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Q. 50. Wherein consisted Christ's humiliation after his death ?

d. Christ's humiliation after his death consisted in his being buried “, and continuing in the state of the dead, and under the power of death till the third day'; which hath been otherwise expressed in these words, He descended into hell.

Q. 51. What was the estate of Christ's exaltation ?

Ă. The estate of Christ's exaltation comprehendeth his resurrection", ascension', sitting at the right hand of the Father w, and his coming again to judge the world".

Q. 52. How was Christ exalted in his resurrection?

A. Christ was exalted in his resurrection, in that, not having seen corruption in death, (of which it was not possible for him to be held , and having the very same body in which he suffered, with the essential properties thereof”, (but without mortality, and other common infirmities belonging to this life,) really united to his soul, he rose again from the dead the third day by his own power'; whereby he declared himself to be the Son of God", to have satisfied divine justice, to have vanquished death, and him that had the power of

who, for the joy that was set before him, up into heaven, and sat on the right hand endured the cross, despising the shame, of God. and is set down at the right hand of the m Eph. i. 20. Which he wrought in throne of God. Gal. ii. 13. Christ hath Christ, when he raised him from the dead, retleemed us from the curse of the law, and set him at his own right hand in the being made a curse for us : for it is writ. heavenly places. ten, Cursed is every one that hangeth on n Acts i. 11. Which also said, Ye men of a tree.

Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into hea. 50. h 1 Cor. xv. 3. For I delivered unto ven! this same Jesus, which is taken up you first of all that which I also received, from you into heaven, shall so come in how that Christ died for our sins accord- like manner as ye have seen him go into ing to the scriptures. Ver. 4. And that heaven. Acts xvii. 31. Because he hath he was buried, and that he rose again the appointed a day, in the which he will third day according to the scriptures. judge the world in righteousness by that

i Psal. xvi. 10. For thou wilt not leave man whom he hath ordained; whereof he my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer hath given assurance unto all men, iu thine 11«!y One to see corruption. Com- that he hath raised him from the dead. pared with Acts ii. 21. Whom God hath 52. o Aets ii. 24. Whom God hath raised raised up, having loosed the pains of up, having loosed the pains of death: be. death: because it was not possible that cause it was not possible that he should he should be holden of it. "Ver. 25. For be holden of it. Ver. 27. Because thou David speaketh concerning him, I fore- wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt saw the Lord always before my face ; for thou suffer thine Iluly One to see corruphe is on my right band, that I should not tion. be moved: Ver. 26. Therefore did my p Luke xxiv. 39. Behold my hands and heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, moreover also, my flesh shall rest in hope: and see'; for a spirit hath not flesh and Ver. 27. Because thou wilt not leave my bones, as ye see me have. soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thing 9 Rom. vi. 9. Knowing that Christ, beHoly One to see corruption. Ver. 31. He, ing raised from the dead, dieth no more; seeing this before, spake of the resurrec- death hath no more dominion over him. tion of Christ, that his soul was not left Rev. i. 18. I am he that liveth, and was in hell, neither his flesh did see corrup- dead; and, behold, I am alive for evertion. Rom. vi. 9. Knowing that Christ, more, Amen; and have the keys of hell being raised from the dead, dieth no and of death. more; death hath no more dominion over r John x. 18. No man taketh it from me, him. Mat. xii. 40. For as Jonas was three but I lay it down of myself. I have power days and three nights in the whale's belly, to lay it down, and I have power to take so shall the Son of man be three days and it again. This commandment have I re. three nights in the heart of the eart ceived of my Father.

51. k I Cor. xv. 4. And that he was s Roin, i. 4. And declared to be the Son buried, and that he rose again the third of God with power, aocording to the Spirit day according to the scriptures.

of holiness, by the resurreotion froui the Mark xvi. 19. So then, after the Lord dead. Wad spoken to them, he was received i Rom. viii. 34. Who is he that condum.

