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ing plentifully in all, they may worship him in an acceptable manner", and, through patience and comfort of the scriptures, may have hope?

IX. The infallible rule of interpretation of scripture is the scripture itself; and therefore, when there is a question about the true and full sense of any scripture, (which is not manifold, but one,) it must be searched and known by other places that speak more clearlyy.

X. The supreme Judge, by which all controversies of religion are to be determined, and all decrees of councils, opinions of ancient writers, doctrines of men, and private spirits, are to be examined, and in whose sentence we are to rest, can be no other but the Holy Spirit speaking in the scripture'.

CHAP. II. Of God, and of the Holy Trinity. T THERE is but one only a living and true God, who is infinite in

being and perfection", a most pure spirit a, invisible e, without

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shall I profit you, except I shall speak to said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing you either by revelation, or by knowledge, the scriptures, nor the power of God. or by prophesying, or by doctrine? Ver. 9. Ver. 31. "But as touching the resurrection So likewise ye, except ye utter by the of the dead, have ye not read that which tongue words easy to be understood, how was spoken unto you by God, saying. shall it be known what is spoken ! for ye Eph. ii. 20. And are built upon the founshall speak into the air. Ver. 11. There- dation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus fore if I know not the meaning of the Christ himself being the chief cornervoice, I shall be unto him that speaketh a stone. With Acts xxviii. 25. And when barbarian, and he that speaketh shall be they agreed not among themselves, they a barbarian unto me. Ver. 12. Even so departed, after that Paul had spoken one ye, forasmuch as ye are zealous of spirit. word, Well spake the Holy Ghost by Esaias ual gifts, seek that ye may excel to the the prophet unto our fathers. edifying of the church. Ver. 24. But if all I. a Deut. vi. 4. Hear, O Israel ; The prophesy, and there come in one that be- Lord our God is one Lord. i Cor. viii. 4. As lieveth not, or one unlearned, he is con- concerning therefore the eating of those vinced of all, he is judged of all. Ver. 27. things that are offered in sacrifice unto if any man speak in an unknown tongue, idols, we know that an idol is nothing in let it be by two, or at the most by three, the world, and that there is none other and that by course; and let one interpret. God but one. Ver. 6. But to us there is Ver. 28. But if there be no interpreter, let but one God, the Father, of whon, are all him keep silence in the church; and let things, and we in him; and one Lord Jehim speak to himself, and to God. sus Christ, by whom are all things, and

w Col. iii. 16. Let the word of Christ we by him. dwell in you richiy in all wisdom;teaching b1 Thess. i. 9. For they themselves show and admonishing one another in psalms, of us what manner of entering in we had and hymns, and spiritual songs, singing unto you, and how ye turned to God from with grace in your hearts to the Lord. idols, to serve the living and true God.

* Rom. xv. 4. For whatsoever things were Jer. x. 10. But the Lord is the true God, he written aforetime were written for our is the living God, and an everlasting learning; that we, through patience and King, comfort of the scriptures, might have hope. c Job xi. 7. Canst thou by searching find

IX. y 2 Pet. i. 20. Knowing this first, out God ? canst thou find out the Almighty that no prophecy of the scripture is of any unto perfection ? Ver. 8. It is as high as private interpretation. Ver. 21. For the heaven; what canst thou do? deeper than prophecy came not in old time by the will hell; what canst thou know? Ver. 9. The of man; but holy men of God spake as measure thereof is longer than the earth, they were moved by the Holy Ghost. Acts and broader than the sea. Job xxvi. 14. LO, xv. 15. And to this agree the words of the these are parts of his ways; but how little prophets; as it is written, Ver. 16. After a portion is heard of him but the thunder this I will return, and will build again the of his power who can understand ? tabernacle of David, which is fallen down; d John iv, 24. God is a Spirit: and they and I will build again the ruins thereof, that worship him must worship him in and I will set it up.

spirit and in truth. X. + Mat xxii, 29. Jesus answered and el Tim. i. 17. Now, unto the

