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noss to them, and requiring nothing of them for their justification but faith', which also is his gifts, their justification is to them of free graceh
Q. 72. What is justifying faith?
Ă. Justifying faith is a saving grace', wrought in the heart of a sinner by the Spirit k and word of God', whereby he, being convinced of his sin and misery, and of the disability in himself and all other creatures to recover him out of his lost condition m, not only assenteth to the truth of the promise of the gospel", but receiveth and resteth upon Christ and his righteousness, therein held forth, for pardon of sino, and for the accepting and accounting of his person righteous in the sight of God for salvation P.
the travail of his soul, and shall be satis- calling, and what the riches of the glory fied: by his knowledge shall my righteous of his inheritance in the saints, Ver. 19. servant justify many; for he shall bear And what is the exceeding greatness of their iniquities. Ver. 12. Therefore will I his power to us-ward who believe, accorddivide him a portion with the great, and ing to the working of his mighty power. he shall divide the spoil with the strong; i Rom. x. 14. How then shall they call because he hath poured out his soul unto on him in whom they have not believed ? death: and he was numbered with the and how shall they believe in him of whom transgressors; and he bare the sin of they have not heard ? and how shall they many, and made intercession for the hear without a preacher ? * Ver. 17. So transgressors. lieb. vii. 22. By so much then faith cometh by hearing, and hearwas Jesus made a surety of a better testa. ing by the word of God. ment. Rom. viii. 32. He that spared not m Acts ii. 37. Now when they heard this, his own Son, but delivered him up for us they were pricked in their heart, and said all, how shall he not with him also freely unto Peter, and to the rest of the apostles, give us all things? 1 Pet. i. 18. Foras- Men and brethren, what shall we del Acts much as ye know that ye were not re- xvi. 30. And brought them out, and said, deemed with corruptible things, as silver Sirs, what must I do to be saved ? John and gold, from your vain conversation re- xvi. 8. And when he is come, he will received by tradition from your fathers ; prove the world of sin, and of righteousVer. 19. But with the precious blood of ness, and of judgment: l'er. 9. Of sin, beChrist, as of a lamb without blemish and cause they believe not on me. Rom. v. 6. without spot.
For when we were yet without strength, e 2 Cor. v. 21. For he hath made him to in due time Christ died for the ungodly. be sin for us, who knew no sin ; that we Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he quickened, might be made the righteousness of God who were dead in trespasses and sins. in him.
Acts iv, 12. Neither is there salvation in f Roin. iii. 24. Being justified freely by any other: for there is none other name his grace, through the redemption that is unler heaven given among men whereby in Christ Jesus ; Ver. 25. Whom God hath we must be saved. set forth to be a propitiation through faith n Eph. i. 13. In whom ye also trusted, in his blood, to declare his righteousness after that ye heard the word of truth, the for the remission of sins that are past, gospel of your salvation: in whom also, through the forbearance of God.
after that ye believed, ye were sealed with g Eph. ii. 8. For by grace are ye saved that Iloly Spirit of promise. through faith ; and that not of yourselves: o John i. 12. But as many as received it is the gift of God.
him, to them gave he power to become the h Eph. i. 7. In whom we have redemption sons of God, even to them that believe on through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, his name. Acts xvi. 31. And they said, accorsling to the riches of his grace. Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and
72. i Heb. x. 39. But we are not of them thou shalt be saved, and thy house. Acts who draw back unto perdition; but of X. 43. To him give all the prophets witness, them that believe to the saving of the soul that, through his name, whosoever believ
k 2 Cor. iv. 13. We having the same spirit eth in him shall receive remission of of faith, according as it is written, I be- sins. lieved, and therefore have I spoken ; we P Phil. iii. 9. And be found in him, not also believe, and therefore speak. Eph. i. having mine own righteousness, which is 17. That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, of the law, but that which is through the the Father of glory, may give unto you faith of Christ, the righteousness which is the spirit of wisdorn and revelation in the of God by raith. Acts xv, 11. But we beknowledge of him: Ver. 18. The eyes of lieve that, through the grace of the Lord your understanding, being enlightened ; Jesus Christ, we shall be silved, even as that ye may know what is the hope of his they.
