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IV. As there is no sin so small but it deserves damnation h; so there is no sin so great, that it can bring damnation upon those who truly repent!

V. Men ought not to content themselves with a general repentance, but it is every man's duty to endeavour to repent of his particular sins particularly k.

VI. As every man is bound to make private confession of his sins to God, praying for the pardon thereof); upon which, and the forsaking of them, he shall find mercym; so he that scandalizeth his brother, or the church of Christ, ought to be willing, by a private or publick confession and sorrow for his sin, to declare his repentance to those that are offended "; who are thereupon to be reconciled to him, and in love to receive himo

xvii. 30. And the times of this ignorance Jesus came into the world to save sina God winked at; but now commandeth all ners; of whoin I am chief. men every where to repent: Ver. 31. Be- VI. 1 Psal. li. 4. Against thee, thee only, cause he hath appointed a day, in the have I sinned, and done this evil in thy which he will judge the world in righte- sight; that thou mightest be justified when ousness by that man whom he hath or- thou speakest, and be clear when thou dained; whereof he hath given assurance judgest. Ver. 5. Behold, I was shapen in unto all men, in that he hath raised him iniquity; and in sin did my mother confrom the dead.

ceive me. Ver. 7. Purge me with hyssop, IV. h Rom. vi. 23. For the wages of sin and I shall be clean; wash me, and I shali is death; but the gift of God is eternal life be whiter than snow. Ver. 9. Hide thy face through Jesus Christ our Lord. Rom. v. from my sins, and blot out all mine ini. 12. Wherefore, as by one man sin entered quities. Ver. 14. Deliver me from blood. into the world, and death by sin; and so guiltiness, O God, thou God of my salvadeath passed upon all men, for that all tion; and my tongue shall sing aloud of have sinned. Mat. xii. 36. But I say unto thy righteousness. Psal. xxxii. 5. I acyou, That every idle word that men shall knowledged my sin unto thee, and mine speak, they shall give account thereof in iniquity have I not hid. I said, I will the day of judgment.

confess my transgressions unto the Lord ; i Isa. lv. 7. Let the wicked forsake and thou forgavest the iniquity of my sin. his way, and the unrighteous man his Selah. Ver. 6. For this shall every one thoughts: and let him return unto the that is godly pray unto thee in a time Lord, and he will have mercy upon him; when thou mayest be found : surely in the and to our God, for he will abundantly floods of great waters they shall not come pardon. Rom. viii. 1. There is therefore nigh unto him. now no condemnation to them which are m Prov. xxviii. 13. He that covereth his in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the sins shall not prosper ; but whoso confess. flesh, but after the Spirit. Isa. i. 16. Wash eth and forsaketh them shall have mercy. you, make you clean; put away the evil of 1 John i. 9. If we confess our sins, he is your doings from before mine eyes ; cease faithful and just to forgive us our sins, to do evil. Ver. 18. Come now, and let us and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. reason together, saith the Lord: Though n James v. 16. Confess your faults one your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as to another, and pray one for another, that white as snow; though they be red like ye may be healed. The effectual fervent crimson, they shall be as wool.

prayer of a righteous man availeth much. V. k Psal. xix. 13. Keep back thy servant Luke xvii. 3. Take heed to yourselves: If also from presumptuous sins ; let them thy brother trespass against thee, rebuke not have dominion over me: then shall I lim; and if he repent, forgive him. Ver. 4. be upright, and I shall be innocent from And if he trespass against thee seven times the great transgression. Luke xix. 8. And in a day, and seven times in a day turn Zaccheus stood, and said unto the Lord, again to thee, saying, I repent; thou shalt Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give forgive him. Josh. vii. 19. And Joshua to the poor ; and if I have taken any thing said unto Achan, My son, give, I pray thee, from any man by false accusation, I re- glory to the Lord God of Israel, and make store him four-fold. 1 Tim. i. 13. Who confession unto him; and tell me now was before a blasphemer, and a persecu- what thou hast done ; hide it not from me. tor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, [Psal. li. throughout.] because I did it ignorantly in unbelief. 02 Cor. ii. 8. Wherefore I beseech you, Ver. 15. This is a faithful saying, and that ye would confirm your love toward worthy of all acceptation, that Christ him.

CHAP. XVI. Of Good Works. G.

word a, and not such as, without the warrant thereof, are devised by men, out of blind zeal, or upon any pretence of good intention b.

