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indiscreet zeal'; lukewarmness", and deadness in the things of God?, estranging ourselves, and apostatizing from God '; praying, or giving any religious worship, to saints, angels, or any other creatures ? ; all compacts and consulting with the devila, and hearkening to his suggestions b; making men the lords of our faith and conscience ®; slighting and despising God and his commands d ; resisting and grieving of his Spirite, discontent and impatience at
Gal. iv. 17. They zealously affect you, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worbut not well ; yea, they would exclude you, ship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt that ye might affect them. John xvi. 2. thou serve. Col. ii. 18. Let no man beguile They shall put you out of the synagogues: you of your reward in a voluntary hu. yea, the time cometh, that whosoever kill- mility, and worshipping of angels, intrudeth you will think that he doeth God ser- ing into those things which he hath not vice. Rom. X. 2. For I bear them record, seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind. that they have a zeal of God, but not ac- Rom. i. 25. Who changed the truth of Gol cording to knowledge. Luke ix. 54. And into a lie, and worshipped and served the when his disciples James and John saw creature more than the Creator, who is this, they said, Lord, wilt thou that we blessed for ever. command fire to come down from heaven, a Lev. xx. 6. And the soul that turneth and consume them, even as Elias did i after such as have familiar spirits, and Ver. 55. But he turned, and rebuked them, after wizards, to go a whoring after them, and said, Ye know not what manner of I will even set my face against that soul, spirit ye are of.
and will cut him off from among bis peow Rev. iii. 16. So then because thou art ple. 1 Sam. xxviii. 7. Then said Saul uno lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will his servants, Seek me a woman that hath spue thee out of my mouth.
a familiar spirit, that I may go to her, and * Rev. iii. 1. And unto the angel of the enquire of her. And his servants said to church in Sardis write; These things saith him, Behold, there is a woman that hath he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and a familiar spirit at En-dor. Ver. 11. Then the seven stars; I know thy works, that said the woman, Whom shall I bring up thou hast a name that thou livest, and art unto thee? And he said, Bring me up dead.
Samuel. Compared with 1 Chron. X. 13. y Ezek. xiv. 5. That I may take the So Saul died for his transgression which he house of Israel in their own heart, be- committed against the Lord, even against cause they are all estranged from me the word of the Lord, which he kept not, through their idols. Isa. i. 4. Ah sinful and also for asking counsel of one that nation, a people laden with iniquity, a had a familiar spirit, to enquire of it; Ver. seed of evil-doers, children that are cor- 14. And enquired not of the Lord : thererupters! They have forsaken the Lord, fore he slew him, and turned the kingdom they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto David the son of Jesse. unto anger, they are gone away backward. b Acts v. 3. But Peter said, Ananias, Ver. 5. Why should ye be stricken any why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to more? ye will revolt more and more. The the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of whole head is sick, and the whole heart the price of the land? faint.
c 2 Cor. i. 24. Not for that we have do. z Rom. x. 13. For whosoever shall call minion over your faith, but are helpers of upon the name of the Lord shall be saved. your joy: for by faith ye stand. Mat. xxiii. Ver. 14. Ilow then shall they call on him 9. And call no man your father upon the in whom they have not believed? and how earth: for one is your father, which is in shall they believe in him of whom they heaven. have not heard ? and how shall they hear d Deut. xxxii. 15. But Jeshurun waxed without a preacher? Hosea iv. 12. My fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou people ask counsel at their stocks, and art grown thick, thou art covered with their staff declareth unto them: for the fatness: then he forsook God which made spirit of whoredoms hath caused them to him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his err, and they have gone a whoring from salvation. 2 Sam. xii. 9. Wherefore hast under their God. Acts x. 25. And as Peter thou despised the commandment of the was coming in, Cornelius met him, and Lord, to do evil in his sight? Thou hast fell down at his feet, and worshipped him. killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, Ver. 26. But Peter took him up, saying, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and Stand up; I myself also am a man. "Rev. hast slain him with the sword of the chilxix. 10. And I fell at his feet to worship dren of Ammon. Prov. xiii. 13. Whoso him. And he said unto me, See thou do despiseth the word shall be destroyed : it not: I am thy fellow-servant, and of thy but he that feareth the commandment brethren have the testimony of Jesus: shall be rewarded. worship God: for the testimony of Jesus e Acts vii. 51. Ye stiff-necked and uncir. is the spirit of prophecy. Mat. iv. 10. Then cumcised in heart and ears, ye do always saith Jesus uitu him, Get thee hence, resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did,
his dispensations, charging him foolishly for the evils he inflicts on usf; and ascribing the praise of any good we either are, have, or can do, to fortune 5, idols", ourselves", or any other creature k.
