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are not to be made the rule of faith or practice, but to be used as an help in both

V. Synods and councils are to handle or conclude nothing but that which is ecclesiastical ; and are not to intermeddle with civil affairs, which concern the commonwealth, unless by way of humble petition, in cases extraordinary; or by way of advice for satisfaction of conscience, if they be thereunto required by the civil magistrate f.

CHAP. XXXII. Of the State of Men after Death, and of the Resur

rection of the Dead. THE bodies of men after death return to dust, and see corruption a ; tal subsistence, immediately return to God who gave them. The souls of the righteous, being then made perfect in holiness, are received into the highest heavens, where they behold the face of God in light and glory, waiting for the full redemption of their bodiese; and the souls of the wicked are cast into hell, where they remain in torments and utter darkness, reserved to the judgment of the great dayd. Besides these two places for souls separated from their bodies, the scripture acknowledgeth none.

the church: but if he neglect to hear the for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou church, let him be unto thee as an heathen return. Acts xiii. 36. For David, after he man and a publican. Ver. 18. Verily I say had served his own generation by the will unto you, Whatsoever ye shall bind on of God, fell on sleep, and was laid unto his earth shall be bound in heaven; and what. fathers, and saw corruption. soever ye shall loose on earth shall be b Luke xxiii. 43. And Jesus said unto loosed in heaven. Ver. 19. Again I say him, Verily I say unto thee, To-day shalt unto you, That if two of you shall agree thou be with me in paradise. Eccl. xii. 7. on earth as touching any thing that they Then shall the dust return to the earth 19 shall ask, it shall be done for them of my it was; and the spirit shall return unto Father which is in heaven. Ver. 20. For God who gave it. where two or three are gathered together c Heb. xii. 23. To the general assembly in my name, there am I in the midst of and church of the first-born, which are them.

written in heaven, and to God the Judge IV. e Eph. ii. 20. And are built upon the of all, and to the spirits of just men made foundation of the apostles and prophets, perfect. 2 Cor. v. 1. For we know, that, if Jesus Christ himself being the chief cor- our earthly house of this tabernacle were ner-stone. Acts xvii. 11. These were more dissolved, we have a building of God, an noble than those in Thessalonica, in that house not made with hands, eternal in the they received the word with all readiness heavens. Ver. 6. Therefore we are always of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, confident, knowing that, whilst we are at whether those things were so. 1 Cor. ii. 5. home in the body, we are absent from the That your faith should not stand in the Lord : Ver. 8. We are confident, I say, and wisdom of men, but in the power of God. willing rather to be absent from the

body, 2 Cor. i. 24. Not for that we have dominion and to be present with the Lord. Phil. i. over your faith, but are helpers of your 23. For I am in a strait betwixt two, havjoy: for by faith ye stand.

ing a desire to depart, and to be with v. f Luke xii. 13. And one of the company Christ; which is far better. With Acts iii. said unto him, Master, speak to my brother, 21. Whom the heaven must receive until that he divide the inheritance with me. the times of restitution of all things, which Ver. 14. And he said unto him, Man, who God hath spoken by the mouth of all his made me a judge or a divider over you ? holy prophets since the world began. And John xviii. 36. Jesus answered, My king- Eph. iv. 10. He that descended is the same dom is not of this world. If my kingdom also that ascended up far above all heawere of this world, then would my servants yens, that he might fill all things. fight, that I should not be delivered to the d Luke xvi. 23. And in hell he lifted up Jews : but now is my kingdom not from his eyes, being in torments, and seeth hence.

Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his I. a Gen iii. 19. In the sweat of thy face bosom. Ver. 24. And he cried, and said, shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of

II. At the last day, such as are found alive shall not die, but be changed ° : and all the dead shall be raised up with the self-same bodies, and none other, although with different qualities, which shall be united again to their souls for ever?