II. These good works, done in obedience to God's commandments. are the fruits and evidences of a true and lively faithe: and by them believers manifest their thankfulness a, strengthen their assurance", edify their brethren', adorn the profession of the gospel 8, stop the

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I. a Micah vi. 8. He hath showed thee, tion, and call upon the name of the Lord. O man, what is good; and what doth the 1 Pet. ii. 9. But ye are a chosen generaLord require of thee, but to do justly, and tion, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with a peculiar people; that ye should show thy God? Rom. xii. 2. And be not con- forth the praises of him who hath called formed to this world; but be ye trans- you out of darkness into his marvellous formed by the renewing of your mind, light. that ye may prove what is that good, and e 1 John ii. 3. And herehy we do know acceptable, and perfect will of God. Heb. that we know him, if we keep his comxiii. 21. Make you perfect in every good mandments. Ver. 5. But whoso keepeth work to do his will, working in you that his word, in him verily is the love of God which is well-pleasing in his sight, through perfected: hereby know we that we are in Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever him. 2 Pet. i. 5. And besides this, giving and ever. Amen.

all diligence, add to your faith, virtue; b Mat. xv.9. But in vain they do worship and to virtue, knowledge; Ver. 6. And to me, teaching for doctrines the command- knowledge, temperance; and to temperments of men. Isa. xxix. 13. Wherefore ance, patience; and to patience, godliness; the Lord said, Forasmuch as this people Ver. 7. And to godliness, brotherly kinddraw near me with their mouth, and with ness; and to brotherly kindness, charity: their lips do honour me, but have removed Ver. 8. For if these things be in you, and their heart far from me, and their fear abound, they make you that ye shall neitoward me is taught by the precept of ther be barren nor unfruitful in the knowmen. 1 Pet. i. 18. forasmuch as ye know ledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. Ver. 9. that ye were not redeemed with corrupti. But he that lacketh these things is blind, ble things, as silver and gold, from your and cannot see afar off, and hath forgot. vain conversation received by tradition ten that he was purged from his old sins. from your fathers. Rom. x. 2. For I bear Ver. 10. Wherefore the rather, breihren, them record, that they have a zeal of God, give diligence to make your calling and but not according to knowledge. John election sure: for if ye do these things, ye xvi. 2. They shall put you out of the syna- shall never fall. gogues: yea, the time cometh, that who- f2 Cor. ix. 2. For I know the forwardsoever killeth you will think that he doeth ness of your mind, for which I boast of God service. i Sam. xv. 21. But the peo- you to them of Macedonia, that Achaia ple took of the spoil, sheep and oxen, the was ready a year ago; and your zeal hath chief of the things which should have been provoked very many. Mat. v. 16. Let your uiterly destroyed, to sacrifice unto the light so shine before men, that they inay Lord 'thy God in Gilgal. Ver. 22. And see your good works, and glorify your Samuel said, Hath the Lord as great de- Father which is in heaven. light in burnt-offerings and sacrifices, as & Tit. ii. 5. To be discreet, chaste, keep. in obeying the voice of the Lord? Behold, to ers at home, good, obedient to their own obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken husbands, that the word of God be net than the fat of rams. Ver. 23. For rebel- blasphemed. Ver. 9. Exhort servants to lion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stub. be obedient unto their own masti rs, and bornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Be- to please them well in all things; not ancause thou hast rejected the word of the swering again; Ver. 10. Not purloining, Lord, he hath also rejected thee from but showing all good fidelity that they being king.

may adorn the doctrine of God our Savi. II. c James ii. 18. Yea, a man may say, our in all things. Ver. 11. For the grace Thou hast faith, and I have works : show of God that bringeth salvation hath apme thy faith without thy works, and I will peared to all men, Ver. 12. Teaching is, show thee my faith by my works. Ver. 22. that, denying ungodliness and worldly Seest thou how faith wrought with his lusts, we should live soberly, righteously,

1 Tim. works, and by works was faith made per- and godly, in this present world. fect?

vi. 1. Let as many servants as are under d Psal. cxvi. 12. What shall I render the yoke count their own masters worthy unto the Lord for all his benefits toward of all honour, that the name of God and nel Ver. 13. I will take the cup of salva- his doctrine be not blasphemed.

mouths of the adversaries ", and glorify. God, whose workmanship they are, created in Christ Jesus thereuntok; that, having their fruit unto holiness, they may have the end eternal life 1

