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faith, founded upon the divine truth of the promises of salvation', the inward evidence of those graces unto which these promises are made 8, the testimony of the Spirit of adoption witnessing with our spirits that we are the children of God" : which Spirit is the earnest of our inheritance, whereby we are sealed to the day of redemption'.

III. This infallible assurance doth not so belong to the essence of faith, but that a true believer may wait long, and conflict with many difficulties, before he be partaker of itk : yet, being enabled by the Spirit to know the things which are freely, given him of God, he may, without extraordinary revelation, in the right use of ordinary means, attain thereunto! And therefore it is the duty of every one to give all diligence to make his calling and election surem ; that thereby his heart may be enlarged in peace and joy in the Holy Ghost, in love and thankfulness to God, and in strength and cheerfulness in the duties of obedience », the proper fruits of this assurance : so far is it from inclining men to looseness'.


f Heb. vi. 17. Wherein God, willing more And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, abundantly to show unto the heirs of pro- whereby ye are sealed unto the day of re. mise the immutability of his counsel, con- demption. 2 Cor. i. 21. Now he which firmed it by an oath; Ver. 18. That by stablisheth us with you in Christ, and two immutable things, in which it was hath anointed us, is God; Ver. 22. Who impossible for God to lic, we might have hath also sealed us, and given the earnest a strong consolation, who have fled for of the Spirit in our hearts. refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before III. k 1 John v. 13. These things have I

written unto you that believe on the name & 2 Pet. i. 4. Whereby are given unto us of the Son of God, that ye may know that exceeding great and precious promises; ye have eternal life, and that ye may be that by these ye might be partakers of the lieve on the name of the Son of God. Isa. divine nature, having escaped the corrup- 1. 10. Who is among you that feareth the tion that is in the world through lust. Lord, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, Ver. 5. And besides this, giving all dili- that walketh in darkness, and hath no gence, add to your faith, virtue; and to light? let him trust in the name of the virtue, knowledge. Ver. 10. Wherefore Lord, and stay upon his God. Mark ix. 24. the rather, brethren, give diligence to And straightway the father of the child make your calling and election sure: for cried out, and said with tears, Lord, I beif ye do these things, ye shall never fall: lieve ; help thou mine unbelief. (See Psal. Ver. 11. For so an entrance shall be min. lxxxviii. throughout. Psal. lxxvii. to the 12th istered unto you abundantly into the ever- Verse.) lasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour 11 Cor. ii. 12. Now we have received, Jesus Christ. 1 John ii. 3. And hereby we not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit do know that we know him, if we keep his which is of God; that we might know the commandments. 1 John iii. 14. We know things that are freely given to us of God. that we have passed from death unto life, 1 John iv. 13. Hereby know we that we because we love the brethren: he that dwell in him, and he in us, because he loveth not his brother abideth in death. hath given us of his Spirit. Heb. vi. 11. 2 Cor. i. 12. For our rejoicing is this, the And we desire that every one of you do testimony of our conscience, that in sim- show the same diligence, to the full assur. plicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly ance of hope unto the end: Ver. 12. That wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have ye be not slothful, but followers of them had our conversation in the world, and who through faith and patience inherit more abundantly to you-ward.

the promises. Eph. iii. i7. That Christ h Rom. viii. 15. For ye have not received may dwell in your hearts by faith; that the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye, being rooted and grounded in love, ye have received the Spirit of adoption, Ver. 18. May be able to comprehend with whereby we cry, Abba, Father. Ver. 16. all saints what is the breadth, and length, The Spirit itself beareth witness with our and depth, and height; Ver. 19. And to spirit, that we are the children of God. know the love of Christ, which passeth

i Eph. i. 13. In whom ye also trusted, knowledge, that ye might be filled with all after that ye heard the word of truth, the the fulness of God. gospel of your salvation : in whom also,

Wherefore the rather, after that ye believed, ye were sealed with brethren, give diligence to make your callthat IIoly Spirit of promise, Ver. 14. Which ing and election sure: for if ye do these is the earnest of our inheritance, until the things, ye shall never fall. redemption of the purchased possession, n Rom. v. 1. Therefore, being justified untu the praise of liis glory. Eph. iv. 30. by faith, we have peace with God, through

m 2 Pet. i. 10.