III. The bodies of the unjust shall, by the power of Christ, be raised to dishonour; the bodies of the just, by his Spirit, unto honour, and be made conformable to his own glorious body 8.

GOD

CHAP. XXXIII. Of the Last Judgment. OD hath appointed a day wherein he will judge the world in

righteousness by Jesus Christ a, to whom all power and judgment is given of the Fatherb. In which day, not only the apostate angels shall be judged, but likewise all persons that have lived upon earth shall appear before the tribunal of Christ, to give an account of their thoughts, words, and deeds, and to receive according to what they have done in the body, whether good or evil d. his finger in water, and cool my tongue; hour is coming, in the which all that are for I am tormented in this flame. Acts i. in the graves shall hear his voice, Ver. 29. 25. That he may take part of this ministry And shall come forth; they that have and apostleship, from which Judas by done good, unto the resurrection of life ; transgression felí, that he might go to his and they that have done evil, unto the reown place. Jude, Ver. 6. And the angels surrection of damnation. 1 Cor. xv. 43. which kept not their first estate, but left (See in letter f.) Philip. iii. 21. Who shall their own habitation, he hath reserved in change our vile body, that it may be everlasting chains, under darkness, unto fashioned like unto his glorious body, acthe judgment of the great day. Ver. 7. cording to the working whereby he is able Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the even to subdue all things unto himself. cities about them, in like manner, giving I. a Acts xvii. 31. Because he hath apthemselves over to fornication, and going pointed a day, in the which he will judge after strange flesh, are set forth for an ex- the world in righteousness by that man ample, suffering the vengeance of eternal whom he hath ordained; whereof he hath fire. 1 Pet. iii. 19. By which also he went given assurance unto all men, in that he and preached unto the spirits in prison. hath raised him from the dead.

II. e1 Thess. iv. 17. Then we which are b John v. 22. For the Father judgeth no alive and remain shall be caught up to- man, but hath committed all judgment gether with them in the clouds, to meet unto the Son. Ver. 27. And hath given the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever him authority to execute judgment also, be with the Lord. 1 Cor. xv. 51. Behold, I because he is the Son of man. show you a mystery; We shall not all ci Cor. vi. 3. Know ye not that we shall sleep, but we shall all be changed, Ver. 52. judge angels ? how much more things In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, that pertain to this life? Jude, Ver. 6. See at the last trump, (for the trumpet shalí letter d Chapter foregoing.) 2 Pet. ii. 4. For sound ;) and the dead shall be raised in- if God spared not the angels that sinned, corruptible, and we shall be changed. but cast them down to hell, and delivered

fJob. xix. 26. And though after my skin them into chains of darkness, to be reworms destroy this body, yet in my flesh served unto judgment. shall I see God: Ver. 27. Whom I shall see d 2 Cor, v. 10. For we must all appear for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, before the judgment-seat of Christ; that and not another; though my reins be every one may receive the things done in consumed within me. 1 Cor. xv. 42. So his body, according to that he hath done, also is the resurrection of the dead; it is whether it be good or bad. Eccl. xii. 14. sown in corruption, it is raised in incor- For God shall bring every work into judg. ruption : Ver. 13. It is sown in dishonour, ment, with every secret thing, whether it it is raised in glory: it is sown in weak- be good, or whether it be evil. Rom. ii. 16. ness, it is raised in power: Ver. 44. It is in the day when God shall judge the sown a natural body, it is raised a spiri. secrets of men by Jesus Christ, according tual body. There is a natural body, and to my gospel. Rom. xiv. 10. But why dost there is a spiritual body.

thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou III. & Acis xxiv. 15. And have hope to- set at nought thy brother ? for we shall ward God, which they themselves also all stand before the judgment-seat of allow, that there shall be a resurrection of Christ. Ver. 12. So then every one of us the dead, both of the just and unjust. shall give account of himself to God. Mat, John. y. 28. Marvel not at this: for the xii. 36. But I say unto you, That every

ment.

