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CHAP. XII. Of Adoption A LL those that are justified, God vouchsafeth, in and for his only
Son Jesus Christ, to make partakers of the grace of adoption ** by which they are taken into the number, and enjoy the liberties and privileges of the children of God b; have his name put upon them“, receive the Spirit of adoption d; have access to the throne of grace with boldness e ; are enabled to cry, Abba, Father'; are pitiede, protected “, provided for ', and chastened by him as by a father's; yet never cast off!, but sealed to the day of redemption m; and inherit the promises ", as heirs of everlasting salvation'.
CIAP. XIII. Of Sanctification. PHEY who are effectually called and regenerated, having a new
Ver. 13. Christ hath redeemed us from the have received the Spirit of adoption, curse of the law, being made a curse for whereby we cry, Abba, Father. us: for it is written, Cursed is every one e Eph. iii. 12. In whom we have boldness that hangeth on a tree: Ver. 14. That the and access with confidence by the faith of blessing of Abraham might come on the him. Rom. v. 2. By whom also we have Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we access by faith into this grace wherein we might receive the promise of the Spirit stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of through faith. Rom. iv. 22. And therefore God. it was imputed to him for righteousness. f Gal. iv. 6. And because ye are sons, Ver. 23. Now, it was not written for his God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son sake alone, that it was imputed to him; into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. Ver. 24. But for us also, to whom it shall & Psal. ciii. 13. Like as a father pitieth be imputed, if we believe on him that his children, so the Lord pitieth them that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead. fear him. Heb. xii. 8. Jesus Christ the same yester- h Prov. xiv. 26. In the fear of the Lord is day, and to-day, and for ever.
strong confidence; and his children shall 1. a Eph. i. 5. Having predestinated us un- have a place of refuge. to the adoption of children by Jesus Christ i Matth. vi. 30. Wherefore, if God so to himself, according to the good pleasure clothe the grass of the field, which to-day of his will. Gal. iv. 4. But when the ful- is, and to-morrow is cast into the oven, ness of the time was come, God sent forth shall he not much more clothe you, O ye his Son, made of a woman, made under of little faith? Ver. 32. For your heavenly the law, Ver. 5. To redeem them that were Father knoweth that ye have need of all under the law, that we might receive the these things. 1 Pet. v. 7. Casting all your adoption of sons.
care upon him ; for he careth for you. b Rom. viii. 17. And if children, then k leb. xii. 6. For whom the Lord loreth heirs ; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son Christ: if so be that we suffer with him, whom he receiveth. that we may be also glorified together. 1 Lam. iii. 31. For the Lord will not cast John i. 12. But as many as received him, off for ever. to them gave he power to become the sons of m Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the Holy God, even to them that believe on his name. Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto
c Jer. xiv. 9. Yet thou, O Lord, art in the the day of redemption. midst of us, and we are called by thy n Heb. vi. 12. That ye be not slothful, name; leave us not. 2 Cor. vi. 18. And but followers of them who through faith will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be and patience inherit the promises. my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Al- 0 1 Pet. i. 3. Blessed be the God and mighty, Rev. iii. 12. Him that overcometh Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which, will I make a pillar in the temple of my according to his abundant mercy, hath God, and he shall go no more out: and I begotten us again unto a lively hope, by will write upon him the name of my God, the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the and the name of the city of my God, which dead, Ver. 4. To an inheritance incorrupis new Jerusalem, which cometh down out tible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not of heaven from my God; and I will write away, reserved in heaven for you. Heb. i. upon him my new name.
14. Are they not all ministering spirits, & Rom. viii. 15. For ye have not received sent forth to minister for them who shall the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye be heirs of salvation :
really and porsonally, through the virtue of Christ's death and resurrection a, by his word and Spirit dwelling in them b; the dominion of the whole body of sin is destroyed, and the several lusts thereof are more and more weakened and mortified 4, and they more and more quickened and strengthened in all saving graceso, to the practice of true holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord'.
II. This sanctification is throughout in the whole man 8, yet imperfect in this life ; there abideth still some remnants of corruption in every part h: whence ariseth a continual and irreconcileable war; the flesh lusting against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh.