IV. True believers may have the assurance of their salvation divers ways shaken, diminished, and intermitted; as, by negligence in preserving of it; by falling into some special sin, which woundeth the conscience, and grieveth the Spirit; by some sudden or vehement temptation ; by God's withdrawing the light of his countenance, and suffering even such as fear him to walk in darkness, and to have no light p : yet are they never utterly destitute of that seed of God, and

our Lord Jesus Christ: Ver. 2. By whom be like him ; for we shall see him as he is. also we have access by faith into this grace Ver. 3. And every man that hath this wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of hope in him purifieth himself, even as he the glory of God. Ver. 5. And hope mak, is pure. Psal. cxxx. 4. But there is foreth not ashamed; because the love of God giveness with thee, that thou mayest be is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy feared. 1 John i.6. If we say that we have Ghost, which is given unto us. Rom. xiv. fellowship with him, and walk in dark17. For the kingdom of God is not meatness, we lie, and do not the truth: Ver. 7. and drink; but righteousness, and peace, But if we walk in the light, as he is in the and joy in the Holy Ghost. Rom. iv. 13. light, we have fellowship one with another, Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son and peace in believing, that ye may abound cleanseth us from all sin. in hope, through the power of the Holy IV. P Cant. v. 2. I sleep, but my heart Ghost. Eph. i. 3. Blessed be the God and waketh : it is the voice of my beloved that Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath knocketh, saying, Open to me, my sister, blessed us with all spiritual blessings in my love, my dove, my undefiled: for my heavenly places in Christ; Ver. 4. Accord- head is filled with dew, and my locks with ing as he hath chosen us in him before the the drops of the night. Ver. 3. I have put foundation of the world, that we should off my coat ; how shall I put it on! I have be holy and without blame before him in washed my feet; how shall I defile them! love. Psal. iv. 6. There be many that say, Ver. 6. I opened to my beloved; but my Who will show us any good ? Lord, lift beloved withdrawn himself, and was thou up the light of thy countenance upon gone: my soul failed when he spake: I us. Ver. 7. Thou hast put gladness in my sought him, but I could not find him ; I heart, more than in the time that their called him, but he gave me no answer. corn and their wine increased. Psal. cxix. Psal. li. 8. Make me to hear joy and glad32. I will run the way of thy command. ness; that the bones which thou hast ments, when thou shalt enlarge my heart. broken may rejoice. Ver. 12. Restore

o 1 John ii. 1. My little children, these unto me the joy of thy salvation; and upthings write I unto you, that ye sin not. hold me with thy free Spirit.' Ver. 14. And if any man sin, we have an advocate Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, with the Father, Jesus Christ the righte- thou God of my salvation ; and my tongue

Ver. 2. And he is the propitiation shall sing aloud of thy righteousness. for our sins; and not for ours only, but Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the Holy also for the sins of the whole world. Rom. Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto vi. 1. What shall we say then ? Shall we the day of redemption. Ver, 31. Let all continue in sin, that grace may abound? bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and Ver. 2. God forbid. How shall we, that clamour, and evil-speaking, be put away are dead to sin, live any longer therein ? from you, with all malice. Psal. lxxvii. 1. Tit. ii. 11. For the grace of God that bring. I cried unto God with my voice, even unto eth salvation hath appeared to all men, God with my voice ; and he gave ear unto Ver. 12. Teaching us, that, denying un- me. Ver. 2. In the day of my trouble I godliness and worldly lusts, we should sought the Lord: my sore ran in the night, live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this and ceased not: my soul refused to be compresent world. Ver. 14. Who gave himself forted. Ver. 3. I remembered God, and for us, that he might redeem us from all was troubled: I complained, and my spirit iniquity, and purify unto himself a pecu. was overwhelmed. Selah. Ver. 4. Thou liar people, zealous of good works. 2 Cor. holdest mine eyes waking: I am so troubled vii. 1. Having therefore these promises, that I cannot speak. Ver. 5. I have condearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves sidered the days of old, the years of anfrom all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, cient times. Ver. 6. I call to remembrance perfecting holiness in the fear of God. my song in the night: I commune with Rom. viii. 1. There is therefore now no mine own heart; and my spirit made dilicondemnation to them which are in Christ gent search. Ver. 7. Will the Lord cast Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but off for ever? and will he be favourable no after the Spirit. Ver. 12. Therefore, bre- more? Ver. 8. Is his mercy clean gone thren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to for ever? doth his promise fail for ever. live after the flesh. 1 John iii. 2. Beloved, more? Ver. 9. Hath God forgotten to be now are we the sons of God; and it doth gracious ? hath he in anger shut up his not yet appear what we shall be: but we tender mercies? Selah.* Ver. 10. “And know that, when he shall appear, we shall I said, This is my infirmity: but I will re


life of faith, that love of Christ and the brethren, that sincerity of heart and conscience of duty, out of which, by the operation of the Spirit, this assurance may in due time be revived 9, and by the which in the mean time, they are supported from utter despair


