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Thus may a man be convinced of righteousness, that it is not to be had by his own works, or by the law. III. For convincing a man of judgment by the law, consider 2 Thess,
i. 7. The Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, Ver. 8. In faming fire, taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ : Ver. 9. Who shall be 1 unished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power; Ver. 10. When he shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all them that believe.
Wherein we are taught, that our Lord Jesus, who now offers to be Mediator for them who believe in him, shall, at the last day, come armed with flaming fire, to judge, condemn, and destroy all them who have not believed God, have not received the offer of grace made in the gospel, nor obeyed the doctrine thereof; but remain in their natural state, under the law or covenant of works.
IIence let every man reason thus : “ What the righteous Judge hath forewarned me shall be done at “the last day, I am sure is just judgment :
“But the righteous Judge hath forewarned me, that if I do not “believe God in time, and obey not the doctrine of the gospel, I shall be secluded from his presence and his glory at the last day, and be tormented in soul and body for ever : “ Therefore I ain convinced that this is a just judgment : “ And I have reason to thank God heartily, who hath forewarned me to flee from the wrath which is to come.
Thus every man may be, by the law or covenant of works, convinced of judgment, if he shall continue under the covenant of works, or shall not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. IV. For convincing a man of sin, righteousness, and judgment, by
the gospel. As for convincing a man of sin, and righteousness, and judgment, by the gospel, or covenant of grace, he must understand three things : 1. That not believing in Jesus Christ, or refusing of the covenant of grace offered in him, is a greater and more dangerous sin than all other sins against the law; because the hearers of the gospel, not believing in Christ, do reject God's mercy in Christ, the only way of freedom from sin and wrath, and will not yield to be reconciled to God. 2. Next, he must understand, that perfect remission of sin, and true righteousness, is to be had only by faith in Jesus; because God requireth no other conditions but faith ; and testifies froni heaven, that he is well pleased to justify sinners upon this condition. 3. lle must understand, that upon righteousness received by faith, judgment shall follow, on the one hand, to the destroying of the works of the devil in the believer, and to the perfecting of the work of sanctification in him, with power : and that, upon refusing to take righteousness by faith in Jesus Christ, judgment shall follow, on the ther hand, to the condemnation of the misbeliever, and destroying of him with G:tan and his servants for ever.
For this end, let these passages of scripture, among many others, serve to make the greatness of the sin of not believing in Christ appear; or, to make the greatness of the sin of refusing of the covenant of grace offered to us, in the offering of Christ unto us appear, let the fair offer of grace be looked upon as it is made, Isa. lv. 3. Incline your ear, and come unto me, (saith the Lord :) hear, and your soul shall live ; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David. That is, If ye will believe me, and be reconciled to me, I will, by covenant, give unto you Christ, and all saving graces in him : repeated Acts xiii. 34.
Again, consider, that this general offer in substance is equivalent to a special offer made to every one in particular ; as appeareth by the apostle's making use of it, Acts xvi. 31. Believe on the Lord Jesuis Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house. The reason of which offer is given, John iii. 16. For God so loved the world, that he gave
his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. Seeing then this great salvation is offered in the Lord Jesus, whosoever believeth not in him, but looks for happiness some other way, what doth he else but observe lying vanities, and forsake his own mercy, which he might have had in Christ ? Jonah ij. 8, 9. What doth he else but blaspheme God in his heart? as it is said, 1 John v. 10, 1). He that believeth not God, hath made him a liar, because he believeth not the record that God gave of his Son. And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life : and this life is in his Son. And that no sin against the law is like unto this sin, Christ testifies, John xv. 22. If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not had sin : but now they have no cloak for their sin. This may convince a man of the greatness of this sin of not believing in Christ. For convincing a man of righteousness to be had only by faith in
Jesus Christ, consider how, Rom. X. 3, 4.
It is said, that the Jews, being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the rightevusness of God, (and so they perished.). For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth. And Acts xiii. 39. By Him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses. And 1 John i. 7. The blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.
