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PROJECTED INCREASE IN APPLICATIONS Mr. ANDREWS. What is the percentage increase in applications anticipated? What is the percentage increase in personnel requested ?

Mr. KAMINSTEIN. We are projecting an increase of 5 percent, Mr. Chairman, because that has been the experience over the long run.

Mr. ANDREWS. Have you a table there showing the number of applications?

Mr. KAMINSTEIN. We show the number of applications but not in the form of a table. We can supply that, Mr. Chairman. Mr. ANDREWS. I wish you would, for the last 5 years.

(Information follows:) Fiscal year:

Registrations 1962

254, 776 1963 ---------

264, 845 1964 --

278, 987 293, 617

- 286, 866 **967 estimates-

286, 866 1968 estimates--

- 301, 209 *Original estimates projected a 2-percent increase. Registrations to March 1967 do not support this and the present figure is identical with registrations for fiscal 1966.

1965 1966



Mr. ANDREWS. You are requesting an increase of $30,647 to cover the cost of within-grade increases and reallocation. Is that right? Mr. KAMINSTEIN. That is right.

Mr. ANDREWS. That is a matter over which you have little or no discretion?

Mr. KAMINSTEIN. That is right, Mr. Chairman.

18 NEW POSITIONS REQUESTED Mr. ANDREWS. You are requesting $116,424 for 18 new positions ? Mr. KAMINSTEIN. That is correct. Mr. ANDREWS. I believe the committee gave you 25 additional positions last year.

Mr. KAMINSTEIN. It did, sir. As I say, that has enabled us to bring down the time it takes to process applications from 6 to 8 weeks to 3 weeks, and in some cases it is a little better than that.

Mr. ANDREWS. I believe Dr. Mumford said that 15 of the new positions relate to workload.

Mr. KAMINSTEIN. Yes, sir. I think even if we were not facing the prospect of a new bill we would have to face the necessity of studying the procedures in the office and seeing what could be done to revise them and simplify them.

I feel it is absolutely necessary that we have these two people and a secretary to assist them to make a study of the office and its procedures and to come up with recommendations.

Mr. ANDREWS. Thank you.

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Mr. ANDREWS. Next we will take up “Salaries and expenses, distribution of catalog cards,” shown on page 113 of the committee print, page 157 of the justification.

You are requesting $6,511,000 for 1968, which is an increase of $1,862,400 over 1967. Is that correct?

Dr. MUMFORD. Yes, sir.

Mr. ANDREWS. We shall insert the summary sheets on pages 157 through 162.

(Pages follow:) 1967 regular bill.---.


$4, 564,000 Proposed supplemental due to pay increase-

84, 600 1967 adjusted..

4, 648, 600

6,511,000 Net increase-------

1, 862, 400


1968 estimate -----


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Analysis of increases and decreases


1. Pay above the stated annual rate------

- 10,28

Fiscal year 1967 requires the payment of salary funds for 1 day in excess of the stated annual rates, or a total of 261 days. Fiscal 1968 will have only 260 days.

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INCREASES 2. Ingrade increases and other anticipated increases in salary costs.

Funds are requested to cover the cost of within-grade in-
creases and reallocations as follows:

Personnel benefits----

11 1




52, 11

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3. Printing
Pay increase at the Government Printing Office -

Printers, pressmen, card reproducers, and laborers at
the Government Printing Office were granted pay in-
creases in 1966 which the GPO estimates will add ap

proximately $24,000 annually to the cost of printing. Printing of catalog cards.-----

Because of the greatly increased cataloging activity,
32 million more cards will be produced in 1968 than

were produced in 1967.
Printing of book catalogs and other publications -----

Request is made to provide sufficient funds to permit
the printing of the book catalogs and other publications
which are necessary tools in the operation of a library.
The anticipated increase in catalog cards will neces-
sarily result in much larger book catalogs and at in-
creased printing costs. In addition, the demand for many
of the publications is much greater because of the rapidly
growing number of libraries throughout the world
changing from the Dewey Decimal classification sys-
tem to the Library of Congress classification system.
Effort will also be made with these funds in fiscal 1968
to publish publications which had to be deferred be-
cause of insufficient funds in the previous fiscal year.
The sale of these publications will produce revenue

sufficient to offset the requested funds. 4. Office supplies -----------

Increased sales, production, and size of publications require increasing use of supplies, such as billing forms,

wrapping paper, tape, etc. 5. Long distance telephone--

Increased business, with an ever-increasing number of subscribers, has resulted in using long distance telephone more and more. This increase is necessary to provide for the Division's share of the Library's FTS costs.

