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Q. 187. How is the Lord's prayer to be used ?
A. The Lord's prayer is not only for direction, as a pattern, according to which we are to make other prayers ; but may also be used as a prayer, so that it be done with understanding, faith, reverence, and other graces necessary to the right performance of the duty of prayer c.
Q. 188. Of how many parts doth the Lord's prayer consist ?
A. The Lord's prayer consists of three parts; a preface, petitions, and a conclusion.
Q. 189. What doth the preface of the Lord's prayer teach us?
A. The preface of the Lord's prayer (contained in these words, Our Father, which art in heaven !,) teacheth us, when we pray, to draw near to God with confidence of his fatherly goodness, and our interest thereine; with reverence, and all other child-like dispositions f, heavenly affections, and due apprehensions of his sovereign power, majesty, and gracious condescension h: as also, to pray with and for others!
Q. 190. What do we pray for in the first petition?
A. In the first petition, (which is, Hallowed be thy namek,) acknowledging the utter inability and indisposition that is in ourselves and all men to honour God aright', we pray, that God would by his grace enable and incline us and others to know, to acknowledge, and highly to esteem him m, his titles ", attributes", ordinances, word P, 3, . And he said unto them, When ye pray, tentive, and thine eyes open, that thou say, Our Father, dc.
mayest hear the prayer of thy servant, 187. c Mat. vi. 9. Compared with Luke which I pray before thee now, day and xi. 2. (See above in letter b.]
night, for the childien of Israel thy ser188. d Mat. vi. 9.
vants, and confess the sins of the children e Luke xi. 13. If ye then, being evil, know of Israel, which we have sinned against how to give good gifts unto your children; thee: both I and my father's house have how much more shall your heavenly Fa. sinned. ther give the Holy Spirit to them that ask i Acts xii. 5. Peter therefore was kept him! Rom. viii. 15. For ye have not re- in prison; but prayer was made without ceived the spirit of bondage again to fear: ceasing of the church unto God for him. but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, 190. k Mat. vi. 9. whereby we cry, Abba, Father.
12 Cor. iii. 5. Not that we are sufficient f Isa. Ixiv. 9. Be not wroth very sore, 0 of ourselves to think any thing as of our. Lord, neither remember iniquity for ever: selves; but our sufficiency is of God. Psal. behold, see, we beseech thee, we are all li. 15. O Lord, open thou my lips; and my thy people.
mouth shall show forth thy praise. g Psal. cxxiii. 1. Unto thee lift I up minem Psal. lxvii. 2. That thy way may be eyes, I thou that dwellest in the heavens. known upon earth, thy saving health Lam. iii. 41. Let us lift up our heart with among all nations. Ver. 3. Let the people our hands unto God in the heavens.
praise thee, O God; let all the people h Isa. Ixiii. 15. Look down from heaven, praise thee. and behold from the habitation of thy n Psal. Ixxxiii. 18. That men may know holiness and of thy glory: where is thy that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH zeal and thy strength, the sounding of thy art the most High over all the earth. bowes and of thy mercies toward ine? are o Psal. Ixxxvi. 10. For thou art great, they restrained ? Ver. 16. Doubtless thou and doest wondrous things: thou art God art our Father, though Abraham be ig- alone. Ver. 11. Teach me thy way, O Lord : norant of us, and Israel acknowledge us I will walk in thy truth: unite my heart to not: thou, O Lord, art our Father, our fear thy name. Ver. 12. I will praise thee, Redeemer; thy name is from everlasting. O Lord my God, with all my heart; and I Neh. i. 4. And it came to pass, when I will glurity thy name for evermore. Ver. heard these words, that I sat down and 13. For great is thy mercy toward me; wept, and mourned certain days, and fast- and thou hast delivered my soul from the ed,' and prayed before the God of heaven, lowest hell. Ver. 15. But thou, O Lord, art Ver. 5. And said, I beseech thee, O Lord a God full of compassion, and gracious, God of heaven, the great and terrible God, long-suffering, and plenteous in mercy that keepeth covenant and mercy for them and truth. that love ... and observe his command. P 2 Thess. ii. 1. Finally, brethren, pray ments
Let thine ear now be at. for us, that the word of the Lord may
works, and whatsoever he is pleased to make himself known by 9; and to glorify him in thought, word ", and deeds : that he would prevent and remove atheism, ignorance', idolatry ", profaneness", and whatsoever is dishonourable to him ý; and, by his over-ruling providence, direct and dispose of all things to his own glory 2.
