« PreviousContinue »
Q. 79. Which is the tenth commandment ?
A. The tenth commandment is, Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his man-servant, nor his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's ".
Q. 80. What is required in the tenth commandment ?
A. The tenth commandment requireth full contentment with our own condition ®, with a right and charitable frame of spirit toward our neighbour, and all that is his t.
Q.-81. What is forbidden in the tenth commandment ?
A. The tenth commandment forbiddeth all discontentment with our own estate v, envying or grieving at the good of our neighbour W, and all inordinate motions and affections to any thing that is his *
Q. 82. Is any man able perfectly to keep the commandments of God ?
Ă. No mere man since the fall is able in this life perfectly to keep the commandments of God y, but doth daily break them in thought, word, and deed z.
thou left those few sheep in the wilder- of them also murmured, and were des. ness? I know thy pride, and the naughti- troyed of the destroyer. ness of thine heart; for thou art come w Gal. v. 26. Let us not be desirous of down that thou mightest see the battle. vain-glory, provoking one another, en. Lev. xix. 16. Thou shalt not go up and vying one another. James iii. 14. But if down as a tale-bearer among thy people; ye have bitter envying and strife in your neither shalt thou stand against the blood hearts, glory not, and lie not against the of thy neighbour : I am the Lord. Psal. truth. Ver. 16. For where envying and xv. 3. He that backbiteth not with his strife is, there is confusion, and every evil tongue, nor doeth evil to his neighbour, work. nor taketh up a reproach against his * Rom. vii. 7. What shall we say then ? neighbour.
Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had 79. r Exod. xx. 17.
not known sin but by the law: for I had 80. s Heb. xiii. 5. Let your conversation not known lust, except the law had said, be without coretousness; and be content Thou shalt not covet. Ver. 8. But sin, with such things as ye have: for he hath taking, occasion by the commandment, said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake wrought in me all manner of concupisthee. 1 Tim. vi. 6. But godliness with
For without the law sin was contentment is great gain.
dead. Rom. xiii. 9. For this, Thou shalt 1 Job. xxxi. 29. If 1 rejoiced at the des. not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, truction of him that hated me, or lifted Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear up myself when evil found him. Rom. false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and xii. 15. Rejoice with them that do rejoice, if there be any other commandment, it is and weep with them that weep., 1 Timbriefly comprehended in this saying, i. 5. Now, the end of the commandment is namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour charity, out of a pure heart, and of a as thyself. Deut. v. 21. Neither shalt thou good conscience, and of faith unfeigned. desire thy neighbour's wife, neither shalt 1 Cor. xiii. 4. Charity suffereth long, and thou covet thy neighbour's house, bis is kind; charity envieth not; charity field, or his man-servant, or his maidvaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, Ver. servant, his ox, or his ass, or any thing 5. Doth not behave itself unseemly, seek- that is thy neighbour's. eth not her own, is not easily provoked, 82. y Eccl. vii. 20. For there is not a just thinketh no evil; Ver. 6. Rejoiceth not in man upon earth, that doeth good, and iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth ; Ver. sinnethi not. 1 John i. 8. If we say that 7. Beareth all things, believeth all things, we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and hopeth all things, endureth all things. the truth is not in us. Ver. 10. If we say
81. v 1 Kings xxi. 4. And Ahab came in- that we have not sinned, we make him a to his house heavy and displeased because liar, and his word is not in us. Gal. v, 17. of the word which Naboth the Jezreelite For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, had spoken to him ; for he had said, I will and the Spirit against the tiesh : and not give thee the inheritance of my these are contrary the one to the other; fathers: and he laid him down upon his so that ye cannot do the things that ye bed, and turned away his face, and would would. eat no bread. Esther v. 13. Yet all this 2 Gen. vi. 5. And God saw that the wick. availeth me nothing, so long as I see Mor- edness of man was great in the earth, and decai the Jew sitting at the king's gate. that every imagination of the thoughts of 1 Cor. x. 10. Neither murmur ye, as some his heart was only evil continually. Gen.
