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Q. 182. How doth the Spirit help us to pray?

A. We not knowing what to pray for as we ought, the Spirit helps eth our infirmities, by enabling us to understand both for whom, and v hat, and how prayer is to be made; and by working and quickening in our hearts (although not in all persons, nor at all times, in the same measure) those apprehensions, affections, and graces which are requisite for the right performance of that dutyø.

Q. 183. For whom are we to pray?

4. We are to pray for the whole church of Christ upon eartht; for magistrates', and ministers w; for ourselves", our brethren,

our enemies?; and for all sorts of men living &, or that shall live I ereafter b; but not for the dead, nor for those that are known to have sinned the sin unto death d.

R. 184. For what things are we to pray?

4. We are to pray for all things tending to the glory of God, the cession for them. Ver. 26. For such an w Col. iv. 3. Withal praying also for us, ligh priest became us, who is holy, harm- that God would open unto us a door of uta less, undefiled, separate from sinners, and terance, to speak the mystery of Christ, made higher than the heavens; Ver. 27. for which I am also in bonds. who needeth not daily, as those high x Gen. xxxii. 11. Deliver me, I pray thee, į riests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his from the hand of my brother, from the iwn sins, and then for the people's: for hand of Esau: for I fear him, lest he wili this he did once, when he offered up him- come and smite me, and the mother with self. 1 Tim. ii. 5. For there is one God, the children. and one mediator between God and men, y James v. 16. Confess your faults one the man Christ Jesus.

to another, and pray one for another, that r Col. iii. 17. And whatsoever ye do in ye may be healed. The effectual fervent word or deed, do all in the name of the prayer of a righteous man availeth much. Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the z Mat. v. 44. But I say unto you, Love Father by him. Heb. xiii. 15. By him your enemies, bless them that curse you, therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise do good to them that hate you, and pray to God continually, that is, the fruit of for them which despitefully use you, and our lips, giving thanks to his name. persecute you.

18.2.'s Rom. viii. 26. Likewise the Spirit a ] Tim. ii. 1, 2. [See above in v.] also helpeth our infirmities: for we know b John xvii. 20. Neither pray I for these not what we should pray for as we ought; alone, but for them also which shall be. but the Spirit itself maketh intercession lieve on me through their word. 2 Sam. for us with groanings which cannot be vii. 29. Therefore now let it please thee to uttered. Ver. 27. And he that searcheth bless the house of thy servant, that it may the hearts knoweth what is the mind of continue for ever before thee: for thou, O the spirit, because he maketh intercession Lord God, hast spoken it: and with thy for the saints according to the will of blessing let the house of thy servant be Gol. Psal. x. 17. Lord, thou hast heard blessed for ever. the desire of the humble: thou wilt pre- c 2 Sam. xii. 21. Then said his servants pare their heart, thou wilt cause thine ear unto him, What thing is this that thou to hear. Zech. xii. 10. And I will pour hast done? Thou didst fast and weep for upon the house of David, and upon the the child, while it was alive; but when inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of the child was dead, thou didst rise and grace and of supplications; and they shall eat bread. Ver. 22. And he said, While Jook upon me whom they have pierced, the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept : and they shall mourn.

for I said, Who can tell whether God will 183. t Eph. vi. 18. Praying always with be gracious to me, that the child may live? all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, Ver. 23. But now he is dead, wherefore and watching thereunto with all perses should I fast? can I bring him back rerance and supplication for all saints. again? I shall go to him, but he shall not Psal. xxviii. 9. Save thy people, and bless return to me. thine inheritance: feed them also, and d 1 John v. 16. If any man see his brolift them up for ever.

ther sin a sin which is not unto death, he v 1 Tim. ii. 1. I exhort therefore, that, shall ask, and he shall give him life for first of all, supplications, prayers, inters them that sin not unto death. There is a ressions, and giving of thanks, be made sin unto death: I do not say that he shall for all men; Ver. 2. For kings, and for all pray for it. that are in authority ; that we may lead 184, e Mat. vi. 9. After this manner a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness therefore pray ye: Our Father, which art and honest

in heaven, Hallowed be thy name.

welfare of the church', our own 8 or others good h; but not for any thing that is unlawfuli.

Q. 185. How are we to pray ?

A. We are to pray with an awful apprehension of the majesty of God k, and deep sense of our own unworthiness !, necessities m, and sins"; with penitent", thankful P, and enlarged hearts"; with understanding", faith”, sincerity, fervency", love ", and perseverance *, waiting upon him , with humble submission to his will z.