Q. 191. What do we pray for in the second petition ?
A. In the second petition, (which is, Thy kingdom come a) acknowledging ourselves and all mankind to bě by nature under the dominion of sin and Satan', we pray, that the kingdom of sin and
have free course, and be glorified, even as w Psal. xcvii. 7. Confounded be all they it is with you. Psal. cxlvii. 19. He showeth that serve graven images, that boast them. his word unto Jacob, his statutes and his selves of idols: worship him, all ye gods. judgments unto Israel. Ver. 20. He hath * Psal. lxxiv. 18. Remember this, that not dealt so with any nation : and as for the enemy hath reproached, O Lord, and his judgments, they have not known them. that the foolish people have blasphemed Praise ye the Lord. Psal. cxxxviii. 1. I thy name. Ver. 22. Arise, O God, plead will praise thee with my whole heart: be- thine own cause: remember how the fool. fore the gods will I sing praise unto thee. ish man reproacheth thee daily. Ver. 23. Ver. 2. I will worship toward thy holy Forget not the voice of thine enemies: the temple, and praise thy name for thy lov- tumult of those that rise up against thee ing-kindness, and for thy truth: for thou increaseth continually. hast magnified thy word above all thy y 2 Kings xix. 15. And Hezekiah prayed name. Ver. 3. In the day when I cried before the Lord, and said, O Lord God of thou answeredst me, and strengthenedst Israel, which dwellest between the cheru. me with strength in my soul. 2 Cor. ii. 14. bims, thou art the God, even thou alone, Now thanks be unto God, which always of all the kingdoms of the earth; thou causeth us to triumph in Christ, and mak- hast made heaven and earth. Ver. 16. eth manifest the savour of his knowledge Lord, bow down thine ear, and hear; open, by us in every place. Ver. 15. For we are Lord, thine eyes, and see; and hear the unto God a sweet savour of Christ, in words of Sennacherib, which hath sent them that are saved, and in them that him to reproach the living God. perish.
22 Chron. xx. 6. And (Jehoshaphat) said, q Psal. cxlv, throughout. I will extol thee, O Lord God of our fathers, art not thou my God, O King, &c. sal. viii, throughout. God in heaven ? and rulest not thou over O Lord our Lord, how excellent is thy all the kingdoms of the heathen ? and in name in all the earth! &c.
thine hand is there not power and might, rl'sal. cii. 1. Bless the Lord, O my soul; so that none is able to withstand thee! and all that is within me, bless his holy Ver. 10. And now, behold, the children of name. I'sal. xix. 14. Let the words of my Ammon, and Moab, and mount Seir, whom mouth, and the meditation of my heart, thou wouldest not let Israel invade, when be acceptable in thy sight, O Lord, my they came out of the land of Egypt, but strength, and my redeemer.
they turned from them, and destroyed s Phil. i. 9. And this I pray, that your them not; Ver. 11. Behold, I say, how love may abound yet more and more in they reward us, to come to cast us out of knowledge and in all judgment; Ver. 11. thy possession, which thou hast given us Being filled with the fruits of righteous. to inherit. Ver. 12. O our God, wilt thou ness, which are by Jesus Christ, unto the not judge them ? for we have no might glory and praise of God.
against this great company that cometh t Psal. lxvii. 1. God be merciful unto us, against us; neither know we what to do: and bless usand cause his face to shine but our eyes are upon thee. Psal. lxxxiii. upon us. Selah. Ver. 2. That thy way may be known upon earth, thy saving hold not thy peace, doc. Psal. cxl. 4. Keep health among all nations. Ver. 3. Let the me, O Lord, from the hands of the wicked; people praise thee, O God ; let all the peo preserve me from the violent man, who ple praise thee. Ver. 4. O let the nations have purposed to overthrow my goings. be glad, and sing for joy: for thou shalt Ver. 8. Grant not, O Lord, the desires of judge the people righteously, and govern the wicked ; further not his wicked device, the nations on earth. Selah.
lest they exalt themselves. Selah. v Eph. i. 17.' That the God of our Lord 191, a Mat. vi. 10. Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may b Eph. ii. 2. Wherein in time past ye give unto you the spirit of wisdom and walked according to the course of this revelation in the knowledge of him: Ver. world, according to the prince of the power 18. The eyes of your understanding being of the air, the spirit that now worketh in enlightened ; that ye may know what is the children of disobedience: Ver. 3. Among the hope of his calling, and what the whom also we all had our conversation in riches of the glory of his inheritance in tiines past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfill. the saints.