CHAP. XIX. Of the Law of God. MOD gave to Adam a law, as a covenant of works, by which he perpetual obedience ; promised life upon the fulfilling, and threatened death upon the breach of it; and endued him with power and ability to keep it a member the years of the right hand of the Isa. liv. 7. For a small moment have I forInost High. Mat. xxvi. 69. Now Peter sat saken thee; but with great mercies will ! without in the palace: and a damsel came gather thee. Ver. 8. In a little wrath I unto him, saying, Thou also wast with hid my face from thee for a moment; but Jesus of Galilee. Ver. 70. But he denied with everlasting kindness will I have before them all, saying, I know not what mercy ou thee, saith the Lord thy Rethou sayest.

Ver. 71. And when he was deemer. Ver. 9. For this is as the waters gone out into the porch, another maid saw of Noah unto me: for as I have sworn that him, and said unto them that were there, the waters of Noah should no more go over This fellow was also with Jesus of Nazar- the earth; so have I sworn that I would eth. Ver. 72. And again he denied with not be wroth with thee, nor rebuke thee. an oath, I do not know the man. Psal. Ver. 10. For the mountains shall depart, xxxi. 22. For I said in my haste, I am cut and the hills be removed ; but my kindness off from before thine eyes: nevertheless shall not depart from thee, neither shall thou heardest the voice of my supplications the covenant of my peace be removed, when I cried unto thee. (Psal. lxxxviii. saith the Lord that hath mercy on thee. throughout.] Isa. 1. 10. Who is among you Psal. xxii. 1. My God, my God, why hast that feareth the Lord, that obeyeth the thou forsaken me? why art thou so far voice of his servant, that walketh in dark- from helping me, and from the words of ness, and hath no light ? let him trust in my roaring (Psal. lxxxviii. throughout.) the name of the Lord, and stay upon his 1. a Gen. i. 26. And God said, Let us God.

make man in our image, after our like41 John iii. 9. Whosoever is born of God ness; and let them have dominion over doth not commit sin ; for his seed remain. the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the eth in him: and he cannot sin, because he air, and over the cattie, and over all the is born of God. Luke xxii. 32. But I have earth, and over every creeping thing that prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: creepeth upon the earth. Ver. 27. $o God and when thou art converted, strengthen created man in his own image: in the thy brethren. Job. xiii. 15. Though he image of God created he him; male and slay me, yet will I trust in him: but I will female created he them. With Gen. ii. 17. maintain mine own ways before him. Psal. But of the tree of the knowledge of good Ixxiii. 15. If I say, I will speak thus; be- and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the hold, I should offend against the genera- day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt tion of thy children. Psal. li. 8, 12. (See surely die. Rom. ii. 14. For when the Gen. letter p immediately before.) Isa. 1. 10. (See tiles, which have not the law, do by nature letter p immediately foregoing.

the things contained in the law, these, r Micah vii. 7. Therefore I will look unto having not the law, are a law unto them. the Lord; I will wait for the God of my selves : Ver. 15. Which show the work of salvation : my God will hear me. Ver. 8. the law written in their hearts, their con. Rejoice not against me, O mine enemy: science also bearing witness, and their when I fall, I shall arise ; when I sit in thoughts the mean while accusing or darkness, the Lord shall be a light unto else excusing one another. Rom. x. 5. For me. Ver. 9. I will bear the indignation of Moses describeth the righteousness which the Lord, because I have sinned against is of the law, That the man which doeth him, until he plead my cause, and execute those things shall live by them. Rom. v. 12. judgment for me: he will bring me forth Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into to the light, and I shall behold his righte- the world, and death by sin ; and so death

