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CHAP. XVII. Of the Perseverance of the Saints. PIEY whom God hath accepted in his Beloved, effectually callod
. away from the state of grace; but shall certainly persevere therein to the end, and be eternally saved a.
II. This perseverance of the saints depends not upon their own free will, but upon the immutability of the decree of election, flowing from the free and unchangeable love of God the Father; upon the efficacy of the merit and intercession of Jesus Christo; the abiding
of Jehu, and will cause to cease the king- rim: and he cannot sin, because he is dom of the house of Israel. Rom. ix. 16. born of God. 1 Pet. i. 5. Who are kept by So then it is not of him that willeth, nor the power of God through faith unto salof him that runneth, but of God that show- vation, ready to be revealed in the last eth mercy. Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righ- time. Ver. 9. Receiving the end of your teousness which we have done, but ac- faith, even the salvation of your souls. cording to his mercy he saved us, by the II. b 2 Tim. ii. 18. Who concerning the washing of regeneration, and renewing of truth have erred, saying that the resurrecthe Holy Ghost.
tion is past already; and overthrow the d Psal. xiv. 4. Have all the workers of faith of some. Ver. 19. Nevertheless the iniquity no knowledge ? who eat up my foundation of God standeth sure, having people as they eat bread, and call not this seal, The Lord knoweth them that upon the Lord. Psal. xxxvi. 3. The words are his. And, Let every one that nameth of his mouth are iniquity and deceit: he the name of Christ depart from iniquity, hath left off to be wise, and to do good. Jer. xxxi. 3. The Lord hath appeared of Job. xxi. 14. Therefore they say unto God, old unto me, saying, Yea, I have loved Depart from us ; for we desire not the thee with an everlasting love; therefore knowledge of thy ways. Ver. 15. What is with loving-kindness have I drawn thee. the Almighty, that we should serve him? c Heb. x. 10. By the which will we are and what profit should we have, if we sanctified, through the offering of the body pray unto him? Mat. xxv. 41. Then shall of Jesus Christ once for all. Ver. 14. For he say aiso unto them on the left hand, by one offering he hath perfected for ever Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlast- them that are sanctified. Heb. xiii. 20. ing fire, prepared for the devil and his Now the God of peace, that brought again angels : Ver. 42. For I was an hungered, from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great and ye gave me no meat: I was thirsty, Shepherd of the sheep, through the blood and ye gave me no drink : Ver. 43. I was a of the everlasting covenant, Ver. 21. Make stranger, and ye took me not in: naked, you perfect in every good work to do his and ye clothed me not: sick, and in prison, will, working in you that which is welland ye visited me not. Ver. 45. Then shall pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto to whom be glory for ever and ever. you, Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of Amen. Heb. ix. 12. Neither by the blood the least of these, ye did it not to me. Mat. of goats and calves, but by his own blood, xxiii. 23. Woe unto you, scribes and Phari. he entered in once into the holy place, sees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint, having obtained eternal redemption for and anise, and cuminin, and have omitted Ver. 13. For if the blood of bulls and the weightier matters of the law, judg- of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkment, merey, and faith: these ought ye to ling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifyhave done, and not to leave the other un- ing of the tiesh; Ver. 14. How much more done.
shall the blood of Christ, who through the I. a Phil. i. 6. Being confident of this very eternal Spirit offered himself without spot thing, that he which hath begun a good to God, purge your conscience from dead work in you, will perform it until the day works, to serve the living God ? Ver. 15. of Jesus Christ. “2 Pet. i, 10. Wherefore And for this cause he is the mediator of the rather, brethren, give diligence to the new testament, that by means of death, make your calling and election sure: for for the redemption of the transgressions if ye do these things, ye shall never fall. that were under the first testament, they John x. 28. And I give unto them eternal which are called might receive the promise life ; and they shall never perish, neither of eternal inheritance. Rom. viii. 53. Who shall any pluck them out of my hand. shall lay any thing to the charge of God's Ver. 29. My Father, which gave them me, elect? It is God that justitieth; ier. 34. lo is greater than all; and none is able to is he that condemnetlı ? It is Christ that pluck them out of my Father's hand. 1 died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is John iii. 9. Whosoever is born of God doth even at the right hand of God, who also Bot commit sin; for his seed remaineth in maketh intercession for us. Ver. 55. Who
of the Spirit, and of the seed of God within them d; and the nature of the covenant of grace e : from all which ariseth also the certainty and infallibility thereoff.