II. The end of God's appointing this day is for the manifestation of the glory of his mercy in the eternal salvation of the elect, and of his justice in the damnation of the reprobate, who are wicked and disobedient. For then shall the righteous go into everlasting life, and receive that fulness of joy and refreshing which shall come from the presence of the Lord ; but the wicked, who know not God, and obey not the gospel of Jesus Christ, shall be cast into eternal torments, and be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power

III. As Christ would have us to be certainly persuaded that there shall be a day of judgment, both to deter all men from sin, and for the greater consolation of the godly in their adversity f; so will he have that day unknown to men, that they may shake off all carnal security, and be always watchful, because they know not at what hour the Lord will come; and may be ever prepared to say, Come, Lord Jesus, come quickly. Amen s. idie word that men shall speak, they shall the righteous judgment of God, that ye give account thereof in the day of judg- may be counted worthy of the kingdom of

Ver. 37. For by thy words thou God, for which ye also suffer: Ver. 6. Seeshalt be justified, and by thy words thou ing it is a righteous thing with God to reshalt be condemned.

compense tribulation to them that troublo II, e (Mat. xxv. 31. to the end.) Rom. ii. 5. you; Ver. 7. And to you who are troubled But, after thy hardness and impenitent rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be heart, treasurest up unto thyself wrath revealed from heaven with his mighty against the day of wrath and revelation of angels. Luke xxi. 27. And then shall they the righteous judgment of God; Ver. 6. see the Son of man coming in a cloud, Who will render to every man according with power and great glory. Ver. 28. Andi to his deeds. Rom. ix. 22. What if God, when these things begin to come to pass, willing to show his wrath, and to make his then look up, and lift up your heads; for power known, endured with much long- your redemption draweth nigh. Rom. viii. suffering the vessels of wrath fitted to de- 23. And not only they, but ourselves also, struction ; Ver. 23. And that he might which have the first-fruits of the Spirit, make known the riches of his glory on the even we ourselves groan within ourselves, vessels of mercy, which he had afore pre waiting for the adoption, to wit, the repared unto glory ? Mat. xxv. 21. lis lord demption of our body: Ver. 24. For we are said unto him, Well done, thou good and saved by hope: but hope that is seen is faithful servant; thou hast been faithful not hope: for what a man seeth, why doth over a few things, I will make thee ruler he yet hope for ? Ver. 25. But if we hope over many things: enter thou into the joy for that we see not, then do we with ra. of thy lord. Acts iii. 19. Repent ye there. tience wait for it. fore, and be converted, that your sins may & Mat. xxiv. 36, 42, 43, 44. (See in the be blotted out, when the times of refresh- Bible.) Mark xiii. 35. Watchi ye therefore : ing shall come the presence the for ye know not when the master of the Lord. 2 Thess. i. 7–10. (See in the Bible.) house cometh, at even, or at midnight, or

III. f 2 Pet. iii. 11. Seeing then that all at the cock-crowing, or in the morning ; these things shall be dissolved, what Ver. 36. Lest, coming suddenly, he find you manner of persons ought ye to be in all sleeping. Ver. 37. And what I say unto you, holy conversation and godliness ? Ver. 14. I say unto all, Watch. Luke xii. 35. Let Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look your loins be girded about, and your lights for such things, be diligent, that ye may burning ; Ver. 36. And ye yourselves liko be found of him in peace, without spot, unto inen that wait for their lord, when he and blameless. 2 Cor. v. 10. (See letter d.) will return from the wedding ; that, when Ver. 11. Knowing therefore the terror of he cometh and knocketh, they may opea the Lord, we persuade men: but we are unto him immediately. Rev. xxii. 20. 'l'e made manifest unto God; and I trust also which testitieth these things saith, Surely are made manifest in your consciences. 2 I come quickly: Amen. Even so, cumo, Thess. i. 5. Which is a manifest token of Lord Jesus.