Q. 83. Are all transgressions of the law erpally heinous ?
A. Some sins in themselves, and by reason of several aggravations, are more heinous in the sight of God than others ".
Q. 84. What doth every sin deserve ?
A. Every sin deserveth God's wrath and curse, both in this life, and that which is to come b.
Q. 85. What doth God require of us, that we may escape his wrath and curse due to us for sin ?
A. To escape the wrath and curse of God due to us for sin, God requireth of us faith in Jesus Christ, repentance unto life c, with the diligent use of all the outward means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption 4.
Q. 86. What is faith in Jesus Christ ?
A. Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving grace o, whereby we receive and rest upon him alone for salvation, as he is offered to us in the gospel! viii. 21. And the Lord smelled a sweet sa book of the law to do them. Lam. iii. 39. vour; and the Lord said in his heart, I Wherefore doth a living man complain, a will not again curse the ground any more man for the punishment of his sins ! Mat. for man's sake: for the imagination of xxv. 41. Then shall he say also unto them man's heart is evil from his youth: neither on the left hand, Depart from me, ye will I again smite any more every thing cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for living, as I have done. Rom. iii. 9. What the devil and his angels. then ? are we better thar they ? No, in 85, c Acts xx. 21. Testifying both to the no wise: for we have before proved both Jews, and also to the Greeks, repentance Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under toward God, and faith toward our Lord sin. And so on to l'erse 21. James iii. 2. Jesus Christ. For in many things we offend all. If any d Prov. ii. 1. My son, if thou wilt receive man offend not in word, the same is a my words, and hide my commandments perfect man, anıl able also to bridle the with thee; Ver. 2. So that thou incline whole body. And so on to l'erse 13.
thine ear unto wisdom, and apply thine 83. a Ezek, rüi. 6. He said furthermore heart to understanding : Ver. 3. Yea, if unto me, Son of man, seest thou what thou criest after knowledge, and liftest up they do? even the great abominations thy voice for understanding : Ver. 4. If that the house of Israel committeth here, thou seekest her as silver, and searchest that I should go far off from my sanctu- for her as for hid treasures; Ver. 5. Then ary? But turn thee yet again, and thou shalt thou understand the fear of the shalt see greater abominations. Ver. 13. Lord, and find the knowledge of God. He said also unto me, Turn thee yet Prov. viii. 33. Hear instruction, and be again, and thou shalt see greater abomi- wise, and refuse it nut. Ver. 31. Blessed nations that they do. Ver. 15. Then said is the man that heareth me, watching he unto me, last thou seen this, 0 son daily at my gates, waiting at the posts of of man? Turn thee yet again, and thou my doors. Ver. 35. For whoso findeth me shalt see greater abominations than these. findeth life, and shall obtain favour of the 1 John v. 16. If any man see his brother Lord. Ver. 36. But he that sinneth against sin a sin which is not unto death, he shall me wrongeth his own soul: all they that ask, and he shall give him life for them hate me love death. Isa. lv. 3. Incline that sin not unto death. There is a sin your ear, and come unto me: hear, and unto death: I do not say that he shall your soul shall live ; and I will make an pray for it. Psal. lxxviii. 17. And they everlasting covenant with you, even the sinned yet more against him, by provoke sure mercies of David. ing the most Iligh in the wilderness. 86. e Heb. x. 39. But we are not of them Ver. 32. For all this they sinned still, and who draw back unto perdition ; but of believed not for his wondrous works. them that believe to the saving of the soul. Ver. 56. Yet they tempted and provoked f John i. 12. But as many as received the most high God, and kept not his testi- him, to them gave he power to become the monies.
sons of God, even to them that believe on 81. b Eph. v. 6. Let no man deceive you his name. Isa. xxvi. 3. Thou wilt keep with vain words: for because of these him in perfect peace, whose mind is staythings cometh the wrath of God upon the ed on thee; because he trusteth in thee. childiren of disobedience. Gal. iii. 10. For Ver. 1. Trust ye in the Lord for ever: for ns many as are of the works of the law in the Lord ‘JEHOVAH is everlasting arn under the curse: for it is written, strength. Phil. iii. 9. And be found in lim, Curseil is every one that continueth not pot having mine own righteousness, which in all things which are written in the is of the law, but that which is through
Q. 87. What is repentance unto life?
A. Repentance unto life is a saving graces, whereby a sinner, out of a true sense of his sin ", and apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ', doth, with grief and hatred of his sin, turn from it unto Godk, with full purpose of, and endeavour after, new obedience!