III. In which war, although the remaining cor tion for a timo may much prevail k, yet, through the continual supply of strength from the sanctifying Spirit of Christ, the regenerate part doth overcomel: and so the saints grow in grace m, perfecting holiness in the fear of God".
I. a 1 Cor. vi. 11. And such were some of with all saints what is the breadth, and you: but ye are washed, but ye are sancti. length, and depth, and height; Ver. 19. fied, but ye are justified in the name of the And to know the love of Christ, which passLord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. eth knowledge, that ye might be filled with Acts xx. 32. And now, brethren, I com- all the fulness of God. mend you to God, and to the word of his f 2 Cor. vii. 1. Having therefore these grace, which is able to build you up, and promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse to give you an inheritance among all them ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh which are sanctified. Phil. iii. 10. That I and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear may know him, and the power of his re- of God. Heb. xii. 14. Follow peace with surrection, and the fellowship of his suf- all meu, and holiness, without which no ferings, being made conformable unto his man shall see the Lord. death. Rom. vi. 5. For if we have been II. & 1 Thess. v. 23. And the very God of planted together in the likeness of his peace sanctify you wholly: and I pray God death, we shall be also in the likeness of your whole spirit, and soul, and body, be his resurrection : Ver. 6. Knowing this, preserved blameless unto the coming of that our old man is crucitied with him, our Lord Jesus Christ. that the body of sin might be destroyed, h 1 John i. 10. If we say that we have not that henceforth we should not serve sin. sinned, we make him a liar, and his word
b John xvii. 17. Sanctify them through is not in us. Rom. vii. 18. For I know that thy truth: thy word is truth. Eph. v. 25. in me (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no That he might sanctify and cleanse it with good thing: for to will is present with me; the washing of water by the word. 2 but how to perform that which is good I Thess. ii. 13. But we are bound to give find not. Ver. 23. But I see another law thanks alway to God for you, brethren in my members warring against the law beloved of the Lord, because God hath of my mind, and bringing me into capfrom the beginning chosen you to salva- tivity to the law of sin which is in my tion through sanctification of the Spirit, members. Phil. iii. 12. Not as though I and belief of the truth.
had already attained, either were already c Rom. vi. 6. Knowing this, that our old perfect; but I follow after, if that I may man is crucified with him, that the body apprehend that for which also I am apof sin might be destroyed, that henceforth prehended of Christ Jesus. we should not serve sin. Ver. 14. For sin i Gal. v. 17. For the flesh lusteth against shall not have dominion over you: for ye the Spirit, and the Spirit against the nesh: are not under the law, but under grace. and these are contrary the one to the
d Gal. v. 24. And they that are Christ's other; so that ye cannoi do the things that have crucified the flesh, with the affec- ye would. 1 Pet. ii. 11. Dearly beloved, I tions and lusts. Rom. viii. 13. For if ye beseech you, as strangers and pilgrims, live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye abstain from fleshly lusts, which war through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of against the soul. the body, ye shall live.
III. k Rom. vii. 23. But I see another law e Col. i. 11. Strengthened with all might, in my members warring against the law according to his glorious power, unto all of my mind, and bringing me into cappatience and long-suffering with joyful- tivity to the law of sin which is in iny ness. Eph. iii. 16. That he would grant members. you, according to the riches of his glory, I Rom. vi. 14. For sin shall not have doto be strengthened with might by his minion over you: for ye are not under the Spirit in the inner man; Ver. 17. That law, but under grace. 1 John v. 4. For Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; whatsoever is born of God overcometh the that ye, being, rooted and grounded in world, and this is the victory that overlove, Ver. 18. May be able to comprehend cometh the world, even our faith. Eph, in
CHAP. XIV. Of Saving Faith. THE grace of faith, whereby the elect are enabled to believe to the
saving of their souls a, is the work of the Spirit of Christ in their hearts 1, and is ordinarily wrought by the ministry of the word o: by which also, and by the administration of the sacraments, and prayer, it is increased and strengtheneda.