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6. Special mechanization project--------

The rapid growth of the catalog card business in recent years made it necessary to reexamine our basic procedures with the result that it was decided to mechanize the Card Division's operations. It is anticipated that this mechanization will eliminate the need for a number of small manual

operations and improve the service. New positions requested (140)--

To provide personnel to implement the mechanization project

1 GS-13; 2 GS-11; and 10 GS-3__
Contribution to retirement-------------
Group life insurance-------
Contribution to health insurance_-

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To meet increases in workload resulting from increased sales
of catalog cards and technical publications (106):
4 GS-8; 9 GS-7; 26 GS-6; 6 GS-5; 50 GS 4; 9 GS-3; and

2 GS-2.------
Contribution to retirement----
Group life insurance--------------------------
Contribution to health insurance--------


COULIOULIon 10 Teliremen----------------------------


555, 930 35, 647

1, 853 5, 300


598, 730

To help maintain currency in editing and publishing the Na-
tional Union Catalog and related publications (14):

2 GS-9; 4 GS-8;1 GS-6; 3 GS-4 and 4 GS-3-----
Contribution to retirement-----
Group life insurance.-.
Contribution to health insurance ---

80, 935 5, 261


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Total ------

87, 166



To prepare and publish new editions of the Library of Congress
Classification schedules and the List of subject headings

7 GS-9-----
Contribution to retirement -
Group life insurance----,
Contribution to health insurance--

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Mr. ANDREWS. Insert the workload tables on pages 163 and 164.

(Pages follow:) General statement

This appropriation, which is self-supporting, provides for the printing of the Library's catalog cards, its catalogs in book form, and certain technical publications, and for their sale to Government agencies, libraries, and other institutions throughout the world. This service is of nation-wide importance because it permits other libraries to benefit from the library's work in cataloging and classification and eliminates costly duplication of effort. At the same time, these tools facilitate the research of all who use libraries.

78-653—67- 31

Revenue producing activities.--A part of this appropriation is used to finance the Library's own needs, such as the printing of cards for its official and public catalogs and the printing of technical publications for its own use. The bulk of this appropriation, however, supports services to other libraries and institutions and brings in revenue which is deposited in the miscellaneous receipts of the Treasury. Net cash receipts amounted to $5,046,417 in 1966, which was a return of 123 percent of the appropriation. In 1967 a return of $5,800,000, or 125 percent, is expected. By 1968, sales should reach $7,250,000, which with the appropriation requested would result in a return of 111 percent.

As shown in the following tables, there have been rapid increases in the number of orders received and in the dollar volume of sales during the last five to ten years.

Table of work increases

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Regular orders received.....

8, 691, 898 9,619, 284 10, 553, 745 11, 640, 027 13, 162, 641 15,000,000 Percent increase over previous year..


13.1 Percent increase over 1962.

33.9 51.4

72.5 Gross card sales.......

--- $2, 150,371 $2,455, 058 $3, 117, 322 $3,703, 566 $4,008, 540 $5,000,000 Percent increase over previous year.

27.4 18.8

;) 8.2

24.7 Percent increase over 1962..

14.2 45.0 72.2 86.4 132.5 Total gross sales (cards and cations)...

- $2,696, 257 $3, 167, 266 $3,899, 048 $4, 664, 815 $5, 211, 182 $6,500,000 Percent increase over previous year.--


1 9.6


1 24.7 Percent increase over 1962...

44. 6

73.0 93.31 141.0 Total obligations.....

$2,342, 235 $2, 678, 609 $2,991, 789 $3,784, 935 $4,099, 277 $4, 648, 600 Deposit in the Treasury

$2,792, 099 $2,959, 770 $3, 679, 781 $4, 354, 637 $5,046, 417 $5,800,000 Percent recovered...


115 123


Mr. ANDREWS. Dr. Mumford, I note reference on page 168 of the justifications to the stringent budget situation during 1967, not only that these increased printing costs would not be met but also it meant that many publications planned for fiscal 1967 could not be printed and had to be deferred."

Explain this, because according to the 10-year table on page 113, the budget estimate for 1967 was $4,564,000 and the Congress provided the full amount.

Dr. MUMFORD. This is a case, Mr. Chairman, of where we anticipated increased business but the amount of increased business was greater than we estimated. This has been the case for the last 2 or 3 years.

We have tried to keep our requests down to what we were reasonably sure the business would be but there is just more and more business, as I have indicated. There are more and more demands for catalog cards and for our book catalogs, and with more cataloging being done and more cards being printed, it costs more for printing of the cards and more for the printing of the catalogs.

Mr. ANDREWS. Is it not true we have more libraries today than we had 10 years ago?


Mr. ANDREWS. Does the number of libraries we have throughout the country have an impact on the amount of business with reference to this subject of distribution of catalog cards?

Dr. MUMFORD. It does very much. Perhaps more than the increase in the number of libraries has been the increase in the collections of existing libraries.

The Federal aid programs to public libraries, college and university libraries, and elementary school libraries all have had an impact upon the need and demand for catalog cards and our card distribution service.

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