III. Their ability to do good works is not at all of themselves, but wholly from the Spirit of Christm. And that they may be enabled thereunto, besides the graces they have already received, there is required an actual influence of the same Holy Spirit to work in them to will and to do of his good pleasure" : yet are they not hereupon to grow negligent, as if they were not bound to perform any duty unless upon a special motion of the Spirit; but they ought to be diligent in stirring up the grace of God that is in them

IV. They who in their obedience attain to the greatest height which is possible in this life, are so far from being able to supererogate, and to do more than God requires, as that they fall short of much which in duty they are bound to do P.


h 1 Pet. ii. 15. For so is the will of God, sence only, but now much more in my abthat with well-doing ye may put to silence sence, work out your own salvation with the ignorance of foolish men.

fear and trembling. Heb. vi. 11. And we 11 Pet. ii. 12. Having your conversation desire that every one of you do show the honest among the Gentiles; that, whereas same diligence, to the full assurance of they speak against you as evil-doers, they hope unto the end: Ver. 12. That ye be may, by your good works, which they shall not slothful, but followers of them who behold, glorify God in the day of visita- through faith and patience inherit the tion. Phil. i. 11. Being filled with the promises. 2 Pet. i. 3. According as his difruits of righteousness, which are by Jesus vine power hath given unto us all things Christ, unto the glory and praise of God. that pertain unto life and godliness, John xv. 8. Herein is my Father glorified, through the knowledge of him that hath that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my called us to glory and virtue. Ver. 5. And disciples.

besides this, giving all diligence, add to * Eph. ii. 10. For we are his workman. your faith, virtue, and to virtue, knowship, created in Christ Jesus unto good ledge. Ver. 10. Wherefore the 'rather, works, which God hath before ordained brethren, give diligence to make your call. that we should walk in them.

ing and election sure: for if ye do these 1 Rom. vi. 22. But now, being made free things, ye shall never fall: Ver. 11. For so from sin, and become servants to God, ye an entrance shall be ministered unto you have your fruit unto holiness, and the end abundantly into the everlasting kingdom everlasting life.

of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. III. m John xv. 4. Abide in me, and I in Isa. Ixiv, 7. And there is none that calleth

As the branch cannot bear fruit of upon thy name, that stirreth up himself itself, except it abide in the vine; no more to take hold of thee: for thou hast hid thy can ye, except ye abide in me. Ver. 5. I face from us, and hast consumed us, beam the vine, ye are the branches: he that cause of our iniquities. 2 Tim. i. 6. Whereabideth in me, and I in him, the same fore I put thee in remembrance, that thou bringeth forth much fruit; for without me stir up the gift of God, which is in thee by ye can do nothing. Ver. 6. If a man abide the putting

on of my hands: Acts xxvi. .. not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, And now stand and am judged for the and is withered; and men gather them, hope of the promise made of God unto our and cast them into the fire, and they are fathers: Ver. 7. Unto which promise our burned. Ezek. xxxvi. 26. A new heart also twelve tribes, instantly serving. God day will I give you, and a new spirit will I put and night, hope to come: for which hope's within you; and I will take away the stony sake, king Agrippa, I am accused of the heart out of your flesh, and I will give yoù Jews. Jude, ver. 20. But ye, belored, an heart of Hesh. Ver. 27. And I will put building up yourselves on your most holy my Spirit within you, and cause you' to faith, praying in the Holy Ghost, Ver. 21. walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my Keep yourselves in the love of God, look. judgments, and do them.

ing for the n Phil. ii. 13. For it is God which work- Christ unto et mercy of our Lord Jesus

life. eth in you, both to will and to do of his IV. p Luke xvii. 10. So likewise ye, when good pleasure. Phil. iv. 13. I can do all ye shall have done all those things which things through Christ which strengthen. are commanded you, say, We are unp!'oeth me. 2 Cor. iii. 5. Not that we are suf- fitable servants: we have done that which ficient of ourselves to think any thing as was our duty to do. Neh. xiii. 22. And I of ourselves ; but our sufficiency is of God. commanded the Levites, that they should

o Phil. ii. 12. Wherefore, my beloved, as cleanse themselves, and that they should yo have always obeyed, not as in my pre- come and keep the gates, to sanctify the