II. By this faith, a Christian believeth to be true whatsoever is revealed in the word, for the authority of God himself speaking thereine; and acteth differently upon that which each particular passage thereof containeth ; yielding obedience to the commands?, trembling at the threatenings 6, and embracing the promises of God for this life and that which is to come b. But the principal acts of saving faith 15. But, speaking the truth in love, may brethren, I commend you to God, and to grow up into him in all things, which is the word of his grace, which is able to the head, even Christ: Ver. 16. From whom build you up, and to give you an inherithe whole body fitly joined together and tance among all them which are sancti: compacted by that which every joint sup- fied. Rom. iv. 11. And he received the plieth, according to the effectual working sign of circumcision, a seal of the righin the measure of every part, maketh in teousness of the faith which he had yet becrease of the body, unto the edifying of it- ing uncircumcised: that he might be the self in love.
father of all them that believe, thongh m 2 Pet. iii. 18. But grow in grace, and they be not circumcised; that righteousin the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour ness might be imputed unto them also, Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now Luke xvii. 5. And the apostles said untu and for ever. Amen. 2 Cor. iii. 18. But the Lord, Increase our faith. Rom. i. 16. we all, with open face beholding as in a For I am not ashamed of the gospel of glass the glory of the Lord, are changed Christ: for it is the power of God unto into the same image, from glory to glory, salvation to every one that believeth ; to even as by the Spirit of the Lord.
the Jew first, and also to the Greek. Ver. n 2 Cor. vii. 1. Having therefore these 17. For therein is the righteousness of promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse God revealed from faith to faith: as it is ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh written, The just shall live by faith. and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear II. e John iv. 42. And said unto the woof God.
man, Now we believe, not because of thy I. a Heb. x. 39. But we are not of them saying: for we have heard him ourselves, who draw back unto perdition; but of and know that this is indeed the Christ, them that believe to the saving of the soul. the Saviour of the world. 1 Thess. ii. 13.
b 2 Cor. iv. 13. We having the same For this cause also thank we God without spirit of faith, according as it is written, I ceasing, because, when ye received the believed, and therefore have I spoken ; we word of God which ye heard of us, ye re. also believe, and therefore speak. Eph. i. ceived it not as the word of men, but (as 17. That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, it is in truth) the word of God, which et. the Father of glory, may give unto you fectually worketh also in you that believe. the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the 1 John v. 10. He that believeth on the Son knowledge of him: Ver. 18. The eyes of of God hath the witness in himself: he your understanding being enlightened; that believeth not God hath made him a that ye may know what is the hope of his liar; because he believeth not the recor calling, and what the riches of the glory that God gave of his Son. Acts xxiv. 14. of his inheritance in the saints, Ver. 19. But this I confess unto thee, that after And what is the exceeding greatness of the way which they call heresy, so worship his power to us-ward who believe, accord- I the God of my fathers, believing all ing to the working of his mighty power. things which are written in the law and in Eph. ii. 8. For by grace are ye saved
the prophets. through faith ; and that not of yourselves : f Rom. xvi. 26. But now is made mani. it is the gift of God.
fest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, c Rom. x. 14. How then shall they call according to the commandment of the on him in whom they have not believed ? everlasting God, made known to all na. and how shall they believe in him of whom tions for the obedience of faith. they have not heard ? and how shall they & Isaiah lxvi. 2. For all those things hath hear without a preacher? Ver. 17. So then mine hand made, and all those things faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by have been, saith the Lord: but to this man the word of God.
will I look, even to him that is poor, and d 1 Pet. ii. 2. As new-born babes, desire of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at ing the sincere milk of the word, that ye may word. grow thereby
Acts xx. 32. Aud now, * Heb. xi. 13. These all died in faith, not
are, accepting, receiving, and resting upon Christ alone for justification, sanctification, and eternal lito, by virtue of the covenant of gracet
III. This faith is different in degrees, weak or strong *; may be often and many ways assailed and weakened, but gets the victory? growing up in many to the attainment of a full assurance through Christ“, who is both the author and finisher of our faith a.
