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(3) Innovations and improvements in of other groups. Program effectiveness programs, institutional practices, laws, is thus judged both by the nature of the and regulations which increase oppor improvement, and the grantee's contritunities for the poor;
bution to it. (4) Increased and more effective par
$ 1078.1–5 Setting local goals consistent ticipation by the poor in the planning
with national standards. and conduct of programs which affect their lives;
(a) Every CAP grantee is required to (5) Broadening of the base of human
establish planning goals as part of its and material resources invested by the
annual application process. The addinon-poor community in antipoverty
tional requirement established by this
subpart is that such goals must be conactivities; (c) Section 1078.1–7 lists a repre
sistent with and directly related to the sentative sample of the kinds of im
national standards of program effectiveprovements in community response
ness. This means that in addition to which are indicators that these standards
indicating how the grantee's programs
will meet standards of program quality, are being met. The lists in § 1078.1-7 are not exhaustive. They merely identify a
grantee goals must indicate what sperange of constructive effects which have
cific improvements in the community's been or can be achieved through effective
response to poverty the grantee will community action programs. It is un
attempt to accomplish during the new likely that any single grantee will achieve
funding period. In reviewing and apall or even most of the improvements
proving grantee applications for fundlisted. It may, of course, achieve other
ing OEO will be concerned not only with
whether the grantee's goals are realistic improvements, not listed, which are
and consistent with the grantee's overali equally valid indicators of improved community response.
strategy, but also with whether such
goals are consistent with the basic com(d) The range, depth, and speed of im
munity action purpose of stimulating a provements will depend on local condi
better focusing of the community's tions, capabilities, and needs. Priorities
resources. and strategies will therefore differ from
(b) In establishing planning goals, one community to the next, and may
CAP grantees are subject to the following change over time in any single communi
requirement: ty. Since each community has a different
(1) Every grantee goal must meet at potential for change, and since each
least one of the five general national community action program is at a differ
standards. ent stage of development, the effective
(2) Every grantee must establish a ness of a grantee or program will be
sufficient range of goals so that taken measured by improvements over previ
together they meet each of the five naous performance in that community
tional standards. rather than by comparing different com
(c) Local grantee goals may be more munities against a single absolute level
specific, locally tailored versions of one of performance. The longer a grantee or
or more of the indicators listed in § 1078.program has been in operation, the
1-7 or of some other indicator which the greater will be the degree of improved
OEO funding office approves as meeting community response expected from its
one or more of the national standards. In current programs and activities. The gen
any event, grantee goals must be speeral presumption is that there should be a
cific as to both the character and the continuing cumulative increase in the
extent of the improvement in community grantee's ability to produce or stimulate constructive effects in the community.
response which should be accomplished
during the funding period. Where suit(e) Since the purpose of Community Action is to improve the community's
able, goals should be stated in quantita
tive terms, but whether they response to poverty, the desired improve
quantitative or other concrete measures, ment in the focusing of resources should
grantee goals should deal with the quesoccur in the activities of other com
tion of "how much" as well as with the munity groups and institutions outside
quality and character of improvements the grantee organization. However, pro to be achieved. gram effectiveness is determined also by a finding that grantee programs or ac
§ 1078.1-6 Procedures. tions significantly contributed to the (a) CAP grantees should establish improvements achieved in the response their local goals consistent with the na
tional standards of program effective (1) Decentralization of services to lowness as part of their regular grant ap income neighborhood locations. plication process. Local goals should be (2) Relocation of related services to identified, and the strategy for attaining common or nearby sites. them should be discussed in the (3) Establishment of programs which grantee's Plans and Priorities form (CAP fill significant services gaps, and elimForm 81)' and Program Account Work ination of duplicative services. Program forms (CAP Forms 7 and sup (4) Operation of related service proplementary or alternative Forms 7a
grams so that each supports the other 7i). Instructions for completing these in helping the poor solve a combination forms are found in OEO Instruction of individual or family problems. 6710–1' and subsequent instructions in (5) Changes in hours and methods of the 6710 series.
operation which increase utilization of (b) Local goals established for the services by poor people. funding period and subsequent years will (6) Improved information and pubbe reviewed and approved by the OEO licity about available services. funding office as part of the grant ap (7) Improved outreach, intake, and proval process. These goals, consistent followup to maximize full use and benewith national standards, will then form fit from available services. the basis against which the effectiveness (c) Innovations and improvements in of the grantee's programs will be eval programs, institutional practices, laws, uated.
and regulations which increase oppor§ 1078.1-7 Indicators of improvements
tunities for the poor. (1) Implementain community response to poverty.
tion of new program concepts, designs,
and techniques which increase the acces(a) Strengthened community capac
sibility, quality, relevance, and effectiveity for planning and coordinating pov
ness of services for the poor. erty-related programs. (1) Development (2) Modification of eligibility and and dissemination of more accurate in
other rules to assure maximum use of formation about the problem, conditions,
services by those who need them. and causes of poverty.
(3) Improved incentives to service (2) Improved information on
beneficiaries to move from dependency to evaluation of the impact and effective
self-sufficiency. ness of poverty-related programs.