V. We cannot, by our best works, merit pardon of sin, or eternal life, at the hand of God, by reason of the great disproportion that is between them and the glory to come, and the infinite distance that is between us and God, whom by them we can neither profit nor satisfy for the debt of our former sins 4; but when we have done all we can, we have done but our duty, and are unprofitable servants”; and because, as they are good, they proceed from his Spirits; and as they are wrought by us, they are defiled and mixed with so much weakness and imperfection, that they cannot endure the severity of God's judgment

VI. 'Yet notwithstanding, the persons of believers being accepted through Christ, their good works also are accepted in him"; not as though they were in this life wholly unblaineable and unreproveable in God's sight W; but that he, looking upon them in his Son, is pleased

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sabbath-day. Remember me, O my God, Luke xvii. 10. (See letter p in this Chapconcerning this also, and spare me ac- ter.) cording to the greatness of thy mercy. s Gal. v. 22. But the fruit of the Spirit is Job. ix. 2. I know it is so of a truth: but love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, how should man be just with God? Ver. goodness, faith, Ver. 23. Meekness, tem3. If he will contend with him, he cannot perance: against such there is no law. answer him one of a thousand. Gal. v. 17. t Isa. lxiv. 6. But we are all as an unFor the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, clean thing, and all our righteousnesses and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a are contrary the one to the other; so that leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, ye cannot do the things that ye would. have taken us away. Gal. v. 17. For the

V. 9 Rom. iii. 20. Therefore by the deeds flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the of the law there shall no flesh be justified Spirit against the flesh: and these are conin his sight: for by the law is the know- trary the one to the other; so that ye can. ledge of sin. Rom. iv. 2. For if Abraham not do the things that ye would. Rom. were justified by works, he hath whereof vii. 15. For that which I do I allow not: to glory, but not before God. Ver. 4. Now for what I would, that do I not; but what to him that worketh is the reward not I hate, that do I. Ver. 18. For I know that in reckoned of grace, but of debt. Ver. 6. me (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no good Even as David also describeth the blessed. thing: for to will is present with me : but ness of the man, unto whom God imputeth how to perform that which is good I find righteousness without works. Eph. ii. 8. not. Psal. cxliii. 2. And enter not into For by grace are ye saved through faith; judgment with thy servant: for in thy and that not of yourselves: it is the gift sight shall no man living be justified. of God: Ver. 9. Not of works, lest any man Psal. cxxx. 3. If thou, Lord, shouldest should boast. Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall righteousness which we have done, but stand! according to his mercy he saved us, by the VI. v. Eph. i. 6. To the praise of the washing of regeneration, and renew of of his grace, wherein he hath made the Holy Ghost; Ver. 6. Which he shed on us accepted in the Beloved. 1 Pet. ii. 5. us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a Saviour ; Ver. 7, That, being justified by spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to nis grace, we should be made heirs ac

offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to cording to the hope of eternal life. Rom. God by Jesus Christ. viii. 18. For I reckon, that the sufferings And it shall be upon Aaron's forehead, of this present time are not worthy to be that Aaron may bear the iniquity of the compared with the glory, which shall be holy things, which the children of Israel revealed in us. Psal. xvi. 2. O my soul, shall hallow in all their holy gifts; and thou hast said unto the Lord, Thou art it shall be always upon his forehead, my Lord: my goodness extendeth not to that they may be accepted before the thee. Job. xxii. 2. Can a man be profit- Lord. Gen. iv. 4. And Abel, he also brought able unto God, as he that is wise may be of the firstlings of his flock, and of the fat profitable unto himself? Ver. 3. Is it any thereof. And the Lord had respect ulito pleasure to the Almighty, that thou art Abel, and to his offering. With Heb. xi. 4. righteous ? or is it gain to him, that thou By faith Abel offered unto God a more exmakest thy ways perfect ? Job xxxv. 7. If cellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he thou be righteous, what givest thou him? obtained witness that he was righteous, or what receiveth he of thine hand? Ver. God testifying of his gifts; and by it he, 8. I hy wickedness may hurt a man as being dead, yet speaketh. thou art, and thy righteousness may protit w Job ix. 20. If I justify myself, mine the son of man.

own mouth shall condemn me: if I say, I


tu accept and reward that which is sincere, although accompanied with many weaknesses and imperfectious

VII. Works done by unregenerate men, although, for the matter of them, they may be things which God commands, and of good use both to themselves and others y; yet, because they proceed not from an heart purified by faith”; nor are done in a right mannur, according to the word a ; 'nor to a right end, the glory of God b; they are therefore sinful, and cannot please God, or make a man meet to receive grace from God C.