CHAP. XV. Of Repentance unto Life. EPENTANCE unto life is an evangelical grace a, the doctrine
whereof is to be preached by every minister of the gospel, as well as that of faith in Christ b. having received the promises, but having the fiery darts of the wicked. 1 John v. 4. seen them afar off, and were persuaded of For whatsoever is born of God overcometh them, and embraced them, and confessed the world: and this is the victory that that they were strangers and pilgrims on overcometh the world, even our faith. the earth. 1 Tim. iv. 8. For bodily exercise Ver. 5. Who is he that overcometh the profiteth little; but godliness is profitable world, but he that believeth that Jesus is unto all things, having promise of the life the Son of God? that now is, and of that which is to come. in Heb. vi. 11. And we desire that every
John i. 12. But as many as received one of you do show the same diligence, to him, to them gave he power to become the the full assurance of hope unto the end : sons of God, even to them that believe on Ver. 12. That ye be not slothful, but folhis name.
Acts xvi. 31. And they said, lowers of them who through faith and paBelieve on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou tience inherit the promises. Heb. x. 22. shalt be saved, and thy house. Gal. ii. 20. Let us draw near with a true heart, in full I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I assurance of faith, having our hearts live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: sprinkled from an evil conscience, and and the life which I now live in the flesh our bodies washed with pure water. Col. I live by the faith of the Son of God, who ii. 2. That their hearts might be comfortloved ne, and gave himself for me. Acts ed, being knit together in love, and unto xv. 11. But we believe that, through the all riches of the full assurance of undergrace of the Lord Jesus Christ, we shall standing, to the acknowledgment of the be saved, even as they.
mystery of God, and of the Father, and of III. k Heb. v. 13. For every one that Christ. useth milk is unskilful in the word of n Heb. xii. 2. Looking unto Jesus, the righteousness; for he is a babe. Ver. 14. author and finisher of our faith ; who, for But strong meat belongeth to them that the joy that was set before him, endured are of full age, even those who by reason the cross, despising the shame, and is set of use have their senses exercised to disa down at the right hand of the throne of cern both good and evil. Rom. iv. 19. God. And being not weak in faith, he consider- I. a Zech. xii. 10. And I will pour upon ed not his own body now dead, when he the house of David, and upon the inhabi, was about an hundred years old, neither yet tants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and the deadness of Sarah's womb: Ver. 20. He of supplications; and they shall look upon staggered not at the promise of God me whom they have pierced, and they through unbelief; but was strong in faith, shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for giving glory to God. Mat. vi. 30. Where- his only son, and shall be in bitterness for fore, if God so clothe the grass of the field, him, as one that is in bitterness for his which to-day is, and to-morrow is cast
in- first-born. Acts xi. 18. When they heard to the oven, shall he not much more clothe these things, they held their peace, and you, 0 ye of little faith? Mat. viii. 10. glorified God, saying, Then hath God also When Jesus heard it, he marvelled, and to the Gentiles granted repentance unto said to them that followed, Verily I say life. unto you, I have not found so great faith, I
b Luke xxiv. 47. And that repentance no, not in Israel.
and remission of sins should be preached í Luke xxii. 31. And the Lord said, Si. in his name among all nations, beginning mon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired at Jerusalem. Mark i. 15. And saying, to have you, that he may sift you as The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of wheat: Ver. 32. But I have prayed for thee, God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the that thy faith fail not: and when thou art gospel. Acts xx. 21. Testifying both tu converted, strengthen thy brethren. Eph. the Jews, and also to the Greeks, repen. vi. 16. Above all, taking the shield of faith, tance toward God, and faith toward our whorewith ye shull be able to quench alí Lord Jesus Christ.
II. By it a sinner, out of the sight and sense, not only of the danger, but also of the filthiness and odiousness of his sins, as contrary to the holy nature and righteous law of God, and upon the apprehension of his mercy in Christ to such as are penitent, so grieves for and hates his sins, as to turn from them all unto Godo, purposing and endeavouring to walk with him in all the ways of his commandments d.
III. Although repentance be not to be rested in, as any satisfaction for sin, or any cause of the pardon thereofe, which is the act of God's free grace in Christ'; yet is it of such necessity to all sinners, that none may expect pardon without it .
