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SHORTER CATECHISM.

Quest. 1. WHAT is the chief end of man?

Answ. Man's chief end is to glorify God, and to enjoy him for ever b.

2.2. What rule hath God given to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him?

A. The word of God, which is contained in the scriptures of the Old and New Testaments “, is the only rule to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him 4.

Q. 3. What do the scriptures principally teach ?

A. The scriptures principally teach what man is to believe concerning God, and what duty God requires of man e.

Q. 4. What is God?

A. God is a Spirit', infinites, eternal b; and unchangeable!, m his being k, wisdom”, power m, holiness ", justice, goodness, and truth o.

1. a 1 Cor. x. 31. Whether therefore ye mighty unto perfection? Ver. 8. It is as eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all high as heaven ; what canst thou do?

; to the glory of God. Rom. xi. 36. For of deeper than hell ; what canst thou know? him, and through him, and to him, are Ver. 9. The measure thereof is longer all things : to whom be glory for ever. than the earth, and broader than the sea. Amen.

h Psal. xc. 2. Before the mountains were b Psal, lxxiii. 25. Whom have I in heaven brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed but thee? and there is none upon earth the earth and the world, even from ever. that I desire besides thee. Ver. 26. My lasting to everlasting, thou art God. flesh and my heart faileth: but God is the i James i. 17. Every good gift and every strength of my heart, and my portion for perfect gift is from above, and cometh ever. Ver. 27. For, lo, they that are far from down from the Father of lights, with thee shall perish: thou hast destroyed all whom is no variableness, neither shadow them that go a whoring from thee. Ver. of turning. 28. But it is good for me to draw near k Exod. iii. 14. And God said unto Moses, to God: I have put my trust in the Lord I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus God, that I may declare all thy works. shalt thou say unto the children of Israel,

2 c 2 Tim. iii. 16. All scripture is given I AM hath sent me unto you. by inspiration of God, and is profitable for 1 Psal. cxlvii. 5. Great is our Lord, and doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for of great power: his understanding is inInstruction in righteousness. Eph. ii. 20. tinite. And are built upon the foundation of the m Rev. iv. 8. And the four beasts had apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ him- each of them six wings about him ; and self being the chief corner-stone.

they were full of eyes within: and they dl John i. 3. That which we have seen rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, and heard declare we unto you, that ye holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and also may have fellowship with us: and is, and is to come. truly our fellowship is with the Father, n Rev. xv. 4. Who shall not fear thee, O and with his Son Jesus Christ. Ver. 4. Lord, and glorify thy name for thou onAnd these things write we unto you, that ly art holy:

for all nations shall come and our joy may be full.

worship before thee; for thy judgments 3. & 2 Tim. i. 13. Hold fast the form of are made manifest. sound words, which thou hast heard of o Exod. xxxiv. 6. And the Lord passed me, in faith and love which is in Christ by before him, and proclaimed, The Lord, Jesus. 2 Tim. iii. 16. (See in letter c.) The Lord God, merciful and gracious,

4 f John iv. 24. God is a Spirit; and they long-suffering, and abundant in goodness that worship him must worship him in and truth, Ver. 7. Keeping mercy for spirit and in truth.

thousands, forgiving iniquity, and trans& Job. xi. 7. Canst thou by searching gression, and sin, and that will by, no find out God ? canst thou find out the Al. means clear the guilty; visiting the ini

Q. 5. Are there more Gods than one ?
A. There is but One only, the living and true God P.
Q. 6. How many persons are there in the Godhead?

A. There are three persons in the Godhead ; the Father, the Son, and the Iloly Ghost; and these three are one God, the same in substance, equal in power and glory?

Q. 7. What are the decrees of God ?

A. The decrees of God are, his eternal purpose, according to the counsel of his will, whereby, for his own glory, he hath foreordained whatsoever comes to pass ".

Q. 8. How doth God execute his decrees?

Ă. God executeth his decrees in the works of creation and providence.

Q. 9. What is the work of creation ?

A. The work of creation is, God's making all things of nothing, by the word of his power, in the space of six days, and all very good s.

Q. 10. How did God create man?

A. God created man male and female, after his own image, in knowledge, righteousness, and holiness, with dominion over the creatures t.

