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VI. As God hath appointed the elect unto glory, so hath he, by the eternal and most free purpose of his will, foreordained all the means thereunto m. Wherefore they who are elected being fallen in Adam, are redeemed by Christo; are effectually called unto faith in Christ by his Spirit working in due season; are justified, adopted, sanctifiedo, and kept by his power through faith unto salvation P. Neither are any other redeemed by Christ, effectually called, justified, adopted, sanctified, and saved, but the elect only 4.

VII. The rest of mankind, God was pleased, according to the unsearchable counsel of his own will, whereby ho extendeth or withholdeth mercy as he pleaseth, for the glory of his sovereign power over his creatures, to pass by, and to ordain them to dishonour and wrath for their sin, to the praise of his glorious justice ".

ted in the Beloved. Ver. 12. That we Rom. viii. 28. And we know that all should be to the praise of his glory, who things work together for good to them first trusted in Christ.

that love God, to them who are the called VI. m 1 Pet. i. 2. Elect according to the according to his purpose, &c. (to the end foreknowledge of God the Father, through of the Chupter.) John vi. 64. But there are sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience some of you that believe not. For Jesus and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ. knew from the beginning who they were Eph. i. 4. According as he hath chosen us that believed not, and who should betray in him before the foundation of the world, him. Ver. 65. And he said, Therefore that we should be holy and without blame said I unto you, that no man can come before him in love: Ver. 5. Having pre- unto me, except it were given unto him of destinated us unto the adoption of chil. my Father. John x. 26. But ye believe dren by Jesus Christ to himself, according not; because ye are not of my sheep, as I to the good pleasure of his will. Eph. ii. said unto you. John viii. 47. He that is 10. For we are his workmanship, created of God heareth God's words: ye therefore in Christ Jesus unto good works, which hear them not, because ye are not of God. God hath before ordained that we should 1 John ii. 19. They went out from us, but walk in them. 2 Thess. ii. 13. But we are they were not of us ; for if they had been bound to give thanks alway to God for of us, they would no doubt have con. you, brethren beloved of the Lord, be- tinued with us: but they went out, that cause God hath from the beginning chosen they might be made manifest that they you to salvation through sanctification were not all of us. of the Spirit, and belief of the truth.

VII. r Matth. xi. 25. At that time Jesus o 1 Thess. v. 9. For God hath not ap- answered and said, I thank thee, O pointed us to wrath, but to obtain salva- Father, Lord of heaven and earth, betion by our Lord Jesus Christ, Ver. 10. cause thou hast hid these things from the Who died for us, that, whether we wake wise and prudent, and hast revealed them or sleep, we should live together with him. uuto babes. Ver. 26. Even so, Father: for Tit. ii. 14. Who gave himself for us, that so it seemed good in thy sight. Rom. ix. he might redeein us from all iniquity, and 17. For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, purify unto himself a peculiar people, Even for this same purpose have I raised zealous of good works.

thee up, that I might show my power in o Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom he did thee, and that my name might be declared predestinate, them he also called ; and throughout all the earth. Ver. 18. Therewhom he called, them he also justified; fore hath he mercy on whom he will have and whom he justified, them he also glori- mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth. fied. Eph. i. 5. Having predestinated us Ver. 21. Hath not the potter power over unto the adoption of children by Jesus the clay, of the same lump to make one Christ to himself, according to the good vessel unto honour, and another unto pleasure of his will. 2 Thess. ii. 13. But dishonour ? Ver. 22. What if God, willing we are bound to give thanks alway to to show his wrath, and to make his power God for you, brethren beloved of the known, endured with much long-sufferLord, because God hath from the begin- ing the vessels of wrath fitted to destrucning chosen you to salvation through tion? 2 Tim. ii. 19. Nevertheless the founsanctification of the Spirit, and belief of dation of God standeth sure, having this the truth.

seal, The Lord knoweth them that are p 1 Pet. i. 5. Who are kept by the power his. And, Let every one that nameth tho of God through faith unto salvation, name of Christ depart from iniquity. Ver. ready to be revealed in the last time. 20. But in a great house there are not

9 John xvii. 9. I pray for them: I pray only vessels of gold and of silver, but also not for the world, but for them which of wood and of earth; and some to honour, thou hast given me; fur they are thine. and some to dishonour. Judo, ver. $

VIII. The doctrine of this high mystery of predestination is to be handled with special prudence and care”, that men attending the will of God revealed in his word, and yielding obedience thereunto, may, from the certainty of their effectual vocation, be assured of their eternal election So shall this doctrine afford matter of praise, reverence, and admiration of God", and of humility, diligence, and abundant consolation, to all that sincerely obey the Gospel w.