II. c Ezek. xviii. 30. Therefore I will things ye have approved yourselves to be judge you, O house of Israel, every one clear in this matter. according to his ways, saith the Lord God. d Psal. cxix. 6. Then shall I not be Repent, and turn yourselves from all your ashamed, when I have respect unto all transgressions; so iniquity shall not be thy commandments. Ver. 59. I thought your ruin.
Ver. 31. Cast away from you on my ways, and turned my feet unto thy all your transgressions, whereby ye have testimonies. Ver. 106. I have sworn, and transgressed: and make you a new heart I will perform it, that I will keep thy righand a new spirit: for why will ye die, o teous judgments. Luke i. 6. And they house of Israel? Ezek. xxxvi. 31. Then were both righteous before God, walking shall ye remember your own evil ways, in all the commandments and ordinances and your doings that were not good, and of the Lord blameless. 2 Kings xxiii. 25. shall loathe yourselves in your own sight, and like unto him was there no king befor your iniquities, and for your abomina- fore him, that turned to the Lord with all tions. Isa. xxx. 22. Ye shall defile also his heart, and with all his soul, and with the covering of thy graven images of silver, all his might, according to all the law of and the ornament of thy molten images Moses; neither after him arose there any of gold: thou shalt cast them away as a like him. menstruous cloth; thou shalt say unto it, III. e Ezek. xxxvi. 31. Then shall ye Get thee hence. Psal. li. 4. Against thee, remember your own evil ways, and your thee only, have I sinned, and done this doings that were not good, and shall evil in thy sight; that thou mightest be loathe yourselves in your own sight, for justified when thou speakest, and be clear your iniquities, and for your abominations. when thou judgest. Jer. xxxi. 18. I have Ver. 32. Not for your sakes do I this, saith surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself the Lord God, be it known unto you: be thus; Thou hast chastised me, and I was ashamed and confounded for your own chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to ways, O house of Israel. Ezek. xvi. 61. the yoke: turn thou me, and I shall be Then thou shalt remember thy ways, and turned ; for thou art the Lord my God. be ashamed, when thou shalt receive thy Ver. 19. Surely after that I was turned, I sisters, thine elder and thy younger: and repented; and after that I was instructed, I will give them unto thee for daughters, I smote upon my thigh: I was ashamed, but not by thy covenant. Ver. 62. And I yea, even confounded, because I did bear will establish my covenant with thee; and the reproach of my youth. Joel ii. 12. thou shalt know that I am the Lord: Therefore also now, saith the Lord, Turn Ver. 63. That thou mayest remember, ye even to me with all your heart, and and be confounded, and never open thy with fasting, and with weeping, and with mouth any more because of thy shame, mourning ; Ver. 13. And rend your heart, when I am pacified toward thee for all and not your garments, and turn unto the that thou hast done, saith the Lord God. Lord your God: for he is gracious and f Hos. xiv. 2. Take with you words, and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kind- turn to the Lord: say unto him, Take away ness, and repenteth him of the evil. Amos all iniquity, and receive us graciously: so v. 15. Hate the evil, and love the good, and will we render the calves of our lips. Ver. t. establish judgment in the gate: it may be I will heal their backsliding, I will love that the Lord God of hosts will be gracious them freely : for mine anger is turned unto the remnant of Joseph. Psal. cxix. away from him. Rom. iii. 24. Being jus128. Therefore I esteem all thy precepts tified freely by his grace, through the re, concerning all things to be right; and I demption that is in Christ Jesus. Eph. i.? hate every false way. 2 Cor. vii. 11. For, In whom we have redemption through behold, this self-same thing, that ye sor- his blood, the forgiveness of sins, accordrowed after a godly sort, what carefulness ing to the riches of his grace. it wrought in you, yea, what clearing of 6 Luke xiii. 3. I tell you, Nay: but, exyourselves, yea, what indignation, yea. cept ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish what fear, yea, what vehement desire, Ver. 5. I tell you, Nay: but, except ye rayea, what zeal, yea, what revenge! In all pent, ye shall a' likewise perish.