Q. 73. How doth faith justify a sinner in the sight of God ?
A. Faith justifies a sinner in the sight of God, not because of those other graces which do always accompany it, or of good works that are the fruits of it9, nor as if the grace of faith, or any act thereof, were imputed to him for his justification"; but only as it is an instrument by which he receivetń and applieth Christ and his righteousness s.
Q. 74. What is alloption ?
Ă. Adoption is an act of the free grace of Godt, in and for his only Son Jesus Christ', whereby all those that are justified are received into the number of his children ", have his name put upon them", the Spirit of his Son given to them y, are under his fatherly care and dispensations 2, admitted to all the liberties and privileges of the sons of God, made heirs of all the promises, and fellow-heirs with Christ in glory a
Q. 75. What is sanctification ?
A. Sanctification is a work of God's grace, whereby they whom God hath, before the foundation of the world, chosen to be holy, are in time, through the powerful operation of his Spirit applying the death and resurrection of Christ unto them, renewed in their whole
73. q Gal. iii. 11. But that no man is * 2 Cor. vi. 18. And will be a Father justified by the law in the sight of God, it unto you, and ye shall be my sons and is evident: for, The just shall live by faith. daughters, saith the Lord Almighty. Rev. Rom. iii. 28. Therefore we conclude, that iii. 12. Ilim that overcometh will I make a mau is justified by faith without the a pillar in the temple of my God, and he deels of the law.
shall go no rnore out: and I will write r Rom. iv. 5. But to him that worketh upon him the name of my God, and the not, but believeth on him that justifieth name of the city of my God, which is new the ungodly, his faith is counted for righe Jerusalem, which cometh down out of teousness. Compared with Rom. x. 10. For heaven from my God; and I will write with the heart man believeth unto righte- upon him my new name. ousness; and with the mouth confession y Gal. iv. 6. And because ye are sons, is made unto salvation.
God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son s Julin i. 12. But as many as received into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. him, to them gave he power to become the z Psal. ciii. 13. Like as a father pitieth sons of God, even to them that believe on his children, so the Lord pitieth them that his name.
T'hil. ii. 9. And be found in fear him. Prov. xiv. 26. In the fear of the him, not having mine own righteousness, Lord is strong confidence; and his chil. which is of the law, but that which is dren shall have a place of refuge. Mat. vi. through the faith of Christ, the righteous- 32. For your heavenly Father knoweth ness which is of God by faith. Gal. ii. 16. that ye have need of all these things. Knowing that a man is not justified by a Heb, vi. 12. That ye be not slothful, the works of the law, but by the faith of but followers of them who through faith Jesus Christ, even we have believed in and patience inherit the promises. Rom. Jesus Christ, that we might be justified viii. 17. And if children, then heirs ; heirs by the faith of Christ, and not by the of God, and joint-heirs with Christ: if so works of the law: for by the works of the be that we suffer with him, that we may law shall no flesh be justified.
be also glorified together. 74. tl John iii. 1. Behold what manner 75. b Eph. i. 4. According as he hath of love the father hath bestowed upon us, chosen us in him before the foundation of that we should be called the sons of God! the world, that we should be holy and
v Eph. i. 5. Having predestinated us without blame before him in love. 1 Cor. unto the adoption of children by Jesus vi. 11. And such were some of you: but ye Christ to himself, according to the good are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye pleasure of his will. Gal. iv. 4. But when are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, the fulness of the time was come, God and by the Spirit of our God. 2 Thess. ii. sent forth his Son, made of woman, 13. But we are bound to give thanks alway made under the law, Ver. 5. To redeem to God for you, brethren beloved of the them that were under the law, that we Lord, because God hath from the begin. might receive the adoption of sons.
ning chosen you to salvation through w John i. 12. But as many as received sanctification of the Spirit, and belief of him, to thein gave he power to become the truth. the sous of God, even to them that believe c Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are buried on his name.
with him by baptism into death; that like
man after the image of Godd; having the seeds of repentance unto life, and all other saving graces, put into their hearts", and those graces so stirred up, increased, and strengthened', as that they more and more die unto sin, and rise unto newness of life 8.