ing the desires of the flesh and of the
Satan may be destroyed, the gospel propagated throughout the world a, the Jews callede, the fulness of the Gentiles brought inf; the church furnished with all gospel-officers and ordinances , purgel from corruption h, countenanced and maintained by the civil magistratei : that the ordinances of Christ may be purely dispensed, and made effectual to the converting of those that are yet in their sins, and the confirming, comforting, and building up of those that are already converted k: that Christ would rule in our hearts here!, and hasten the time of his second coming, and our reigning with him for
mind ; and were by nature the children of the name of the Lord, to serve him with wratlı, even as others.
one consent. c Psal. lxviii. 1. Let God arise, let his il Tim. ii. 1. I exhort therefore, that, enemies be scattered: let them also that first of all, supplications, prayers, interhate him flee before him. Ver. 18. Thou cessions, and giving of thanks, be made hast ascended on high, thou hast led cap- for all men ; Ver. 2. For kings, and for all tivity captive: thou hast received gifts for that are in authority; that we may lead a men; yea, for the rebellious also, that the quiet and peaceable life in all godliness Lord God might dwell among them. Rev. and honesty. xii. 10. And I heard a loud voice saying k Acts iv. 29. And now, Lord, behold in heaven, Now is coine salvation, and their threatenings: and grant unto thy strength, and the kingdom of our God, servants, that with all boldness they may and the power of his Christ: for the ac- speak thy word, Ver. 30. By stretching cuser of our brethren is cast down, which forth thine hand to heal; and that signs accused them before our God day and and wonders may be done by the name of night. Ver. 11. And they overcame him thy holy child Jesus. Eph. vi. 18. Praying by the blood of the Lamb, and by the always with all prayer and supplication in word of their testimony; and they loved the Spirit, and watching thereunto with not their lives unto the death.
all perseverance and supplication for all d 2 Thess. iii. 1. Finally, brethren, pray saints; Ver. 19. And for me, that utterfor us, that the word of the Lord may have ance may be given unto me, that I may free course, and be glorified, even as it is open my mouth boldly, to make known with you.
the mystery of the gospel, Ver. 20. For e Rom. x. 1. Brethren, my heart's desire which I am an ambassador in bonds; that and prayer to God for Israel is, that they therein I may speak boldly, as I ought to might be saved.
speak. Rom. xv. 29. And I am sure that, f John xvii. 9. I pray for them: I pray when I coine unto you, I shall come in not for the world, but for them which thou the fulness of the blessing of the gospel of hast given me; for they are thine. Ver. 20. Christ. Ver. 30. Now I beseech you, breNeither pray I for these alone, but for them thren, for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, also which shall believe on me through and for the love of the Spirit, that ye strive their word. Rom. xi. 25. For I would not, together with me in your prayers to God brethren, that ye should be ignorant of for me; Ver. 32. That I may come unto this mystery, (lest ye should be wise in you with joy by the will of God, and may your own conceits,) that blindness in part with you be refreshed. 2 Thess. i. 11. is happened to Israel, until the fulness of Wherefore also we pray always for you, the Gentiles be come in. Ver. 26. And so that our God would count you worthy of all Israel shall be saved; as it is written, this calling, and fulfil all the good pleasure There shall come out of Sion the Deliver- of his goodness, and the work of faith with er, and shall turn away ungodliness from power. 2 Thess. ii. 16. Now our Lord Jesus Jacob. Psal. lxvii. throughout. God be Christ himself, and God, even our Father, merciful unto us, and bless us ; and cause which hath loved us, and hath given us his face to shine upon us, &c.
everlasting consolation, and good hope & Mat. ix. 38. Pray ye therefore the Lord through grace, Ver. 17. Comfort your of the harvest, that he will send forth hearts, and stablish you in every good labourers into his harvest. 2 Thess. iii. 1. word and work. Finally, brethren, pray for us, that the Eph. iii. 14. For this cause I bow my word of the Lord may have free course, knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus and be glorified, even as it is with you. Christ, Ver. 15. Of whom the whole family
h Mal. i. 11. For from the rising of the in heaven and earth is named. Ver. 16. sun, even unto the going down of the same, That he would grant you, according to my name shall be great among the Gen- the riches of his glory, to be strengthened tiles; and in every place incense shall be with might by his Spirit in the inner man; oftered unto my name, and a pure offering: Ver. 17. That Christ may dwell in your for my name shall be great among the hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and henthen, saith the Lord of hosts. Zeph. crounded in love, . Ver. 18. May be able to üi. 9. For then will I turn to the people a comprehend with all saints what is the pure
l age, that they may all call upon breadth, and length, and deptlı, and
@yerm: and that he would be pleased so to exercise the kingdom of his power in all the world, as may best conduce to these ends n.
