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Mr. Yates. How do you determine what jobs to farm out and what jobs to do yourself?

Mr. HARRISON. Many specialty jobs we buy automatically. Multicolor jobs we buy.

Mr. YATES. You do not have color plants ?

Mr. HARRISON. We have two-color presses in our plant but we are primarily a one-color plant. A good deal will depend on the conditions in our plant. The leadtime is one of the most important things on printing. Many jobs come in with such short delivery time we do not hare time to bid them.

Mr. YATES. What is the largest contract that you let out to a private contractor last year?

Mr. HARRISON. I would have to get that for you. It probably would be the income tax forms.

Mr. YATES. Who does that?
Mr. HARRISON. We have that scattered over the country.
Mr. YATES. By various companies ?

Mr. HARRISON. Yes. Even the window package. Up until this year we were the only plant that had the facility to die-cut the window while printing but due to the length of time Congress was in session we had to ask contractors if they were equipped to do this. They came in and looked at our process and equipped their machinery so four or five plants went into this.

Mr. YATES. Do you enter into any long-term contracts ?
Mr. HARRISON. Yes; 6 months or 1 year. Those are the longest.
Mr. YATES. Is a 1-year contract considered long term ?
Mr. HARRISON. Yes. That is the longest we have.

Mr. YATES. Of your 80,000 contracts, what would you say was the sum of your 80,000 contracts by outside companies?

Mr. ANDREWS. $97,409,000, which was 55.1 percent of all the work they did.

Mr. YATES. Is there any firm that gets more than 10 percent of your outside work?.

Mr. HARRISON. I would doubt it very seriously but I cannot tell you at this moment for sure.

Mr. YATES. Is there a firm that gets more than 5 percent of your outside work?

Mr. HARRISON. You mean in dollar volume ? On marginal punched forms or tab cards that is possible.

Mr. YATES. How much of your outside work is done by competitive bidding?

Mr. HARRISON. All of it.
Mr. YATES. For each contract ?
Mr. HARRISON. Unless it is a term contract for 6 months or a year.
Mr. YATES. Is that put out to competitive bidding, too?

Mr. HARRISON. Yes; and if the low bidder can't produce the job it goes to the next lowest bidder.


Mr. YATES. I did not notice this year the cost per page of the Con-
gressional Record.
Mr. HARRISON. $116 is estimated for 1969.
Mr. ANDREWS. Is that up or down?
Mr. HARRISON. It is up $3.
Mr. YATES. A page ?
Mr. HARRISON. Yes. Of course, that includes the daily, the index,
the biweekly, the permanent bound and the distribution.

Mr. YATES. That is all.
Mr. LANGEN. May I ask one more question ?

Are there any requirements for someone who wants to bid ? How does a printer know what there is to bid on and what are the requirements for his submitting bids?

Mr. HARRISON. If he advises us he is interested we will send him a form to fill out which will show the type of equipment he has and the personnel. We categorize this and when we have a job that fits his facilities we will give him a chance to bid.

Mr. LANGEN. That is all.



1967 actual

1968 estimate

1969 estimate


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Program by activities: 10 Selection of site and general plans and designs of buildings (obliga. tions) (object class 25.1).

.................... Financing: 17 Recovery of prior year obligations.......

-2,212 ......... 26 Unobligated balance rescinded (Public Law 89-545)....... 40 New obligational authority (appropriation)..........

Relation of obligations to expenditures: 10 Total obligations... 70

---------2,212 Receipts and other offsets (items 11-17)....... Obligations affecting expenditures..........

-2.212 .. 72 Obligated balance, start of year..

1.874 74 Obligated balance, end of year...----

Expenditures.. Expenditures are distributed as follows: 01 Out of current authorizations.. 02 Out of prior authorizations......



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2,500 -200

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Mr. ANDREWS. At page 152 of the committee print there is a new item you recommend for $2.5 million reading as follows:

For necessary expenses for site selection and general plans and designs of buildings for the Government Printing Office, pursuant to the Public Buildings Act of 1959 (40 U.S.C. 602 et seq.), $2,500,000, to be available for transfer to the General Services Administration.

We have had this proposition before us in other years. An appropriation of $2,500,000 was made in the 1965 legislative bill with the

proviso that the selection of a site must first be approved by the Joint Committee on Printing. The program ran into rough waters because of difficulty in the location of sites and other matters. In the 1967 bill there was included a provision that all work and expense under that appropriation must stop and the unobligated balance of the $2,500,000 was rescinded.


Will you insert a brief statement in the record showing what was spent, what it was spent for, and the amount of the unobligated balance that was rescinded and returned to the Treasury, or can you give that to us now?

Mr. HARRISON. I have that_$183,325 was spent and there was returned to the Treasury $2,316,675.

Mr. ANDREWS. What was the $183,000 spent for?

You can place that in the record. Mr. HARRISON. Yes. (The information follows:)

A breakdown of expenditures is as follows: Payments for predesign

$45,000 Payments for design------------

129, 202 Soil survey and tests.---------

1, 612 Reproduction of drawings---

11 General Services Administration

7, 300 Total expenditures..