yet their neglect of them is more sinful, and displeasing unto Godd. am perfect, it shall also prove me per- and I therein do rejoice, yea, and will re

Psal. cxliii. 2. And enter not into joice. judgment with thy servant : for in thy 2 Gen. iv. 5. But unto Cain, and to his ofsight shall no man living be justified. fering, he had not respect. And Cain was

x Heb. xiii. 20. Now the God of peace, very wroth, and his countenance fell. that brought again from the dead our With lleb. xi. 4. By faith Abel offered unLord Jesus, that great Shepherd of the to God a more excellent sacrifice than sheep, through the blood of the everlast- Cain, by which he obtained witness that ing covenant, Ver. 21. Make you perfect in he was righteous, God testifying of his. every good work to do his will, working in gifts; and by it he, being dead, yet speak. you that which is well-pleasing in his eth. Ver. 6. But without faith it is imsight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be possible to please him : for he that comeih glory for ever and ever. Amen. 2 Cor. viii. to God must believe that he is, and that 12. For if there be first a willing mind, it he is a rewarder of them that diligently is accepted according to that a man hath, seek him. and not according to that he hath not. a 1 Cor. xiii. 3. And though I bestow all Heb. vi. 10. For God is not unrighteous, to my goods to feed the poor, and though I forget your work and labour of love, which give my body to be burned, and have not ye have showed toward his name, in that charity, it profiteth me nothing. Isa. i. 12. ye have ministered to the saints, and do When ye come to appear before me, who minister. Mat. xxv. 21. His lord said un. hath required this at your hand, to tread to him, Well done, thou good and faithful my courts servant; thou hast been faithful over a Mat. vi. 2. Therefore, when thou doest few things, I will make thee ruler over thine alms, do not sound a trumpet before many things : enter thou into the joy of thee, as the hypocrites do in the synathy lord. Ver. 23. His lord said unto him, gogues, and in the streets, that they may Well done, good and faithful servant;thou have glory of men. Verily I say unto you, hast been faithful over a few things, I will They have their reward. Ver. 5. And make thee ruler over many things: enter when thou prayest, thou shalt not be as thou into the joy of thy lord.

the hypocrites are: for they love to pray VII. y 2 Kings x. 30. And the Lord said standing in the synagogues, and in the unto Jehu, Because thou hast done well corners of the streets, that they may be in executing that which is right in mine seen of men. Verily I say unto you, They eyes, and hast done unto the house of Ahab have their reward. Ver. 16. Moreover, according to all that was in mine ar when ye fast, be not, as the hypocrites, of thy children of the fourth generation shall a sad countenance: for they disfigure their sit on the throne of Israel. Ver. 31. But faces, that they may appear unto men to Jehu took no heed to walk in the law of fast. Verily I say unto you, They have the Lord God of Israel with all his heart; their reward. for he departed not from the sins of Jero- c Hag. ii. 14. Then answered Haggai, boam, which made Israel to sin. 1 Kings and said, So is this people, and so is this xxi. 27. And it came to pass, when Ahab nation before me, saith the Lord; and so heard those words, that he rent his is every work of their hands; and that clothes, and put sackcloth upon his flesh, which they offer there is unclean. Tit. i. and fasted, and lay in sackcloth, and 15. Unto the pure all things are pure; but went softly. Ver. 29. Seest thou how Ahab unto them that are defiled and unbeliev. humbleth himself before me? Because ing is nothing pure; but even their mind he humbleth himself before me, I will not and conscience is defiled. Amos. v. 21. I bring the evil in his days; but in his son's hate, I despise your feast-days, and I will days will I bring the evil upon his house. not smell in your solemn assemblies. Ver. Phil. i. 15. Some indeed preach Christ even 22. Though ye offer me burnt-offerings, of envy and strife; and some also of good and your meat-offerings, I will not accept will. Ver. 16. The one preach Christ of them ; neither will I regard the peace-ofcontention, not sincerely, supposing to add ferings of your fat beasts. Hosea'i. 4. And affliction to my bonds. Ver. 18. What then ? the Lord said unto him, Call his name notwithstanding, every way, whether in Jezreel; for yet a little while, and I will protence, or in trutlı, Christ is preached; avenge the blood of Jezreel upon the house

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