III. Nevertheless they may, through the temptations of Satan and of the world, the prevalency of corruption remaining in them, and the neglect of the means of their preservation, fall into grievous sins & ; and for a time continue therein h: whereby they incur God's displeasure', and grieve his Holy Spirit k; come to be deprived of some measure of their graces and comforts?; have their hearts hardened m, and their consciences wounded " ; hurt and scandalize others °, and bring temporal jud nents upon themselves P. shall separate us from the love of Christ? nal life; and they shall never perish, shall tribulation,or distress, or persecution, peither shall any pluck them out of my or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword ? hand. 2 Thess. iii. 3. But the Lord is Ver. 36. (As it is written, For thy sake we faithful, who shall stablish you, and keep are killed all the day long; we are ac- you from evil. 1 John ii. 19. They went counted as sheep for the slaughter.) Ver. out from us, but they were not of us; for
; 37. Nay, in all these things we are more if they had been of us, they would no than conquerors, through him that loved doubt have continued with us : but they us. Ver. 38. For I am persuaded, that went out, that they might be made mani. neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor fest that they were not all of us. principalities, nor powers, nor things pre- III. & Matth. xxvi. 70. But he denied be. sent, nor things to come, Ver. 39. Nor fore them all, saying, I know not what height, nor depth, nor any other creature, thou sayest. Ver. 72. And again he denied shall be able to separate us from the love with an oath, I do not know the man, of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord. Ver. 74. Then began he to curse and to John xvii. 11. And now I am no more in swear, saying, I know not the man. And he world, but these are in the world, and immediately the cock crew. I come to thee. Holy Father, keep through h Psal. li. (the title.] To the chief musician, thine own name those whom thou hast A psalm of David, when Nathan the progiven me, that they may be one, as we are. phet came unto him, after he had gone in Ver. 24. Father, I will that they also to Bath-sheba. Ver. 14. Deliver me from whom thou hast given me be with me blood-guiltiness, O God, thou God of my where I am ; that they may behold my salvation; and my tongue shall sing aloud glory, which thou hast given me: for thou of thy righteousness. lovedst me before the foundation of the i Isa. lxiv. 5. Thou meetest him that reworld. Luke xxii. 32. But I have prayed for joiceth and worketh righteousness; those thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou that remember thee in thy ways: beart converted, strengthen thy brethren. hold, thou art wroth; for we have sinned: Heb. vii. 25. Wherefore he is able also to in those is continuance, and we shall save them to the uttermost that come be saved. Ver. 7. And there is none that unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to calleth upon thy name, that stirreth up make intercession for them.
himself to take hold of thee: for thou d John xiv. 16. And I will pray the Fa. hast hid thy face from us, and hast conther, and he shall give you another Com- sumed us, because of our iniquities. Ver. forter, that he may abide with you for 9. Be not wroth very sore, 0 Lord, neither ever; Ver. 17. Even the Spirit of truth; remember iniquity for ever: behold, see, whom the world cannot receive, because we beseech thee, we are all thy people. 2 it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: Sam. xi. 27. And when the mourning was but ye know him for he dwelleth with past, David sent and fetched her to his you, and shall be in you. 1 John ii. 27. house, and she became his wife, and bare But the anointing which ye have received him a son. But the thing that David had of him abideth in you; and ye need not done displeased the Lord. that any man teach you: but as the same k Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the Holy anointing teacheth you of all things, and Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath the day of reilemption. taught you, ye shall abide in him. 1 John i Psal. li. 8. Make me to hear joy and iii. 9. Whosoever is born of God doth not gladness; that the bones which thou hast commit sin; for his seed remaineth in broken may rejoice. Ver. 10. Create in me him: and he cannot sin, because he is a clean heart, God; and renew a right born of God.