CHAP. IV. Of Creation. T pleased God the Father, Son, and Holy Ghosta, for the manifes. the beginning, to create, or make of nothing, the world, and all things therein, whether visible or invisible, in the space of six days, and all very good For there are certain men crept in una- spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath wares, who were before of old ordained appointed heir of all things, by whom also to this condemnation, ungodly men, turn

he made the worlds. John i. 2. The same ing the grace of our God into lascivious- was in the beginning with God. Ver. 3. ness, and denying the only Lord God, and All things were made by him; and with. our Lord Jesus Christ. 1 Pet. ii. 8. And out him was not any thing made that was a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, made. Gen. i. 2. And the earth was witheven to them which stumble at the word, out form, and void ; and darkness was being disobedient; whereunto also they upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit were appointed.

of God moved upon the face of the waters. VIII. S Rom. ix. 20. Nay but, Oman, Job. xxvi. 13. By his Spirit he hath garwho art thou that repliest against God nished the heavens ; his hand hath formShall the thing formed say to him that ed the crooked serpent. Job xxxiii. 4. formed it, Why hast thou made me thus ! The Spirit of God hath made me, and the Rom. xi. 33. O the depth of the riches breath of the Almighty hath given ine both of the wisdom and knowledge of life. God! how unsearchable are his judy- b Rom. i. 20. For the invisible things of ments, and his ways past finding out! him from the creation of the world are Deut. xxix. 29. The secret things belong clearly seen, being understood by the unto the Lord our God: but those things things that are made, even his eternal which are revealed belong unto us and to power and Godhead; so that they are our children for ever, that we may do all without excuse. Jer. x. 12. He hath made the words of this law.

the earth by his power, he hath establish1 2 Pet. i. 10. Wherefore the rather, ed the world by his wisdom, and hath brethren, give all diligence to make your stretched out the heavens by his discre. calling and election sure: for if ye do tion. Psal. civ. 24. O Lord, how mani. these things, ye shall never fall.

fold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou u Eph. i. 6. To the praise of the glory made them all: the earth is full of thy of his grace, wherein he hath made us ac- riches. Psal. xxxiii. 5. He loveth righ. cepted in the Beloved. Rom. xi. 33. (See teousness and judgment: the earth is full letter s immediately foregoing.]

of the goodness of the Lord. Ver. 6. By * Rom. xi. 5. Even so then at this pre- the word of the Lord were the heavens sent time also there is a remnant accord- made; and all the host of them by the ing to the election of grace. Ver. 6. And breath of his mouth. if by grace, then is it no more of works; C[The whole first Chapter of Gen.] Heb. otherwise grace is no more grace. But if xi. 3. Through faith we understand that it be of works, then it is no more grace; the worlds were framed by the word of otherwise work is no more work. Ver. 20. God; so that things which are seen were Well; because of unbelief they were broken not made of things, which do appear. off, and thou standest by faith. Be not Col. i. 16. For by him were all things high-minded, but fear. 2 Pet. i. 10. (See created that are in heaven, and that are letter | immediately foregoing.) Rom. viii. in earth, visible and invisible, whether 33. Who shall lay any thing to the charge they be thrones, or dominions, or princiof God's elect? It is God that justifieth. palities, or powers; all things were creaLuke x. 20. Notwithstanding, in this re- ted by him, and for him. Acts xvii. 24. God, joice not, that the spirits are subject unto that made the world, and all things there Jou; but rather rejoice, because your in, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and names are written in heaven.

earth, dwelleth not in temples made with 1. a Heb. i. 2. Hath in these last days hands.