Q. 106. What are we specially taught by these words [before me) in the first commandment ?
Å. These words [before me) or before my face, in the first command. ment, teach us, that God, who seeth all things, taketh special notice of, and is much displeased with, the sin of having any other God : that so it may be an argument to dissuade from it, and to aggravate it as a most impudent provocation': as also to persuade us to do as in his sight, whatever we do in his service m.
Q. 107. Which is the second commandment ?
A. The second commandment is, Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me ; and showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments n.
Q. 108. What are the duties required in the second commandment?
A. The duties required in the second commandment are, the reso do ye. Eph. iv, 30. And grieve not the and whose are all thy ways, hast thou not Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed glorified. unto the day of redemption.
i Deut. viii. 17. And thou say in thine f Psal. lxxiii. 2.
But as for me, my feet heart, My power, and the might of mine were almost gone: my steps had well nigh hand, hath gotten me this wealth. Dan. slipped. Ver. 3. For I was envious at the iv. 30. The king spake, and said, Is not foolish, when I saw the prosperity of the this great Babylon, that I have built for wicked. Ver. 13. Verily I have cleansed the house of the kingdom, by the might my heart in vain, and washed my hands of my power, and for the honour of my in innocency. Ver. 14. For all the day majesty? long have I been plagued, and chastened * Hab. i. 16. Therefore they sacrifice every morning. Ver. 15. If I say, I will unto their net, and burn incense unto speak thus; behold, I should offend against their drag; because by them their portion the generation of thy children, Ver. 22. is fat, and their meat plenteous. So foolish was I, and ignorant: I was as a 106. 1 Ezek. viii. 5. Then said he unto beast before thee. Job i. 22. In all this me, Son of man, lift up thine eyes now the Job sinned not, nor charged God foolishly. way toward the north. So I lifted up mine
81 Sam. vi. 7. Now therefore make a eyes the way toward the north, and behold new cart, and take two milch-kine, on northward at the gate of the altar this
come no yoke, and tie image jealousy in the entry. the kine to the cart, and bring their calves He said furthermore unto me, Son of man, home from them : Ver. 8. And take the ark seest thou what they do! even the great of the Lord, and lay it upon the cart; and abominations that the house of Israel put the jewels of gold, which ye return committeth here, that I should go far off him for a trespass-offering, in a coffer by from my sanctuary? But turn thee yet the side thereof; and send it away, that it again, and thou shalt see greater abomi. may go. Ver. 9. And see, if it goeth up by nations, &c. (to the end of the Chapter.) the way of his own coast to Beth-shemesh, Psal. xliv. 20. If we have forgotten the then he hath done us this great evil: but name of our God, or stretched out our if not, then we shall know that it is not hands to a strange god; Ver. 21. Shall his hand that smote us; it was a chance not God search this out ? for he knoweth that happened to us.
h Dan. v. 23. But hast lifted up thyself m 1 Chron. xxviii. 9. And thou, Solomon against the Lord of heaven; and they have my son, know thou the God of thy father, bronght the vessels of his house before and serve him with a perfect heart, and thee, and thou and thy lords, thy wives with a willing mind; for the Lord searchand thy concubines, have drunk wine in eth all hearts, and understandeth all the them; and thou hast praised the gods of imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and him, he will be found of thee; but if thou stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: forsake him, he will cast thee off for ever. and the God in whose hand thy breath is, 107. • Exod. xx. 4, 5, 6.
which there hat!
the secrets of the heart.