Q. 186. "What rule hath God given for our direction in the duty of prayer ?

A. The whole word of God is of use to direct us in the duty of prayer a ; but the special rule of direction is that form of prayer which our Saviour Christ taught his disciples, commonly called The Lord's Praycrb.

f Psal. li. 18. Do good in thy good plea- in every thing, by prayer and supplication, sure unto Zion: build thou the wails of with thanksgiving, let your requests be Jerusalem. Psal. cxxii. 6. Pray for the made known unto God. peace of Jerusalem : they shall prosper 91 Sam. i. 15. And Hannah answered that love thee.

and sail, No, my lord ; I am a woman of g Mat. vii. 11. If ye then, being eril, a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither know how to give good gifts unto your wine nor strong drink, but have poured children, how much more shall your out my soul before the Lord. 1 Sam. ii. Father which is in heaven give good l. And Hannah prayed, and said, My things to them that ask him ?

heart rejoiceth in the Lord ; mine horn is h Psal. cxxv. 4. Do good, O Lord, unto exalted in the Lord; my mouth is enlargthose that be good, and to them that are ed over mine enemies; because I rejoice upright in their hearts.

in thy salvation. il John v. 14. And this is the confidence r1 Cor. xiv. 15. What is it then? I will that we have in him, that, if we ask any pray with the spirit, and I will pray with thing according to his will, he heareth the understanding also:

s Mark xi. 24. Therefore I say unto you, 185. k Eccl. v. 1. Keep thy foot when What things soever ye desire, when ye thou goest to the house of God, and be pray, believe that ye receive them, and je more ready to hear than to give the sacri- shall have them. James i, 6. But let him fice of fools: for they consider not that ask in faith, nothing wavering: for he they do evil.

that wavereth is like a wave of the sea, 1 Gen. xviii. 27. And Abraham answer- driven with the wind and tossed. ed and said, Behold now, I have taken t Psal. cxlv. 18. The Lord is nigh unto upon ine to speak unto the Lord, which all them that call upon him, to all that am but dust and ashes. Gen. xxxii. 10. I call upon him in truth. Psal xvii. 1. Hear am not worthy of the least of all the mer- the right, O Lord, attend unto my cry; cies, and of all the truth, which thou hast give ear unto my prayer, that goeth not showed unto thy servant.

out of feigned lips. m Luke xv. 17. And when he came to v James v. 16.-The effectual fervent himself, he said, How many hired ser- prayer of a righteous man availeth much. vants of my father's have bread enough, w 1 Tim. ii. 8. I will therefore that men and to spare, and I perish with hunger! pray every where, lifting up holy hands, Ver. 18. I will arise, and go to my father, without wrath and doubting. and will say unto him, Father, I have * Eph. vi. 18. Praying always with all sinned against Heaven, and before thee, prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and Ver. 19. And am no more worthy to be watching thereunto with all perseverance called thy son: make me as one of thy and supplication for all saints. hired servants.

y Micah vii. 7. Therefore I will look u- Luke xviii. 13. And the publican, to the Lord; I will wait for the God of standing afar off, would not lift up so my salvation: my God will hear me. much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote z Mat. xxvi. 39. And he went a little farupon his breast, saying, God be merciful ther, and fell on his face, and prayeu, sayto me a sinner.

Ver. 14. I tell you, this ing, O my Father,vit' it be possible, let this man went down to his house justitied ra- cup pass from me: nevertheless, not as I ther than the other: for every one that will, but as thou wilt. exalteth himself shall be a based : and he 186, « 1 John v. 14. And this is the conthat humbleth himself shall be exalted. fidence that we have in him, that, if we

o Psal. li. 17. The sacrifices of God are ask any thing according to his will, le a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heareth us. heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

b Mat. vi. 9-13. After this manner therep Phil. iv. 6. Be careful for nothing: but fore pray ye: Our Father, dc. Luke xi. 2,


R. 187. How is the Lord's prayer to be used ?

4. The Lord's prayer is not only for direction, as a pattern, ac. cording to which we are to make other prayers; but may also be used as a prayer, so that it be done with understanding, faith, reverence, and other graces necessary to the right performance of the duty of prayer

Q. 188. Of how many parts doth the Lord's prayer consist ?

A. The Lord's prayer consists of three parts; a preface, petitions, and a conclusion.

Q. 189. What doth the preface of the Lord's prayer teach us ?

A. The preface of the Lord's prayer (contained in these words, Our Father, which art in heavend,) teacheth us, when we pray, to draw near to God with confidence of his fatherly goodness, and our interest therein °; with reverence, and all other child-like dispositions ?, heavenly affections 8, and due apprehensions of his sovereign power, majesty, and gracious condescension h : as also, to pray with and for others i.

