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143 of the bill, the estimated expenditures for 1968 seem to be substantially below 1967 and below 1969, I am sure there is an explanation for it but I fail to see it.

Mr. HARRISON. The difficulty in attempting to estimate what an agency will need—and I refer to Congress as an agency respectfully because it is one of the many customers we have the difficulty of estimating what they will need to pay for their printing 18 months in advance, as I have said many times, is next to impossible. You will recall when you first came on the committee we had been estimating the requirements rather conservatively because there was a clause that said if what we asked for was not enough the following year it could be included in the authorization. Then after a couple years of realizing that you would rather we make our original estimate more accurately or attempt to estimate more accurately, we did try this. It would appear 10w that our first real effort to hit this on the nose was 1968, and 18 months later we realize this is not enough because, in the first place, is I said in my statement, the Congressional Record jumped from 34.812 pages to 44,183 pages.

Mr. LANGEN. I appreciate that.

Mr. HARRISON. That is over $1 million right there. So it is just mpossible.

Mr. LANGEN. As a matter of clarification, what does the $22 million nean on page 145 that says “Estimated expenditures, 1968” ?

Mr. HARRISON. That is exactly what it means.
Mr. LANGEN. That is the total expenditures!
Mr. HARRISON. That is our estimate.
Mr. LANGEN. Does that also mean there should be a carryover of
1 million plus from the appropriation of last year?
Mr. HARRISON. We don't know.
Mr. LANGEN. That is what it means as of now?
Mr. HARRISON. The balance of $1.8 million was an estimated
eficiency for 1967 because we estimated low in 1967.

Mr. LANGEN. So that figure of $22 million does not include the total xpenditures which would add deficiencies for 1967?

Mr. HARRISON. It is our estimate of what it will be for that year, ot what it was short of the year before. Mr. LANGEN. That is all, Mr. Chairman.

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elation of obligations to expenditures:
Totat obligations (aftecting expenditures)..
Obligated balance, start of year..
Obligated balance, end of year...

23, 300

8,935 -11.536

22,000 11,536 -6, 841

26, 400

6,841 -2,241

20,699

31,000

Expeditures..
renditures are distributed as follows:
out of current authorizations.
Out of prior authorizations..

26,695
20,000
6,695

.....

15. 274
5,425

24, 200
6, 800

Mr. ANDREWS. Turning to the item of $31,200,000 for Congressional Printing and Binding, which is, as I mentioned a while ago, $4.5 million above the current appropriation, we will insert the detailed sheets submitted by the Public Printer or such part of the supporting sheet as might be appropriate. The staff can work that out.

(The material follows:)

SUMMARY OF APPROPRIATION ESTIMATES FOR CONGRESSIONAL PRINTING AND

BINDING, FISCAL YEAR 1969 The estimates for congressional printing and binding are to provide funds with which to pay for the cost of printing and binding required for the use of Congress; for the printing, binding, and distribution of the Federal Register, and for printing and binding supplements to the Code of Federal Regulations.

Funds to cover the cost of the printing and binding needs of the various executive and legislative departments, independent establishments, and the judiciary are not included in this appropriation but are provided for in the appropriation acts for these branches of the Government. The Government Printing Office recovers the cost for this work through billings to these agencies.

The total amount estimated for congressional printing and binding for the fiscal year 1969 is $31,200,000; $26,400,000 is estimated to provide for printing and binding work for Congress for the fiscal year 1969 and $4,800,000 is required to reimburse the 1968 appropriation for charges incurred during prior fiscal years which are paid out of the 1968 appropriation, as authorized by law (Public Law 90-57, 90th Congress) which states that the appropriation "shall be available for the payment of obligations incurred under the appropriations for similar purposes for preceding fiscal years." This provision of law recognizes that there can be no effective means to determine in advance the volume of congressional printing which the Government Printing Office is called upon to produce

The appropriation for fiscal year 1967 is $18,500,000 plus $3 million to cover a deficit incurred in fiscal year 1965 making a total of $21,500,000. There is still a deficit of $4,800,000 for fiscal year 1967 which is included in the total estimated requirements for fiscal year 1969 bringing the total requirements for fiscal year 1967 to $23,300,000.