Q. 192. What do we pray for in the third petition ?
A. In the third petition, (which is, Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven",) acknowledging, that by nature we and all men are not only utterly unable and unwilling to know and do the will of God P, but prone to rebel against his word 9, to repine and murmur against his providence", and wholly inclined to do the will of the flesh, and of the devils: we pray, that God would by his Spirit take away from ourselves and others all blindness t, weakness v, indisposedness", and perverseness of heart *; and by his grace make us able and willing to know, do, and submit to his will in all things y, with the like
Veshty, whils, hol, est nota
er and the inner mai. 40. Anch them asla e not
height; Ver. 19. And to know the love of of the chiding of the children of Israel, and Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye because they tempted the Lord, saying, Is might be filled with all the fulness of God. the Lord among us, or not? Numb. xiv. 2. Ver. 20. Now unto him that is able to do And all the children of Israel murmured exceeding abundantly above all that we against Moses and against Aaron; ant ask or think, according to the power that the whole congregation said unto them, Worketh in iis.
Would God that we had died in the land in Rev. xxii. 20. Ile which testifieth these of Egypt! or, would God we had died in things saith, Surely I come quickly: Amen. this wilderness! Even so, come, Lord Jesus.
s Eph. ii. 2. Wherein in time past ye n Isa. lxiv. ). Oh that thou wouldest walked according to the course of this rend the heavens, that thou wouldest come world, according to the prince of the power down, that the mountains might flow down of the air, the spirit that now worketh in at thy presence; Ver. 2. As when the the children of disobedience, melting fire burneth, the fire causeth the t Eph. i. 17. That the God of our Lord waters to boil; to make thy name known Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may to thine adversaries, that the nations may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and tremble at thy presence! Rev. iv. 8. And revelation in the knowledge of him: Ver. the four beasts had each of them six wings 18. The eyes of your understanding being about him; and they were full of eyes enlightened ; that ye may know what is within: and they rest not day and night, the hope of his calling, and what the saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Al- riches of the glory of his inheritance in mighty, which was, and is, and is to come. the saints. Ver. 9. And when those beasts give glory, Eph. iii. 16. That he would grant you, and honour, and thanks, to him that sat according to the riches of his glory, to be on the throne, who liveth for ever and strengthened with might by his Spirit in ever, Ver. 10. The four and twenty elders the inner man. fall down before him that sat on thew Mat. xxvi. 40. And he cometh unto the throne, and worship him that liveth for disciples, and findeth them asleep, and ever and ever, and cast their crowns be- saith unto Peter, What! could ve not fore the throne, saying, Ver. 11. Thou art watch with me one hour ? Ver. 41. Watch worthy, O Lord, to receive glory, and ho. and pray, that ye enter not into temptanour, and power: for thou hast created all tion: the spirit indeed is willing, but the things, and for thy pleasure they are and filesh is weak. were created.
X Jer. xxxi. 18. I have surely beard 192. o Mat. vi. 10.
Ephraim bemoaning himself thus: Thou p Rom. vii. 18. For I know that in me hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no good a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: turn thing: for to will is present with me; but thou me, and I shall be turned : for thou how to perform that which is good I find art the Lord my God. Ver. 19. Surely not. Job xxi. 14. Therefore they say unto after that I was turned, I repented; and God, Depart from us ; for we desire not after that I was instructed, I smote upon the knowledge of thy ways. 1 Cor. ii. 14. my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even con. But the natural man receiveth not the founded, because I did bear the reproach things of the Spirit of God: for they are of my youth. foolishness unto him ; neither can he knowy Psal. cxix. 1. Blessed are the undefiled them, because they are spiritually dis- in the way, who walk in the law of the cerned.
Lord. Ver. 8. I will keep thy statutes: 0 9 Rom. viii. 7. Because the carnal mind forsake me not utterly. Ver. 35. Make me is enmity against God; for it is not subject to go in the path of thy con mandments; to the law of God, neither indeed can be. for therein do I delight. Ver. 36. Incline
r Exod. xvii. 7. And he called the name my heart unto thy testimonies, and not to of the place Massah, and Meribah, because covetousness. Acts xxi, 14. And when he
humility”, cheerfulness a, faithfulness , diligence ', zeal , sincerity, and constancy ?, as the angels do in heaven.