Q. 11. What are God's works of providence ?

A. God's works of providence are, his most holy", wise ", and powerful preserving > and governing all his creatures, and all their actions

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quity of the fathers upon the children, make man in our image, after our likeand upon the children's children, unto the ness ; and let them have dominion over third and to the fourth generation.

the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of 5. P Deut. vi. 4. Hear, o Israel; The the air, and over the cattle, and over all Lord our God is one Lord. Jer. x. 16. But the earth, and over every creeping thing the Lord is the true God, he is the living that creepeth upon the earth. Ver. 27. God, and an everlasting King: at his So God created man in his own image: in wrath the earth shall tremble, and the the image of God created he him ; male nations shall not be able to abide his in- and female created he them. Ver. 28. And dignation.

God blessed them: and God said unto 6. q 1 John v. 7. For there are three that them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and rebear record in heaven, the Father, the plenish the earth, and subdue it; and have Word, and the Iloly Ghost: and these dominion over the fish of the sea, and three are one. Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye there- over the fowl of the air, and over every fore, and teach all nations, baptizing them living thing that moveth upon the earth. in the name of the Father, and of the Col. iii. 10. And have put on the new man, Son, and of the Holy Ghost.

which is renewed in knowledge after the 7.7 Eph. i. 4. According as he hath image of him that created him. Eph. iv. chosen us in him before the foundation of 24. And that ye put on the new inan, the world, that we should be holy and which after God is created in righteouswithout blame before him in love. Ver. ness and true holiness. 11. In whom also we have obtained an in- 11. v Psal.cxlv. 17. The Lord is righteous heritance, being predestinated according in all his ways, and holy in all his works. to the purpose of him who worketh all w Psal. civ. 24. O Lord, how manifold things after the counsel of his own will. are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made Rom. ix. 22. What if God, willing to show them all: the earth is full of thy riches. his wrath, and to make his power known, Isa. xxviii. 29. This also cometh forth from endured with much long-suffering the ves- the Lord of hosts, which is wonderful in sels of wrath fitted to destruction; Ver. counsel, and excellent in working. 23. And that he might make known the * Heb. i. 3. Who, being the brightness of riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, his glory, and the express image of his which he had afore prepared unto glory person, and upholding all things by the

9. 8 Gen. i. throughout. Heb. xi. 3. word of his power, when he had by him. Through faith we understand that the self purged our sins, sat down on the right worlds were framed by the word of God; Land of the Majesty on high.

things which are seen were not y Psal ciii. 19. The Lord hath prepared ings which do appear.

his throne in the heavens; and his king, 26: And God said, Let us dom ruleth over all. Mat. x. 29. Are not

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Q. 12. What special act of providence did God exercise toward mun in the estate wherein he was created ?

A. When God had created man, he entered into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of perfect obedience ; forbidding him to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death a.

Q. 13. Did our first parents continue in the estate wherein they were created ?

A. Our first parents, being left to the freedom of their own will, fell from the estate wherein they were created, by sinning against God a

Q. 14. What is sin ? A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of, the law of God b.

Q. 15. What was the sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created ?

A. The sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created, was their eating the forbidden fruits.

Q. 16. Did all mankind fall in Adam's first transgression ?

A. The covenant being made with Adain, not only for himself, but for his posterity; all mankind, descending from him by ordinary generation, sinned in him, and fell with him, in his first transgression d.

Q. 17. Into what estate did the fall bring mankind ?
A, The fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and miserye.

Q. 18. Wherein consists the sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?

A. The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell, consists in the guilt of Adam's first sin, the want of original righteousness, and tho

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two sparrows sold for a farthing ? and one serpent beguiled me, and I did eat. Eccl. of them shall not fall on the ground with. vii. 29. Lo, this only have I found, that out your Father. Ver. 30. But the very God hath made man upright; but they hairs of your head are all numbered. Ver. have sought out many inventions. 31. Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more 14. b i John iii. 4. Whosoever commit. value than many sparrows.

teth sin transgresseth also the law: for 12. z Gal. iii. 12. And the law is not of sin is the transgression of the law. faith : but, The man that doeth them shall 15. c Gen. iii. 6. (See in letter a.) Ver. live in them. Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree 12. The woman, whom thou gavest to be of the knowledge of good and evil, thou with me, she gave me of the tree, and I shalt not eat of it: for in the day that did eat. thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. 16. d Gen. ii. 16. And the Lord God com