Q. 76. What is repentance unto life?
A. Repentance unto life is a saving grace ", wrought in the heart of a sinner by the Spirit and word of Godk, whereby out of the sight
a and sense, not only of the danger!, but also of the filthiness an:) odiousness of his sins m, and upon the apprehension of God's mercy as Christ was raised up from the dead by the law, but under grace. Gal. v. 24. And the glory of the Father, even so we also they that are Christ's have crucified the should walk in newness of life. Ver. 5. Hesh, with the affections and lusts. For if we have been planted together in
76. h 2 Tim. ii. 25. In meekness instruct. the likeness of his death, we shall be also ing those that oppose themselves; if God in the likeness of his resurrection : Ver. 6. peradventure will give them repentance Knowing this, that our old man is cruci, to the acknowledging of the truth. fied with him, that the body of sin might i Zech, xii. 10. And I will pour upon the be destroyed, that henceforth we should house of David, and upon the inhabitants not serve sin.
of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of d Eph. iv. 23. And be renewed in the supplications; and they shall look upon spirit of your mind; Ver. 24. And that ye me whom they have pierced, and they put on the new man, which after God is shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for created in righteousness and true holiness. his only son, and shall be in bitterness for
e Acts xi. 18. When they heard these him, as one that is iu bitterness for his things, they held their peace, and glorified first-born. God, saying, Then hath God also to the k Acts xi. 18. When they heard these Gentiles granted repentance unto life. things, they held their peace, and glorified 1 John iii. 9. Whosoever is born of God God, saying, Then hath God also to the doth not commit sin; for his seed remain. Gentiles granted repentance unto life. ethi in him: and he cannot sin, because he Ver. 20. And some of them were men of is born of God.
Cyprus and Cyrene, which, when they I Jude, Ver. 20. But ye, beloved, building were come to Antioch, spake unto the up yourselves on your most holy faith, Grecians, preaching the Lord Jesus. Ver. praying in the Holy Ghost. Heb. vi. 11. 21. And the hand of the Lord was with And we desire that every one of you do them: and a great number believed, and show the same diligence, to the full assur- turned unto the Lord. ance of hope unto the end : Ver. 12. That 1 Ezek. xviii. 28. Because he considereth, ye be not slothful, but followers of them and turneth away from all his transgres. who through faith and patience inherit sions that he hath committed, he shall the promises. Eph. iii. 16. That he would surely live, he shall not die. Ver.S0. Theregrant you, according to the riches of his fore I will judge you, O house of Israel, glory, to be strengthened with might by every one according to his ways, saith the his Spirit in the inner man; Ver. 17. That Lord God. Repent, and turü yourselves Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; from all your transgressions; so iniquity that ye, being rooted and grounded in love, shall not be your ruin. Ver. 32. For I have Ver. 18. May be able to comprehend with no pleasure in the death of him that dieth, all saints what is the breadth, and length, saith the Lord God; wherefore turn your. and depth, and height; Ver. 19. And to selves, and live ye. Luke xv. 17. And when know the love of Christ, which passeth he came to himself, he said, How many knowledge, that ye might be filled with hired servants of iny father's have bread all the fulness of God. Col. i. 10. That ye enough, and to spare, and I perish with migit walk worthy of the Lord unto all hunger! Ver. 18. I will arise, and go to pleasing, being fruitrul in every good work, my father, and will say unto him, Father, and increasing in the knowledge of God; I have sinned against Ileaven, and before Ver. 11. Strengthened with all might, ac. thee. llos. ii. 6. Therefore, behold, I will cording to his glorious power, unto all hedge up thy way with thorns, and make patience and long-suffering with joyful- a wall, that she shall not find her paths. ness.
Ver. 7. And she shall follow after her & Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are buried lovers, but she shall not overtake them; with him by baptism in to death; that like and she shall seek them, but shall not as Christ was raised up from the dead by find them: then shall she say, I will go the glory of the Father, even so we also and return to my first husband; for then should walk in newness of life. Ver. 6. was it better with me than now. knowing this, that our old man is crucified m Ezek. xxxvi. 31. Then shall ye remem. with him, that the body of sin might be ber your own evil ways, and your doings destroyed, that henceforth we should not that were not good, and shall loathe your. serve sin.
Ver. 14. For sin shall not have selves in your own sight, for your iniqui. dominion over you: for ye are not under tics, aud for your abominations. Isa. xxx.
in Christ to such as are penitent", he so grieves foro and hates his sins P, as that he turns from them all to God ?, purposing and endeavouring constantly to walk with him in all the ways of new obedience ?