The appropriation for congressional printing and binding for fiscal year 1968 is $22 million plus $4 million to cover a deficit incurred in fiscal year 1966. $600,000 to cover a deficit incurred in fiscal year 1965, and $100,000 to cover a deficit incurred in fiscal year 1964, for a total of $26,700,000. The following statement has been prepared showing:

1. Fiscal year 1967 expenditures billed through Jauary 31, 1968.

2. Estimated outstanding obligations for fiscal year 1967, as of January 31. 1968.

3. Estimated expenditures for fiscal year 1967.
4. Estimated expenditures for fiscal year 1968.
5. Estimated expenditures for fiscal year 1969.
6. Estimated deficiency for fiscal year 1967.

7. Total estimated requirements for fiscal year 1969. The requirements under each item for fiscal year 1969 are set forth briefly in the order named. All fiscal year 1967 figures in the following items are based on work billed through January 31, 1968.

1. Congressional Record.The proceedings of the Senate and House of Representatives are printed daily in the Congressional Record. Approximately 42,000 copies are printed daily and distributed as provided by law, and are charged to the appropriation for printing and binding for Congress. There also are printed daily about 6,100 additional copies which are delivered and charged in Government Departments on requisitions and to the Superintendent of Documents for sale to subscribers. After the close of each session, the daily proceedings are consolidated, indexed, and about 2,140 copies printed as the bound edition of the Record. In addition, about 225 sets are distributed to Departments depository libraries, and public sales. The total cost to Congress of printing the daily edition and index of the Congressional Record in fiscal year 1967 was $3,395,063 for 37,867 pages of the daily edition and 2,298 pages of the inder. The bound edition which was ordered in the fiscal year 1967 and is still in to duction is estimated at $807,600. This will bring the total estimated require ments for this item to $4,202,663 for the fiscal year 1967. The estimate submitted

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CONGRESSIONAL PRINTING AND BINDING -STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURES FOR FISCAL YEAR 1967 BILLED THROUGH JAN. 31, 1968-ESTIMATED OUTSTANDING FISCAL YEAR 1967 OBLIGATIONS

AS OF JAN. 31, 1968-ESTIMATED EXPENDITURES FOR FISCAL YEARS 1967, 1968, AND 1969-ESTIMATED DEFICIENCY FOR FISCAL YEAR 1967-TOTAL ESTIMATED REQUIREMENTS FOR
FISCAL YEAR 1969

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1. Congressional Record....
2. Miscellaneous publications
3. Miscellaneous printing and binding
4. Publications for international exchange.....
5. Franked envelopes and document franks...
6. House and Senate committee and business calendars
7. Bills, resolutions, and amendments...
8. Committee reports.
9. Documents....
10. Hearings..
11. Federal Register, U.S. Government Organization Manual, Pube

lic Papers of President, and Weekly Compilation of Presi

dential Documents... 12. Supplements to Code of Federal Regulations.

Total....

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$5, 310,000
5,070,000
3,370,000

355,000

815, 000
1, 375, 000
3,580.000

900.000
1,185,000
6,690,000

1 $21,500,000 appropriated (Public Law 89-545, 89th Cong.) to cover $3,000,000 estimated defi-
ciency for fiscal year 1965 and $18,500,000 estimated expenditure for fiscal year 1967. In addition
to the $18,500,000 appropriated for fiscal year 1967 obligations, there is a $4,800,000 deficit which
is included in the fiscal year 1969 estimated requirements.

for the fiscal year 1968 was $3,615,000 for approximately 32,000 pages. It is estimated there will be 38,000 pages in the fiscal year 1969 and the cost will be $4,410,000.

