts, that they shall not depart from me. righteous. Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are
THE CONFESSION OF FAITII. II. This law, after his fall, continued to be a perfect rule of righteousness; and, as such, was delivered by God upon mount Sinai in ten commandments, and written in two tables b; the first four commandments containing our duty towards God, and the other six our duty to man
III. Besides this law, commonly called Moral, God was pleased to give to the people of Israel, as a church under age, ceremonial laws, containing several typical ordinances ; partly of worship, prefiguring Christ, his graces, actions, sufferings, and benefits d ; and partly holding forth divers instructions of moral duties. All which ceremonial laws are now abrogated under the new testament?
of the works of the law are under the all thy inind. Ver. 38. This is the first and eurse: for it is written, Cursed is every great commandment. Ver. 39. And the one that continueth not in all things which second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy are written in the book of the law to do neighbour as thyself. Ver. 40. On these them. Ver. 12. And the law is not of two commandments hang all the law and faith: but, The man that doeth them shall the prophets. live in them. Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only in. d*(Heb. Chapter ix.) Heb. x. 1. For have I found, that God hath made man the law having a shadow of good things to upright; but they have sought out many come, and not the very image of the things, inventions. Job xxviii. 28. And unto man can never with those sacrifices, which they he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that offered year by year continually, make the is wisdom; and to depart from evil is un- comers thereunto perfect. Gal. iv. 1. Now derstanding.
I say, That the heir, as long as he is a II. b James i. 25. But whoso looketh into child, differeth nothing from a servant, the perfect law of liberty, and continueth though he be lord of all; Ver. 2. But is therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, under tutors and governors, until the time but a doer of the work, this man shall be appointed of the father. Ver. 3. Even so blessed in his deed. James ii. 8. If ye ful. we, when we were children, were in bonfil the royal law according to the scripture, dage under the elements of the world. Col. Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ii. 17. Which are a shadow of things to ye do well. Ver. 10. For whosoever shall come: but the body is of Christ. keep the whole law, and yet offend in one e 1 Cor. v. 7. Purge out therefore the old point, he is guilty of all. Ver. 11. For he leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye that said, Do not commit adultery, said are unleavened. For even Christ our pass. also, Do not kill. Now, if thou commit no over is sacrificed for us. 2 Cor. vi. 17. adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become Wherefore, come out from among them, a transgressor of the law. Ver. 12. So and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be touch not the unclean thing; and I will judged by the law of liberty. Rom. xiii. 8. receive you. Jude, ver. 23. And others save Owe no man any thing, but to love one with fear, pulling them out of the fire; hatanother: for he that loveth another hathing even the garment spotted by the flesh. fulfilled the law. Ver. 9. For this, Thou Col. ii. 14. Blotting out the hand-writing shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not of ordinances that was against us, which kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not was contrary to us, and took it out of the bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; way, nailing it to his cross. Ver. 16. Let and if there be any other commandment, no man therefore judge you in meat, or in it is briefly comprehended in this saying, drink, or in respect of an holy-day, or of namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as the new-moon, or of the sabbath-days ; thyselt. Deut. v. 32. Ye shall observe to do Ver. 17. Which are a shadow of things to therefore as the Lord your God hath com- come: but the body is of Christ. Dan. ix. manded you: ye shall not turn aside to the 27. And he shall confirm the covenant with right hand or to the left. Deut. x. 4. And many for one week : and in the midst of he wrote on the tables, according to the the week he shall cause the sacrifice and first writing, the ten commandments, the oblation to cease, and for the overwhich the Lord spake unto you in the spreading of abominations he shall make mount, out of the midst of the fire, in the it desolate, even until the consummation, day of the assembly: and the Lord gave and that determined shall be poured upon them unto me. Exod. xxxiv. 1. And the the desolate. Eph. ii. 15. Having abolished Lord said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables in his flesh the enmity, even the law of of stone like unto the first; and I will commandments contained in ordinances; write on these tables the words that for to make in himself of twain one new were in the first tables, which thou brakest. man, so making peace; Ver. 16. And that
c Mat. xxii. 37. Jesus said unto him, he might reconcile both unto God in one Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all body by the cross, having slain the enmity thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with thereby.