Q. 77. Wherein do justification and sanctification differ?
A. Although sanctification be inseparably joined with justification”, yet they differ, in that God in justification imputeth the righteousness of Christ t; in sanctification his Spirit infuseth grace, and enableth to the exercise thereofv; in the former, sin is pardoned w; in the other, it is subdued : the one doth equally free all believers from the revenging wrath of God, and that perfectly in this life, that they never fall into condemnation y; the other is neither equal in all<, nor in this life perfect in anya, but growing up to perfection b. 22. Ye shall defile also the covering of thy ashanied, when I have respect unto all graven images of silver, and the ornament thy commandments. Ver. 59. I thought of thy molten images of gold: thou shalt on my ways, and turned my feet unto thy cast tliem away as a menstruous cloth; testiinonies. Ver. 128. Therefore I esteem thou shalt say unto it, Get thee hence. all thy precepts concerning all things to
n Jóel li. 12. Therefore also now, salth be right; and I hate every false way. Luke the Lord, Turn ye even to inc with all i. 6. And they were both righteous before your heart, and with fasting, and with God, walking in all the commandments weeping, and with mourning; Ver. 13. and ordinances of the Lord blameless. And rend your heart, and not your gar- 2 Kings xxiii. 25. And like unto him was ments, and turn unto the Lord your God: there no king before him, that turned to for he is gracious and merciful, slow to the Lord with all his heart, and with all anger, and of great kindness, and repent. his soul, and with all his might, according eth him of the evil.
to all the law of Moses ; neither after him o Jer. xxxi. 18. I have surely heard arose there any like him. Ephraim bemoaning himself thus ; Thou 77. s 1 Cor. vi. 11. And such were some hast chastised me, and I was chastised, of you: but ye are washed, but ye are as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: sanctified, but ye are justified in the name turn thou me, and I shall be turned ; for of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our thou art the Lord my God. Ver. 19. Surely God. 1 Cor. i. 30. But of him are ye in after that I was turned, I repented; and Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us after that I was instructed, I smote upon wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctifi. my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even con- cation, and redemption. founded, because I did bear the reproach t Rom. iv. 6. Even as David also de. of my youth.
scribeth the blessedness of the man unto P2 Cor. vii. 11. For, behold, this self- whom God imputeth righteousness withsanie thing, that ye sorrowed after a godly out works. Ver. 8. Blessed is the man to sort, what carefulness it wrought in you, whom the Lord will not impute sin. yea, what clearing of yourselves, yea, what v Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will put my indignation, yea, what fear, yea, what Spirit within you, and cause you to walk vehement desire, yea, what zeal, yea, what in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgrevenge! In all things ye have approved ments, and do them. yourselves to be clear in this matter. w Rom. iii. 24. Being justified freely by
9 Acts xxvi. 18. To open their eyes, and his grace, through the redemption that is to turn them from darkness to light, and in Christ Jesus; Ver. 25. Whom God hath from the power of Satan unto God, that set forth to be a propitiation through faith they may receive forgiveness of sins, and in his blood, to declare his righteousness inheritance among them which are sanc- for the remission of sins that are past, tified by faith that is in me. Ezek. xiv. 6. through the forbearance of God. Therefore say unto the house of Israel, * Rom. vi. 6. Knowing this, that our old Thus saith the Lord God, Repent, and man is crueified with him, that the body of turn yourselves from your idols; and turn sin might be destroyed, that henceforth away your faces from all your abomina- we should not serve sin. Ver. 14. For sin tions. 1 Kings viii. 47. Yet if they shall shall not have dominion over you: for ye bethink themselves in the land whither are not under the law, but under grace. they were carried captives, and repent, y Rom. viii. 33. Who shall lay any thing and make supplication unto thee in the to the charge of God's elect? It is God land of them that carried them captives, that justifieth; Ver. 34. Who is he that saying, We have sinned, and have doné condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea perversely, we have committed wickedness; rather, that is risen again, who is even at Ver. 48. And so return unto thee with all the right hand of God, who also maketh their heart, and with all their soul.
intercession for us. 1 Psal. cxix. 6. Then I shall not be 21 John ii, 12. I write unto you, little
Q. 78. Whence ariseth the imperfection of sanctification in believers ?
d. The imperfection of sanctification in believers ariseth from the remnants of sin abiding in every part of them, and the perpetual lustings of the flesh against the spirit; whereby they are often foiled with temptations, and fall into many sins ", are hindered in all their spiritual services d, and their best works are imperfect and defiled in the sight of God e.