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it', and to be Lord of quick and dead w: all which he did as a public person ", the head of his Church, for their justification”, quickening in grace “, support against enemies ', and to assure them of their resurrection from the dead at the last day

Q. 53. How was Christ exalted in his ascension ?

A. Christ was exalted in his ascension, in that having after his resurrection often appeared unto and conversed with his apostles, speaking to them of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God 4, and giving them commission to preach the gospel to all nations, forty days after his resurrection, he, in our nature, and as our head', triumphing over enemies 8, visibly went up into the highest heavens, there to receive gifts for men ", to raise up our affections thither ', and to prepare a place for us k, where himself is, and shall continue till his second coming at the end of the world'.

neth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, manifest that he is excepted which did put that is risen again, who is even at the all things under him. right hand of God, who also maketh in- c1 Cor. xv. 20. But now is Christ risen tercession for us.

from the dead, and become the first-fruits v llob. ii. 14. Forasmuch then as the of them that slept. chiluren are partakers of tlesh and blood, 53. d Acts i. 2. Until the day in which he he also himself likewise took part of the was taken up, after that he through the same; that through death he might des. Holy Ghost had given commandments troj him that had the power of death, unto the whom he had chosen: that is, the devil.

Ver. 3. To whom also he showed himself * Rom. xiv. 9. For to this end Christ alive after his passion by many infallibe both died, and rose, and revived, that he proofs, being seen of them forty days, and might be Lord both of the dead and live speaking of the things pertaining to the ing.

kingdom of God. * I Cor. xv. 21. For since by man came e Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and death, by man came also the resurrection teachi all nations, baptizing them in the of the dead. Ver. 22. For as in Adam all name of the Father, and of the Son, and die, even so in Christ shall all be made of the Holy Ghost; Ver. 20. Teaching them alive.

to observe all things whatsoever I have y Eph. i. 20. Which he wrought in Christ, commanded you: and, lo, I am with you when he raised him from the dead, and alway, even unto the end of the world. set him at his own right hand in the hea. Amen. venly places. Ver. 22. And hath put all fleb. vi. 20. Whither the forerunner is things under his feet, and gave him to be for us entered, even Jesus, made an hiylı the head over all things to the church, priest for ever, after the order of Mel. Ver. 2). Which is his body, the fulness of chisedec. him that filieth all in all. Col. i. 18. And he 8 Eph. iv. 8. Wherefore he saiti Tlien is the head of the body, the church; who he ascended up on high, he led captivity is the beginning, the first-born from the captive, and gave gifts unto men. dead; that in all things he might have h Acts i. 9. And when he had spoken the pre-eminence.

these things, while they beheld, he was z Rom. iv. 25. Who was delivered for our taken up; and a cloud received him out offences, and was raised again for our jus- of their sight. Ver. 10. And, while they tification.

looked stedfastly toward heaven as he Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he quickened, went up, behold, two men stood by them who were dead in trespasses and sins. in white apparel ; Ver. 11. Which also said, Ver. 5. Even when we were dead in sins, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing hath quickened us together with Christ; up into beaven ? this same Jesus, which (by grace ye are saved ;) Ver. 6. And hath is taken up from you into heaven, shali raised us up together, and made us sit to- so come in like manner as ye have seen gether in heavenly places in Christ Jesus. him go into heaven. Eph. iv. 10. He that Col. ii. 12. Buried with himn in baptism, descended is the same also that ascended wherein also ye are risen with him through up far above all heavens, that he might the faith of the operation of God, who hath fill all things. Psal. Ixviii. 18. Thou hast raised him from the dead.

ascended on high, thou hast led captivity by Cor. xv. 25. For he must reign, till captive: thou hast received gifts for men; he hath put all enemies under his feet, yea, for the rebellious also, that the Lord Ver. 26. 'The last enemy that shall be des. God might dweil among them. troyed is death. Ver. 27. For he hath put i Col. ii. 1. If ye then be risen with all things under his feet. But when he Christ, seek those things which are above, Saith, All things are put under liim, it is where Christ sitteth on the right hand of



Q. 54. low is Christ exalted in his sitting at the right hand of God?

A. Christ is exalted in his sitting at the right hand of God, in that as God-man he is advanced to the highest favour with God the Fatherm, with all fulness of joy”, glory, and power over all things in heaven and earth P; and doth gather and defend his church, and subdue their enemies ; furnisheth his ministers and people with gifts and graces 9, and maketh intercession for them".