spirit within me. Ver. 12. Restore unto e Jer. xxxii. 40. And I will make an ever- me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold lasting covenant with them, that I will me with thy free Spirit. Rev. ii. 4. Nevernot turn away from them, to do them theless I have somewhat against thee, begood; but I will put my fear in their cause thou hast left thy first love. Cant. hearts, that they shall not depart from me. v. 2. I sleep, but my heart waketh: it is tho
f John X. 28. Ånd I give unto them eter- voice of my beloved that knocketh, saying,
CHAP. XVIII. Of Assurance of Grace and Salvation. LTHOUGII hypocrites, and other unregenerate inen, may vainly being in the favour of God and estate of salvation a; which hope of theirs shall perish b; yet such as truly believe in the Lord Jesus, and love him in sincerity, endeavouring to walk in all good conscience before him, may in this life be certainly assured that they are in the state of grace, and may rejoice in the hope of the glory of God; whicn hope shall never make them ashamed a
II. This certainty is not a bare conjectural and probable persuasion, grounded upon a fallible hope e ; but an infallible assurance of Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, Lord among us? none evil can come upon my undefiled; for my head is filled with us. Deut. xxix. 19. And it come to pass, dew, and my locks with the drops of the when he heareth the words of this curse, night. Ver. 3. I have put off my coat; that he bless himself in his heart, saying, how shall I put it on ? I have washed my I shall have peace, though I walk in the feet; how shall I defile them? Ver. 4. My imagination of mine heart, to add drunkbeloved put in his hand by the hole of the enness to thirst. John viii. 41. Ye do the door, and my bowels were moved for him. deeds of your father. Then said they to Ver. 6. I opened to my beloved; but my him, We be not born of fornication; we beloved had withdrawn himself, and was have one Father, even God. gone: my soul failed when he spake: I b Mat. vii. 22. Many will say to me in sought him, but I could not find him; I that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophecalled him, but he gave me no answer. sied in thy name ? and in thy name have
m Isa. Ixiii. 17. O Lord, why hast thou cast out devils ? and in thy name done made us to err from thy ways, and har- many wonderful works? Ver. 23. And dened our heart from thy fear? Return then will I profess unto them, I never for thy servants' sake, the tribes of thine knew you: départ from me, ye that work inheritance. Mark vi. 52. For they con- iniquity. sidered not the miracle of the loaves : for c1 John ii. 3. And hereby we do know their heart was hardened. Mark xvi. 14. that we know him, if we keep his comAfterward he appeared unto the eleven as mandments. 1 John iii. 14. We know that they sat at meat, and upbraided them we have passed from death unto life, bewith their unbelief and hardness of heart, cause we love the brethren: he that loveth because they believed not them which had not his brother abideth in death. Ver. 18. seen him after he was risen.
My little children, let us not love in word, n Psal. xxxii. 3. When I kept silence, my neither in tongue ; but in deed, and in bones waxed old, through my roaring all truth. Ver. 19. And hereby we know that the day long : Ver. 4. For day and night we are of the truth, and shall assure our thy hand was heavy upon me: my moisture hearts before him. Ver. 21. Beloved, if is turned into the drought of summer. our heart condemn us not, then bave we Psal. li. 8. Make me to hear joy and glad. confidence toward God. Ver. 24! And he ness; that the bones which thou hast that keepeth his commandments dwelleth broken may rejoice.
in him, and he in him: and hereby we o 2 Sam. xii. 14. Howbeit, because by this know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit deed thou hast given great occasion to the that he hath given us. 1 John v. 13. These enemies of the Lord to blaspheme, the things have I written unto you that bechild also that is born unto thee shall liere on the name of the Son of God, that surely die.
ye may know that ye have eternal life, and p Psal. Ixxxix. 31. If they break my sta. that ye may believe on the name of the tutes, and keep not my commandments; Son of God. Ver. 32. Then will I visit their transgres- d Rom. v. 2. By whom also we have acsion with the rod, and their iniquity with cess by faith into this grace wherein we stripes. 1 Cor. xi. 32. But when we are stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that God. Ver. 5. And hope maketh not ashamwe should not be condemnedwith the world. ed; because the love of God is shed abroad
1. a Job viii. 13. So are the paths of all in our hearts by the Holy Ghost, which is that forget God; and the hypocrite's hope given unto us, shall perish; Ver. 14. Whose hope shall II. e Heb. vi. 11. And we desire that be cut off, and whose trust shall be a every one of you do show the same dili. spider's web.
Micah iii. 11. The heads gence, to the full assurance of hope unto thereof judge for reward, and the priests the end. Ver. 19. Which hope we have as thereof teach for hire, and the prophets an anchor of the soul, both sure and stedthereof divine for money: yet will they fast, and which entereth into that within lean upon the Lord, and say, Is not the the vail.
faith, founded upon the divine truth of the promises of salvation', the inward evidence of those graces unto which these promises are made 8, the testimony of the Spirit of adoption witnessing with our spirits that we are the children of God h : which Spirit is the earnest of our inheritance, whereby we are sealed to the day of redemption'.