ceiving, observing, and keeping pure and entire, all such religious worship and ordinances as God hath instituted in his word •; particularly prayer and thanksgiving in the name of Christ P ; the reading, preaching, and hearing of the word 9; the administration and receiving of the sacraments"; church government and disciplines ; the ministry and maintenance thereoft , religious fasting *; swearing by the name of God w, and vowing unto him:: as also the disapproy
108. . Deut. xxxii. 46. And he said unto 23. to Verse 30. For I have received of the them, Set your hearts unto all the words Lord that which also I delivered unto you, which I testify among you this day, which That the Lord Jesus, the same night in ye shall command your children to observe which he was betrayed, took bread, &c. to do, all the words of this law. Ver. 47. s Mat. xviii. 15. Moreover, if thy brother For it is not a vain thing for you; because shall trespass against thee, go and tell it is your life: and through this thing ye him his fault between thee and him alone: shall prolong your days in the land whither it he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy ye go over Jordan to possess it. Mat. xxviii. brother. Ver. 16. But if he will not hear 20. Teaching them to observe all things thee, then take with thee one or two more, whatsoever I have commanded you: and, that in the mouth of two or three witnesses lo, I am with you alway, even unto the every word may be established. Ver. 17. end of the world. Acts ii. 42. And they And if he shall neglect to hear them, tel! cuntinued stedfastly in the apostles' doc- it unto the church: but if he neglect to trine and fellowship, and in breaking of hear the church, let him be unto thee as bread, and in prayers. 1 Tim. vi. 13. I an heathen man and a publican. Mat. give thee charge in the sight of God, who xvi. 19. And I will give unto thee the keys quickeneth all things, and before Christ of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound a good confession, Ver. 14. That thou keep in heaven; and whatsoever thou shalt this commandment without spot, unre- loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. bukeable, until the appearing of our Lord 1 Cor. Chapter vi 1 Cor. xii. 28. And God Jesus Christ.
hath set some in the church, first, aposp Phil. iv. 6. Be careful for nothing: but tles ; secondarily, prophets; thirdly, teach. in every thing by prayer and supplication, ers; after that miracles ; then gifts of with thanksgiving, let your requests be healings, belps, governments, diversities made known unto God. Eph. v. 20. Giving of tongues. thanks always for all things unto God and Eph. iv. 11. And he gave some, apostles; the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus and some, prophets; and some, evangelists;
and some, pastors and teachers ; Ver. 12. 9 Deut. xvii. 18. And it shall be, when he For the perfecting of the saints, for the sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, work of the ministry, for the edifying of that he shall write him a copy of this law the body of Christ. 1 Tim. v. 17. Let the in a book, out of that which is before the elders that rule well be counted worthy of priests the Levites: Ver. 19. And it shall double honour, especially they who labour be with him, and he shall read therein all in the word and doctrine. Ver. 18. For the days of his life; that he may learn to the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle fear the Lord his 'God, to keep all the the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, words of this law, and these statutes, to The labourer is worthy of his reward. do them. Acts xv. 21. For Moses of old I Cor. ix. 7--15. Who goeth a warfare any time hath in every city them that preach time at his own charges? who planteth a him, being read in the synagogues every vineyard, and eateth not of the fruit theresabbath-day. 2 Tim. iv. 2. Preach the of? or who feedeth a flock, and eateth not word; be instant in season, out of season; of the milk of the flock ! dc. reprove, rebuke, exhort, with all long-suf- v Joel ii. 12. Therefore also now, saith fering and doctrine. James i. 21. Where- the Lord, Turn ye even to me with all your fore, lay apart all filthiness, and super- heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, fuity of naughtiness, and receive with and with mourning; Ver. 13. And rend meekness the ingrafted word, which is your heart, and not your garments, and able to save your souls: Ver. 22. But be turn unto the Lord your God: for he is ye doers of ihe word, and not hearers gracious and mercifül.-1 Cor. vii. 5. Deonly, deceiving your own selves. Acts x. fraud ye not one the other, except it be 33. Immediately therefore I sent to thee; with consent for a time, that ye may give and thou hast well done that thou art yourselves to fasting and prayer.
Now therefore are we all here pre- w Deut. vi. 13. Thou shalt fear the Lord sent before God, to hear all things ihat thy God, and serve bim, and shalt swear are commanded thee of God.
by his name. Go ye therefore, and * Isa. xix. 21. And the Lord shall be teach all nations, baptizing them in the known to Egypt, and the Egyptians shall name of the Father, and of the Son, and know the Lord in that day, and shall do of the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. from V'erse sacrifice and oblation; yea, they shall vow
Mat. xxviii. 19.
ing, detesting, opposing, all false worship.; and, according to each one's place and calling, removing it, and all monuments of idolatry”.