Jer. xxxii. 40. And I will make passed upon all men, for that all have an everlasting covenant with them, that sinned. Ver. 19. For as by one man's dis. I will not turn away from them, to do obedience many were made sinners; so by them good ; but I will put my fear in their the obedience of one shall many be made hearts, that they shall not depart from me, righteous. Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are


II. This law, after his fall, continued to be a perfect rule of righteousness; and, as such, was delivered by God upon mount Sinai in ten commandments, and written in two tables b; the first four command. ments containing our duty towards God, and the other six our duty to man

III. Besides this law, commonly called Moral, God was pleased to give to the people of Israel, as a church under age, ceremonial laws, containing several typical ordinances ; partly of worship, prefiguring Christ, his graces, actions, sufferings, and benefits d ; and partly holding forth divers instructions of moral duties. All which ceremonial laws are now abrogated under the new testamente

of the works of the law are under the all thy inind. Ver. 38. This is the first and curse : for it is written, Cursed is every great commandment. Ver. 39. And the one that continueth not in all things which second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy are written in the book of the law to do neighbour as thyself. Ver. 40. On these them. Ver. 12. And the law is not of two commandments hang all the law and faith: but, The man that doeth them shall the prophets. live in them. Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only III. (Heb. Chapter ix.) Heb. x. 1. For have I found, that God hath made man the law having a shadow of good things to upright; but they have sought out many come, and not the very image of the things, inventions. Job xxviii. 28. And unto man can never with those sacrifices, which they he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that offered year by year continually, make the is wisdom; and to depart from evil is un- comers thereunto perfect. Gal. iv. 1. Now derstanding.

I say, That the heir, as long as he is a II. b James i. 25. But whoso looketh into child, differeth nothing from a servant, the perfect law of liberty, and continueth though he be lord of all; Ver. 2. But is therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, under tutors and governors, until the time but a doer of the work, this man shall be appointed of the father. Ver. 3. Even so blessed in his deed. James ii. 8. If ye ful- we, when we were children, were in bonfil the royal law according to the scripture, dage under the elements of the world. Col. Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ii. 17. Which are a shadow of things to ye do well. Ver. 10. For whosoever shali

come: but the body is of Christ. keep the whole law, and yet offend in one e 1 Cor. v. 7. Purge out therefore the old point, he is guilty of all. Ver. 11. For he leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye that said, Do not commit adultery, said are unleavened. For even Christ our passalso, Do not kill. Now, if thou commit no over is sacrificed for us. 2 Cor. vi. 17. adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become Wherefore, come out from among them, a transgressor of the law. Ver. 12. So and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be touch not the unclean thing; and I will judged by the law of liberty. Rom. xiii. 8. receive you. Jude, ver. 23. And others save Owe no man any thing, but to love one with fear, pulling them out of the fire ; hatanother: for he that loveth another hath ing even the garment spotted by the flesh. fulfilled the law. Ver. 9. For this, Thou Col. ii. 14. Blotting out the hand-writing shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not of ordinances that was against us, which kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not was contrary to us, and took it out of the bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; way, nailing it to his cross. Ver. 16. Let and if there be any other commandment, no man therefore judge you in meat, or in it is briefly comprehended in this saying, drink, or in respect of an holy-day, or of namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as the new-moon, or of the sabbath-days; thyself. Deut. v. 32. Ye shall observe to do Ver. 17. Which are a shadow of things to therefore as the Lord your God hath com- come: but the body is of Christ. Dan. ix. manded you: ye shall not turn aside to the 27. And he shall confirm the covenant with right hand or to the left. Deut. x. 4. And many for one week : and in the midst of he wrote on the tables, according to the the week he shall cause the sacrifice and first writing, the ten commandments, the oblation to cease, and for the overwhich the Lord spake unto you in the spreading of abominations he shall make mount, out of the midst of the fire, in the it desolate, even until the consummation, day of the assembly, and the Lord gave and that determined shall be poured upon them unto me. Exod. xxxiv. 1. And the the desolate. Eph. ii. 15. Having abolished Lord said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables in his flesh the enmity, even the law of of stone like unto the first; and I will commandments contained in ordinances ; write upon these tables the words that for to make in himself of twain one new were in the first bles, which thou brakest.

n, so making peace; Ver. 16. And that c Mat. xxii. 37. Jesus said unto him, he might reconcile both unto God in one Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all body by the cross, having slain the enmity thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with thereby.