(4) Improved and expanded employ(3) Greater and more effective ex
ment opportunities for the poor: change of information among agencies
(1) Modification of State and local dealing with poverty-related problems. civil service laws and regulations, as well (4) Increased allocation of staff and
as private employment practices, to refiscal resources to antipoverty planning.
move arbitrary requirements for prior (5) Increased pooling and interchange
education and experience which exceed of planning staffs and other resources the actual demands of the job, or where among poverty-related agencies.
necessary skills could be readily acquired (6) Increased joint planning of pov through on-the-job training. erty programs.
(ii) Increasing use of nonprofes(7) Improved mechanisms for both sionals to perform functions, otherwise formal and informal working contacts
performed by professionals, for which among agencies with related antipoverty professional qualifications are not responsibilities.
necessary. (8) Better division of labor and re (iii) Establishment of career developsponsibilities among antipoverty ment programs through which nonagencies.
professionals can advance to positions of (9) Increased communication and co greater responsibility and higher pay operation between public and private through in-service training, education poverty-related agencies.
incentives, and other aids to self(10) Increased joint funding and op improvement. eration of poverty programs by agencies (iv) Elimination of automatic diswith related responsibilities.
qualification from employment because (b) Better organization of a range of of arrest or bad credit records, or because services related to the needs of the poor. of previous conviction of crime where the
crime was not serious or has no connec1 Not Aled with the Office of the Federal tion to the nature of the position. Register.
(V) Enactment and better enforce
ment of equal employment opportunity (vi) Day-care cooperatives for working measures.
mothers. (vi) Increased active recruitment (4) Development and strengthening of among the poor and minority group indigenous leadership in the low-income members for supervisory as well as entry community and in organizations of poor level positions.
people. (5) Increased protection of the rights (5) Increased and more productive of poor people as consumers:
communication and consultation be(i) Strengthening and improved en tween organizations of the poor and the forcement of housing codes.
public and private institutions which (ii) Enactment and stronger enforce serve the poor. ment of open housing measures, and (6) Increased authority, responsibiladoption of nondiscriminatory practices ity, and administrative capability for orby real estate brokers.
ganizations of the poor: (ii) Improved relocation assistance, (1) Delegation to such organizations fair compensation for replacement of of policy-making or operating authority property, and provision of increased low for poverty-related programs. income housing in urban renewal and (ii) Delegation to such organizations other housing programs.
of policy-making or operating authority (iv) Elimination of discriminatory for nonpoverty programs. pricing, merchandising, and credit prac (iii) Provision to such organization of tices in low-income neighborhoods. discretionary funds to plan, develop, and !
(6) Improved administration of jus conduct programs of their choice. tice and law enforcement:
(7) More active and widespread par(i) Provision of adequate and com ticipation by individual residents and petent counsel for low-income residents. poor people in both low-income organi
(ii) Elimination of discriminatory zations and in other community, neighbail/bond requirements.
borhood, civic, and school organizations. (iii) Inclusion of low-income and (8) Greater understanding and exerminority group members on juries. cise by the poor of their rights and
(iv) Elimination of discriminatory privileges as citizens. sentences for poor persons convicted of (9) Greater and more meaningful crimes.
representation by the poor on the gov(v) Improved police-community rela
erning and/or advisory boards of public tions and elimination of discriminatory
and private agencies. policy practices in low-income areas.
(10) Increased employment of low(d) Increased and more effective par
income people by public and private ticipation by the poor in the planning
agencies in positions of responsibility and conduct of programs which affect
through which they can influence the their lives. (1) Development and
character and quality of programs servstrengthening of neighborhood-based
ing the poor. and target area organizations of low
(e) Broadening of the base of human income residents addressing a broad
and material resources invested by the range of problems and issues.
nonpoor community in antipoverty (2) Development and strengthening
activities. (1) Increased support by nonof organizations of low-income partici
poor groups and individuals from propants or beneficiaries of specific service
grams and measures needed to deal with
poverty problems. programs: (i) Welfare rights groups.
(2) Expansion of and improvements (ii) Parent-school organizations.
in public community services for resi(ii) Youth groups.
dents of low-income areas: (3) Development and strengthening of (i) Police and fire protection. economic self-help organizations:
(11) Public transportation. (1) Production and marketing coop (ii) Garbage collection and street eratives.
cleaning. (1) Buyers clubs.
(iv) Education. (ii) Credit unions.
(V) Recreation. (iv) Neighborhood improvement and
(vi) Library services. low-income housing organizations. (v) Private business enterprises owned
(3) Redirection of public or private and operated by organizations of low
agency programs to focus more resources income people.
on the needs of the poor.
(4) Increased local or state appropriations and revenue for antipoverty programs.
(5) New or increased (non-OEO) Federal funds in the community for antipoverty programs.
(6) Absorption by local or state public or private agencies of costs of established antipoverty originally financed with OEO or other Federal funds.
(7) Increased provision of volunteer time and services to antipoverty programs by individuals or organizations:
(i) Professionals and professional societies.
(i) Civic associations.
(vi) Student groups.
(8) Increased development and provision by private industry of job training and placement programs for low-income persons.
(9) New and increased investment by private industry in job-creating enterprises in low-income areas.
(10) Provision of administrative and programmatic incentives to encourage increased or sustained commercial and industrial investment in low-income areas.
(11) Elimination of discriminatory practices which withhold regular private loan capital from members of minority groups wishing to invest in commercial enterprises in low-income areas.