Q. 193. What do we pray for in the fourth petition ?
Å. In the fourth petition, (which is, Give us this day our daily breadh,) acknowledging, that in Adam, and by our own sin, we havo forfeited our right to all the outward blessings of this life, and deserve to be wholly deprived of them by God, and to have them cursed to us in the use of themi; and that neither they of themselves are able to sustain us k, nor we to merit', or by our own industry to procure them m; but prone to desire ", get', and use them unlawfully P :
would not be persuaded, we ceased, say- 193. h Mat. vi. 11. ing. The will of the Lord be done.
i Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the knowz Mic. vi. 8. He hath showed thee, Oledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat man, what is good; and what doth the of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof Lord require of thee, but to do justly, and thou shalt surely die. Gen. iii. 17. And to love mercy, and to walk humbly with unto Adam he said, Because thou hast thy God?
hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and å Psal. c. 2. Serve the Lord with glad. hast eaten of the tree, of which I comness; come before his presence with sing- manded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat ing. Job i. 21. And (Job) said, Naked came of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake: I out of my mother's womb, and naked in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days shall I return thither : the Lord gave, and of thy life. Rom. viii. 20. For the creature the Lord hath taken away ; blessed be the was made subject to vanity, not willingly, name of the Lord. 2 Sam. xv, 25. And the but by reason of him who hath subjected king said unto Zadok, Carry back the ark the same in hope; Ver. 21. Because the of God into the city: if I shall find favour creature itself also shall be delivered from in the eyes of the Lord, he will bring me the bondage of corruption into the glorious again, and show me both it and his habi. liberty of the children of God. Ver. 22. tation. * Ver. 26. But if he thus say, I For we know that the whole creation have no delight in thee; behold, here am groaneth and travaileth in pain together I, let him do to me as seemeth good unto until now. Jer, v. 25. Your iniquities have him.
turned away these things, and your sins b Isa. xxxviii. 3. And said, Remember have with holden good things from you. now, O Lord, I beseech thee, how I have Deut. xxviii. from l'erse 15. to the end of the walked before thee in truth, and with a Chapter. Ver. 15. But it shall come to perfect heart, and have done that which pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the is good in thy sight: and Hezekiah wept voice of the Lord thy God, to observe to sore.
do all his commandments and his statutes, c Psal. cxix. 4. Thou hast commanded which I command thee this day, that all us to keep thy precepts diligently. Ver. 5. these curses shall come upon thee, and O that my ways were directed to keep thy overtake thee. Ver. 16. Cursed shalt thou statutes!
be in the city, and cursed shalt thou be in d Rom. xii. 11. Not slothful in business; the field. Ver. 17. Cursed shall be thy fervent in spirit ; serving the Lord.
basket and thy store, de e Psal. cxix. 80. Let my heart be sound k Deut. viii. 3. And he humbled thee, in thy statutes, that I be not ashamed. and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee
f Psal. cxix, 112. I have inclined mine with manna, which thou knewest not, heart to perform thy statutes alway, even neither did thy fathers know; that he unto the end.
might make thee know that man doth not & Isa. vi. 2. Above it stood the sera- live by bread only, but by every word that phims: each one had six wings; with proceedeth out of the mouth of the Lord twain he covered his face, and with twain doth man live. he covered his feet, and with twain he did 1 Gen. xxxii. 10. I am not worthy of the tly. Ver. 3. And one cried into another, least of all the mercies, and of all the and said, Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of truth, which thou hast showed unto thy hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory. Servant:Psal. ciii. 20. Bless the Lord, ye his angels, m Deut. viii. 17. And thou say in thine that excel in strength, that do his com- heart, My power, and the might of mine mandments, hearkening unto the voice of hand, hath gotten me this wealth. Ver. 18, his word. Ver. 21. Bless ye the Lord, all But thou shalt remember the Lord thy ve his hosts; ye ministers of his, that do God: for it is he that giveth thee power his pleasure. Mat. xviii. 10. Take beed to get wealth, that he may establish his that ye despise not one of these little ones: covenant which he sware unto thiy tathers, for I say unto you, That in heaven their as it is this day. angels do always behold the face of my n Jer, vi. 13. For from the least of thein Father which is in heaven,
even unto the greatest of them, every ono