Q. 88 What are the outward mcans whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption?
A. The outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communi. cateth to us the benefits of redemption, are his ordinances, especially the word, sacraments, and prayer; all which are made effectual to the elect for salvation m.
Q. 89. How is the word made cf'ectual to salvation ?
Ă. The Spirit of God maketh the reading, but especially the preaching of the word, an effectual means of convincing and converting sinners, and of building them up in holiness and comfort, through faith, unto salvation n.
Q. 90. How is the word to be read and heard, that it may become effccrual to salvation ?
A. That the word may become effectual to salvation, we must the faith of Christ, the righteousness 12 Cor. vii. 11. For, behold, this selfwhich is of God by faith. Gal. ii. 16. same thing, that ye sorrowed after a god. Knowing that a man is not justified by ly sort, what carefulness it wrought in the works of the law, but by the faith of you, yea, what clearing of yourselves, yea, Jesus Christ, even we have believed in what indignation, yea, what fear, yea, Jesus Christ, that we might be justified what vehement desire, yea, what zeal, yea, by the faith of Christ, and not by the what revenge! In all things ye have apworks of the law: for by the works of the proved yourselves to be clear in this mat. law shall no flesh be justified.
ier. Isa. i. 16. Wash you, make you clean; 87. 8 Acts xi. 18. When they heard these put away the evil of your doings from things, they held their peace, and glori- before mine eyes ; cease to do evil; Ver. fied God, saying, Then hath God also to 17. Learn to do well ; seek judgment; rethe Gentiles granted repentance unto life. lieve the oppressed : judge the fatherless ;
h Acts ii. 37. Now when they heard this, plead for the widow. they were pricked in their heart, and said 88. m Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, unto Peter, and to the rest of the apostles, and teach all nations, baptizing them in Men and brethren, what shall we do? the name of the Father, and of the Son, Ver. 38. Then Peter said unto them, Re- and of the Holy Ghost; Ver. 20. Teachpent, and be baptized every one of you in ing them to observe all things whatsoever the name of Jesus Christ for the remis. I have commanded you: and, lo, I am sion of sins, and ye shall receive the gift with you alway, even unto the end of the of the Holy Ghost.
world. Amen. Acts ii. 42. And they coni Joel ii. 12. Therefore also now, saith tinued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine the Lord, Turn ye even to me with all and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, your heart, and with fasting, and with and in prayers. Ver. 46. And they, conweeping, and with mourning. Jer. iii. 22. tinuing daily with one accord in the temReturn, ye backsliding children, and I will ple, and breaking bread from house to heal your backslidings. Behold, we come house, did eat their meat with gladness unto thee; for thou art the Lord our God. and singleness of heart, Ver. 47. Praising
k Jer. xxxi. 18. I have surely heard God, and having favour with all the peoEphraim bemoaning himself thus ; Thou ple. And the Lord added to the church hast chastised me, and I was chastised, daily such as should be saved. as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: 89. n Nehem. viii. 8. So they read in the turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for book, in the law of God, distinctly, and thou art the Lord my God. Ver. 19. Surely gave the sense, and caused them to unafter that I was turned, I repented; and derstand the reading. 1 Cor. xiv. 24. But after that I was instructel, I smote upon if all prophesy, and there come in one my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even con- that believeth not, or one unlearned, ho founded, because I did bear the reproach is convinced of all, he is judged of all: of my youth. Ezek. xxxvi. 31. Then shall Ver. 25. And thus are the secrets of his ye remember your own evil ways, and heart made manifest; and so, falling your doings that were not good, and shall down on his face, he will worship God, loathe yourselves in your own sight, for and report that God is in you of a truth. your iniquities, and for your abomina. Acts xxvi. 18. To open their eyes, and to tions.