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body, parts, or passionse, immutable", immense', eternalk, incomprehensible', almighty", most wisen, most holyo, most freep, inost absolute', working all things according to the counsel of his own immutable and most righteous will", for his own glorys; most loving gracious, merciful, long-suffering, abundant in goodness and truth, forgiving iniquity, transgression, and sin"; the rewarder of them that diligently seek hímW; and withal most just and terrible in his judgments*; eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise about him; and they were full of eyes God, be honour and glory for ever and within: and they rest not day and night, Amen.

saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Alf Deut. iv. 15. Take ye therefore good heed mighty, which was, and is, and is to come. unto yourselves, (for ye saw no manner of n Rom. xvi. 27. To God only wise, be glory similitude on the day that the Lord spake through Jesus Christ for ever. Amen. unto you in Horeb out of the midst of the o Isa. vi. 3. And one cried unto another, fire,) Ver. 16. Lest ye corrupt yourselves, and said, Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of and make you a graven image, the simili- hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory. tude of any figure, the likeness of male or Rev. iv.8. [See lettermimmediately foregoing.) female. John iv. 24. God is a Spirit : and p Psal. cxv. 3. But our God is in the they that worship him must worship him heavens; he hath done whatsoever he in spirit and in truth. With Luke xxiv. hath pleased. 39. Behold my hands and my feet, that 9 Exod. iii. 14. And God said unto Moses, it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, me havé.

I AM hath sent me unto you. & Acts xiv. 11. And when the people saw ? Eph. i. 11. In whom also we have ob. what Paul had done, they lifted up their tained an inheritance, being predestinated voices, saying in the speech of Lycaonia, according to the purpose of him who The gods are come down to us in the worketh all things after the counsel of his likeness of men. Ver. 15. And saying, own will. Sirs, why do ye these things? We also are s Prov. xvi. 4. The Lord hath made all men of like passions with you, and preach things for himself; yea, even the wicked unto you, that ye should turn from these for the day of evil. Rom. xi. 36. For of vanities unto the living God, which made him, and through him, and to him, are all heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all things: to whom be glory for ever. Amen. things that are therein.

tl John iv. 8. He that loveth not, knowh James i. 17. Every good gift and every eth not God; for God is love. Ver. 16. And perfect gift is from above, and cometh we have known and believed the love that down from the Father of lights, with God hath to us. God is love; and he that whom is no variableness, neither shadow dwelleth in love, dwelleth in God, and God of turning. Mal. iii. 6. For I am the Lord, in him. I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob u Exod. xxxiv. 6. And the Lord passed are not consumed.

by before him, and proclaimed, The Lord, il Kings viii. 27. But will God indeed The Lord God, merciful and gracious, dwell on the earth ? Behold, the heaven, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and heaven of heavens, cannot contain and truth, Ver. 7. Keeping mercy for thee; how much less this house that I have thousands, forgiving iniquity, and transbuilded! Jer. xxiii. 23. Am I a God at gression, and sin, and that will by no hand, saith the Lord, and not a God afar means clear the guilty ; visiting the ini. off? Ver. 24. Can any hide himself in quity of the fathers upon the children, and secret places that I shall not see him? upon the children's children, unto the saith the Lord: do not I fill heaven and third and to the fourth generation. earth saith the Lord.

w Heb. xi. 6. But without faith it is imk Psal. xc. 2. Before the mountains were possible to please him: for he that cometh brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed to God must believe that he is, and that he the earth and the world, even from ever- is a rewarder of them that diligently seek lasting to everlasting, thou art God. 1 Tim. him. 1. 17. Now, unto the King eternal, immortal, * Neh. ix. 32. Now therefore, our God, invisible, the only wise God, be honour the great, the mighty, and the terrible and glory for ever and ever. Amen. God, who keepest covenant and mercy, let

1 Psal. cxlv. 3. Great is the Lord, and not all the trouble seem little before thee greatly to be praised ; and his greatness is that hath come upon us, on our kings, on unse chable.

our princes, and on our priests, and on m Gen. xvii. 1. And when Abram was our prophets, and on our fathers, and on ninety years old and nine, the Lord all thy people, since the time of the kings appeared to Abram, and said unto him, of Assyria unto this day. Ver. 33. How. I am the Almighty God: walk before me, beit thou art just in all that is brought and be thou perfect. Rev. iv. 8. And the upon us; for thou hast done right, but wo funer hrasts had each of them six wings have done wickedly.


hating all sin', and who will by no means clear the guilty?.