For convincing a man of judgment, if a man embrace this righteousness, consider 1 John iii. 8. °For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil. And Heb. ix. 14. How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
But if a man embrace not this righteousness, his doom is pronounced, John ii. 18. 19. He that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light.
llence let the penitent, desiring to believe, reason thus : “ What doth suffice to convince all the elect in the world of the greatness of the sin of not believing in Christ, or refusing to flee to him for relief from sins done against the law, and from wrath due
thereto; and what sufficeth to convince them that righteousness “and eternal life is to be had by faith in Jesus Christ, or by consent
ing to the covenant of grace in him; and what sufficeth to convince them of judgment to be exercised by Christ, for destroying the works
of the devil in a man, and sanctifying and saving all that believe "in him, may suffice to convince me also :
“But what the Spirit hath said, in these or other like scriptures, sufficeth to convince the elect world of the foresaid sin, and righteousness, and judgment:
Therefore what the Spirit hath said, in these and other like scriptures, serveth to convince me thereof also.”
Whereupon let the penitent desiring to believe take with him words, and say heartily to the Lord, seeing thou sayest, Seek ye my face; my soul answereth unto thee, Thy face, Lord, will I seek. Í have hearkened unto the offer of an everlasting covenant of all saying mercies to be had in Christ, and I do heartily embrace thy offer. Lord, let it be a bargain; Lord, I believe ; help my unbelief : Behold, I give myself to thee, to serve thee in all things for ever; and I hope thy right hand shall save me : the Lord will perfect that which concerneth me : thy mercy, O Lord, endureth for ever ; forsake not the works of thinc own hands.
Thus may a man be made an unfeigned believer in Christ. For strengthening the man's faith who hath agreed unto the cove
nant of grace.
BECAUSE many true believers are weak, and do much doubt if ever they shall be sure of the soundness of their own faith and effectual calling, or made certain their justification and salvation, when they see that many, who profess faith, are found to deceive themselves ; let us see how every believer may be made strong in the faith, and sure of his own election and salvation upon solid grounds, by sure warrants, and true evidences of faith. To this end, among many other scriptures, take these following:
1. For laying solid grounds of Faith, consider 2 Peter i. 10. Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure : for if ye do these things ye shall never fall.
In which words, the apostle teacheth us these four things, for help and direction how to be made strong in the faith.
1. That such as believe in Christ Jesus, and are fled to him for relief from sin and wrath, albeit they be weak in the faith, yet they are indeed children of the same Father with the apostles ; for so he accounteth of them, while he calleth them brethren.
2. That albeit we be not sure, for the time, of our effectual calling and election, yet we may be made sure of both, if we use diligence ; for this he presupposeth, saying, “Give diligence to make your calling " and election sure.'
3. That we must not be discouraged, when we see many seeming believers prove rotten branches, and make defection; but we must the rather take the better heed to ourselves : “ Wherefore the rather, · brethren, (saith he,) give all diligence."
4. That the way to be sure both of our effectual calling and election, is to make sure work of our faith, by laying the grounds of it solidly, and bringing forth the fruits of our faith in new obedience constantly:
“For if ye do these things, (saith he,) ye shall never fall;" understanding by these things, what he had said of sound faith, Ver. 1, 2, 3, 4, and what he had said of the bringing out of the fruits of faith, Ver. 5, 6, 7, 8, 9.
To this same purpose, consider Rom. viii. 1. There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. V.2. For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death. V. 3. For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful fesh, and for sin condemned sin in the flesh; V. 4. That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
Wherein the apostle teacheth us these four things, for laying of the ground of faith solidly:
1. That every one is a true believer, who, in the sense of his sin, and fear of God's wrath, doth flee for full relief from both unto Jesus Christ alone, as the only Mediator and all-sufficient Redeemer of men; and, being fled to Christ, doth strive against his own flesh, or corrupt inclination of nature, and studieth to follow the rule of God's Spirit, set down in his word : for the man, whom the apostle doth here bless as a true believer, is a man in Christ Jesus, “who doth not "walk after the flesh, but after the Spirit.”