Q. 55. How doth Christ make intercession ?

A. Christ maketh intercession, by his appearing in our nature continually before the Father in heaven”, in the merit of his obedience and sacrifice on earth “, declaring his will to have it applied to all believers v; answering all accusations against them ", and procuring for them quiet of conscience, notwithstanding daily failings *, access with boldness to the throne of graces, and acceptance of their persons ? and services a.

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God. Ver. 2. Set your affection on things goats and calves, but by his own blood, above, not on things on the earth.

he entered in once into the holy place, John xiv, 3. And if I go and prepare a having obtained eternal redemption for place for you, I will come again, and re- Ver. 24. For Christ is not entered in. clive you unto nyself; that wlicie Tuin, to the holy places made with bands, which there ye may be also.

are the figures of the true; but into hcai Acis iii. 21. Whom the heaven must re- ven itselt, now to appear in the presence ceive until the times of restitution of all of God for us. things, which God hath spoken by the i lleb. i. 3. Who, being the brightness of mouth of all his holy prophets since the his glory, and the express image of his world began.

person, and upholding all things by the 51. m l'hil. ii. 9. Wherefore God also hath word of his power, when he had by himhighly exaiced him, and given hin a name self purged our sins, sat down on the which is above every name.

right hand of the Majesty on high. n Acts ii. 28. Thou hast made known to v John iii. 16. For God so loved the me the ways of life ; thou shalt make me world, that he gave bis only begotten Son, full of joy with thy, countenance., Com- that whosoever believeth in him should pared with Psalm xvi. 11. Thou wilt show not perish, but have everlasting life. John me the path of life: in thy presence is ful. xvii. 9. I pray for them: I pray not for the ness of joy; at thy right hand there are world, but for them which thou hast given pleasures for evermore.

me; for they are thine. Ver. 20. Neither o John xvii. 5. And now, O Father, glori- pray I for these alone, but for them also fy thou me with thine own self with the which shall believe on me through their glory which I had with thee before the word. Ver. 24. Fatlier, I will that they world was.

also whom thou hast given me be with me p Eph. i. 22. And hath put all things un, where I am ; that they may behold my der his feet, and gave him to be the head glory, which thou hast given me: for thou over all things tų the church. 1 Pet. iii. lovedst me before the foundation of the 22. Who is gone into heaven, and is on the world. right hand of God; angels, and authori. w Rom. viii. 33. Who shall lay anything ties, and powers, being made subject un- to the charge of God's elect? It is God to him.

that justitieth; Ver. 34. Who is he that 9 Eph. iv. 10. He that descended is the condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea same also that ascended up far above all rather, that is risen again, who is even at heavens, that he might till all things. the right hand of God, who also maketh Ver. il. And he gave some, apostles ; and intercession for us. some, prophets; and some, evangelists ; * Rom. v. 1. Therefore, being justified and some, pastors and teachers; Ver. 12. by faith, we have peace with God, through For the perfecting of the saints, for the our Lord Jesus Christ: Ver. 2. By whom work of the ministry, for the odifying of also we have access by faith into this grace the body of Christ. Psal. cx, 1. The LORD wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right the glory of God. 1 John ii. 1. My little hand, until I make thine enemies tliy fout- children, these things write I unto yoll, stool, dc. (See the l'salm throughout.) that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we

r Rom. viii. 334. Who is he that condem- have an advocate with the Father, Jesus neth? It is Christ that tied, yea rather, Christ the righteous: Ver. 2. And he is that is risen again, who is even at the the propitiation for our sins; and not for right hand of God, who also maketh in- ours only, but also for the sins of the whole tercession for us.

world. 65. - Heb. ix. 12. Neither by the blood of y Heb. iv. 16. Let us therefore come

Q. 56. How is Christ to be exalted in his coming again to judge the world?

A. Christ is to be exalted in his coming again to judge the world, in that he, who was unjustly judged and condemned by wicked men", shall come again at the last day in great power °, and in tho full manifestation of his own glory, and of his Father's, with all his holy angels d, with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trumpet of God e, to judge the world in righteousness?