II. After God had made all other creatures, he created man, male and female d, with reasonable and immortal souls, endued with knowledge, righteousness, and true holiness, after his own image!, having the law of God written in their hearts , and power to fulfil ith; and yet under a possibility of transgressing, being left to the liberty of their own will, which was subject unto changei. Beside this law written in their hearts, they received a command not to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evilk; which while they kept, they were happy in their communion with God, and had dominion over the creatures,

CIIAP. V. Of Providence. G VOD, the great Creator of all things, doth upholda, direct, dispose,

and govern all creatures. actions, and thingsb, from the greatest

II. d Gen. i. 27. So God created man in did eat. Eccl. vii. 29. [See letter h immediI is own image: in the image of God crea- ately foregoing.) ted he him ; male and female created he k Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the knowthem.

ledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat e Gen. ii. 7. And the Lord God formed of it: for in the day that thou eatest man of the dust of the ground, and breath- thereof thou shalt surely die. Gen. iii. 8. ed into his nostrils the breath of life ; and And they heard the voice of the Lord God man became a living soul. With Eccl. walking in the garden in the cool of the xii. 7. Then shall the dust return to the day: and Adar and his wife hid them. earth as it was; and the spirit shall re- selves from the presence of the Lord God turn unto God who gave it. And Luke amongst the trees of the garden. Ver. 9. xxiii. 43. And Jesus said unto him, Verily And the Lord God called unto Adam, and I say unto thee, To-day shalt thou be said unto him, Where art thou ? Ver. 10. with me in paradise. And Mat. x. 28. And he said, I heard thy voice in the garAnd fear not them which kill the body, den, and I was afraid, because I was but are not able to kill the soul : but naked; and I hid myselt.


Ver. 11. And rather fear him which is able to destroy he said, Who told thee that thou wast buth soul and body in hell.

naked ? Hast thou eaten of the tree, f Gen. i. 26. And God said, Let us make whereof I commanded thee that thou man in our image, after our likeness; and shouldest not eat ? Ver. 23. Therefore the let them have dominion over the fish of Lord God sent him forth from the garden the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and of Eden, to till the ground from whence over the cattle, and over all the earth, he was taken. and over every creeping thing that creep. 1 Gen. i. 26. And God said, Let us mako eth upon the earth. Col. iii. 10. And man in our image, after our likeness; have put on the new man, which is re- and let them have dominion over the fish newed in knowledge after the image of of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, him that created him. Eph. iv. 24. And and over the cattle, and over all the earth, that ye put on the new man, which after and over every creeping thing that creepGod is created in righteousness and true eth upon the earth. Ver. 28. And God holiness.

blessed them : and God said unto them, & Rom. ii. 14. For when the Gentiles, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish which have not the law, do by nature the the earth, and subdue it; and have domi. things contained in the law, these, having nion over the fish of the sea, and over the not the law, are a law unto themselves : fowl of the air, and over every living Ver. 15. Which show the work of the law thing that moveth upon the earth. written in their hearts, their conscience I. à Heb. i. 3. Who being the brightness also bearing witness, and their thoughts of his glory, and the express image of his the mean while accusing or else excusing person, and upholding all things by the one another.

word of his power, when he had by him. b Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only have I found, self purged our sins, sat down on the that God hath made man upright; but right hand of the Majesty on high. they have sought out many inventions. b Dan. iv. 34. And at the end of the

i Gen. iii. 6. And when the woman saw days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up mine that the tree was good for food, and that eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to returned unto me, and I blessed the most be desired to make one wise, she took of High, and I praised and honoured him the fruit thereof, and did eat; and gave that liveth for ever, whose dominion is alsu unto her husband with her, and he au everlasting duminion, and liis king

even to the least", by his most wise and holy providenced, according to his infallible foreknowledge e, and the free and immutable counsel of his own will', to the praise of the glory of his wisdom, power, justice, goodness, and mercy s.

II. Although, in relation to the foreknowledge and decree of God, the first cause, all things come to pass immutably and infalliblyn; yet, by the same providence, he ordereth them to fall out according to the nature of second causes, either necessarily, freely, or contingently!