IV. To them also, as a body politick, he gave sundry judicial laws, which expired together with the state of that people, not obliging any other now, further than the general equity thereof may require .

V. The moral law doth for ever bind all, as well justified persons as others, to the obedience thereof h; and that not only in regard of the matter contained in it, but also in respect of the authority of God, the Creator, who gave it ! Neither doth Christ in the gospel any way dissolve, but much strengthen this obligation k

VI. Although true believers be not under the law as a covenant of works, to be thereby justified or condemned'; yet is it of great use to them, as well as to others; in that, as a rule of life, informing them of the will of God and their duty, it directs and binds them to walk accordinglym; discovering also the sinful pollutions of their

IV. 8 (Exod. Chapter xxi. Exod. xxii. 1. verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth to the 29th Verse. See both in the Bible.) pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise Gen. xlix. 10. The sceptre shall not depart pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. Ver. from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between 19. Whosoever therefore shall break one of his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him these least commandments, and shall shall the gathering of the people be. With teach men so, he shall be called the least 1 Pet. ii. 13. Submit yourselves to every in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: shall do and teach them, the same shall whether it be to the king, as supreme; Ver. be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 14. Or unto governors, as unto them that James ii. 8. (See in letter b before.] Rom. iii. are sent by him for the punishment of evil- 31. Do we then make void the law through doers, and for the praise of them that do faith? God forbid : yea, we establish the well. Mat. v. 17. Think not that I am law. come to destroy the law, or the prophets :

VI.1 Rom. vi, 14. For sin shall not have I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. dominion over you: for ye are not under With ver. 38. Ye have heard that it hath the law, but under grace. Gal. ii. 16. Knowbeen said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth ing that a man is not justified by the for a tooth: Ver. 39. But I say unto you, works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus That ye resist not evil; but whosoever Christ, even we have believed in Jesus shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn Christ, that we might be justified by the to himn the other also. 1 Cor. ix. 8. Say I faith of Christ, and not by the works of these things as a man? or saith not the the law: for by the works of the law shall law the same also ? Ver. 9. For it is writ. po flesh be justified. Gal. iii. 13. Christ ten in the law of Moses, Thou shalt not hath redeemed us from the curse of the muzzle the mouth of the ox that treadeth law, being made a curse for us: for it is out the corn. Doth God take care for written, Cursed is every one that hangeth oxen ? Ver. 10. Or saith he it altogether on a tree. Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness for our sakes? For our sakes, no doubt, of the time was come, God sent forth his this is written: that he that ploweth should Son, made of a woman, made under the plow in hope; and that he that thrasheth law, Ver. 5. To redeem them that were in hope should be partaker of his hope. under the law, that we might receive the

V. I Rom. xiii. 8, 9. [See above in letter b.) adoption of sons. Acts xiii. 39. And by Ver. 10. Love worketh no ill to his neigh- him all that believe are justified from all bour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the things, from which ye could not be justilaw. Eph. vi. 2. Honour thy father and fied by the law of Moses. Rom. viii. 1. mother, (which is the first command. There is therefore now no condemnation ment with promise.) 1 John ii. 3. And here to them which are in Christ Jesus, who by we do know that we know him, if we walk not after the flesh, but after the keep his commandments. Ver. 4. He that Spirit. saith, I know him, and keepeth not his m Rom. vii. 12. Wherefore the law is holy, commandments, is a liar, and the truth is and the commandment holy, and just, and not in him. Ver. 7. Brethren, I write no good. Ver. 22. For I delight in the law of new commandment unto you, but an old God after the inward man. Ver. 25. I commandment, which ye had from the be thank God, through Jesus Christ our ginning: the old commandment is the Lord. So then with the mind I myself word which ye have heard from the be- serve the law of God, but with the flesh ginning. Ver. 8. Again, a new command- the law of sin. Psal. cxix. 4. Thou hast ment I write unto you, which thing is true commanded us to keep thy precepts diliin him and in you ; because the darkness gently. Ver. 5. O that my ways were diis past, and the true light now shineth. rected to keep thy statutes! Ver. 6. Then í James ii. 10, 11. (See in letter ",)

shall I not be ashamed, when I have reA Mat. v. 17. (See in letter 6.) Ver. 18. For spect unto all thy commandments. I Cor.

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