IV: To them also, as a body politick, he gave sundry judicial laws, which expired together with the state of that people, not obliging any other now, further than the general equity thereof may require s.
V. The moral law doth for ever bind all, as well justified persons as others, to the obedience thereof h; and that not only in regard of the matter contained in it, but also in respect of the authority of God, the Creator, who gave it. Neither doth Christ in the gospel any way dissolve, but much strengthen this obligation k.
VI. Although true believers be not under the law as a covenant of works, to be thereby justified or condemned'; yet is it of great use to them, as well as to others; in that, as a rule of life, informing them of the will of God and their duty, it directs and binds them to walk accordinglym; discovering also the sinful pollutions of their
IV. 8 (Exod. Chapter xxi. Exod. xxii. 1. verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth to the 29th Verse. See both in the Bible.) pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise Gen. xlix. 10. The sceptre shall not depart pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. Ver. from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between 19. Whosoever therefore shall break one of his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him these least commandments, and shall shall the gathering of the people be. With teach men so, he shall be called the least 1 Pet. ii. 13. Submit yourselves to every in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: shall do and teach them, the same shall whether it be to the king, as supreme; Ver. be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 14. Or unto governors, as unto them that James ii. 8. (See in letter b before.] Rom. iii. are sent by him for the punishment of evil- 31. Do we then make void the law through doers, and for the praise of them that do faith? God forbid : yea, we establish the well. Mat. v. 17. Think not that I am law. come to destroy the law, or the prophets : VI. 1 Rom. vi, 14. For sin shall not have I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. dominion over you: for ye are not under With ver. 38. Ye have heard that it hath the law, but under grace. Gal. ii. 16. Knowbeen said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth ing that a man is not justified by the for a tooth: Ver. 39. But say unto you, works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus That ve resist not evil; but whosoever Christ, even we have believed in Jesus shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn Christ, that we might be justified by the to himn the other also. 1 Cor. ix. 8. Say I faith of Christ, and not by the works of these things as a man? or saith not the the law: for by the works of the law shall law the same also ? Ver. 9. For it is writ. no fleshi be justified. Gal. iii. 13. Christ ten in the law of Moses, Thou shalt not hath redeemed us from the curse of the muzzle the mouth of the ox that trcadeth law, being made a curse for us : for it is out the corn. Doth God take care for written, Cursed is every one that hangeth oxen ? Ver. 10. Or saith he it altogether on a tree. Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness for our sakes ? For our sakes, no doubt, of the time was come, God sent forth his this is written: that he that ploweth should Son, made of a woman, made under the plow in hope; and that he that thrasheth law, Ver. 5. To redeem them that were in hope should be partaker of his hope. under the law, that we might receive the
V. h Rom. xiii. 8, 9. [See above in letter b.] adoption of sons. Acts xiii. 39. And by Ver. 10. Love worketh no ill to his neigh- him all that believe are justified from all bour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the things, from which ye could not be justilaw. Eph. vi. 2. Honour thy father and fied by the law of Moses. Rom. viii. 1. mother, (which is the first command. There is therefore now no condemnation ment with promise.) 1 John ii. 3. And here. to them which are in Christ Jesus, who by we do know that we know him, if we walk not after the flesh, but after the keep his commandments. Ver. 4. He that Spirit. saith, I know him, and keepeth not his 'm Rom. vii. 12. Wherefore the law is holy, commandments, is a liar, and the truth is and the commandinent holy, and just, and not in him. Ver. 7. Brethren, I write no good. Ver. 22. For I delight in the law of new commandment unto you, but an old God after the inward man. Ver. 25. I commandment, which ye had from the be- thank God, through Jesus Christ our ginning: the old commandment is the Lord. So then with the mind I myself word which ye have heard from the be serve the law of God, but with the flesh ginning. Ver. 8. Again, a new command- the law of sin. Psal. cxix. 4. Thou hast ment I write unto you, which thing is true commanded us to keep thy precepts diliin him and in you ; because the darkness gently. Ver. 5. O that my ways were diis past, and the true light now shineth. rected to keep thy statutes! Ver. 6. Then James ii. 10, 11. (See in letter .)