dom is from generation to g’neration: & Isa. Ixiii. 14. As a beast goeth down Ver. 35. And all the inhabitants of the into the valley, the Spirit of the Lord earth are reputed as nothing: and he do- caused him to rest; so didst thou lead thy eth according to his will in the army of people, to make thyself a glorious name. heaven, and among the inhabitants of the Eph. iii. 10. To the intent that now, unto earth; and none can stay his hand, or the principalities and powers in heavenly say unto him, What doest thou? Psal. places,might be known by the church the cxxxv. 6. Whatsoever the Lord pleased, manifold wisdom of God. Rom. ix. 17. that did he in heaven, and in earth, in For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, the seas, and all deep places. Acts xvii. Even for this same purpose have I raised 25. Neither is worshipped with men's thee up, that I might shew my power in hands, as though he needed any thing, thee, and that my name might be declared seeing he giveth to all life, and breath, throughout all the earth. Gen. xlv. 7. and all things; Ver. 26. And hath made And God sent me before you to preserve of one blood all nations of men for to you a posterity in the earth, and to save dwell on all the face of the earth, and your lives by a great deliverance. Psal. hath determined the times before appoint- cxlv. 7. They shall abundantly utter the ed, and the bounds of their habitation. memory of thy great goodness, and shall Ver. 28. Forin him we live, and move, and sing of thy righteousness. have our being; as certain also of your II. h Acts ii. 23. Him, being delivered own poets have said, For we are also his off by the determinate counsel and foreknow. spring. Job, Chapters xxxviii, xxxix, xl, xli. ledge of God, ye have taken, and by wick

c Matth. x. 29. Are not two sparrows ed hands have crucified and slain. sold for a farthing? and one of them i Gen. viii. 22. While the earth remainshall not fall on the ground without your eth, seed time and harvest, and cold and Father. Ver. 30. But the very hairs of heat, and summer and winter, and day your head are all numbered. Ver. 31. and night, shall not cease. Jer. xxxi. 35. Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more Thus saith the Lord, which giveth the sun value than many sparrows.

for a light by day, and the ordinances of d Prov. xv. 3. The eyes of the Lord are the moon and of the stars for a light by in every place, beholding the evil and the night, which divideth the sea when the good. Psal. civ. 24. O Lord, how manifold waves thereof roar; The Lord of hosts is are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made his name. Exod. xxi. 13. And if a man them all: the earth is full of thy riches. lie not in wait, but God deliver him into Psal. cxlv. 17. The Lord is righteous in all his hand; then I will appoint thee a place his ways, and holy in all his works. whither he shall flee. With Deut. xix. 5.

e Acts xv. 18. Known unto God are all As when a man goeth into the wood with his works from the beginning of the world. his neighbour to hew wood, and his hand Psal. xciv. 8. Understand, ye brutish fetcheth a stroke with the axe to cut down among the people:

and ye fools, when will the tree, and the head slippeth from the ye be wise ? Ver. 9. He that planted the helve, and lighteth upon his neighbour, ear, shall he not hear ? he that formed that he die; he shall flee unto one of those the eye, shall he not see ? Ver. 10. He that cities, and live. 1 Kings xxii, 28. And chastiseth the heathen, shall not he cor- Micaiah said, If thou return at all in rect? he that teacheth man knowledge, peace, the Lord hath not spoken by me. shall not he know? Ver. 11. The Lord And he said, Ilearken, 0 people, every one knoweth the thoughts of man, that they of you. Ver. 34. And a certain man drew are vanity.

a bow at a venture, and smote the king { Eph. i. 11. In whom also we have ob- of Israel between the joints of the har. tained an inheritance, being predestinated ness: wherefore he said unto the driver according to the purpose of him who of his chariot, Turn thine hand, and carry worketh all things after the counsel of his me out of the host; for I am wounded. 011n will. Psal. xxxiii. 10. The Lord Isa. x. 6. I will send him against an hybringeth the counsel of the heathen to pocritical nation, and against the people nought : he maketh the devices of the

of my wrath will I give him a charge, to people of none effect. Ver. 11. The take the spoil, and to take the prey, and counsel of the Lord standeth for ever, the to tread them down like the mire of the thoughts of his heart to all generations. streets. Ver. 7. Ilow beit he meant

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III. God in his ordinary providence maketh use of meansk, yet is free to work without', above m, and against them", at his pleasure.

IV. The almighty power, unsearchable wisdom, and infinite goodness of God, so far manifest themselves in his providence, that it extendeth itself even to the first fall, and all other sins of angels and meno, and that not by a bare permission P, but such as hath joined with it a most wise and powerful bounding 9, and otherwise ordering

not so, neither doth his heart think so; cluded them all in unbelief, that he might but it is in his heart to destroy and cut have mercy upon all. Ver. 33. 0 the i nations not a few.

dep of the riches both of the wisdom III. k Acts xxvii. 31. Paul said to the and knowledge of God! how unsearchable centurion and to the soldiers, Except are his judgments, and his ways past these abide in the ship, ye cannot be finding out!