II. God hath all life a, glory”, goodness o, blessedness 4, in and of himself; and is alone in and unto himself all-sufficient, pot standing in need of any creatures which he hath made e, not deriving any glory from them', but only manifesting his own glory, in, by, unto, and upon them: he is the alone fountain of all being, of whom, through whom, and to whom, are all things 8; and hath most sovereign dominion over them, to do by them, for them, or upon them, whatsoever himself pleaseth". In his sight all things are open and manifest'; his knowledge is infinite, infallible, and independent upon the creaturek, so as nothing is to him contingent or uncertain! Ilo is most holy in all his counsels, in all his works, and in all his commands m To him is due from angels and men, and

every other creature, whatsoever worship, service, or obedience, he is pleased to require of them,

y Psal. v. 5. The foolish shall not stand & Rom. xi. 36. For of him, and through in thy sight: thou hatest all workers of him, and to him, are all things: to whorn iniquity. Ver. 6. Thou shalt destroy them be glory for ever. Amen. that speak leasing: the Lord will abhor h Rev. iv. 11. Thou art worthy, O Lord, the bloody and deceitful man.

to receive glory, and honour, and power: z Nah. i. 2. God is jealous, and the Lord for thou hast created all things, and for revengeth; the Lord revengeth, and is thy pleasure they are and were created. 1 furious; the Lord will take vengeance on Tim. vi. 15. (See letter d immediately forehis adversaries, and he reserveth wrath going.) Dan. iv. 25. That they shall drive for his enemies. Ver. 3. The Lord is slow thee from men, and thy dwelling shall be to anger, and great in power, and will not with the beasts of the field, and they shall at all acquit the wicked: the Lord hath his make thee to eat grass as oxen, and they way in the whirlwind and in the storm, shall wet thee with the dew of heaven, and and the clouds are the dust of his feet. seven times shall pass over thee, till thou Exod. xxxiv. 7. Keeping mercy for thou. know that the most High ruleth in the sands, forgiving iniquity, and transgres. kingdom of men, and giveth it to whoirsion, and sin, and that will by no means soever he will. Ver. 35. And all the in. clear the guilty ; visiting the iniquity of habitants of the earth are reputed as the fathers upon the children, and upon nothing: and he doeth according to his the children's children, unto the third and will in the army of heaven, and among to the fourth generation.

the inhabitants of the earth ; and none II. a John v. 26. For as the Father hath can stay his hand, or say unto him, What life in himself, so hath be given to the Son doest thou ? to have life in himself.

i Heb. iv. 13. Neither is there any cre:b Acts vii. 2. And he said, Men, brethren, ture that is not manifest in his sight: but and fathers, hearken; The God of glory all things are naked and opened unto the appeared unto our father Abraham, when eyes of him with whom we have to do. he was in Mesopotamia, before he dwelt * Rom. xi. 33. O the depth of the riches in Charran.

both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! c Psal. cxix. 68. Thou art good, and how unsearchable are his judgments, doest good : teach me thy statutes. and his ways past finding out! Ver. 34.

d1 Tim. vi. 15. Which in his times he For who hath known the mind of the shall show, who is the blessed and only Lord ? or who hath been his counsellor ? Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of Psal. cxlvii. 5. Great is our Lord, and of lords. Rom. ix. 5. Whose are the fathers, great power: his understanding is infinite. and of whom, as concerning the flesh, I Acts xv. 18. Known unto God are all Christ came, who is over all, God blessed his works from the beginning of the world, for ever. Amen.

Ezek. xi. 5. And the Spirit of the Lord fell e Acts xvii. 24. God, that made the world, upon me, and said unto me, Speak; Thus and all things therein, seeing that he is saith the Lord, Thus have ye said, 0 house Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in of Israel: for I know the things that come temples made with hands; Ver. 25. Neither into your mind, every one of them. is worshipped with men's hands, as though m Psal. cxlv. 17. The Lord is righteous in he needed any thing, seeing he giveth to all all his ways, and holy in all his works. life, and breath, and all things.