Q. 79. May not true believers, by reason of their imperfections, and the many temptations and sins they are overtaken with, fall away from the state of grace ?
A. True believers, by reason of the unchangeable love of God!, and his decree and covenant to give them perseverances, their inseparable union with Christ", his continual intercession for children, because your sins are forgiven the law of sin which is in my members. you for his name's sake. Ver. 13. I write Mark xiv. 66. to the end. And as Peter was unto you, fathers, because ye have known beneath in the palace, there cometh one him that is from the beginning. I write of the maids of the high priest, &c. Gal. unto you, young men, because ye have ii. 11. But when Peter was come to Antioch, overcome the wicked one. I write unto I withstood him to the face, because he you, little children, because ye have known was to be blamed. Ver. 12. For before that the Father. Ver. 14. I have written unto certain came from James, he did eat with you, fathers, because ye have known him the Gentiles: but when they were come, that is from the beginning. I have writ- he withdrew, and separated liimself, fearter unto you, young men, because ye are ing them which were of the circumcision. strong, and the word of God a bideth in d Heb. xii. 1. Wherefore, seeing we also you, and ye have overcome the wicked are compassed about with so great a cloud ope. Heb. v. 12. For when for the time of witnesses, let us lay aside every weighit, ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that and the sin which doth so easily beset us, one teach you again which be the first and let us run with patience the race that principles of the oracles of God; and are is set before us. become such as have need of milk, and e Isa. lxiv, 6. But we are all as an un. not of strong meat. Ver. 13. For every clean thing, and all our righteousnesses are one that useth milk is unskilful in the as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a word of righteousness; for he is a babe. leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, Ver. 14. But strong meat belongeth to have taken us away. Exod. xxviii. 38. them that are of full age, even those who And it shall be upon Aaron's forehead, by reason of use have their senses exer- that Aaron may bear the iniquity of the cised to discern both good and evil. holy things, which the children of Israel
a l John i. 8. If we say that we have no shall hallow in all their holy gifts; and it sin, we wrceive ourselves, and the truth is shall be always upon his forehead, that not in us Ver. 10. If we say that we have they may be accepted before the Lord. not sinne !, we make him a liar, and his 79. f Jer. xxxi. 3. The Lord hath apword is no: in us.
peared of old unto me, saying, Yea, I have by 2 Cor. vii. 1. Having therefore these loved thee with an everlasting love; there. promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse fore with loving-kindness have I drawn ourselves from all filthiness of the tiesh thee. and spirit. perfecting holiness in the fear & 2 Tim. ii. 19. Nevertheless the foundaof God. "Phil. iii. 12. Not as though I had tion of God standeth sure, having this already attained, either were already per- seal, The Lord knoweth them that are fect; but I follow after, if that I may ap- his. And, Let every one that nameth the prebiend that for which also I am appre- name of Christ depart from iniquity. Heb. hended of Christ Jesus. Ver. 13. Brethren, xiii. 20. Now the God of peace, that brought I count not inyself to have apprehended: again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that but this one thing I do, forgetting those great Shepherd of the sheep, through the things which are behind, and reaching blood of the everlasting covenant, Ver. 21. forth unto those things which are before, Make you perfect in every good work to Ver. 14. I press toward the mark, for the do his will, working in you that which is prize of the high calling of God in Clirist well-pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Jesus.
Christ; to whom be glory for ever and 78. c Rom. vii. 18. For I know that in ever. Amen. 2 Sam. xxiii. 5. Although me (that is, in my Hesh) dwelleth no good my house be not so with God; yet he hath thing: for to will is present with me; but made with me an everlasting covenant, how to perform that which is good I find ordered in all things, and sure: for this is not. Ver. 23. But I see another law in my all my salvation, and all my desire, almembers warring against the law of my though he make it not to grow. mind, and bringing me into captivity to h 1 Cor. i. 8. Who shall also confirm you