- 183. 325 Mr. ANDREW. Was any of the work done such as could be used in the future if you get a building?

Mr. HARRISON. All of it, yes.
Mr. ANDREWS. Plans et cetera?

APPROVAL OF SITE BY JOINT COMMITTEE Mr. ANDREWS. What is the current situation in respect to this request ?

Mr. HARRISON. Of course, when I put this in our budget request last year

Mr. ANDREWS. You mean last fall ?

Mr. HARRISON. Last fall, yes. I had reasonable expectation that the Joint Committee on Printing would have approved a site by this time. They have not thus far approved the site.


As I indicated to you last year, we have a site that can be used for this that belongs to the Government. It is an 85-acre site nine and a quarter miles from the Capitol in Prince Georges County. It is bordered on one side by the Pennsylvania Railroad, on another side by the Beltway, and on the other side by the Annapolis Freeway. The General Services Administration acquired this from the Pennsylvania Railroad by trade and the Government owns this 85-acre tract and it has been designated as a site.


Mr. ANDREWS. Designated by whom as a site for what?

Mr. HARRISON. GSĂ has reserved it as a possible location for the Government Printing Office provided the Joint Committee on Printing approves.

Mr. ANDREWS. What has the committee done?

Mr. HARRISON. It has not acted on it. They have had several meetings on it and each time there was a request that final action be put off.

Mr. ANDREWS. So you are right back where you were last year?
Mr. HARRISON. Yes; except we have the tract.
Mr. ANDREWS. You had it last year

Mr. HARRISON. No. GSA was in the process of acquiring it. There is another change. The civic associations and now the mayor have come out against moving the plant outside the District. In 1964 and 1965 when I wanted to build in the District nobody wanted it here. Now that we have found a site outside the District they want to keep it here. I have a letter from Mayor Washington asking me to meet with the Redevelopment Land Agency to see if we cannot utilize some of the surrounding ground of the Redevelopment Land Agency to expand the plant we have there now. I am telling him I cannot and that unless I am directed by Congress I do not propose to proceed here as any money spent to expand the present location would be a waste of money.

Mr. ANDREWS. Of course, the final decision on location would be made by the Joint Committee of Printing?

Mr. HARRISON. That is right.

CONDITIONS AT PRESENT GPO LOCATION Mr. ANDREWS. What about conditions around your plant now? Mr. HARRISON. Terrible. Mr. ANDREWS. What do you mean? Have any people been attacked?

Mr. HARRISON. Yes. We are experiencing some serious difficulties. We have in our night force 700 women. I got a petition last week signed by 370 of my night employees asking that I do something to guarantee them safety when they go from the building to their cars.

Mr. ANDREWS. You can't blame them.

Mr. Harrison. No. We have talked to the precinct captain and they are doing all they can. It is a serious problem.

Mr. ANDREWS. And it is a problem not confined to your area. Conditions have gotten progressively worse in the city.

Mr. HARRISON. We have no parking facilities for employees. They have to park wherever they can. The compositors' union, through the recreation and welfare association, leased part of a block two blocks from the plant that they are using for parking for association members but that is to be vacated in the next few months. The old area at New Jersey and Massachusetts or G Street that used to be the Holmes Bakery has been used for parking but they are going to build on that.

Mr. ANDREWS. Have any of your employees been hurt?

Mr. HARRISON. Yes. One was beaten last week. We have had some yoked and some pocketbooks stolen. We don't know how many because the women working at night are afraid to report unless they are seriously hurt because their husbands would probably stop them from working at night.

Mr. ANDREWS. And your plant is right within the shadow of the dome of the Capitol.

Mr. HARRISON. Yes. Very recently a woman was crossing diagonally across H Street when she was dragged in an alley and raped. She screamed and there were people all around but that didn't stop it.

Mr. ANDREWS. I read where a man went in an apartment and strapped the husband and stole $300 and raped his wife. I don't know what will happen in this country unless the courts start punishing criminals. The courts seem to take the attitude the law-abiding public be damned.


Briefly, what is your present specific situation in terms of your ability to perform the work that is given to you? I mean, aside from the economics or the efficiency with which you can do the work because of crowded conditions and so on, what is the present situation? Is this one of the reasons you are compelled to contract out more printing?

Mr. HARRISON. Mr. Chairman, some people in the printing industry would like to have me say yes to that because they insist that if I get a new building I will not contract as much work. I don't think that is true. I am convinced by the time a new building is finished and we move in, which would be about 5 years, that the volume of printing will have grown to the extent that, at least, the same ratio would be in effect. It would mean simply that we could produce the printing at a more economical price than we are now. If we never produced a nickel's worth more in volume we could save $1$5 million a year by streamlining the operation.

Mr. ANDREWS. How much more do you think it would cost to handle it under present conditions?

Mr. HARRISON. It would cost three to four times more to handle materials in our present location.

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