2. That all such persons as are fled to Christ, and do strive against sin, howsoever they may be possibly exercised under the sense of wrath, and fear of condemnation, yet they are in no danger; for
there is no condemnation (saith he) to them that are in Christ Jesus, " who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.”
3. That albeit the apostle himself, (brought in here for example's cause,) and all other true believers in Christ, be by nature under the law of sin and death, or under the covenant of works, (called the law of sin and death, because it bindeth sin and death upon us, till Christ set us free ;) yet the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus, or the covenant of grace. (so called, because it doth enable and quicken a man to a spiritual life through Christ,) doth set the apostle, and all true believers, free from the covenant of works, or the law of sin and death; so that every man may say with him, “ The law of the Spirit
of life,” or the covenant of grace, “ hath made me free from the law “of sin and death,” or covenant of works.
4. That the fountain and first ground, from whence our freedom from the curse of the law doth flow, is the covenant of redemption, passed betwixt God and God the Son as incarnate, wherein Christ takes the curse of the law upon him for sin, that the believer, who could not otherwise be delivered from the covenant of works, may le delivered from it. And this doctrine the apostle holdeth forth in these four branches : (1.). That it was utterly impossible for the law, or the covenant of works, to bring righteousness and life to a sinner, because it was weak. (2.) That this weakness and inability of the law, or covenant of works, is not the fault of the law, but the fault of ainful flesh, which is neither able to pay the penalty of sin, nor to give perfect obedience to the law, (presuppose bygone sins were foruiven :) " The law was weak (saith he) through the flesh.” (3.) That The righteousness and salvation of sinners, which was impossible to be brought about by the law, is brought to pass by sending God's
own Son, Jesus Christ, in the flesh, in whose flesh sin is condemned and punished, for making satisfaction in the behalf of the elect, that they might be set free. (4.) That by his means the law loseti nothing, because the righteousness of the law is best fulfilled this way; tirst, by Christ's giving perfect active obedience in our name unto it in all things; next, by his paying in our name the penalty due to our sins in his death; and, lastly, by his working of sanctiti. cation in us, who are true believers, who strive to give new obedience unto the law, and “walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit."
WARRANTS TO BELIEVE. TOR building our confidence upon this solid ground, these four
The first whereof is God's hearty invitation, holden forth, Isa. lv. 1,
2, 3, 4, 5.
Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money: come ye, buy and eat; yeu, come, buy wine and milk without money, and without price. Ver. 2. Wherefore do ye spend money for that which is not bread? and your labour for that which satisfieth not ? Hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye that which is good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness. Ver. 3. Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David. Ver. 4. Behold, I have given him for a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people, &c.
Ilere (after setting down the precious ransom of our redemption by the sufferings of Christ, and the rich blessings purchased to us thereby, in the two former chapters) the Lord, in this chapter,
1. Maketh open offer of Christ and his grace, by proclamation of a free and gracious market of righteousness and salvation, to be had through Christ to every soul, without exception, that truly desires to be saved from sin and wrath : “ Ho, every one that thirsteth,” saith he.
2. lle inviteth all sinners, that for any reason stand at a distance from God, to come and take from him riches of grace, running in Christ as a river, to wash away sin, and to slocken wrath: “Come “ye to the waters," saith he.
3. Lest any should stand aback in the sense of his own sinfulness or unworthiness, and inability to do any good, the Lord calleth upon such persons in special, saying, He that hath no money, come.”
4. Ile craveth no more of his merchant, but that he be pleased with the wares offered, which are grace, and more grace; and that he heartily consent unto, and embrace this offer of grace, that so he may close a bargain, and a formal covenant with God ; “ Come, buy “ without money, (saith he,) come, eat:" that is, consent to have, and take unto you all saving graces ; make the wares your own, possess them, and make use of all blessings in Christ; whatsoever maketh for your spiritual life and comfort, use and enjoy it freely, without paying any thing for it: Come, buy wine and milk without money, “and without price,” saith he.
5. Because the Lord knoweth how much we are inclined to seek righteousness and life by our own performances and satisfaction, to