Q.57. What benefits hath Christ procured by his mediution ?

Ă. Christ, by his mediation, hath procured redemption , with all other benefits of the covenant of grace h.

Q. 58. How do we come to be made partakers of the benefits which Christ hath procured ?

A. We are made partakers of the benefits which Christ hath procured, by the application of them unto us', which is the work especially of God the lIoly Ghostk.

Q. 59. Who are made partakers of redemption through Christ?

A. Redemption is certainly applied, and effectually communicated, to all those for whom Christ hath purchased it!; who are in time by the IIoly Ghost enabled to believe in Christ according to the gospel ". boldly unto the throne of grace, that we having obtained eternal redemption for may obtain mercy, und find grace to help us. in tiine of need.

h 2 Cor. i. 20. For all the promises of 2 Eph. i. 6. To the praise of the glory of God in him are yea, and in him Amen, his grace, wherein he hath made us ac. unto the glory of God by us. cepted in the Beloved.

58. i John i. 11. He came unto his own, à 1 Pet. ii. 5. Ye also, as lively stones, and his own received him not. Ver. 12. are built up a spiritual house, an holy But as many as received him, to them priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, gave he power to become the sons of God, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.

even to them that believe on his name. 56. b Acts iii. 14. But ye denied the foly k Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righteousOne and the Just, and desired a murderer ness which we have done, but according to be granted unto you; Ver. 15. And killed to his mercy he saved us, by the washing the l'rince of life. whom God hath raised of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy froin the dead; whereof we are witnesses. Ghost: Ver. 6. Which he shed on us abun

c Mat. xxiv, 30. And then shall appear dantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour. the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and 59. 1 Erh. i. 13. In whom ye also trusted, then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, after that ye heard the word of truth, the and they shall see the Son of man coming gospel of your salvation: in whom also, in the clouds of heaven with power and after that ye believed, ye were sealer with great glory.

that Holy Spirit of promise, Ver. 14. Which d Luke ix. 26. For whosoever shall be is the earnest of our inheritance, until the ashamed of me, and of my words, of him redemption of the purchased possession, shall the Son of man be ashamed, when unto the praise of his glory. John vi. 37. he shall come in his own glory, and in his All that the Father giveth me shall come Father's, anil of the holy angels. Mat. xxv. to ine: and hirn that cometh to me I 31. When the Son of man shall come in his will in no wise cast out. Ver. 39. And this glory, and all the holy angels with hiin, is the Father's will which hath sent me, then shall he sit upon the throne of his that of all which he hath given me I should glory,

lose nothing, but should raise it up again ei Thess. iv. 16. For the Lord himself at the last day. John X. 15. As the Father shall descend from heaven with a shout, knoweth me, even so know I the Father: with the voice of the archangel, and with and I lay down my life for the sheep. Ver. the trump of God: and the dead in Christ 16. And other sheep I have, which are not shall rise first.

of this fold: them also I must bring, and f Aets xvii. 31. Because he hath appoint- they shall hear my voice; and there shall ed a day, in the which he will judge the be one fold, and one shepherd. world in righteousness hy that man whom m Eph. ii. 8. For by grace are ye saveil he hath

whereof he hath given through faith ; and that not ot yourselves : assurance auto all men in that he hath it is the gift of God. ? Cor. iv. 13. We raiserl him from the dead.

having the same spirit of faith, according 57. % leb. ix. 12. Neither by the blood as it is written, I believed, and therefore of goats and calves, but by his wn blood, have I spoken ; we also believe, and therebe entered in once into the holy place, fore speak.

Q. 60. Can they who have never heard the gospel, and so know not Jesus Christ, nor believe in him, be saved by their living according to the light of nature ?