shall I not be ashamed, when I have re. A Mat. v. 17. (See in letter s.) Ver. 18. For spect unto all thy commandments. I Cor.
nature, hearts, and lives "; 80 as, examining themselves therely, they may come to further conviction of, humiliation for, and hatred against sino; together with a clearer sight of the need they have of Christ, and the perfection of his obedience P. It is likewise of use to the regenerate, to restrain their corruptions, in that it forbids sin ? ; and the threatenings of it serve to show what even their sins deserve, and what afflictions in this life they may expect for them, although freed from the curse thereof threatened in the law r. The promises of it, in like manner, show them God's approbation of obedience, and what blessings they may expect upon the performance thereofo, although not as due to them by the law as a covenant of workst: so as a man's doing good, and refraining from evil, because the law en
vii. 19. Circumcision is nothing, and un- cerning all things to be right; and I hate circumcision is nothing, but the keeping every false way. of the commandments of God. Gal. v. 14, r Ezra ix. 13. And after all that is come 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23. See in the upon us for our evil deeds, and for our Bible.
great trespass, seeing that thou our God n Rom. vii. 7. What shall we say then! hast punished us less than our iniquities Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had deserve, and hast given us such delivernot known sin but by the law: for I had ance as this; Ver. 14. Should we again not known lust, except the law had said, break thy commandments, and join in afThou shalt not covet. Rom. iii. 20. There- finity with the people of these abominafore by the deeds of the law there shall no tions? wouldest not thou be angry with us flesh be justified in his sight: for by the till thou hadist consumed us, so that there law is the knowledge of sin.
should be no remnant nor escaping? Psal. o James i. 23. For if any be a hearer of lxxxix. 30. If his children forsake my law, the word, and not a doer, he is like unto and walk not in my judgments; Ver. 31. a man beholding his natural face in a If they break my statutes, and keep not glass: Ver. 24. For he beholdeth himself, my commandments; Ver. 32. Then will I and goeth his way, and straightway for- visit their transgression with the rod, and getteth what manner of man he was. Ver. their iniquity with stripes. Ver. 33. Never25. But whoso looketh into the perfect law theless my loving-kindness will I not ut. of liberty, and continueth therein, he be- terly take from him, nor suffer my faith. ing not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of fulness to fail. Ver. 34. My covenant will the work, this man shall be blessed in his I not break, nor alter the thing that is deed. Rom. vii, 9. For I was alive with- gone out of my lips. out the law once; but when the command- [Lev, xxvi. to the 14th Verse.] With 2 ment came, sin revived, and I died. Ver. Cor. vi. 16. And what agreement hath the 14. For we know that the law is spirit- temple of God with idols ? for ye are the ual; but I am carnal, sold under sin. temple of the living God; as God hath Ver. 24. O wretched man that I am! who said, I will dwell in them, and walk in shall deliver me from the body of this them; and I will be their God, and they death?
shall be my people. Eph. vi. 2. Honour P Gal, iii. 24. Wherefore the law was our thy father and mother, ( which is the first schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that commandment with promise,) Ver. 3. That we might be justified by faith. Rom. vii. it may be well with thee, and thou mayest 24. (See before in letter 0. Verse 25. in letter live long on the earth.' Psal. xxxvii. 11. m) Rom. viii. 3. For what the law could But the meek shall inherit the earth ; and not do, in that it was weak through the shall delight themselves in the abundance flesh, God sending his own Son in the of peace. With Mat. v. 5. Blessed are the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin con. meek: for they shall inherit the earth. demned sin in the flesh; Ver. 4. That the Psal. xix. 11. Moreover, by them is thy serrighteousness of the law might be fulfilled vant warned: and in keeping of them in us, who walk not after the flesh but there is great reward. after the Spirit.
t Gal. ii. 16. Knowing that a man is not 9 James ii. 11. For he that said, Do not justified by the works of the law, but by commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have Now, if thou commit no adultery, yet if believed in Jesus Christ, that we might thou kill, thou art become a transgressor be justified by the faith of Christ, and not of the law. Psal. cxix. 101. I have re. by the works of the law: for by the works frained my feet from every evil way, that of the law shall no flesh be justified. Luke I might keep thy word. Ver. 104. Through xvii. 10. So likewise ye, when ye shall have thy precepts I get understanding: there. done all those things which are commandfore I hate every false way. Ver. 128. ed you, say, We are unprofitable servants : Therefore I esteem all thy precepts con- we have done that which was our duty to do.