2. Miscellaneous publications.—This item includes printed matter such as the Congressional Directory, Senate and House Journals, memorial addresses, nomi. nations, United States Code and supplements, and publications not carrying a document or report number, such as laws, treaties, committee prints, and similar publications.

The expenditures for miscellaneous publications for the fiscal year 1967 were $2,866,938 for 3,814,577 copies, making 118,772 pages and included all work billed through January 31, 1968. It has been estimated that the incompleted orders will amount to $915,500. This will bring the requirements for this item to $3.782.439 for the fiscal year 1967. The amount estimated for the fiscal year 1968 was $3,450,000 for approximately 115,000 pages. It is estimated that $3,840,000 will be required in the fiscal year 1969 for approximately 120,000 pages.

3. Miscellaneous printing and binding.This item includes letterheads, envelopes, blank paper, copy paper, notices, tags, labels, payrolls, blank books, stenographic notebooks, tablets, wall calendars, miscellaneous blank forms, and binding for both Houses.

The expenditures through January 31, 1968, for miscellaneous printing and binding amounted to $2,524,665 for the fiscal year 1967 for 67,088,901 separate units. Incompleted orders estimated at $14,350 will increase this item to $2,539,015 for the fiscal year 1967. The estimate for the fiscal year 1968 was $2,380,000 for approximately 70,000,000 separate units. The estimate for the fiscal year 1969 is $2,850,000 for about 75,000,000 units.

4. Publications for international exchange and the Library of Congress.-AS provided by law, the Library of Congress is supplied with not to exceed 150 copies of Government publications, including the daily and bound editions of the Congressional Record and certain other Congressional publications of which not to exceed 125 copies shall be for distribution through the Smithsonian Institution. to such governments as may agree to send similar publications of their governments to the United States.

The charges through January 31, 1968, for these publications for the fiscal year 1967 orders amounted to $189,715 for 1,645,307 copies. It has been estimated that $65,235 will be required for the remaining outstanding orders resulting in an estimated requirement of $254,950 for the fiscal year 1967. The estimate for the fiscal year 1968 was $200,000 for 1,350,000 copies. It is estimated that $270.000 will be needed for about 1,700,000 copies in the fiscal year 1969.

5. Franked envelopes and document frank8.-Franked envelopes for mailing speeches and documents are furnished to Senators and Representatives, who are also furnished with franks for mailing documents, printed singly or in sheets with perforations at the option of the Member.

The expenditures for franked envelopes and document franks in the fiscal year 1967 amounted to $575,556 for 131,806,434 envelopes and 5,219,230 franks. It was estimated that $615,000 would be required in the fiscal year 1968 to print approximately 130 million envelopes and 5,500,000 franks. It is estimated that $680,000 will be needed in the fiscal year 1969 for approximately 140 million envelopes and 5,800,000 franks.

6. House and Senate committee and business calendars.—This heading corens the printing of all House and Senate committee calendars which list the action of the various committees on pending and completed legislation. The House and Senate business calendars are also included in this item.

The expenditures for all House and Senate committee and business calendars for the fiscal year 1967 were $1,028,695 for 68,648 pages. The estimate for the cost of these calendars in the fiscal year 1968 was $980,000 for approximately 70.000 pages. It is estimated that $1,200,000 will be required in the fiscal year 1969 for approximately 75,000 pages.

7. Bills, resolutions, and amendments.—This heading covers the printing of bills, resolutions, and amendments in all forms, including the prints as introduced, referred, reported, and as finally passed.

The expenditures through January 31, 1968, for bills, resolutions, and amendments in the fiscal year 1967 amounted to $2,256,008 for 175,130 pages. Inondpleted orders estimated at $4,600 will bring this item to $2,260,608 for the fiscal year 1967. The estimate submitted for the fiscal year 1968 was $1.800.000 for about 120,000 pages. The estimate for the fiscal year 1969 is $2,880,000 for spproximately 180,000 pages.

8. Committee reports.-This item covers printed reports of Congressional Committees on pending legislation which carry a Congressional number.

