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tance, foreign affairs, agriculture, or any breakdown that we may have.

This is important not only from our immediate research point of view but from the point of view of a Member who wants to be kept Currently aware of any information available to us in his own particular field. A man who is a specialist on the Commerce Committee may be interested in fisheries, for example, and may want to know he latest information about that subject or its related subjects. He could, through our printouts, instantaneously obtain information about any material that we have put into our tapes, not only about LRS reports but also about pertinent articles from newspapers and magazines which our staff clips regularly, about Government publications, publications of other organizations, and so forth. Our people who do he clipping and filing also prepare a little notation of what each item s so that our own researchers will be alerted and kept current as to the atest events and writings in their fields. This, translated to a Memper as user of our tapes, would give him the same currency, the same wareness of latest writings in his field of interest, and would do it ery quickly

I might also add, just to close the subject, that the technology is here, ( am told, wherein we could have a terminal in a committee office or n each of the House and Senate buildings, or even in a Member's own office, which would be connected to our computer so that it could e queried in a very simple way such as by putting the inquiry through typewriter. Mr. STEED. Thank you. Off the record. (Discussion off the record.)

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Personnel compensation:

Permanent positions ..
Other personnel compensation

Total personnel compensation... 2.0 Personnel benefits.

Travel and transportation of persons. 0 Transportation things.. 0 Rent, communications, and utilities.. 0 Printing and reproduction. 1 Other services. 0 Supplies and materials 0 Contingency fund....

3, 077
203

7
2

3, 580
271

4
3

Total obligations..

43 1, 267

2 46

99 2, 355

2 30 200

3 104 2,774

2 56 200

4,647

6,544

7.338

PERSONNEL SUMMARY

tal number of permanent positions.
erage number of all employees.
erage GS grade..
erage GS salary.

439
430

5. 3
$6,902

564
564

5. 3
$6, 146

604 604

5.2 $6, 243

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Mr. STEED. We will turn now to page 122 of the Committee Print, Distribution of Catalog Cards, Salaries and Expenses, and page 159 of the justifications.

The request is for $7,338,000, which, including the pending pay supplemental of $120,977, appears to reflect an increase over the current year of $794,223. As I understand it, you plan to absorb all of the pay increases and not require a supplemental in 1968; is that correct?

Mr. RoSSITER. That is correct.
Dr. MUMFORD. For 1968, yes.

Mr. STEED. Then for the sake of the funds needed in 1969, you are really not talking about an increase of $794,000 but an increase of $915,000, in reality, are you not?

Mr. Rossiter. That is right. You asked us to update these figures after we presented those.

Mr. STEED. All right. What enabled you to absorb this amount of pay raise?

Mr. RoSSITER. Several things. One, we were able to save money from the rent you gave us while we were waiting for additional space to become available. Another, we deferred certain activities under the automation program. We took advantage of the transferability authority, taking money from some appropriations to cover the pay costs for others.

Mr. STEED. We will insert pages 159 through 163 of the justifications.

(The pages follow :)

Salaries and expenses, distribution of catalog cards 1968 regular bill.--Proposed supplemental for pay increase.

$6, 422, 800

120, 977 6,543, 777 7, 338, 000

1968 adjusted. 1969 estimate --

Net increase_

$794, 223

+$57, 540

ANALYSIS OF INCREASES 1. Ingrade increases-

Funds are requested to cover the cost of within-grade increases

and reallocations as follows: Salaries --Personnel benefits.--

$53, 860

3, 680

Total.--

$57, 540

2. Pay above-stated annual rate----

+$12, 526 Fiscal year 1969 requires the payment of salary funds for one day in excess of the stated annual rate, or a total of 261 days. Fiscal 1968 had only 260 days, therefore funds are requested for

the additional day in 1969. 3. Annualization of pay increase--

+$47, 669 Public Law 90–206 granted pay increases to government employees effective the first day of the first pay period after October 1, 1967. The Library's first pay period began Detober 9, 1967, and the computation for the supplemental to cover these pay costs was based on this beginning date. This request is necessary to provide for the pay raise for a full year covering 7 pay periods from July 3

through October 8, 1967, inclusive. Salaries

$41, 099 Personnel benefits.