Q. 190. What do we pray for in the first petition?

A. In the first petition, (which is, Hallowed be thy name",) acknowledging the utter inability and indisposition that is in ourselves and all men to honour God aright', we pray, that God would by his grace enable and incline us and others to know, to acknowledge, and highly to esteem him m, his titles ", attributes o, ordinances, word P, 3, 4, And he said unto them, When ye pray, tentive, and thine eyes open, that thou say, Our Father, dc.

mayest hear the prayer of thy servant, 187. c Mat. vi. 9. Compared with Luke which I pray before thee now, day and xi. 2. (See above in letter b.]

night, for the children of Israel thy ser188. d Mat. vi. 9.

vants, and confess the sins of the children e Luke xi. 13. If ye then, being evil, know of Israel, which we have sinned against how to give good gifts unto your children; thee: both I and my father's house have how much more shall your heavenly Fa- sinned. ther give the Holy Spirit to them that ask i Acts xii. 5. Peter therefore was kept him? Rom. viii. 15. For ye have not re- in prison : but prayer was made without ceived the spirit of bondage again to fear; ceasing of the church unto God for him. but ye have received the Spirit of adoption,

190. k Mat. vi. 9. whereby we cry, Abba, Father.

1 2 Cor. jii. 5. Not that we are sufficient Isa. Ixiv. 9. Be not wroth very sore, 0 of ourselves to think any thing as of ourLord, neither remember iniquity for ever: selves; but our sufficiency is of God. Psal. behold, see, we beseech thee, we are all li. 15. O Lord, open thou my lips; and my thy people.

mouth shall show forth thy praise. & Psal. cxxiii. 1. Unto thee lift I up mine m Psal. lxvii. 2. That thy way may be eyes, 0 thou that dwellest in the heavens. known upon earth, thy saving health Lam. iii. 41. Let us lift up our heart with among all nations. Ver. 3. Let the people our hands unto God in the heavens. praise thee, O God; let all the people

h Isa. Ixiii. 15. Look down from heaven, praise thee. and behold from the habitation of thy n Psal. Ixxxiii. 18. That men may know holiness and of thy glory: where is thy that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAL, zeal and thy strength, the sounding of thy art the most High over all the earth. bowels and of thy mercies toward me? are o Psal. Ixxxvi. 10. For thou art great, they restrained ? Ver. 16. Doubtless thou and doest wondrous things: thou art God art our Father, though Abraham be ig- alone. Ver. 11. Teach me thy way, O Lord: norant of us, and Israel acknowledge us I will walk in thy truth: unite my heart to not: thou, O Lord, art our Father, our fear thy name. Ver. 12. I will praise thee, Redeemer; thy name is from everlasting: O Lord my God, with all my heart; and I Neh. i. 4. And it came to pass, when I will glurity thy name for evermore. heard these words, that I sat down and 13. For great is thy mercy toward me; wept, and mourned certain days, and fast- and thou hast delivered my soul from the ed, and prayed before the God of heaven, lowest hell. Ver. 15. But thou, O Lord, art Ver. 5. And said, I beseech thee, O Lord God of heaven, the great and terrible God, long-suffering, and plenteous in mercy

a God full of compassion, and gracious, that keepeth covenant and mercy for them and truth. that love him, and observe his command- P 2 Thess. iii. 1. Finally, brethren, pray

Ver. 6. Let thine ear now be at- for us, that the word of the Lord may



works, and whatsoever he is pleased to make himself known by?; and to glorify him in thought, word", and deeds: that ho would į revent and remove atheism, ignorance', idolatry", profaneness", and whatsoever is dishonourable to him y; and, by his over-ruling providence, direct and dispose of all things to his own glory. Q. 191. What do we pray for in the second petition ?