The expenditures through January 31, 1968, for printing committee reports ordered in the fiscal year 1967 were $675,262 for 27,033 pages. It was estimated that $785,000 would be needed for approximately 28,000 pages in the fiscal year 1968. It is estimated that $900,000 will be needed for about 30,000 pages in the fiscal year 1989.

9. Documents.—This heading includes all classes of Senate and House Documents ordered printed by Congress which carry a Congressional number, such as annual reports, engineers' reports, special reports made by Government departments in response to resolutions, supplemental and deficiency estimates of appropriations, et cetera.

The expenditures through January 31, 1968, for House and Senate documents ordered in the fiscal year 1967 amounted to $767,636 for 26,436 pages. The estimate for the fiscal year 1968 was $840,000 for about 28,000 pages. The estimate for the fiscal year 1969 is $1,120,000 for about 35,000 pages.

10. Hearing8.-This item covers all hearings before congressional committees.

The expenditures for hearings in the fiscal year 1967 through January 31, 1968, were $4,947,937 for 230,560 pages. Outstanding orders have been estimated at $394,400, resulting in a total requirement of $5,342,357 for this class of work for the fiscal year 1967. The estimate for the fiscal year 1968 was $5,040,000 for approximately 210,000 pages. The estimate for the fiscal year 1969 is $5,750,000 for about 230.000 pages.

11. Federal Register, including the U.S. Government Organization Manual, the Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States, and the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents. The Archivist of the United States and the Public Printer are charged with the printing and distribution, in a serial publication titled "Federal Register," of documents authorized to be published under the act of July 26, 1935, and the act of June 11, 1916. Funds to cover the cost of printing this publication are provided for in the appropriation for congressional printing and binding. The National Archives and Records Service has been authorized (13 F.R. 5933; 1 CFR pt. 31) to handle the U.S. Government Organization Manual as a special edition of the Federal Register. On November 6, 1957, the National Archives and Records Service was authorized (22 F.R. 8895 ; 1 CFR pt. 32) to begin printing as a special edition of the Federal Register the Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States starting with the calendar year 1957 and specified calendar years prior to 1957 as authorized by the Administrative Committee of the Federal Register. The Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, which began publication on August 2, 1965, is published pursuant to the authority contained in the Federal Register Act (49 Stat. 500, as amended ; 44 U.S.C. ch. 8B), under regulations prescribed by the Administrative Committee of the Federal Register, approved by the President (1 CFR pt. 32). The cost of printing the U.S. Government Organization Manual, the Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States, and the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents is charged to the cost of printing the Federal Register (Sec. 6, 49 Stat. 501; 44 U.S.C. 306).

The expenditures for the Federal Register for all work ordered in the fiscal year 1967 amounted to $1,239,499 for 18,854 pages. This included $107,811 for 1,883 pages of the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents. One volume of the Presidential Papers (Johnson, 1966) estimated at $50,000, and the U.S. Government Organization Manual estimated at $30,000, remain outstanding for this fiscal year bringing the total requirement to $1,319,499. It was estimated that $1,710,000 would be sufficient to cover the cost of approximately 20,000 pages of the Federal Register and for printing the U.S. Government Organization Janual, the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, and the Public Papers of the Presidents in the fiscal year 1968. It is estimated that $1,730,000 will be required in the fiscal year 1969 for printing an estimated 20,000 pages of the Federal Register and for printing the U.S. Government Organization Manual, the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, and the Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States as supplemental editions of the Federal Register.

12. Supplements to Code of Federal Regulations. The cost of printing the supplements to the Code of Federal Regulations amounted to $533,821 for 49,425 pages ordered in the fiscal year 1967. Incompleted orders estimated at $17,500 will increase this item to $551,321 for fiscal year 1967. It was estimated that $385,000 would be sufficient for printing 45,000 pages of the supplements during the fiscal year 1968. It is estimated that $770,000 will be required to print 55,000 pages of the supplements during the fiscal year 1969.

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