13. a Gen. iii. 6. And when the woman manded the man, saying, Of every tree of saw that the tree was good for food, and the garden thou mayest freely eat; Ver. that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of tree to be desired to make one wise, she good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for took of the fruit thereof, and did eat; and in the day that thou eatest thereof thou gave also unto her husband with her, and shalt surely die. Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, he did eat. Ver. 7. And the eyes of them as by one man sin entered into the world, both were opened, and they knew that and death by sin; and so death passed they were naked; and they sewed fig- upon all men, for that all have sinned. leaves together, and made themselves 1 Cor. xv. 21. For since by man came aprons. Ver. 8.' And they heard the voice death, by man came also the resurrection of the Lord God walking in the garden of the dead. Ver. 22. For as in Adam all in the cool of the day: and Adam and his die, even so in Christ shall all be made wife hid themselves from the presence of alive. the Lord God amongst the trees of the 17. e Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, as by one garden. Ver. 13. And the Lord God said man sin entered into the world, and death unto the woman, What is this that thou by sin ; and so death passed upon all men, hast done? And the woman said, The for that all have sinned.

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corruption of his whole nature, which is commonly called Original Sin; together with all actual transgressions which proceed from it ?

Q. 19. What is the misery of that estate whereinto man fell?

A. All mankind by their fall lost communion with Gods, are under his wrath and curseh, and so made liable to all miseries in this life, to death itself, and to the pains of hell for ever i

Q. 20. Did God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of sin and misery?

A. God having, out of his mere good pleasure, from all eternity, eiected some to everlasting life ", did enter into a covenant of grace, to deliver them out of the estate of sin and misery, and to bring them into an estate of salvation by a Redeemer!.

Q. 21. Who is the Redeemer of God's elect? 1. The only Redeemer of God's elect is the Lord Jesus Christ m, who, being the eternal Son of God, became man ", and so was, and

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18. f Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, as by one dren of wrath, even as others. Gal. iii. 10. man sin entered into the world, and death For as many as are of the works of the by sin ; and so death passed upon all men, law are under the curse: for it is written, for that all have sinned. Ver. 19. For as Cursed is every one that continueth not kry one man's disobedience many were in all things which are written in the book made sinners; so by the obedience of one of the law to do them. shall many be made righteous. Rom. v. i Lam. iii. 39. Wherefore doth a living from Verse 10. to the 20. Eph. ii. 1. And man complain, a man for the punishment jou hath he quickened, who were dead in of his sins? * Rom. vi. 23. For the wages irespasses and sins; Ver. 2. Wherein in of sin is death ; but the gift of God is time past ye walked according to the eternal life through Jesus Christ our course of this world, according to the Lord. Mat. xxv. 41. Then shall he say also 1 rince of the power of the air. the spirit unto them on the left hand, Depart from that now worketh in the children of diso- me, ye cursed, into everlasting tire, prebedience: Ver. 3. Among whom also we all pared for the devil and his angels. had our conversation in times past in the 46. And these shall go away into everlastlusts of our tiesh, fulfilling the desires of the ing punishment: but the righteous into flesh and of the mind; and were by nature life eternal. the children of wrath, even as others. 20. k Eph. i. 4. According as he hath James i. 14. But every man is tempted, chosen us in him before the foundation of when he is drawn away of his own lust, the world, that we should be holy and and enticed. Ver. 15. Then, when lust without blame before him in love. hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin ; and 1 Rom. iii. 20. Therefore by the deeds of sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth the law there shall no flesh be justified in death. Mat. xv. 19. For out of the heart his sight: for by the law is the knowledge proceed evil thoughts, murders, adul- of sin. Ver. 21. But now the righteousness teries, fornications, thefts, false witness, of Go without the la is manifested, being blasphemies.

witnessed by the law and the prophets; 19. 8 Gen. iii. 8. And they heard the Ver. 22. Even the righteousness of God voice of the Lord God walking in the gar- which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all den in the cool of the day: and Adam and and upon all them that believe; for there his wife hid themselves from the presence is no difference. Gal, iii. 21. Is the lawy of the Lord God amongst the trees of the then against the promises of God? God garden. Ver. 10. And he said, I heard thy forbid: for if there had been a law given voice in the garden, and I was afraid, be- which could have given life, verily righter cause I was naked ; and I hid myself. ousness should have been by the law. Ver.

1 Ver. 24. So he drove out the man: and he 22. But the scripture hath concluded all placed at the east of the garden of Eden under sin, that the promise by, faith of cherubims, and a flaming sword which Jesus Christ might be given to them that turned every way, to keep the way of the believe. tree of life.