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CHAP. XXVIII. Of Baptism. APTISM is a sacrament of the New Testament, ordained by Jesus

Christ“, not only for the solemn admission of the party baptized into the visible church o, but also to be unto him a sign and seal of the covenant of grace , of his ingrafting into Christ, of regeneration ®, of remission of sins', and of his giving up unto God through Jesus Christ, to walk in newness of life 8 : which sacrament is, Ly Christ's own appointment, to be continued in his church until the end of the world h.

II. The outward element to be used in this sacrament is water, wherewith the party is to be baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, by a minister of the gospel, lawfully called thereunto i

III. Dipping of the person into the water is not necessary; but baptism is rightly administered by pouring or sprinkling water upon the person k.

IV. Not only those that do actually profess faith in and obedience unto Christ', but also the infants of one or both believing parents are to be baptized m. that all our fathers were under the cloud, derness, and preach the baptism of repen. and all passed through the sea; Ver. 2. tance for the remission of sins. A were all baptized unto Moses in the & Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that so many cloud and in the sea ; Ver. 3. And did all of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ eat the same spiritual meat; Ver. 4. And were baptized into his death ? Ver. 4. did all drink the same spiritual drink; Therefore we are buried with him by bap(for they drank of that spiritual Rock tism into death ; that like as Christ was that followed them; and that Rock was raised up from the dead by the glory of Christ.)

the Father, even so we also should walk I. a Mat. xxviii. 19. (See letter k of the in newness of life. foregoing Chapter.)

h Mat. xxviii. 19. (See in letter k forecoing b1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are Chapter. Ver. 20. Teaching them to obis we all baptized into one body, whether we serve all things whatsoever I have combe Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond manded you: and, lo. I am with you alway, or free; and have been all made to drink even unto the end of the world. Amen. into one Spirit.

II. i Mat. iii. 11. I indeed baptize you • Rom. iv. 11. And he received the sign with water unto repentance: but he dritt of circumcision, a seal of the righteous. cometh after me is mightier than I, whose ness of the faith which he had yet being shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall uncircumcised: that he might be the fa- baptize you with the lioly Ghost, and with ther of all them that believe, though they fire. John i. 33. And I knew him not: but be not circumcised ; that rightevusness he that sent me to baptize with water, the might be imputed unto them also. With same said unto me, Upon whom thou Col. ii. 11. In whom also ye are circum- shalt see the Spirit descending, and recised with the circumcision made without maining on him, the same is he woich hands, in putting off the body of the sins baptizeth with the IIoly Ghost. Mat. xxviii. of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ; 19. [See in letter k foregoing Chapter.] Ver. Ver. 12. Buried with him in baptism, 20. (See in letter h.) wherein also ye are risen with him through II. lleb. ix. 10, 19, 20, 21, 22. Acts ii.41. the faith of the operation of God, who hath Then they that gladly received his word raised him from the dead.

were baptized: and the same day there d Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as

were added into them about three thou. have been baptized into Christ have put sand souls. Acts xvi. 33. And he took them on Christ. Rom. vi. 5. For if we have the same 'hour of the night, and washeed been planted together in the likeness of their stripes; and was baptized, he ani his death, we shall be also in the likeness all his, straightway. Mark vii. 4. And when of his resurrection.

they come from the market, except they e Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righteous- wash, they eat not. And many other ness which we have done, but according things there be which they have received to his mercy he saved us, by the washing to hold, as the washing of cups, and pots, of regeneration, and renewing of the IIolý brasen vessels, and of tables. Chost.

IV. I Mark xvi. 15. And he said unto Mark i. 4. John did baptize in the wil. them, Go ye into all the world, and preach

V. Although it be a great sin to contemn or neglect this ordinance", yet grace and salvation are not so inseparably annexed unto it, as that no person can be regenerated or saved without it, or that all that are baptized are undoubtedly regenerated p.