Q. 109. What are the sins forbidden in the second commandment ?
A. The sins forbidden in the second commandment are, all devising", counselling, commandingo, using", and any wise approving, any religious worship not instituted by God himself® ; tolerating a false religion ; the making any representation of God, of all or of any of the three persons, either inwardly in our mind, or outwardly
a vow unto the Lord, and perform it. Psal. Milcom the god of the children of Ammon, lxxvi. 11. Vow, and pay unto the Lord your and have not walked in my ways, to do God: let all that be round about him bring that which is right in mine eyes, and to presents unto him that ought to be feared. keep my statutes and my judgments, as
y Acts xvii. 16. Now, while Paul waited did David his father. 1 Kings xii. 33. So for them at Athens, his spirit was stirred he offered upon the altar which he had in him, when he saw the city wholly given made in Beth-el the fifteenth day of the to idolatry. Ver. 17. Therefore disputed eighth month, even in the month which he in the synagogue with the Jews, and he had devised of his own heart; and orwith the devout persons, and in the mar- dained a feast unto the children of Israel: ket daily with then that met with him. and he offered upon the altar, and burnt Psal. xvi. 4. Their sorrows shall be multi- incense. plied that hasten after another god: their e Deut. xii. 30. Take heed to thyself that drink-offerings of blood will I not offer, thou be not snared by following then, nor take up their names into my lips. after that they be destroyed from before
z Deut. vii. 5. But thus shall ye deal with thee; and that thou enquire not after them; ye shall destroy their altars, and their gods, saying, How did these nations break down their images, and cut down serve their gods? even so will I do liketheir groves, and burn their graven images wise. Ver. 31. Thou shalt not do so unto with fire. Isa. xxx. 22. Ye shall defile also the Lord thy God: for every abomination the covering of thy graven images of silver, to the Lord which he hateth have they and the ornament of thy molten images done unto their gods; for even their sons of gold: thou shalt cast them away as a and their daughters they have burnt in menstruous cloth; thou shalt say unto it, the fire to their gods. Ver. 32. What Get thee hence.
thing soever I command you, observe to 109. a Numb. xv. 39. And it shall be unto do it: thou shalt not add thereto, nor you for a fringe, that ye may look upon it, diminish from it. and remember all the commandments of f Deut. xiii. from Verse 6. to 12. (See the Lord, and do them; and that ye seek Letter b.] Zech. xiii. 2. And it shall come to not after your own heart, and your own pass in that day, saith the Lord of hosts, eyes, after which ye use to go a whoring. that I will cut off the names of the idols
b Deut. xiii. 6. If thy brother, the son out of the land, and they shall no more be of thy mother, or thy son, or thy daughter, remembered ; and also I will cause the or the wife of thy bosom, or thy friend, prophets and the unclean spirit to pass which is as thine own soul, entice thee out of the land. Ver. 3. And it shall come secretly, saying, Let us go and serve other to pass, that when any shall yet prophesy, gods, which thou hast known, thou, then his father and his mother that begat nor thy fathers; Ver. 7. Namely, of the him shall say unto him, Thou shalt not gods of the people which are round about live; for thou speakest lies in the name of you, nigh unto thee, or far off from thee, the Lord: and his father and his mother from the one end of the earth even unto that begat him shall thrust him through the other end of the earth; Ver. 8. Thou when he prophesieth. Rev. ii. 2. I know shalt not consent unto him, nor hearken thy works, and thy labour, and thy unto him; neither shall thine eye pity patience, and how thou canst not bear him, neither shalt thou spare, neither them which are evil: and thou hast tried shalt thou conceal himn.
them which say they are apostles, and are c Hosea v. 11. Ephraim is oppressed and not, and hast found them liars. Ver. 14. broken in judgment, because he willingly But I have a few things against thee, bewalked after the commandment. Micah cause thou hast there them that hold the vi. 16. For the statutes of Omri are kept, doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to and all the works of the house of Ahab, cast a stumblingblock before the children and ye walk in their counsels; that I of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto should make thee a desolation, and the idols, and to commit fornication. Ver. 15. inl.abitants thereof an hissing: therefore So hast thou also them that hold the ye shall bear the reproach of my people. doctrine of the Nicolaitanes, which thing
d* 1 Kings xi. 33. Because that they I hate. Ver. 20. Notwithstanding I have have forsaken me, and have worshipped a few things against thee, because thou Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, sufferest that woman Jezebel, which callChemosh the god of the Moabites, and eth herself a prophetess, to teach and to.