III. This infallible assurance doth not so belong to the essence of faith, but that a true believer may wait long, and conflict with many difficulties, before he be partaker of itk: yet, being enabled by the Spirit to know the things which are freely given him of God, he may, without extraordinary revelation, in the right use of ordinary means, attain thereunto! And therefore it is the duty of every one to give all diligence to make his calling and election surem; that thereby his heart may be enlarged in peace and joy in the Holy Ghost, in love and thankfulness to God, and in strength and cheerfulness in the duties of obedience ", the proper fruits of this assurance : so far is it from inclining men to looseness o.
f Heb. vi. 17. Wherein God, willing more And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, abundantly to show unto the heirs of pro- whereby ye are sealed unto the day of re. inise the immutability of his counsel, con- demption. 2 Cor. i. 21. Now he which firmed it by an oath; Ver. 18. That by stablisheth us with you in Christ, and two immutable things, in which it was hath anointed us, is God; Ver. 22. Who impossible for God to lic, we might have hath also sealed us, and given the earnest a strong consolation, who have fled for of the Spirit in our hearts. refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before III. k 1 John v. 13. These things have I
written unto you that believe on the name 8 2 Pet. i. 4. Whereby are given unto us of the Son of God, that ye may know that exceeding great and precious promises; ye have eternal life, and that ye may bethat by these ye might be partakers of the lieve on the name of the Son of God." Isa. divine nature, having escaped the corrup- 1. 10. Who is among you that feareth the tion that is in the world through lust. Lord, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, Ver. 5. And besides this, giving all dili. that walketh in darkness, and hath no gence, add to your faith, virtue; and to light? let him trust in the name of the virtue, knowledge. Ver. 10. Wherefore Lord, and stay upon his God. Mark ix. 24. the rather, brethren, give diligence to And straightway the father of the child make your calling and election sure: for cried out, and said with tears, Lord, I beif ye do these things, ye shall never fall: lieve; help thou mine unbelief. [See Psal. Ver. 11. For so an entrance shall be min. lxxxviii. throughout. Psal. lxxvii. to the 12th istered unto you abundantly into the ever- Verse.) lasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour 11 Cor. ii. 12. Now we have received, Jesus Christ. 1 John ii. 3. And hereby we not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit do know that we know him, if we keep his which is of God; that we might know the commandments. 1 John iii. 14. We know things that are freely given to us of God. that we have passed from death unto life, 1 John iv. 13. Hereby know we that we because we love the brethren: he that dwell in him, and he in us, because he loveth not his brother abideth in death. hath given us of his Spirit. Heb. vi. 11. 2 Cor. i. 12. For our rejoicing is this, the And we desire that every one of you do testimony of our conscience, that in sim- show the same diligence, to the full assurplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly ance of hope unto the end: Ver. 12. That wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have ye be not slothful, but followers of them had our conversation in the world, and who through faith and patience inherit more abundantly to you-ward.
the promises. Eph. iii. 17. That Christ h Rom. viii. 15. For ye have not received may dwell in your hearts by faith; that the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye, being rooted and grounded in love, ye have received the Spirit of adoption, Ver. 18. May be able to comprehend with whereby we cry, Abba, Father. Ver. 16. all saints what is the breadth, and length, The Spirit itself beareth witness with our and depth, and height; Ver. 19. And to spirit, that we are the children of God. know the love of Christ, which passeth
Eph. i. 13. In whom ye also trusted, knowledge, that ye might be filled with all after that ye heard the word of truth, the the fulness of Guil. gospel of your salvation: in whom also, m 2 Pet. i. 10. Wherefore the rather, after that ye believed, ye were sealed with brethren, give diligence to make your callthat Iloly Spirit of promise, Ver. 14. Which ing and election sure: for if ye do tiese is the earnest of our inheritance, until the things, ye shall never fall. redemption of the purchased possession, n Rom. v. l. Therefore, being justified untu the praise of his glory. Eph. iv. 30. by faith, we have peace with God, through