Rom. vii. 12. Wherefore the law is holy, Job. xxii. 2. Can a man be profitable and the commandment holy, and just, and unto God, as he that is wise may be pro- good. fitable unto himself ? Ver. 3. Is it any plea- Rev. v. 12. Saying with a loud voice, sure to the Almighty, that thou art rightę. Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to ous ! or is it gain to him, that thou makest receive power, and riches, aud wisdom, thy ways perfect ?

and strength, and honour, and glory, and


III. In the unity of the Godhead there be three persons, of one substance, power, and eternity ; God the Father, God the Sun, and God the Holy Ghosto. The Father is of none, neither begotten nor proceeding; the Son is eternally begotten of the Father P; the lloly Ghost eternally proceeding from the Father and the Sony




CHAP. III. Of God's Eternal Decree. OD from all eternity did, by the most wise and holy counsel of

his own will, freely and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to passa : yet so, as thereby neither is God the author of sin, nor is violence offered to the will of the creatures, nor is the liberty or con. tingency of second causes taken away, but rather established .

Il. Although God knows whatsoever may or can come to pass upon all supposed conditions «; yet hath he not decreed any thing blessing.. Ver. 13. And every creature of the riches both of the wisdom and which is in heaven, and on the earth, and knowledge of Gol! how unsearchable are under the earth, and such as are in the sea, his judgments, and his ways past finding and all that are in them, heard I saying, out! lleb. vi. 17. Wherein God, willing Blessing, and honour, and glory, and more abundantly to show unto the heirs power, be unto him that sitteth upon the of promise the immutability of his counsel, throne, and unto the Lamb, for ever and confirmed it by an oath. Rom. ix. 15. For

Ver. 14. And the four beasts said, he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on Amen. And the four and twenty elders wliom I will have mercy, and I will have fell down and worshipped him that liveth compassion on whom I will have compas. for ever and ever.

sion. Ver. 18. Therefore hath he mercy III. .1 John v. 7. For there are three on whom he will have mercy, and whom that bear record in heaven, the Father, he will he hardeneth. the Word, and the IIoly Ghost: and these b James i. 13. Let no man say, when he three are one. Mat. iii. 16. And Jesus, is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God when he was baptized, went up straight- cannot be tempted with evil, neither way out of the water: and, lo, the heavens tempteth he any man. Ver. 17. Every were opened unto him, and he saw the good gift and every perfect gift is from Spirit of God descending like a dove, and above, and cometh down from the Father lighting upon him : Ver. 17. And lo a voice of lights, with whom is no variableness, from heaven, saying, This is my beloved neither shadow of turning. 1 John i. 5. Son, in whom I am well pleased. Mat. This then is the message which we have xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and teach all heard of him, and declare unto you, that nations, baptizing them in the name of God is light, and in him is no darkness at the Father, and of the Son, and of the all. Holy Ghost. 2 Cor. xiii. 14. The grace of c Acts ii. 23. Ilim, being delivered by thc Lord Jesus Christ, an th love of the determinate counsel ad foreknown God, and the communion of the Holy ledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked Ghost, be with you all. Amen.

hands have crucified and slain. Mat. xvii, P John i. 14. And the Word was made 12. But I say unto you, That Elias is come flesh, and dwelt among

us, (and we beheld already, and they knew him not, but have his glory, the glory as of the only begotten done unto him whatsoever they listed : of the Father,) full of grace and truth. likewise shall also the Son of man suffer Ver. 18. No man hath seen God at any of them. Acts iv. 27. For of a truth, time; the only begotten Son, which is in against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou the bosom of the Father, he hath declar- hast anointed, both Herod and Pontius ed him.

Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people 9 John xv. 26. But when the Comforter of Israel, were gathered together, Ver. 28. is come, whom I will send unto you from For to do whatsoever thy hand and thy the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which counsel determined before to be done. proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify John xix. 11. Jesus answered, Thou of me. Gal. iv. 6. And because ye are couldest have no power at all against me, sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his except it were given thee froin above. Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. therefore he that delivered me unto thee

1. & Eph. i. 11. In whom also we have hath the greater sin. Prov. xvi. 33. The obtained an inheritance, being predesti- lot is cast into the lap; but the whole disuated accorling to the purpose of himn posing thereof is of the Lord. who worketh all things after the counsel II. d Acts xv. 18. Known unto God are ot his own will. Rom. xi. 33. O the depth all his works from the beginning of the

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because he foresaw it as future, or as that which would come to pass upon such conditions e.