turn them from darkness to light, and
attend thereunto with diligence o, preparation P, and prayer 9: receive it with faith and love", lay it up in our hearts s, and practise it in our lives
Q. 91. How do the sacraments become effectual means of salvation ?
A. The sacraments become effectual means of salvation, not from any virtue in them, or in him that doth administer them ; but only by the blessing of Christ', and the working of his Spirit in them that by faith receive them w.
Q. 92. What is a Sacrament ?
A. A sacrament is an holy ordinance instituted by Christ; wherein, by sensible signs, Christ, and the benefits of the new covenant, are represented, sealed, and applied to believers *
from the power of Satan unto God, that q Psal. cxix. 18. Open thou mine eyes, they may receive forgiveness of sins, and that I may behold wondrous things out of inheritance among them which are sanc- thy law. tified by faith that is in me. Psal. xix. 8. Heb. iv. 2. For unto us was the gospel The statutes of the Lord are right, re- preached, as well as unto them: but the joicing the heart: the commandment of word preached did not profit them, not the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes. being mixed with faith in them that heard Acts xx. 32. And now, brethren, I com
it. 2 Thess. ii. 10. And with all deceiva. mend you to God, and to the word of his bleness of unrighteousness in them that grace, which is able to build you up, and perish ; because they received not the love to give you an inheritance among all them of the truth, that they might be saved. which are sanctified. Rom. xv. 4. For * Psal. cxix. 11. Thy word have I hid in whatsoever things were written afore- mine heart, that I might not sin against time were written for our learning; that thee. we, through patience and comfort of the + Luke viii. 15. But that on the good scriptures, might have hope. 2 Tim. iii. ground are they, which in an honest and 15. And that from a child thou hast good heart, having heard the word, keep known the holy scriptures, which are able it, and bring forth fruit with patience. to make thee wise unto salvation through James i. 25. But whoso looketh into the faith which is in Christ Jesus. Ver. 16. perfect law of liberty, and continueth All scripture is given by inspiration of therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, God, and is profitable for doctrine, for re- but a doer of the work, this man shall be proof, for correction, for instruction in blessed in his deed. righteousness; Ver. 17. That the man of 91. v 1 Pet. iii. 21. The like figure whereGod may be perfect, throughly furnished unto eren baptism doth also now save us, unto all good works. Rom. x. 13. For (not the putting away of the filth of the whosoever shall call upon the name of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience Lord shall be saved. Ver. 14. How then toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus shall they call on him in whom they have Christ. Mat. iii. 11. I indeed baptize you not believed ? and how shall they believe with water unto repentance: but he that in him of whom they have not heard ? and cometh after me is mightier than I, whose how shall they hear without a preacher ? shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall Ver. 15. And how shall they preach ex. baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with cept they be sent? as it is written, How fire. I Cor. iii. 6. I have planted, Apollos beautiful are the feet of them that preach watered; but God gave the increase. Ver. the gospel of peace, and bring glad tid. 7. So then neither is he that planteth any ings of good things! Ver. 16. But they thing, neither he that watereth; but God have not all obeyed the gospel : for Esaias that
giveth the increase. saith, Lord, who hath believed our re- w 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are port? Ver. 17. So then faith cometh by we all baptized into one body, whether we hearing, and hearing by the word of God. be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond Rom. i. 16. For I am not ashamed of the or free; and have been all made to drink gospel of Christ: for it is the power of into one Spirit. God unto salvation to every one that be- 92. x Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish lieveth ; to the Jew first, and also to the my covenant between me and thee, and Greek.