couragoth to the one, and deterreth from the other, is no evidence of his being under the law, and not under grace :
VII. Neither are the forementioned uses of the law contrary to the grace of the gospel, but do sweetly comply with it w; the Spirit of Christ subduing and enabling the will of man to do that freely and cheerfully which the will of God revealed in the law requireth to be done
CIIAP. XX. Of Christian Liberty, and Liberty of Conscience. THE VHE liberty which Christ hath purchased for believers under the
gospel, consists in their freedom from the guilt of sin, the condemning wrath of God, the curse of the moral lawa; and in their being delivered from this present evil world, bondage to Satan, and dominion of sin b, from the evil of afflictions, the sting of death, the victory of the grave, and everlasting damnation.; as also in their
v Rom. vi. 12. Let not sin therefore reign saith the Lord ; I will put my laws into in your mortal body, that ye should obey their mind, and write them in their hearts; it in the lusts thereof. Ver. 14. For sin and I will be to them a God, and they shall shall not have dominion over you: for ye be to me a people. With Jer. xxxi. 33. are not under the law, but under grace. But this shall be the covenant that I will 1 Pet. iii. 8. Finally, be ye all of one mind, make with the house of Israel ; After those having compassion one of another; love days, saith the Lord, I will put my law in as brethren, be pitiful, be courteous : Ver. their inward parts, and write it in their 9. Not rendering evil for evil, or railing hearts; and will be their God, and they for railing: but contrariwise blessing; shall be my people. knowing that ye are thereunto called, that I. a Tit. ii. 14. 'Who gave himself for us, ye should inherit a blessing. Ver. 10. For that he might redeem us from all iniquity, he that will love life, and see good days, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and zealous of good works. 1 Thess. i. 10. And his lips that they speak no guile: Ver. 11. to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he Let him eschew evil, and do good ; let him raised from the dead, even Jesus, which seek peace, and ensue it. Ver. 12. For the delivered us from the wrath to come. eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, Gal. iii. 13. Christ hath redeemed us from and his ears are open unto their prayers: the curse of the law, being made a curse but the face of the Lord is against them for us: for it is written, Cursed is every that do evil. With Psal. xxxiv. 12. What one that hangeth on a tree. man is he that desireth life, and loveth b Gal. i. 4. Who gave himself for our many days, that he may see good? Ver. 13. sins, that he might deliver us from this Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips present evil world, according to the will from speaking guile. Ver. 14. Depart from of God and our Father. Col. i. 13. Who evil, and do good; seek peace, and pursue hath delivered us from the power of dark. it. Ver. 15. The eyes of the Lord are upon ness, and hath translated us into the king. the righteous, and his ears are open unto dom of his dear Son. Acts xxvi. 18. TO their cry. Ver. 16. The face of the Lord open their eyes, and to turn them from is against them that do evil, to cut off the darkness to light, and from the power of remembrance of them from the earth. Satan unto God, that they may receive Heb. xii. 28. Wherefore, we receiving a forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among kingdom which cannot be moved, let us them which are sanctified by faith that is acceptably with reverence godly fear: dominion over you: for ye are not under Ver. 29. For our God is a consuming fire. the law, but under grace.
VII. w Gal. iii. 21. Is the law then against c Rom. viii. 28. And we know that all things the promises of God? God forbid : for if work together for good to them that love there had been a law given which could God, to them who are the called according have given life, verily righteousness should to his purpose. Psal. cxix. 71. It is good have been by the law.
for me that I have been afflicted; that I * Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will put my might learn thy statutes. I Cor. xv. 54. Spirit within you, and cause you to walk So when this corruptible shall have put in my statutes, and ye shall keep my on incorruption, and this mortal shall judgments, and do them. Heb. viii. 10. have put on immortality, then shall be For this is the covenant that I will make brought to pass the saying that is writ. with the house of Israel, after those days, ten, Death is swallowed up in victory