A. They who, having never heard the gospel ", know not Jesus Christo, and believe not in him, cannot be saved P, be they never so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature ?, or the laws of that religion which they profess"; neither is there salvation in any other, but in Christ alone", who is the Saviour only of his body the church .

Q. 61. Are all they saved who hear the gospel, and live in the church ?

A. All that hear the gospel, and live in the visible church, are not saved ; but they only who are true members of the church invisible'.

Q. 62. What is the visible church ? A. The visible church is a society made up of all such as in all ages 60. n Roin. x. 14. How then shall they it were by the works of the law: for they call on him in whom they have not be- stumbled at that stumbling-stone. Phil. lieved ? and how shall they believe in him iii. 4. Though I might also have confidence of whom they have not heard? and how in the flesh. If any other man thinketli shall they hear without a preacher ? that he hath whereof he might trust in

0 2 Thess. i. 8. In Haming fire, taking the flesh, I more: Ver. 5. Circumcised the vengeance on them that know not God, eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the and that obey not the gospel of our Lord tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew of the HeJesus Christ: Ver. 9. Who shall be pun. brews; as touching the law, a Pharisee ; ished with everlasting destruction from Ver. 6. Concerning zeal, persecuting, the the presence of the Lori, and from the church; touching the righteousness which glory of his power. Eph. ii. 12. That at is in the law, blameless. Ver. 7. But what that time ye were without Christ, being things were gain to me, those I counted aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, loss for Christ. Ver. 8. Yea doubtless, and and strangers from the covenants of pro- I count all things but loss for the excel. nise, having no hope, and without God in lency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my the world. John i. 10. He was in the Lord : for whom I have suffered the loss of world, and the world was made by him, all things, and do count them but dung, anil the world knew him not. Ver. 11. He that I may win Christ, Ver. 9. And he came unto his own, and his own received found in him, not having mine own righnim not. Ver. 12. But as many as received teousness, which is of the law, but that hiin, to them gave he power to become which is through the faith of Christ, the the sons of God, even to them that believe righteousness which is of God by faith. on his name.

s Acts iv, 12. Neither is there salvation p John viii. 24. I said therefore unto in any other: for there is none other name you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if under heaven given among men whereby ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in we must be saved. your sins. Mark xvi. 16. He that believeth, 1 Eph. v. 23. For the husband is the head and is baptized, shall be saved ; but he of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the that believeth not shall be damned. church; and he is the saviour of the body.

91 Cor. i. 20. Where is the wise? where 61. v John xii. 38. That the saying of is the scribe? where is the disputer of this Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, world ? hath not God made foolish the which he spake, Lord, who hath believed wisdom of this world ? Ver. 21. For after our report? and to whom hath the arm of that, in the wisdom of God, the world by the Lord been revealed ? Ver. 39. There. wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by fore they could not believe, because that the foolishness of preaching to save them Esaias said again, Ver. 40. IIe hath blind. that believe. Ver. 22. For the Jews require ed their eyes, and hardened their heart; a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom: that they should not see with their eyes, Ver. 23. But we preach Christ crucified, nor understand with their heart, and be unto the Jews a stumblingblock, and untó converted, and I should heal them. Rom. the Greeks foolishness; Ver. 24. But unto ix. 6. Not as though the word of God hath them which are called, both Jews and taken none effect. For they are not all. Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the Israel which are of Israel. 'Mat. xxii. 14, wisdom of God.

For many are called, but few are chosen. r John iv. 22. Ye worship ye know not Mat. vii. 21. Not every one that saith unto what: we know what we worship: for sal. me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the king: vation is of the Jews. Rom. ix. 31. But dom of heaven; but he that doeth the will Israel, which followed after the law of of my Father which is in heaven. Rom. xi. 7. righteousness, hath not attained to the What then? Israel hath not obtained that law of righteousness. Ver. 32. Wherefore? which he seeketh for; but the election hath Because they sought it not by faith, but as obtained it, and the rest were bliaded.

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