IV. True believers may have the assurance of their salvation divers ways shaken, diminished, and intermitted; as, by negligence in preserving of it; by falling into some special sin, which woundeth the conscience, and grieveth the Spirit; by some sudden or vehement temptation; by God's withdrawing the light of his countenance, and suffering even such as fear him to walk in darkness, and to have no light p : yet are they never utterly destitute of that seed of God, and our Lord Jesus Christ: Ver. 2. By whom be like him ; for we shall see him as he is. also we have access by faith into this grace Ver. 3. And every man that hath this wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of hope in him purifieth himself, even as he the glory of God. Ver. 5. And hope mak, is pure. Psal. cxxx. 4. But there is foreth not ashamed ; because the love of God giveness with thee, that thou mayest be is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy feared. 1 John i. 6. If we say that we have Ghost, which is given unto us. Rom. xiv. fellowship with him, and walk in dark17. For the kingdom of God is not meat ness, we lie, and do not the truth : Ver. 7. and drink; but righteousness, and peace, But if we walk in the light, as he is in the and joy in the Holy Ghost. Rom. xv. 13. light, we have fellowship one with another, Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son and peace in believing, that ye may abound cleanseth us from all sin. in hope, through the power of the Holy IV. P Cant. v. 2. I sleep, but my heart Ghost. Eph. i. 3. Blessed be the God and waketh: it is the voice of my beloved that Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath knocketh, saying, Open to me, my sister, blessed us with all spiritual blessings in my love, my dove, my undetiled: for my heavenly places in Christ; Ver. 4. Accord. head is filled with dew, and my locks with ing as he hath chosen us in him before the the drops of the night. Ver. 3. I have put foundation of the world, that we should off my coat; how shall I put it on? I have be holy and without blame before him in washed my feet; how shall I detile them! love. Psal. iv. 6. There be many that say, Ver. 6. I opened to my beloved; but my Who will show us any good! Lord, lift beloved had withdrawn himself, and was thou up the light of thy countenance upon gone: my soul failed when he spake: I us. Ver. 7. Thou hast put gladness in my sought him, but I could not find him ; I heart, more than in the time that their called him, but he gave me no answer. corn and their wine increased. Psal. cxix. Psal. li. 8. Make me to hear joy and glad. 32. I will run the way of thy command- ness; that the bones which thou hast ments, when thou shalt enlarge my heart. broken may rejoice. Ver. 12. Restore
01 John ii. 1. My little children, these unto me the joy of thy salvation; and upthings write I unto you, that ye sin not. hold me with thy free Spirit. Ver. 14. And if any man sin, we have an advocate Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, with the Father, Jesus Christ the righte- thou God of my salvation ; and my tongue ous: Ver. 2. And he is the propitiation shall sing aloud of thy righteousness. for our sins; and not for ours only, but Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the Iloly also for the sins of the whole world. Rom. Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto vi. 1. What shall we say then ? Shall we the day of redemption. Ver. 31. Let all continue in sin, that grace may abound? bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and Ver. 2. God forbid. How shall we, that clamour, and evil-speaking, be put away are dead to sin, live any longer therein ? from you, with all malice. Psal. ixxvii. 1. Tit. ii. 11. For the grace of God that bring- I cried unto God with my voice, even unto eth salvation hath appeared to all men, God with my voice ; and he gave ear unto Ver. 12. Teaching us, that, denying un- me. Ver. 2. In the day of my trouble I godliness and worldly lusts, we should sought the Lord : my sore ran in the night, live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this and ceased not: my soul refused to be compresent world. Ver. 14. Who gave himself forted. Ver. 3. I remembered God, and for us, that he might redeem us from all was troubled: I complained, and my spirit iniquity, and purify unto himself a pecu- was overwhelmed, Selah. Ver. 4. Thou liar people, zealous of good works. 2 Cor. holdest mine eyes waking: I am so troubled vii. i. Having therefore these promises, that I cannot speak. Ver. 5. I have condearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves sidered the days of old, the years of anfrom all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, cient times. Ver. 6. I call to remembrance perfecting holiness in the fear of God. my song in the night: I commune with Rom. viii. 1. There is therefore now no mine own heart; and my spirit made dilicondemnation to them which are in Christ gent search. Ver. 7. Will the Lord cast Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but off for ever? and will he be favourable no after the Spirit. Ver. 12. Therefore, bre- more? Ver. 8. Is his mercy clean gone thren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to for ever? doth his promise fail for everlive after the flesh. 1 John iii. 2. Beloved, more? Ver. 9. Hath God forgotten to be now are we the sons of God; and it doth gracious ? hath he in anger shut up his not yet appear what we shall be: but we tender mercies? Selah. * Ver. 10. And know that, when he shall appear, we shall I said, This is my infirmity: but I will re