VI. The efficacy of baptisın is not tied to that moment of time wherein it is administered 9 ; yet notwithstanding, by the right uso of this ordinance, the grace promised is not only offered, but really exhibited and conferred by the Holy Ghost, to such (whether of age or infants) as that grace belongeth unto, according to the counsel of God's own will, in his appointed time":

VII. The sacrament of baptism is but once to be administered to any persons

the gospel to every creature. Ver. 16. He the husband: else were your children unthat believeth, and is baptized, shall be clean ; but now are they holy. Mat. xxviii. saved; but he that believeth not shall be 19. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, damned. Acts viii. 37. And Philip said, baptizing them in the name of the Father, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. mayest. And he answered and said, I be- Mark x. 13. And they brought young chil. lieve that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. dren to him, that he should touch them; and Ver. 38. And he commanded the chariot his disciples rebuked those that brought to stand still: and they went down both them. Ver. 14. But when Jesus saw it, he into the water, both Philip and the eunuch; was much displeased, and said unto them, and he baptized him.

Suffer the little children to come unto me, m Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish my and forbid them not: for of such is the covenant between me and thee, and thy kingdom of God. Ver. 15. Verily I say seed after thee, in their generations, for unto you, Whosoever shall not receive the an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto kingdom of God as a little child, he shall thee, and to thy seed after thee. Ver. 9. not enter therein. Ver. 16. And he took And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt them up in his arms, put his hands upon keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy them, and blessed them. Luke xviii. 15. seed after thee, in their generations. With And they brought unto him also infants, Gal. iii. 9. So then they which be of faith that he would touch them: but when his are blessed with faithful Abraham. Ver. 14. disciples saw it, they rebuked them. That the blessing of Abraham might come

V. 'n Luke vii. 30. But the Pharisees and on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that lawyers rejected the counsel of God against we might receive the promise of the Spirit themselves, being not baptized of him. through faith. And Col. ii. 11. In whom With Exod. iv. 24. And it came to pass by also ye are circumcised with the circum- the way in the inn, that the Lord met him, cision made without hands, in putting off and sought to kill him. Ver. 25. Then the body of the sins of the flesh by the cir- Zipporah took a sharp stone, and cut off cumcision of Christ; Ver. 12. Buried with the foreskin of her son, and cast it at his him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen feet, and said, Surely a bloody husband with him through the faith of the opera- art thou to me. Ver. 26. So he let him go:

of God, who hath raised him from the then she said, bloody husband thou art, dead. And Acts ii. 38. Then Peter said because of the circunicision. unto them, Repent, and be baptized every o Rom. iv. 11. (See in letter m.) Acts x. one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for 2, 4, 22, 31, 45, 47. the remission of sins, and ye shall receive P Acts viii. 13. Then Simon himself bethe gift of the Holy Ghost. Ver. 39. For lieved also: and when he was baptized, he the promise is unto you, and to your child continued with Philip, and wondered, bedren, and to all that are afar off, even as holding the miracles and signs which were many as the Lord our God shall call. And done. Ver. 23. For I perceive that thou Rom. iv. 11. And he received the sign of art in the gall of bitterness, and in the circumcision, a seal of the righteousness bond of iniquity. of the faith which he had yet being uncir. VI. 9 John iii: 5. Jesus answered, Verily, cuincised: that he might be the father of yerily, I say unto thee, Except a man be all them that believe, though they be not born of water, and of the Spirit, he cannot circumcised ; that righteousness might be enter into the kingdom of God. Ver. 8. imputed unto them also: Ver. 12. And the The wind bloweth where it listeth, and father of circumcision to them who are thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not of the circumcision only, but who also not tell whence it cometh, and whither it walk in the steps of that faith of our fathergoeth: so is every one that is born of the Abraham, which he had being yet uncir- Spirit. cumcised. 1 Cor. vii. 14. For the unbe- Gal. ii. 27. For as many of you as have lieving husband is sanctified by the wife, been baptized into Christ have put on and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by Christ. Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righte

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