6,570

Total.-

47, 669

1. Postage

+$5,000 The Library of Congress reimburses the Post Office Department annually for postage usage. In a recent survey it was determined that the Card Division has increased substantially its postal usage

necessitating an increase of $5,000. 5. Printing

+$419, 000 Pay increase at the Government Printing Office_

$32, 000 Printers at the Government Printing Office were granted a 17 cent an hour increase in May 1967, pressmen a 23 cent an hour increase, card reproducers 16 cents an hour and laborers an average of 10 cents an hour in November, 1967. The Government Printing Office estimates that these increases will add approxi

mately $32,000 to the cost of printing. Printing of catalog cards-

$250,000 Increases in the number of titles cataloged and in the number of cards printed for each title will require an estimated 17,

500,000 more cards in fiscal 1969 than in fiscal 1968. Printing of book catalogs and other publications

$137,000 Increased production of cards results in larger book catalogs, which along with increased printing costs will require an estimated $137,000. The National Union Catalog, for example, has increased from 7 to 10 volumes; Books : Subjects from 5 to 7 volumes.

92-655—68

39

ANALYSIS OF INCREASES-Continued

+$26, 000

+$226, 488

6. Office supplies

The increased card business, larger book catalogs, and increased prices of containers used in shipping orders makes it nec.

essary to request this increase of $26,000 in supplies. 7. New positions (40) --

To meet increases in workload resulting from increased sales

of catalog cards and technical publications (30): 30 GS-4_ Contribution to retirementGroup life insurance-Contribution to health insurance..

$149, 850

9, 740

499 1,500

$161, 589

Total..

To maintain currency in the printed National Union Cata

log (6): 6 GS-6 Contribution to retirementGroup life insuranceContribution to health insurance..

$36, 822 2, 393

123 300

$39, 638

Total
To provide increased coverage and currency for the National

Register of Microform Masters (4):
2 GS-7 and 2 GS-4.
Contribution to retirement.
Group life insurance..
Contribution to health insurance_

$23, 458 1, 525

78 200

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Mr. STEED. Now if you would like to make some general comment on the items of increase we would be glad to hear you.

Dr. MUMFORD. I would say by way of general statement, Mr. Chairman, that this increased request is based primarily upon the greater volume. We talked earlier about the continued increase in the sale of catalog cards and in distribution of our publications. There are some other factors that enter into it, such as the pay increase of the Government Printing Office which will be reflected in our costs. On page 161 of our justifications, under item 5 this is estimated at $32,000. The next item, printing of catalog cards, results from the increasing business.

In general, for the 40 positions, this is attributed to increase in workload. As a result of the increase in volume of business also. I would be glad to have Mr. Welsh who has general responsibility for this operation elaborate upon it.

Mr. WELSH. Yes, sir.

The number of order slips we receive is one indicator that we use in determining our workload and our staff needs. So far this year we have received 409,000 more order slips than last year for a total of 12,478,000. That represents a total of eight additional days of work for our staff. I would like to refer to page 166, Mr. Chairman, which indicates what we expect to return to the Treasury this year and shows the number of cards sold. Through the end of March we have sold 53 million cards, which is 8,500,000 more than the same period last year. The business continues to increase. All of the moneys appropriated for it are returned to the Treasury, plus an additional amount.

Mr. STEED. You show a drop in the return to the Treasury in relation to the cost. You were up to 124 percent in 1967. You are down to 113 percent in 1968. You estimate 110 percent in 1969. I assume that this results from the fact that you have had the pay increase and other costs added on.

Mr. WELSH. Yes, and additional staff.

ADJUSTMENT OF PRICES

Mr. STEED. Whereas your prices have remained the same. When you get into this sort of a downward trend, do you do anything about adjusting your prices?

Mr. WELSH. Yes, sir. We do review our prices. We have not done so at this time because we are studying the impact of mechanization on the operation. It is possible we may be able to carry through this next fiscal year without requiring any increase in price as a result of the implementation of the mechanization program.

We adjusted our prices in November 1965 to make sure we achieved the proper return to the Treasury. Mr. STEED.

You show on page 166 that your estimated obligations in 1969 will be $7,160,800 which, of course, is substantially less than the request for $7,338,000. What causes this difference?

Mr. ROSSITER. The difference is mostly the contingency fund.

Mr. WELSH. Yes. The $200,000 contingency fund, which we do not expect to need this fiscal year.

Mr. STEED. That is another word for a safety valve fund, as I understand it.

Mr. WELSH. Yes,

Mr. STEED. I think we will insert these statistics on pages 166 and 167 into the record.

(The pages follow :)

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These cards and publications are sold to over 25,000 subscribers who depend on them to construct their card catalogs and to obtain biliographical information. The number of libraries throughout the country utilizing this service has mushroomed in recent years, primarily because of the growth in the number of college and school libraries. All of these libraries depend on the Library's card distribution service, and the general growth in American education is directly reflected

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