A. In the second petition, (which is, Thy kingdom come ^,) acknowledging ourselves and all mankind to be by nature under the dominion of sin and Satan, we pray, that the kingdom of sin and


have free course, and be glorified, even as w Psal. xcvii. 7. Confounded be all they it is with you. Psal. cxlvii. 19. He showeth that serve graven images, that boast themhis word unto Jacob, his statutes and his selves of idols: worship him, all ye gods. judgments unto Israel. Ver. 20. He hath * Psal. lxxiv. 18. Remember this, that not dealt so with any nation : and as for the enemy hath reproached, O Lord, and his judgments, they have not known them. that the foolish people have blasphemed Praise ye the Lord. Psal. cxxxviii. 1. I thy name. Ver. 22. Arise, O God, plead will praise thee with my whole heart: be: thine own cause: remember how the fool. fore the gods will I sing praise unto thee. ish man reproacheth thee daily. Ver. 23. Ver. 2. I will worship toward thy holy Forget not the voice of thine enemies: the temple, and praise thy name for thy lov- tumult of those that rise up against thee ing-kindness, and for thy truth: for thou increaseth continually. hast magnified thy word above all thy y 2 Kings xix. 15. And Hezekiah prayed

Ver. 3. In the day when I cried before the Lord, and said, O Lord God of thou answeredst me, and strengthenedst Israel, which dwellest between the cheru. me with strength in my soul. 2 Cor. ii. 14. bims, thou art the God, even thou alone, Now thanks be unto God, which always of all the kingdoms of the earth; thou causeth us to triumph in Christ, and mak. hast made heaven and earth. Ver. 16. eth manifest the savour of his knowledge Lord, bow down thine ear, and hear; open. by us in every place. Ver. 15. For we are Lord, thine eyes, and see; and hear the unto God a sweet savour of Christ, in words of Sennacherib, which hath sent them that are saved, and in them that him to reproach the living God. perish.

2 2 Chron. xx. 6. And (Jehoshaphat) said, 4 Psal. cxlv. throughout. I will extol thee, O Lord God of our fathers, art not thou my God, o King, &c. Psal. viii. throughout. God in heaven? and rulest not thou over O Lord our Lord, how excellent is thy all the kingdoms of the heathen ? and in name in all the earth! dc.

thine hand is there not power and might, rl'sal. ciii. 1. Bless the Lord, O my soul; so that none is able to withstand thee and all that is within me, bless his holy Ver. 10. And now, behold, the children of name. I'sal. xix. 14. Let the words of my Ammon, and Moab, and mount Seir, whom mouth, and the meditation of my heart, thou wouldest not let Israel invade, when be acceptable in thy sight, O Lord, my they came out of the land of Egypt, but strength, and my redeemer.

they turned from them, and destroyed s Phil. i. 9. And this I pray, that your them not; Ver. 11. Behold, I say, how love may abound yet more and more in they reward us, to come to cast us out of knowledge and in all judgment;. Ver. 11. thy possession, which thou hast given us Being filled with the fruits of righteous- to inherit. Ver. 12. O our God, wilt thou ness, which are by Jesus Christ, unto the not judge them? for we have no might glory and praise of God.

against this great company that cometh t Psal. Ixvii. 1. God be merciful unto us, against us; neither know we what to do: and bless us; and cause his face to shine but our eyes are upon thee. Psal. Ixxxiii, upon us. Selah. Ver. 2. That thy way throughout. Keep not thou silence, O God: may be known upon earth, thy saving hold not thy peace, &c. Psal. cxl. 4. Keep health among all nations. Ver. 3. Let the me, O Lord, from the hands of the wicked; people praise thee, O God: let all the peo- preserve me from the violent man, who ple praise thee.

Ver. 4. O let the nations have purposed to overthrow my goings. be glad, and sing for joy: for thou shalt Ver. 8. Grant not, O Lord, the desires of judge the people righteously, and govern the wicked ; further not his wicked device, the nations upon earth. Selah.

lest they exalt themselves. Selah. v Eph. i. 17. That the God of our Lord 191. a Mat. vi. 10. Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may b Eph. ii. 2. Wherein in time past ye give unto you thie spirit of wisdom and walked according to the course of this revelation in the knowledge of him: Ver. world, according to the prince of the power 18. The eyes of your understanding being of the air, the spirit that now worketh in enlightened ; that ye may know what is the children of disobedience: Ver. 3. Among the hope of his calling, and what the whom also we all had our conversation in riches of the glory of his inheritance in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfill. the saints.