thy seed after thee, in their generations, 90. o Prov, viii. 34. Blessed is the man for an everlasting covenant, to be a God that heareth me, watching daily at my unto thee, and to thy seed after thee. Ver. gates, waiting at the posts of my doors. 10. This is my covenant, which ye shall
p 1 Pet. ii. 1. Wherefore, laying aside all keep, between me and you, and ihy seed malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and after thee; Every man-child among you envies, and all evil speakings, Ver. 2. As shall be circumcised. Exod. xii. throughnew-born babes, desire the sincere milk ort. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of of the word, that ye may grow thereby, the Lord that which also I delivered unto
Q. 93. „Which are the sacraments of the New Testament ?
A. The sacraments of the New Testament are, Baptismy, and the Lord's supper?
Q. 94. What is baptism?
A. Baptism is a sacrainent, wherein the washing with water in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost“, doth signify and seal our ingrafting into Christ, and partaking of tho benefits of the covenant of grace, and our engagement to be the Lord's b.
Q. 95. To whom is baptism to be administered ?
A. Baptism is not to be administered to any that are out of the visible church, till they profess their faith in Christ, and obedience to him ; but the infants of such as are members of the visible church are to be baptized d.
Q. 96. What is the Lord's supper ?
A. The Lord's supper is a sacrament, wherein, by giving and receiving bread and wine, according to Christ's appointment, his death is showed forth ; and the worthy receivers are, not after a corporal and carnal manner, but by faith, made partakers of his body and blood, with all his benefits, to their spiritual nourishment, and growth in grace
Q. 97. What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord's supper !
A. It is required of them that would worthily partake of the Lord's supper, that they examine themselves of their knowledge to discern
you, That the Lord Jesus, the same night d Acts ii. 38. [See before.) Ver. 39. For in which he was betrayed, took bread. the promise is unto you, and to your chil. Ver. 26. For as often as ye eat this bread, dren, and to all that are afar off, even as and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's many as the Lord our God shall call. Gen. death till he come.
xvii. 10. (See in letter x.] Compared with 93. y Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and Col. ii. 11. In whom also ye are circum. teach all nations, baptizing them in the cised with the circumcision made without name of the Father, and of the Son, and hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the Holy Ghost.
of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ; 2 Mat. xxvi. 26. And as they were eating, Ver. 12. Buried with him in baptism,whereJesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake in also ye are risen with him through the it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, faith of the operation of God, who hath Take, eat; this is my body.' Ver. 27. And raised him from the dead. 1 Cor. vii. 14. he took the cup, and gave thanks, and for the unbelieving husband is sanctified gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it: by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is Ver. 28. For this is my blood of the new sanctified by the husband : else were your testament, which is shed for many for the children unclean ; but now are they holy. remission of sins.
96. e 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received 94. a Mat. xxviii. 19. (See in letter y.) of the Lord that which also I delivered
b Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are buried unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the same with him by baptism into death ; that like night in which he was betrayed, took as Christ was raised up from the dead by bread: Ver. 24. And, when he had given the glory of the Father, even so we also thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat; should walk in newness of life. Gal. iii. 27. this is my body, which is broken for you: For as many of you as have been baptized this do in remembrance of me. Ver. 25. into Christ have put on Christ.
After the same manner also he took the 95. c Acts viii. 36. And as they went on cur, when he had supped, saying, This their way, they came into a certain water: cup is the new testament in my blood: and the eunuch said, See, here is water;
this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remem. what doth hinder me to be baptized? Ver. brance of me. Ver. 26. For as often as ye 37. And Philip said, If thou believest with eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye ilo all thine heart, thou mayest. And he show the Lord's death till he come. I Cor. answered and said, I believe that Jesus X. 16. The cup of blessing which we bless, Christ is the Son of God. Acts ii. 38. Then is it not the communion of the blood of Peter said unto them, Repent, and be bap- Christ ? the bread which we break, is it tized every one of you in the name of Jesus not the communion of the body of Christ! Christ for the remission of sins, and ye 97. f1 Cor. xi. 28. But let a man examine shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. himself, and so let him eat of that bread,