Ver. 34. For who hath known saved. Ver. 44. And the rest, some on the mind of the Lord? or who hath been boards, and some on broken pieces of the his counsellor ? 2 Sam. xxiv. 1. And again ship. And so it came to pass, that they the anger of the Lord was kindled against escaped all safe to land. Isa. Iv. 10. For Israel, and he moved David against them as the rain cometh down, and the snow to say, Go, number Israel and Judah. from heaven, and returneth not thither, With 1 Chron. xxi. 1. And Satan stood up but watereth the earth, and maketh it against Israel, and provoked David to bring forth and bud, that it may give seed number Israel. 1 Kings xxii. 22. And the to the sower, and bread to the eater; Lord said unto him, Wherewith ? And he Ver. 11. So shall my word be that goeth said, I will go forth, and I will be a lying forth out of my month: it shall not re- spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. turn unto me void ; but it shall accom- And he said, Thou shalt persuade him, plish that which I please, and it shall and prevail also: go forth, and do so. Ver. prosper in the thing whereto I sent it. 23. Now therefore, behold, the Lord hath ilus. ii. 21. And it shall come to pass in put a lying spirit in the mouth of all that day, I will hear, saith the Lord : I these thy prophets, and the Lord hath will hear the heavens, and they shall spoken evil concerning thee. 1 Chron. x. hear the earth; Ver. 22. And the earth 4. Then said Saul to his armour-bearer, shall hear the corn, and the wine, and Draw thy sword, and thrust me through the oil; and they shall hear Jezreel. therewith, lest these uncircumcised come

I Hos. i. 7. But I will have mercy upon and abuse me. But his armour-bearer the house of Judah, and will save them would not ; for he was sore afraid.


So by the Lord their God, and will not save Saul took a sword, and fell upon it. Ver. them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, 13. So Saul died for his transgression which by horses, nor by horsemen. Mat. iv. 4. he committed against the Lord, even But he answered and said, It is written, against the word of the Lord, which he Man shall not live by bread alone, but by kept not, and also for asking counsel of every, word that proceedeth out of the one that had a familiar spirit, to enquire mouth of God. Job xxxiv. 10. Therefore of it; Ver. 14. And enquired not of the hearken unto me, ye men of understand- Lord: therefore he slew him, and turned ing: Far be it from God, that he should the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse. do wickedness; and from the Almighty, 2 Sam. xvi. 10. And the king said, What that he should commit iniquity.

have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah ! m Rom. iv. 19. And being not weak in so let him curse, because the Lord hath faith, he considered not his own body said unto him, Curse David. Who shall now dead, when he was about an hun.

Wherefore hast thou done so ? dred years old, neither yet the deadness Acts ii. 23. Him, being delivered by the of Sarah's womb: Ver. 20. He staggered determinate counsel and foreknowledge not at the promise of God through unbe- of God, ye have taken, and by wicked liet; but was strong in faith, giving glory hands have crucified and slain. Acts iv, tu God; Ver. 21.And being fully persuaded, 27. For of a truth, against thy holy child that what he had promised, he was able Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both also to perform

Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Gen2 Kings vi. 6. And the man of God tiles,and the people of Israel, were gathersaid, Where fell it? And he showed him ed together, Ver. 28. For to do whatso. the place. And he cut down a stick, and ever thy hand and thy counsel determined cast it in thither; and the iron did swim. before to be done. Dan. iii. 27. And the princes, governors, P Acts xiv. 16. Who in times past suffer. and captains, and the king's counsellors, ed all nations to walk in their own ways. being gathered together, saw these men, 9 Psal. lxxvi. 10. Surely the wrath of upon whose bodies the fire had no power, man shall praise thee; the remainder of uor was an hair of their head singed, wrath shalt thou restrain. 2 Kings xix. neither were their coats changed, nor the 28. Because thy rage against me and thy smell of fire had passed on them.

tumult is come up into mine ears, there 11.01xi. 32. For God hath con- fore I will put my hook in thy nosc, and

then say,

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