ing the desires of the flesh and of the

Satan may be destroyed, the gospel propagated throughout the world a, the Jews callede, the fulness of the Gentiles brought in?; the church furnished with all gospel-officers and ordinances , purgel from corruption \, countenanced and maintained by the civil magistrate i: that the ordinances of Christ may be purely dispensed, anl made effectual to the converting of those that are yet in their sins, and the confirming, comforting, and building up of those that are already convertedk: that Christ would rule in our hearts here', and hasten the time of his second coming, and our reigning with him for

one consent.

with you.

mind; and were by nature the children of the name of the Lord, to serve him with wrathi, even as others.

c Psal. lxviii. 1. Let God arise, let his il Tim. ii. 1. I exhort therefore, that, enemies be scattered: let them also that first of all, supplications, prayers, interhate him tiee before him. Ver. 18. Thou cessions, and giving of thanks, be made hast ascended on high, thou hast led cap- for all mon; Ver. 2. For kings, and for all tivity captive: thou hast received gifts for that are in authority; that we may lead a men ; yea, for the rebellious also, that the quiet and peaceable life in all godliness Lord God might dwell among them. Rev. and honesty. xii. 10. And I heard a loud voice saying k Acts iv. 29. And now, Lord, behold in heaven, Now is coine salvation, and their threatenings: and grant unto thy strength, and the kingdom of our God, servants, that with all boldness they may and the power of his Christ: for the ac- speak thy word, Ver. 30. By stretching cuser of our brethren is cast down, which forth thine hand to heal; and that signs accused them before our God day and and wonders may be done by the name of night. Ver. 11. And they overcame him thy holy child Jesus. Eph. vi. 18. Praying by the blood of the Lamb, and by the always with all prayer and supplication in word of their testimony; and they loved the Spirit, and watching thereunto with not their lives unto the death.

all perseverance and supplication for all d 2 Thess. iii. 1. Finally, brethren, pray saints; Ver. 19. And for me, that utterfor us, that the word of the Lord may have ance may be given unto me, that I may free course, and be glorified, even as it is open my mouth boldly, to make known

the mystery of the gospel, Ver. 20. For e Rom. x. 1. Brethren, my heart's desire which I am an ambassador in bonds; that and prayer to Gud for Ísrael is, that they therein I may speak boldly, as I ought to might be saved.

speak. Rom. xv. 29. And I am sure that, f John xvii. 9. I pray for them: I pray when I come unto you, I shall come in not for the world, but for them which thou the fulness of the blessing of the gospel of hast given me; for they are thine. Ver. 20. Christ. Ver. 30. Now I beseech you, breNeither pray I for these alone, but for them thren, for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, also which shall believe on me through and for the love of the Spirit, that ye strive their word. Rom. xi. 25. For I would not, together with me in your prayers to God brethren, that ye should be ignorant of for me; Ver. 32. That I may come unto this mystery, (lest ye should be wise in you with joy by the will of God, and may your own conceits,) that blindness in part with you be refreshed. 2 Thess. i. 11. is happened to Israel, until the fulness of Wherefore also we pray always for you, the Gentiles be come in. Ver. 26. And so that our God would count you worthy of all Israel shall be saved; as it is written, this calling, and fulfil all the good pleasure There shall come out of Sion the Deliver- of his goodness, and the work of faith with er, and shall turn away ungodliness from power. 2 Thess. ii. 16. Now our Lord Jesus Jacob. Psal. lxvii. throughout. God be Christ himself, and God, even our Father, merciful unto us, and bless us; and cause which hath loved us, and hath given us his face to shine upon us, dc.

everlasting consolation, and good hope 8 Mat. ix. 38. Pray ye therefore the Lord through grace, Ver. 17. Comfort your of the harvest, that he will send forth hearts, and stablish you in every good labourers into his harvest. 2 Thess. iii. 1. word and work. Finally, brethren, pray for us, that the 1 Eph. iii. 14. For this cause I bow my word of the Lord may have free course, knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus and be glorified, even as it is with you. Christ, Ver. 15. Of whom the whole family

h Mal. i. 11. For from the rising of the in heaven and earth is named, Ver. 16. sun, even unto the going down of the same, That he would grant you, according to my name shall be great among the Gene the riches of his glory, to be strengthened tiles; and in every place incense shall be with might by his Spirit in the inner man; oftered unto my name, and a pure offering: Ver. 17. That Christ may dwell in your for my name shall be great among the hearts by faith ; that ye, being rooted and heathen, saith the Lord of hosts. Zeph. grounded in love, Ver. 18. May be able to iii. 9. For then will I turn to the people a comprehend with all saints what is the pure language, that they may all call upon breadth, and length, and depth, and

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