in any kind of image or likeness of any creature whats: ever & ; all worshipping of ith, or God in it or by iti; the making of any reprosentation of feigned deities k, and all worship of them, or service belonging to them'; all superstitious devices m corrupting the worship of God", adding to it, or taking from it', whether invented and taken up of ourselves P, or received by tradition from others 9, though
my servants to commit fornication, made proclamation, and said, To-morrow and to eat things sacrificed unto idols. is a feast to the Lord. Rev. xvii. 12. And the ten horns which k Exod. xxxii. 8. They have turned aside thou sawest are ten kings, which have re- quickly out of the way which I commandceived no kingdom as yet; but receive ed them: they have made them a moiten power as kings one hour with the beast. calf, and have worshipped it, and have Ver. 16. And the ten horns which thou sacrificed thereunto, and said, These be sawest upon the beast, these shall hate the thy gods, O Israel, which have brought whore, and shall make her desolate and thee up out of the land of Egypt. naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn 11 kings xviii. 26. And they took the her with fire. Ver. 17. For God hath put bullock which was given them, and they in their hearts to fulfil his will, and to agree, dressed it, and called on the name of Baal and give their kingdom unto the beast, from morning, even until noon, saying, 0 until the words of God shall be fulfilled. Baal, hear us ! But there was no voice,
& Deut. iv. 15. Take ye therefore good nor any that answered. And they leaped heed unto yourselves, (for ye saw upon the altar which was made. "Ver. 28. manner of similitude on the day that the And they cried aloud, and cut themselves, Lord spake unto you in Horeb out of the after their manner, with knives and lanmidst of the fire,) Ver. 16. Lest ye corrupt cets, till the blood gushed out upon them. yourselves, and make you a graven image, Isa. lxv. 11. But ye are they that forsake the similitude of any figure, the likeness the Lord, that forget my holy mountain, of male or female; Ver. 17. The likeness that prepare a table for that troop, and of any beast that is on the earth, the like that furnish the drink-offering unto that ness of any winged fowl that fieth in the number. air; Ver. 18. The likeness of any thing m Acts xvii. 22. Then Paul stood in the that creepeth on the ground, the likeness midst of Mars-hill, and said, Ye men of of any fish that is in the waters beneath Athens, I perceive that in all things ye are the earth : Ver. 19. And lest thou lift up too superstitious. Col. ii. 21. (Touch not, thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou taste not, handle not; Ver. 22. Which all seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, are to perish with the using,) after the even all the host of heaven, shouldest bé commandments and doctrines of men. driven to worship them, and serve them, Ver. 23. Which things have indeed a show which the Lord thy God hath divided unto of wisdom in will-worship, and humility, all nations under the whole heaven. Acts and neglecting of the body; not in any xvii. 29. Forasmuch then as we are the honour to the satisfying of the flesh. offspring of God, we ought not to think n Mal. i. 7. Ye offer polluted bread upon that the Godhead is like unto gold, or mine altar; and ye say, Wherein have wo silver, or stone, graven hy art and man's polluted thee? În that ye say, The table device. Rom. i. 21. Because that, when of the Lord is contemptible. Ver. 8. And they knew God, they glorified him not as if ye offer the blind for sacrifice, is it not God, neither were thankful; but became evil ? and if ye offer the lame and sick, is vain in their imaginations, and their fool- it not evil ? offer it now unto thy goverish heart was darkened. Ver. 22. Profuss- nor; will he be pleased with thee, or acing, themselves to be wise, they became cept thy person ! saith the Lord of hosts. fools, Ver. 23. And changed the glory of Ver. 14. But cursed be the deceiver, which the uncorruptible God into an image hath in his flock a male, and voweth, and made like to corruptible man, and to birds, sacrificeth unto the Lord a corrupt thing: and four-footed beasts, and creeping for I am a great King, saith the Lord of things. Ver. 25. Who changed the truth hosts, and my name is dreadful among of God into a lie, and worshipped and the heathen. served the creature more than the Creator, o Deut. iv. 2. Ye shall not add unto the who is blessed for ever. Amen.
word which I command you, neither shall h Dan. iii. 18. But if not, be it known ye diminish ought from it, that ye may unto thee, O king, that we will not serve keep the commandments of the Lord your thy gods, nor worship the golden image God which I command you. which thou hast set up. Gal. iv. 8. How- p Psal. cvi. 39. Thus were they debeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did filed with their own works, and went : service unto them which by nature are no whoring with their own inventions. gods.
9 Mat. xv. 9. But in vain they do wori Exod. xxxii. 5. And when Aaron saw ship me, teaching for doctrines the comit, he built an altar before it; and Aaron mandments of men.