III. By the decree of God, for the manifestation of his glory, some men and angels' are predestinated unto everlasting life, and others foreordained to everlasting death.

IV. These angels and men, thus predestinated and foreordained, are particularly and unchangeably designed ; and their number is so certain and definite, that it cannot be either increased or diminished b.

V. Those of mankind that are predestinated unto life, God, before the foundation of the world was laid, according to his eternal and immutable purpose, and the secret counsel and good pleasure of his will, hath chosen in Christ unto everlasting glory', out of his mere free grace and love, without any foresight of faith or good works, or perseverance in either of them, or any other thing in the creature, as conditions, or causes moving him thereuntok; and all to the praise of his glorious grace'. world. 1 Sam. xxiii. 11. Will the men of glory ? Eph. i. 5. Having predestinated us Keilah deliver me up into his hand will unto the adoption of children by Jesus Saul come down, as thy servant hath Christ to himself, according to the good heard ? O Lord God of Israel, I beseech pleasure of his will, Ver. 6. "To the praise thee, tell thy servant And the Lord said, of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath He will come down. Ver. 12. Then said made us accepted in the Beloved. Prov. David, Will the men of Keilah deliver me xvi. 4. The Lord hath made all things for and my men into the hand of Saul ? And himself ; yea, even the wicked for the day the Lord said, They will deliver thee up. of evil. Mat. xi. 21. Woe unto thee, Chorazin! IV. h 2 Tim. ii. 19. Nevertheless tho woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty foundation of God standeth sure, having works, which were done in you, had been this seal, The Lord knoweth them that done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have are his. And, Let every one that nameth repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. the name of Christ depart from iniquity Ver. 23. And thou, Capernaum, which art John xiii. 18. I speak not of you all; I exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down know whom I have chosen : but, that the to hell: for if the mighty works, which have scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, bread with me hath lifted up his heel it would have remained until this day. against me.

e Rom. ix. 11. For the children being V. i Eph. i. 4. According as he hath not yet born, neither having done any good chosen us in him before the foundation of or evil, that the purpose of God according the world, that we should be holy, and to election might stand, not of works, but without blame before him in love: Ver. 9. of him that calleth, Ver. 13. As it is writ. Having made known unto us the mystery ten, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I of his will, according to his good pleasure, hated. Ver. 16. So then it is not of him which he hath purposed in himself: Ver. that willeth, nor of him that runneth, 11. In whom also we have obtained an but of God that showeth mercy. Ver. 18. inheritance, being predestinated according Therefore hath he mercy on whom he to the purpose of him who worketh all will have mercy, and whom he will he things after the counsel of his own will. hardeneth.

Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom he did preIII. T 1 Tim. v. 21. I charge thee before destinate, them he also called; and whom God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the he called, them he also justified; and elect angels, that thou observe these whom he justified, them he also glorified. things, without preferring one before an- 2 Tim. i. 9. Who hath saved us, and called other, doing nothing by partiality. Mat. us with an holy calling, not according to xxv. 41. Then shall he say also unto them our works, but according to his own puron the left hand, Depart from me, ye cur- pose and grace, which was given us in sed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the Christ Jesus before the world began. 1 devil and his angels.

Thess. v. 9. For God hath not appointed & Rom. ix. 22. What if God, willing to us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by show his wrath, and to make his power our Lord Jesus Christ. known, endured with much long-suffering k Rom. ix. 11, 13, 16, (See letter e immedithe vessels of wrath fitted to destruction; ately foregoing.) Eph. i. 4, 3. [See letter I Ver. 23. And that he might make known immediately foregoing.) the riches of his glory on the vessels of . Eph. i. 6. To the praise of the glory of mercy, which he bad afore prepared unto his grace, wherein he hath made us accep.

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