21. m 1 Tim. ii. 5. For there is one God, 1 Eph. ii. 2. Wherein in time past ye and one mediator between God and men, walked according to the course of this the man Christ Jesus; Ver. 6. Who gaye world, according, to the prince of the himself a ransom for all, to be testified in power of the air, the spirit that now work. due time. eth in the children of disobedience: Ver. n John i. 14. And the Word was made 3. Among whom also we all had our con- flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld versation in times past in the lusts of our his glory, the glory as of the only begotten Hesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the Father,) full of grace and truth of the mind; and were by nature the chil. Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of the timo

continueth to be, God and man in two distinct natures, and one person, for ever o Q. 22. How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?

A. Christ, the Son of God, became man, by taking to himself a true body P, and a reasonable soul 9, being conceived by the power of the IIoly Ghost, in the womb of the Virgin Mary, and born of her', get without sin ,

Q. 23. What offices doth Christ cxecute as our Redeemer ?

A. Christ, as our Redeemer, executeth the offices of a prophet, of a priest, and of a king, both in his estate of humiliation and exaltationt

was come, God sent forth his Son, inade sin. Heb. vii. 26. For such an high priest of a woman, made under the law.

became us, who is holy, harmless, undeo Rom. ix. 5. Whose are the fathers, and filed, separate from sinners, and made of whom, as concerning the flesh, Christ higher than the heavens. came, who is over all, God blessed for 23. t Acts iii. 21. Whom the heaven must ever.

Amen. Luke i. 35. And the angel receive until the times of restitution of all answered and said unto her, The Holy things, which God hath spoken by the Ghost shall come upon thee, and the mouth of all his holy prophets since the power of the Highest shall overshadow world began. Ver. 22. For Moses truly thee: therefore also that holy thing, which said unto the fathers, A Prophet shall the shall be born of thee, shall be called the Lord your God raise up unto you of your Son of God. Col. ii. 9. For in him dwelleth brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. Heb. in all things whatsoever he shall say untu vii. 24. But this man, because he continueth you. Heb. xii. 25. See that ye refuse not ever, ha

an unchangeable priesthood. him that speaketh: for if they escaped not Ver. 25. Wherefore he is able also to save who refused him that spake on earth, them to the uttermost that come unto God much more shall not we escape, if we turn by him, sceing he ever liveth to make in- away from him that speaketh from heaven. tercession for them.

Compared with 2 Cor. xiii. 3. Since ye seek 22. p Heb. ii. 14. Forasmuch then as the a proof of Christ speaking in me, which children are partakers of flesh and blood, to you-ward is not weak, but is mighty in he also himself likewise took part of the you. Heb. v. 5. So also Christ glorified same; that through death he might de- not himself to be made an high priest; stroy him that had the power of death, but he that said unto him, Thou art my that is, the devil. Ver. 16. For verily he Son, to-day have I begotten thee. Ver. 6. took not on him the nature of angels ; but As he saith also in another place, Thou he took on him the seed of Abraham. Heb. art a priest for ever, after the order of 1. 5. Wherefore, when he cometh into the Melchisedec. Ver. 7. Who in the days of world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou his flesh, when he had offered up prayers wouldest not, but a body hast thou pre- and supplications, with strong crying and pared me.

tears, unto him that was able to save him 9 Mat. xxvi. 38. Then saith he unto from death, and was heard in that he them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, feared. Heb. vii. 25. Wherefore he is able even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch also to save them to the uttermost that with me.

come unto God by him, seeing he ever Luke i. 27. To a virgin espoused to a liveth to make intercession for them. man, whose name was Joseph, of the house Psal. ii. 6. Yet have I set my King upon of David; and the virgin's name was Mary. my holy hill of Zion. Isa. ix. 6. For unto Ver. 31. And, behold, thou shalt conceive us a child is born, unto us a son is given; in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and and the government shall be upon his shalt call his naine JESUS. Ver. 35. And shoulder: and his name shall be called the angel answered and said unto her, Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, The everlasting Father, The Prince of and the power of the Highest shall over- Peace. Ver. 7. Of the increase of his shadow thee: therefore also that holy government and peace there shall be no thing, which shall be born of thee, shall end, upon the throne of David, and upon be called the Son of God. Ver. 42. And his kingdom, to order it, and to establish she spake out with a loud voice, and said, it with judgment and with justice from Blessed art thou among women, and blessed henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the is the fruit of thy womb. Gal. iv. 4. [See Lord of hosts will perform this. Mat. xxi. in the preceding question, letter n.]

5. Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, • Heb. iv. 15. For we have not an high thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and priest which cannot be touched with the sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of feeling of our infirmities; but was in all an ass. Psal. ii. 8. Ask of me, and I shall points tempted like as we are, yet without give thee the heathen for thine inheritance,

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